"usted" meaning in All languages combined

Pronoun [Spanish]

IPA: /usˈted/, [usˈt̪eð̞] Audio: Es-usted.ogg
Rhymes: -ed Etymology: From vuestra merced (lit. "your mercy" (etymological) or "your grace" (idiomatic)), an honorific style. In 17th-century Spanish, there were a number of variants, including the intermediate forms vuesasted and vusted. Cf. Portuguese você, Galician vostede and Catalan vostè. The following list has the variants reported by Coromines and Pascual, with their reported first year of attestation: Early modern variants * vuesasted, 1597 * vuasted, 1617 * vusted, 1619 * usted, 1620 * bosanzé, 1620 (Lope de Vega, Pedro Carbonero, portrayed as said by (ex-)Muslims) * vuesarced, 1621 * voazé, 1625 (Vélez de Guevara, El Rey en su imagen, portrayed as criminal cant) * vucé, 1626 * vuarced, ca. 1630 * boxanxé, ca. 1631 (Quevedo, Libro de todas las cosas y otras muchas más, portrayed as said by (ex-)Muslims) * vuested, 1635 * voarced, 1635 * vusté (in Quiñones de Benavente, died 1651) Etymology templates: {{m|es|vuestra merced}} vuestra merced, {{abbr|lit.|literally}} lit., {{num|El desarrollo de las variantes de vuestra merced a usted}}, {{R2A|El desarrollo de las variantes de vuestra merced a usted|no_error=1}}, {{m|es|vuesasted}} vuesasted, {{m|es|vusted}} vusted, {{cog|pt|você}} Portuguese você, {{cog|gl|vostede}} Galician vostede, {{cog|ca|vostè}} Catalan vostè, {{w|Diccionario crítico etimológico castellano e hispánico}} Diccionario crítico etimológico castellano e hispánico, {{l|es|vuesasted}} vuesasted, {{l|es|vuasted}} vuasted, {{l|es|vusted}} vusted, {{l|es|usted}} usted, {{l|es|bosanzé}} bosanzé, {{l|es|vuesarced}} vuesarced, {{l|es|voazé}} voazé, {{l|es|vucé}} vucé, {{l|es|vuarced}} vuarced, {{l|es|boxanxé}} boxanxé, {{l|es|vuested}} vuested, {{l|es|voarced}} voarced, {{l|es|vusté}} vusté Head templates: {{head|es|pronoun|plural|ustedes|g=m|g2=f}} usted m or f (plural ustedes) Forms: ustedes [plural]
  1. second person formal; you (singular) Tags: feminine, masculine
    Sense id: usted-es-pron-zYiDjXaH Categories (other): Spanish pronouns Disambiguation of Spanish pronouns: 50 50
  2. (Costa Rica, Colombia, chiefly Bogotá) second person informal; you (singular) Tags: Colombia, Costa-Rica, feminine, masculine
    Sense id: usted-es-pron-IsEKw5fW Categories (other): Colombian Spanish, Costa Rican Spanish, Spanish pronouns Disambiguation of Spanish pronouns: 50 50

Alternative forms

Download JSON data for usted meaning in All languages combined (4.5kB)

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "es",
        "2": "vuestra merced"
      },
      "expansion": "vuestra merced",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "lit.",
        "2": "literally"
      },
      "expansion": "lit.",
      "name": "abbr"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "El desarrollo de las variantes de vuestra merced a usted"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "num"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "El desarrollo de las variantes de vuestra merced a usted",
        "no_error": "1"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "R2A"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "es",
        "2": "vuesasted"
      },
      "expansion": "vuesasted",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "es",
        "2": "vusted"
      },
      "expansion": "vusted",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pt",
        "2": "você"
      },
      "expansion": "Portuguese você",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gl",
        "2": "vostede"
      },
      "expansion": "Galician vostede",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ca",
        "2": "vostè"
      },
      "expansion": "Catalan vostè",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "Diccionario crítico etimológico castellano e hispánico"
      },
      "expansion": "Diccionario crítico etimológico castellano e hispánico",
      "name": "w"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "es",
        "2": "vuesasted"
      },
      "expansion": "vuesasted",
      "name": "l"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "es",
        "2": "vuasted"
      },
      "expansion": "vuasted",
      "name": "l"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "es",
        "2": "vusted"
      },
      "expansion": "vusted",
      "name": "l"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "es",
        "2": "usted"
      },
      "expansion": "usted",
      "name": "l"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "es",
        "2": "bosanzé"
      },
      "expansion": "bosanzé",
      "name": "l"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "es",
        "2": "vuesarced"
      },
      "expansion": "vuesarced",
      "name": "l"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "es",
        "2": "voazé"
      },
      "expansion": "voazé",
      "name": "l"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "es",
        "2": "vucé"
      },
      "expansion": "vucé",
      "name": "l"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "es",
        "2": "vuarced"
      },
      "expansion": "vuarced",
      "name": "l"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "es",
        "2": "boxanxé"
      },
      "expansion": "boxanxé",
      "name": "l"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "es",
        "2": "vuested"
      },
      "expansion": "vuested",
      "name": "l"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "es",
        "2": "voarced"
      },
      "expansion": "voarced",
      "name": "l"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "es",
        "2": "vusté"
      },
      "expansion": "vusté",
      "name": "l"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From vuestra merced (lit. \"your mercy\" (etymological) or \"your grace\" (idiomatic)), an honorific style. In 17th-century Spanish, there were a number of variants, including the intermediate forms vuesasted and vusted. Cf. Portuguese você, Galician vostede and Catalan vostè. The following list has the variants reported by Coromines and Pascual, with their reported first year of attestation:\nEarly modern variants\n* vuesasted, 1597\n* vuasted, 1617\n* vusted, 1619\n* usted, 1620\n* bosanzé, 1620 (Lope de Vega, Pedro Carbonero, portrayed as said by (ex-)Muslims)\n* vuesarced, 1621\n* voazé, 1625 (Vélez de Guevara, El Rey en su imagen, portrayed as criminal cant)\n* vucé, 1626\n* vuarced, ca. 1630\n* boxanxé, ca. 1631 (Quevedo, Libro de todas las cosas y otras muchas más, portrayed as said by (ex-)Muslims)\n* vuested, 1635\n* voarced, 1635\n* vusté (in Quiñones de Benavente, died 1651)",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "ustedes",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "es",
        "2": "pronoun",
        "3": "plural",
        "4": "ustedes",
        "g": "m",
        "g2": "f"
      },
      "expansion": "usted m or f (plural ustedes)",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Spanish",
  "lang_code": "es",
  "pos": "pron",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "50 50",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Spanish pronouns",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "second person formal; you (singular)"
      ],
      "id": "usted-es-pron-zYiDjXaH",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "second person formal; you (singular)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Colombian Spanish",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Costa Rican Spanish",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "50 50",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Spanish pronouns",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "second person informal; you (singular)"
      ],
      "id": "usted-es-pron-IsEKw5fW",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(Costa Rica, Colombia, chiefly Bogotá) second person informal; you (singular)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Colombia",
        "Costa-Rica",
        "feminine",
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/usˈted/"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[usˈt̪eð̞]"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-ed"
    },
    {
      "audio": "Es-usted.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/a/a1/Es-usted.ogg/Es-usted.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a1/Es-usted.ogg",
      "text": "Audio"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "Diccionario crítico etimológico castellano e hispánico"
  ],
  "word": "usted"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Rhymes:Spanish/ed",
    "Rhymes:Spanish/ed/2 syllables",
    "Spanish 2-syllable words",
    "Spanish lemmas",
    "Spanish pronouns",
    "Spanish redlinks",
    "Spanish redlinks/l",
    "Spanish terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Spanish terms with audio links"
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "es",
        "2": "vuestra merced"
      },
      "expansion": "vuestra merced",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "lit.",
        "2": "literally"
      },
      "expansion": "lit.",
      "name": "abbr"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "El desarrollo de las variantes de vuestra merced a usted"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "num"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "El desarrollo de las variantes de vuestra merced a usted",
        "no_error": "1"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "R2A"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "es",
        "2": "vuesasted"
      },
      "expansion": "vuesasted",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "es",
        "2": "vusted"
      },
      "expansion": "vusted",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pt",
        "2": "você"
      },
      "expansion": "Portuguese você",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gl",
        "2": "vostede"
      },
      "expansion": "Galician vostede",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ca",
        "2": "vostè"
      },
      "expansion": "Catalan vostè",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "Diccionario crítico etimológico castellano e hispánico"
      },
      "expansion": "Diccionario crítico etimológico castellano e hispánico",
      "name": "w"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "es",
        "2": "vuesasted"
      },
      "expansion": "vuesasted",
      "name": "l"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "es",
        "2": "vuasted"
      },
      "expansion": "vuasted",
      "name": "l"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "es",
        "2": "vusted"
      },
      "expansion": "vusted",
      "name": "l"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "es",
        "2": "usted"
      },
      "expansion": "usted",
      "name": "l"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "es",
        "2": "bosanzé"
      },
      "expansion": "bosanzé",
      "name": "l"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "es",
        "2": "vuesarced"
      },
      "expansion": "vuesarced",
      "name": "l"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "es",
        "2": "voazé"
      },
      "expansion": "voazé",
      "name": "l"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "es",
        "2": "vucé"
      },
      "expansion": "vucé",
      "name": "l"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "es",
        "2": "vuarced"
      },
      "expansion": "vuarced",
      "name": "l"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "es",
        "2": "boxanxé"
      },
      "expansion": "boxanxé",
      "name": "l"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "es",
        "2": "vuested"
      },
      "expansion": "vuested",
      "name": "l"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "es",
        "2": "voarced"
      },
      "expansion": "voarced",
      "name": "l"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "es",
        "2": "vusté"
      },
      "expansion": "vusté",
      "name": "l"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From vuestra merced (lit. \"your mercy\" (etymological) or \"your grace\" (idiomatic)), an honorific style. In 17th-century Spanish, there were a number of variants, including the intermediate forms vuesasted and vusted. Cf. Portuguese você, Galician vostede and Catalan vostè. The following list has the variants reported by Coromines and Pascual, with their reported first year of attestation:\nEarly modern variants\n* vuesasted, 1597\n* vuasted, 1617\n* vusted, 1619\n* usted, 1620\n* bosanzé, 1620 (Lope de Vega, Pedro Carbonero, portrayed as said by (ex-)Muslims)\n* vuesarced, 1621\n* voazé, 1625 (Vélez de Guevara, El Rey en su imagen, portrayed as criminal cant)\n* vucé, 1626\n* vuarced, ca. 1630\n* boxanxé, ca. 1631 (Quevedo, Libro de todas las cosas y otras muchas más, portrayed as said by (ex-)Muslims)\n* vuested, 1635\n* voarced, 1635\n* vusté (in Quiñones de Benavente, died 1651)",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "ustedes",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "es",
        "2": "pronoun",
        "3": "plural",
        "4": "ustedes",
        "g": "m",
        "g2": "f"
      },
      "expansion": "usted m or f (plural ustedes)",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Spanish",
  "lang_code": "es",
  "pos": "pron",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "yo"
    },
    {
      "word": "me"
    },
    {
      "word": "mí1"
    },
    {
      "word": "nosotros"
    },
    {
      "word": "nos"
    },
    {
      "word": "nosotras"
    },
    {
      "word": "tú"
    },
    {
      "word": "te"
    },
    {
      "word": "ti1"
    },
    {
      "word": "vos"
    },
    {
      "word": "le"
    },
    {
      "word": "se4"
    },
    {
      "word": "lo"
    },
    {
      "word": "la5"
    },
    {
      "word": "vosotros"
    },
    {
      "word": "os"
    },
    {
      "word": "vosotras"
    },
    {
      "word": "ustedes"
    },
    {
      "word": "les"
    },
    {
      "word": "los"
    },
    {
      "word": "las5"
    },
    {
      "word": "él"
    },
    {
      "word": "ella"
    },
    {
      "word": "la"
    },
    {
      "word": "ello7"
    },
    {
      "word": "ello"
    },
    {
      "word": "ellos"
    },
    {
      "word": "ellas"
    },
    {
      "word": "las"
    },
    {
      "word": "—"
    },
    {
      "word": "se"
    },
    {
      "word": "sí1"
    },
    {
      "word": "Not used with con"
    },
    {
      "word": "conmigo"
    },
    {
      "word": "contigo"
    },
    {
      "word": "and consigo are used instead"
    },
    {
      "word": "respectively"
    },
    {
      "word": "Like other masculine Spanish words"
    },
    {
      "word": "masculine Spanish pronouns can be used when the gender of the subject is unknown"
    },
    {
      "word": "when the subject is plural and of mixed gender"
    },
    {
      "word": "Treated as if it were third-person for purposes of conjugation and reflexivity"
    },
    {
      "word": "If le"
    },
    {
      "word": "les precedes lo"
    },
    {
      "word": "or las in a clause"
    },
    {
      "english": "e.g., Se lo dije instead of Le lo dije",
      "word": "it is replaced with se"
    },
    {
      "word": "Depending on the implicit gender of the object being referred to"
    },
    {
      "word": "Used primarily in Spain"
    },
    {
      "word": "Used only in rare circumstances"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "second person formal; you (singular)"
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "second person formal; you (singular)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Colombian Spanish",
        "Costa Rican Spanish"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "second person informal; you (singular)"
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(Costa Rica, Colombia, chiefly Bogotá) second person informal; you (singular)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Colombia",
        "Costa-Rica",
        "feminine",
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/usˈted/"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[usˈt̪eð̞]"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-ed"
    },
    {
      "audio": "Es-usted.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/a/a1/Es-usted.ogg/Es-usted.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a1/Es-usted.ogg",
      "text": "Audio"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "Vd."
    },
    {
      "word": "Ud."
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "Diccionario crítico etimológico castellano e hispánico"
  ],
  "word": "usted"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable All languages combined dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2022-05-17 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2022-05-01 using wiktextract. The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.