"inchoative" meaning in English

See inchoative in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Adjective

IPA: /ɪnˈkəʊ.ə.tɪv/ [UK], /ɪnˈkoʊətɪv/ [US]
Etymology: Borrowed from Latin inchoātīvus, formed by metathesis from incohātīvus, from incohō (“to begin”). Compare French inchoatif. Etymology templates: {{bor|en|la|inchoātīvus}} Latin inchoātīvus, {{cog|fr|inchoatif}} French inchoatif Head templates: {{en-adj|-}} inchoative (not comparable)
  1. At the beginning, still in an unformed state. Tags: not-comparable Translations (at the beginning): inchoatief (Dutch), aloitteleva (Finnish), alku- (Finnish), inchoativ (German), inchoativus (Latin), incoativo (Spanish)
    Sense id: en-inchoative-en-adj-2QxZVdcc Disambiguation of 'at the beginning': 96 2 2
  2. (grammar) Aspectually indicating that a state is about to be entered or is in the process of being entered. Tags: not-comparable Categories (topical): Grammar Translations (grammar: aspectually indicating that an action is to begin): inchoatief (Dutch), inkoatiivinen (Finnish), αρκτικός (arktikós) [masculine] (Greek), εναρκτικός (enarktikós) (Greek), inchoatív (Hungarian), inkoativ (Norwegian Bokmål), incoativo (Spanish)
    Sense id: en-inchoative-en-adj-UL4au4f5 Categories (other): English entries with incorrect language header, Terms with Dutch translations, Terms with Finnish translations, Terms with German translations, Terms with Greek translations, Terms with Hungarian translations, Terms with Latin translations, Terms with Norwegian Bokmål translations, Terms with Spanish translations Disambiguation of English entries with incorrect language header: 7 56 15 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Dutch translations: 11 64 11 13 Disambiguation of Terms with Finnish translations: 10 65 13 13 Disambiguation of Terms with German translations: 12 64 12 12 Disambiguation of Terms with Greek translations: 9 53 18 21 Disambiguation of Terms with Hungarian translations: 8 51 20 20 Disambiguation of Terms with Latin translations: 8 71 9 12 Disambiguation of Terms with Norwegian Bokmål translations: 11 59 15 15 Disambiguation of Terms with Spanish translations: 10 69 10 12 Topics: grammar, human-sciences, linguistics, sciences Disambiguation of 'grammar: aspectually indicating that an action is to begin': 10 72 19
  3. (grammar) Inflected in or relating to the inchoative aspect. Tags: not-comparable Categories (topical): Grammar Translations (related to the inchoative aspect): inchoatief (Dutch), inkoatiivinen (Finnish), inkoativ (Norwegian Bokmål), incoativo (Spanish)
    Sense id: en-inchoative-en-adj-2i9P~ZQZ Topics: grammar, human-sciences, linguistics, sciences Disambiguation of 'related to the inchoative aspect': 4 17 79
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Related terms: inchoate, inceptive

Noun

IPA: /ɪnˈkəʊ.ə.tɪv/ [UK], /ɪnˈkoʊətɪv/ [US] Forms: inchoatives [plural]
Etymology: Borrowed from Latin inchoātīvus, formed by metathesis from incohātīvus, from incohō (“to begin”). Compare French inchoatif. Etymology templates: {{bor|en|la|inchoātīvus}} Latin inchoātīvus, {{cog|fr|inchoatif}} French inchoatif Head templates: {{en-noun}} inchoative (plural inchoatives)
  1. (grammar) An inchoative construction. Categories (topical): Grammar Related terms: emerging, prospective
    Sense id: en-inchoative-en-noun-B0GUxJ4k Topics: grammar, human-sciences, linguistics, sciences

Inflected forms

Alternative forms

Download JSONL data for inchoative meaning in English (7.1kB)

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "inchoātīvus"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin inchoātīvus",
      "name": "bor"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fr",
        "2": "inchoatif"
      },
      "expansion": "French inchoatif",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Borrowed from Latin inchoātīvus, formed by metathesis from incohātīvus, from incohō (“to begin”). Compare French inchoatif.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "inchoative (not comparable)",
      "name": "en-adj"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "adj",
  "related": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "inchoate"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "inceptive"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "At the beginning, still in an unformed state."
      ],
      "id": "en-inchoative-en-adj-2QxZVdcc",
      "links": [
        [
          "beginning",
          "beginning"
        ],
        [
          "unformed",
          "unformed"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "not-comparable"
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "96 2 2",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "at the beginning",
          "word": "inchoatief"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "96 2 2",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "at the beginning",
          "word": "aloitteleva"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "96 2 2",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "at the beginning",
          "word": "alku-"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "96 2 2",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "at the beginning",
          "word": "inchoativ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "96 2 2",
          "code": "la",
          "lang": "Latin",
          "sense": "at the beginning",
          "word": "inchoativus"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "96 2 2",
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Spanish",
          "sense": "at the beginning",
          "word": "incoativo"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Grammar",
          "orig": "en:Grammar",
          "parents": [
            "Linguistics",
            "Language",
            "Social sciences",
            "Communication",
            "Sciences",
            "Society",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "7 56 15 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "11 64 11 13",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Dutch translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "10 65 13 13",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Finnish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "12 64 12 12",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with German translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "9 53 18 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Greek translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "8 51 20 20",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Hungarian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "8 71 9 12",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Latin translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "11 59 15 15",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Norwegian Bokmål translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "10 69 10 12",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Spanish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "1974, Floyd L. Moreland, Rita M. Fleischer, Latin: An Intensive Course, University of California Press, page 12",
          "text": "The inchoative (inceptive) aspect of a verb expresses the beginning of an action. Example: He is beginning to crawl.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Aspectually indicating that a state is about to be entered or is in the process of being entered."
      ],
      "id": "en-inchoative-en-adj-UL4au4f5",
      "links": [
        [
          "grammar",
          "grammar"
        ],
        [
          "Aspectually",
          "aspectual"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(grammar) Aspectually indicating that a state is about to be entered or is in the process of being entered."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "not-comparable"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "grammar",
        "human-sciences",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "10 72 19",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "grammar: aspectually indicating that an action is to begin",
          "word": "inchoatief"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "10 72 19",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "grammar: aspectually indicating that an action is to begin",
          "word": "inkoatiivinen"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "10 72 19",
          "code": "el",
          "lang": "Greek",
          "roman": "arktikós",
          "sense": "grammar: aspectually indicating that an action is to begin",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "αρκτικός"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "10 72 19",
          "code": "el",
          "lang": "Greek",
          "roman": "enarktikós",
          "sense": "grammar: aspectually indicating that an action is to begin",
          "word": "εναρκτικός"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "10 72 19",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "grammar: aspectually indicating that an action is to begin",
          "word": "inchoatív"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "10 72 19",
          "code": "nb",
          "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
          "sense": "grammar: aspectually indicating that an action is to begin",
          "word": "inkoativ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "10 72 19",
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Spanish",
          "sense": "grammar: aspectually indicating that an action is to begin",
          "word": "incoativo"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Grammar",
          "orig": "en:Grammar",
          "parents": [
            "Linguistics",
            "Language",
            "Social sciences",
            "Communication",
            "Sciences",
            "Society",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Inflected in or relating to the inchoative aspect."
      ],
      "id": "en-inchoative-en-adj-2i9P~ZQZ",
      "links": [
        [
          "grammar",
          "grammar"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(grammar) Inflected in or relating to the inchoative aspect."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "not-comparable"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "grammar",
        "human-sciences",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "4 17 79",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "related to the inchoative aspect",
          "word": "inchoatief"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 17 79",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "related to the inchoative aspect",
          "word": "inkoatiivinen"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 17 79",
          "code": "nb",
          "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
          "sense": "related to the inchoative aspect",
          "word": "inkoativ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 17 79",
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Spanish",
          "sense": "related to the inchoative aspect",
          "word": "incoativo"
        }
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ɪnˈkəʊ.ə.tɪv/",
      "tags": [
        "UK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ɪnˈkoʊətɪv/",
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "inchoative"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "inchoātīvus"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin inchoātīvus",
      "name": "bor"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fr",
        "2": "inchoatif"
      },
      "expansion": "French inchoatif",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Borrowed from Latin inchoātīvus, formed by metathesis from incohātīvus, from incohō (“to begin”). Compare French inchoatif.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "inchoatives",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "inchoative (plural inchoatives)",
      "name": "en-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Grammar",
          "orig": "en:Grammar",
          "parents": [
            "Linguistics",
            "Language",
            "Social sciences",
            "Communication",
            "Sciences",
            "Society",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "An inchoative construction."
      ],
      "id": "en-inchoative-en-noun-B0GUxJ4k",
      "links": [
        [
          "grammar",
          "grammar"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(grammar) An inchoative construction."
      ],
      "related": [
        {
          "word": "emerging"
        },
        {
          "word": "prospective"
        }
      ],
      "topics": [
        "grammar",
        "human-sciences",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ɪnˈkəʊ.ə.tɪv/",
      "tags": [
        "UK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ɪnˈkoʊətɪv/",
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "inchoative"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "English 4-syllable words",
    "English adjectives",
    "English countable nouns",
    "English entries with incorrect language header",
    "English lemmas",
    "English nouns",
    "English terms borrowed from Latin",
    "English terms derived from Latin",
    "English terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "English uncomparable adjectives",
    "Terms with Dutch translations",
    "Terms with Finnish translations",
    "Terms with German translations",
    "Terms with Greek translations",
    "Terms with Hungarian translations",
    "Terms with Latin translations",
    "Terms with Norwegian Bokmål translations",
    "Terms with Spanish translations"
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "inchoātīvus"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin inchoātīvus",
      "name": "bor"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fr",
        "2": "inchoatif"
      },
      "expansion": "French inchoatif",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Borrowed from Latin inchoātīvus, formed by metathesis from incohātīvus, from incohō (“to begin”). Compare French inchoatif.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "inchoative (not comparable)",
      "name": "en-adj"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "adj",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "inchoate"
    },
    {
      "word": "inceptive"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "At the beginning, still in an unformed state."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "beginning",
          "beginning"
        ],
        [
          "unformed",
          "unformed"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "not-comparable"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with quotations",
        "en:Grammar"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "1974, Floyd L. Moreland, Rita M. Fleischer, Latin: An Intensive Course, University of California Press, page 12",
          "text": "The inchoative (inceptive) aspect of a verb expresses the beginning of an action. Example: He is beginning to crawl.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Aspectually indicating that a state is about to be entered or is in the process of being entered."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "grammar",
          "grammar"
        ],
        [
          "Aspectually",
          "aspectual"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(grammar) Aspectually indicating that a state is about to be entered or is in the process of being entered."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "not-comparable"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "grammar",
        "human-sciences",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "en:Grammar"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Inflected in or relating to the inchoative aspect."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "grammar",
          "grammar"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(grammar) Inflected in or relating to the inchoative aspect."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "not-comparable"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "grammar",
        "human-sciences",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ɪnˈkəʊ.ə.tɪv/",
      "tags": [
        "UK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ɪnˈkoʊətɪv/",
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "translations": [
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "at the beginning",
      "word": "inchoatief"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "at the beginning",
      "word": "aloitteleva"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "at the beginning",
      "word": "alku-"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "at the beginning",
      "word": "inchoativ"
    },
    {
      "code": "la",
      "lang": "Latin",
      "sense": "at the beginning",
      "word": "inchoativus"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "at the beginning",
      "word": "incoativo"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "grammar: aspectually indicating that an action is to begin",
      "word": "inchoatief"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "grammar: aspectually indicating that an action is to begin",
      "word": "inkoatiivinen"
    },
    {
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "arktikós",
      "sense": "grammar: aspectually indicating that an action is to begin",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "αρκτικός"
    },
    {
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "enarktikós",
      "sense": "grammar: aspectually indicating that an action is to begin",
      "word": "εναρκτικός"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "grammar: aspectually indicating that an action is to begin",
      "word": "inchoatív"
    },
    {
      "code": "nb",
      "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
      "sense": "grammar: aspectually indicating that an action is to begin",
      "word": "inkoativ"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "grammar: aspectually indicating that an action is to begin",
      "word": "incoativo"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "related to the inchoative aspect",
      "word": "inchoatief"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "related to the inchoative aspect",
      "word": "inkoatiivinen"
    },
    {
      "code": "nb",
      "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
      "sense": "related to the inchoative aspect",
      "word": "inkoativ"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "related to the inchoative aspect",
      "word": "incoativo"
    }
  ],
  "word": "inchoative"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "English 4-syllable words",
    "English adjectives",
    "English countable nouns",
    "English entries with incorrect language header",
    "English lemmas",
    "English nouns",
    "English terms borrowed from Latin",
    "English terms derived from Latin",
    "English terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "English uncomparable adjectives",
    "Terms with Dutch translations",
    "Terms with Finnish translations",
    "Terms with German translations",
    "Terms with Greek translations",
    "Terms with Hungarian translations",
    "Terms with Latin translations",
    "Terms with Norwegian Bokmål translations",
    "Terms with Spanish translations"
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "inchoātīvus"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin inchoātīvus",
      "name": "bor"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fr",
        "2": "inchoatif"
      },
      "expansion": "French inchoatif",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Borrowed from Latin inchoātīvus, formed by metathesis from incohātīvus, from incohō (“to begin”). Compare French inchoatif.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "inchoatives",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "inchoative (plural inchoatives)",
      "name": "en-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "noun",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "emerging"
    },
    {
      "word": "prospective"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "en:Grammar"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "An inchoative construction."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "grammar",
          "grammar"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(grammar) An inchoative construction."
      ],
      "topics": [
        "grammar",
        "human-sciences",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ɪnˈkəʊ.ə.tɪv/",
      "tags": [
        "UK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ɪnˈkoʊətɪv/",
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "inchoative"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable English dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-07-13 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-07-01 using wiktextract (f8674bc and 7cfad79). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.