"dotard" meaning in All languages combined

Noun [English]

Forms: dotards [plural] IPA: /ˈdəʊ.təd/ [Received-Pronunciation], /ˈdoʊ.tɚd/ [General-American]
  1. An old person with impaired intellect; one in his or her dotage.
  2. One who dotes on another, showing excessive fondness.

Noun [Middle English]

Forms: dotardes [plural] IPA: /ˈdɔːtard/
  1. A dotard; someone who displays senility.
  2. A fool or simpleton; someone who displays stupidity.

Inflected forms

Download JSON data for dotard meaning in All languages combined (4.3kB)

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "dotard"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English dotard",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "dote",
        "3": "-ard"
      },
      "expansion": "dote +‎ -ard",
      "name": "af"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle English dotard; equivalent to dote +‎ -ard.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "dotards",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "dotard (plural dotards)",
      "name": "en-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, Book II, Canto Three, Stanza 16, The Faerie Queene, Book Two, edited by Erik Gray, Hackett, 2006, p. 44",
          "text": "\"Dotard,\" (said he) \"let be thy deepe advise; / Seemes that through many yeares thy wits thee faile, / And that weake eld hath left thee nothing wise, / Else never should thy judgement be so frayle, / To measure manhood by the sword or mayle."
        },
        {
          "ref": "c. 1598, William Shakespeare, Much Ado about Nothing, Act V, Scene 1, http://www.opensourceshakespeare.org/views/plays/play_view.php?WorkID=muchado&Scope=entire&pleasewait=1&msg=pl",
          "text": "I speak not like a dotard nor a fool, / As under privilege of age to brag / What I have done being young or what would do / Were I not old."
        },
        {
          "ref": "1792, Mary Wollstonecraft, A Vindication of the Rights of Woman, Chapter 2, http://www.gutenberg.org/cache/epub/3420/pg3420-images.html",
          "text": "The man who had some virtue whilst he was struggling for a crown, often becomes a voluptuous tyrant when it graces his brow; and, when the lover is not lost in the husband, the dotard a prey to childish caprices, and fond jealousies, neglects the serious duties of life, and the caresses which should excite confidence in his children are lavished on the overgrown child, his wife."
        },
        {
          "ref": "1835, William Wordsworth, \"The Pass of Kirkstone\" in A Guide through the District of the Lakes, http://www.bartleby.com/145/ww451.html",
          "text": "Lawns, houses, chattels, groves, and fields, / All that the fertile valley shields; / Wages of folly--baits of crime, / Of life's uneasy game the stake, / Playthings that keep the eyes awake / Of drowsy, dotard Time;—"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1867, W. S. Gilbert, \"The Precocious Baby,\" The 'Bab' Ballads, Complete Edition, Philadelphia: David McKay, no date, p. 73, https://archive.org/details/babballads00gilb",
          "text": "He early determined to marry and wive, / For better or worse / With his elderly nurse, / Which the poor little boy didn't live to contrive: / His health didn't thrive— / No longer alive, / He died an enfeebled old dotard at five!"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "An old person with impaired intellect; one in his or her dotage."
      ],
      "id": "dotard-noun-gCATQCly"
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "One who dotes on another, showing excessive fondness."
      ],
      "id": "dotard-noun-oDCakBsn"
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈdəʊ.təd/",
      "tags": [
        "Received-Pronunciation"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈdoʊ.tɚd/",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "dotard"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "doten",
        "3": "-ard"
      },
      "expansion": "doten +‎ -ard",
      "name": "af"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From doten +‎ -ard.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "dotardes",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "nouns",
        "g": "",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "dotard",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "dotardes"
      },
      "expansion": "dotard (plural dotardes)",
      "name": "enm-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Middle English",
  "lang_code": "enm",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "14th C., Geoffrey Chaucer, The Canterbury Tales, \"The Wife of Bath's Prologue,\" lines 285-92, https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/The_Canterbury_Tales/The_Wife_of_Bath%27s_Prologue_and_Tale",
          "text": "Thou seist, that oxen, asses, hors, and houndes, / They been assayed at diverse stoundes; / Bacins, lavours, er that men hem bye, / Spones and stoles, and al swich housbondrye, / And so been pottes, clothes, and array; / But folk of wyves maken noon assay / Til they be wedded; olde dotard shrewe! / And than, seistow, we wol oure vices shewe."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "A dotard; someone who displays senility."
      ],
      "id": "dotard-noun-atV.TTBY"
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "A fool or simpleton; someone who displays stupidity."
      ],
      "id": "dotard-noun-8sE8Vcnv"
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈdɔːtard/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "dotard"
}
{
  "categories": [
    {
      "kind": "topical",
      "name": "People",
      "parents": [
        "Human",
        "All topics",
        "Fundamental"
      ],
      "source": "w"
    },
    {
      "kind": "topical",
      "name": "Age",
      "parents": [
        "Body",
        "All topics",
        "Fundamental"
      ],
      "source": "w"
    },
    {
      "kind": "topical",
      "name": "Mind",
      "parents": [
        "Body",
        "All topics",
        "Fundamental"
      ],
      "source": "w"
    },
    {
      "kind": "topical",
      "name": "People",
      "parents": [
        "Human",
        "All topics",
        "Fundamental"
      ],
      "source": "w"
    }
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "dotardly"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "dotard"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English dotard",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "dote",
        "3": "-ard"
      },
      "expansion": "dote +‎ -ard",
      "name": "af"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle English dotard; equivalent to dote +‎ -ard.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "dotards",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "dotard (plural dotards)",
      "name": "en-noun"
    }
  ],
  "hypernyms": [
    {
      "sense": "an old person with impaired intellect",
      "source": "Thesaurus:dotard",
      "word": "mentally deficient person"
    },
    {
      "sense": "an old person with impaired intellect",
      "source": "Thesaurus:dotard",
      "word": "old person"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "noun",
  "related": [
    {
      "sense": "an old person with impaired intellect",
      "source": "Thesaurus:dotard",
      "word": "dotage"
    },
    {
      "sense": "an old person with impaired intellect",
      "source": "Thesaurus:dotard",
      "tags": [
        "idiomatic"
      ],
      "word": "second childhood"
    },
    {
      "sense": "an old person with impaired intellect",
      "source": "Thesaurus:dotard",
      "word": "senility"
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈdəʊ.təd/",
      "tags": [
        "Received-Pronunciation"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈdoʊ.tɚd/",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "sense": "an old person with impaired intellect",
      "word": "mimmerkin"
    },
    {
      "sense": "an old person with impaired intellect",
      "source": "Thesaurus:dotard",
      "tags": [
        "archaic"
      ],
      "word": "dobby"
    },
    {
      "sense": "an old person with impaired intellect",
      "source": "Thesaurus:dotard",
      "tags": [
        "obsolete",
        "derogatory"
      ],
      "word": "dodipole"
    },
    {
      "sense": "an old person with impaired intellect",
      "source": "Thesaurus:dotard",
      "tags": [
        "obsolete"
      ],
      "word": "dote"
    },
    {
      "sense": "an old person with impaired intellect",
      "source": "Thesaurus:dotard",
      "tags": [
        "obsolete"
      ],
      "word": "dotel"
    },
    {
      "sense": "an old person with impaired intellect",
      "source": "Thesaurus:dotard",
      "word": "doter"
    },
    {
      "sense": "an old person with impaired intellect",
      "source": "Thesaurus:dotard",
      "tags": [
        "UK",
        "dialectal"
      ],
      "word": "dottle"
    }
  ],
  "translations": [
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "izkufjal starec",
      "sense": "old person with impaired intellect",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "изкуфял старец"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese",
      "sense": "old person with impaired intellect",
      "tags": [
        "Mandarin"
      ],
      "word": "老糊塗"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese",
      "roman": "lǎohútu",
      "sense": "old person with impaired intellect",
      "tags": [
        "Mandarin"
      ],
      "word": "老糊涂"
    },
    {
      "code": "eo",
      "lang": "Esperanto",
      "sense": "old person with impaired intellect",
      "word": "kadukulo"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "old person with impaired intellect",
      "word": "vanhuudenhöperö"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "old person with impaired intellect",
      "word": "höppänä"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "old person with impaired intellect",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "radoteur"
    },
    {
      "code": "it",
      "lang": "Italian",
      "sense": "old person with impaired intellect",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "bacucco"
    },
    {
      "alt": "おいぼれ",
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "oibore",
      "sense": "old person with impaired intellect",
      "word": "老い耄れ"
    },
    {
      "code": "ko",
      "lang": "Korean",
      "roman": "neukdari",
      "sense": "old person with impaired intellect",
      "word": "늙다리"
    },
    {
      "code": "ko",
      "lang": "Korean",
      "roman": "neukdarimichigwang'i",
      "sense": "old person with impaired intellect",
      "word": "늙다리미치광이"
    },
    {
      "code": "nrf",
      "lang": "Norman",
      "sense": "old person with impaired intellect",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "r'doteux"
    },
    {
      "code": "fa",
      "lang": "Persian",
      "roman": "xereft",
      "sense": "old person with impaired intellect",
      "word": "خرفت‎"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "old person with impaired intellect",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "ramol"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "english": "originally: patient suffering from senile dementia",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "marazmátik",
      "sense": "old person with impaired intellect",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "маразма́тик"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "stáryj durák",
      "sense": "old person with impaired intellect",
      "word": "ста́рый дура́к"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "old person with impaired intellect",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "decrépito"
    },
    {
      "code": "tl",
      "lang": "Tagalog",
      "sense": "old person with impaired intellect",
      "word": "ulyanin"
    }
  ],
  "word": "dotard"
}

{
  "categories": [
    {
      "kind": "topical",
      "name": "Age",
      "parents": [
        "Body",
        "All topics",
        "Fundamental"
      ],
      "source": "w"
    },
    {
      "kind": "topical",
      "name": "Mind",
      "parents": [
        "Body",
        "All topics",
        "Fundamental"
      ],
      "source": "w"
    },
    {
      "kind": "topical",
      "name": "People",
      "parents": [
        "Human",
        "All topics",
        "Fundamental"
      ],
      "source": "w"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "doten",
        "3": "-ard"
      },
      "expansion": "doten +‎ -ard",
      "name": "af"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From doten +‎ -ard.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "dotardes",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "nouns",
        "g": "",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "dotard",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "dotardes"
      },
      "expansion": "dotard (plural dotardes)",
      "name": "enm-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Middle English",
  "lang_code": "enm",
  "pos": "noun",
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈdɔːtard/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "dotard"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable All languages combined dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2021-10-15 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2021-10-01 using wiktextract. The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.