"-itus" meaning in All languages combined

See -itus on Wiktionary

Suffix [Latin]

IPA: /ˈiː.tus/ [Classical], [ˈiːt̪ʊs̠] [Classical], /ˈi.tus/ (note: modern Italianate Ecclesiastical), [ˈiːt̪us] (note: modern Italianate Ecclesiastical) Forms: -ītus [canonical], -īta [feminine], -ītum [neuter]
Etymology: From Proto-Indo-European *-tós, suffix forming possessive adjectives from nouns (compare -ātus), combined with preceding material of uncertain origin (different words may have different sources of -ī-). According to one hypothesis, some words ending in -ītus are "decasuative" formations derived from former inflected noun forms that ended in -ī, such as the instrumental singular form of i-stem nouns or the genitive singular of o-stem nouns. For example, in crīnītus (“long-haired”), the ending -ītus may be from instrumental *-ih₁ + *-to-. But this type of derivation is disputed. Other words may have been formed by analogy. It is often difficult to distinguish the adjectival ending from the fourth-conjugation participial ending, and in some cases fourth-conjugation verbs may have been derived from original adjectives by back-formation; for example, the occurrence of the finite verb form crīnītur in Statius is presumably based on reinterpretation of crīnītus as a participle. Etymology templates: {{der|la|ine-pro|*-tós}} Proto-Indo-European *-tós
  1. Used to form adjectives. Tags: declension-1, declension-2, morpheme, suffix
    Sense id: en--itus-la-suffix-t3L3XHOy
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 1

Suffix [Latin]

IPA: /i.tus/ [Classical], [ɪt̪ʊs̠] [Classical], /i.tus/ (note: modern Italianate Ecclesiastical), [it̪us] (note: modern Italianate Ecclesiastical)
  1. Alternative form of -tus Tags: alt-of, alternative, morpheme, not-comparable Alternative form of: -tus
    Sense id: en--itus-la-suffix-pNE~TXEV
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 2

Suffix [Latin]

IPA: /ˈiː.tus/ [Classical], [ˈiːt̪ʊs̠] [Classical], /ˈi.tus/ (note: modern Italianate Ecclesiastical), [ˈiːt̪us] (note: modern Italianate Ecclesiastical) Forms: -ītus [canonical]
Head templates: {{head|la|suffix form|head=-ītus}} -ītus
  1. perfect passive participle of -iō (fourth conjugation) Tags: form-of, morpheme, participle, passive, perfect Form of: -iō (extra: fourth conjugation)
    Sense id: en--itus-la-suffix-lFzoY7pK Categories (other): Latin entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Latin entries with incorrect language header: 11 4 85
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 3

Download JSON data for -itus meaning in All languages combined (3.3kB)

{
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*-tós"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *-tós",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *-tós, suffix forming possessive adjectives from nouns (compare -ātus), combined with preceding material of uncertain origin (different words may have different sources of -ī-). According to one hypothesis, some words ending in -ītus are \"decasuative\" formations derived from former inflected noun forms that ended in -ī, such as the instrumental singular form of i-stem nouns or the genitive singular of o-stem nouns. For example, in crīnītus (“long-haired”), the ending -ītus may be from instrumental *-ih₁ + *-to-. But this type of derivation is disputed. Other words may have been formed by analogy. It is often difficult to distinguish the adjectival ending from the fourth-conjugation participial ending, and in some cases fourth-conjugation verbs may have been derived from original adjectives by back-formation; for example, the occurrence of the finite verb form crīnītur in Statius is presumably based on reinterpretation of crīnītus as a participle.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "-ītus",
      "tags": [
        "canonical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-īta",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ītum",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Latin",
  "lang_code": "la",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "Used to form adjectives."
      ],
      "id": "en--itus-la-suffix-t3L3XHOy",
      "links": [
        [
          "adjective",
          "adjective#English"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "declension-1",
        "declension-2",
        "morpheme",
        "suffix"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈiː.tus/",
      "tags": [
        "Classical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈiːt̪ʊs̠]",
      "tags": [
        "Classical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈi.tus/",
      "note": "modern Italianate Ecclesiastical"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈiːt̪us]",
      "note": "modern Italianate Ecclesiastical"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-itus"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "lang": "Latin",
  "lang_code": "la",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "alt_of": [
        {
          "word": "-tus"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Alternative form of -tus"
      ],
      "id": "en--itus-la-suffix-pNE~TXEV",
      "links": [
        [
          "-tus",
          "-tus#Latin:_adverb"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "alt-of",
        "alternative",
        "morpheme",
        "not-comparable"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/i.tus/",
      "tags": [
        "Classical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ɪt̪ʊs̠]",
      "tags": [
        "Classical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/i.tus/",
      "note": "modern Italianate Ecclesiastical"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[it̪us]",
      "note": "modern Italianate Ecclesiastical"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-itus"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 3,
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "-ītus",
      "tags": [
        "canonical"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
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        "2": "suffix form",
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      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Latin",
  "lang_code": "la",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "11 4 85",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Latin entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "form_of": [
        {
          "extra": "fourth conjugation",
          "word": "-iō"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "perfect passive participle of -iō (fourth conjugation)"
      ],
      "id": "en--itus-la-suffix-lFzoY7pK",
      "links": [
        [
          "-iō",
          "-io#Latin"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "form-of",
        "morpheme",
        "participle",
        "passive",
        "perfect"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈiː.tus/",
      "tags": [
        "Classical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈiːt̪ʊs̠]",
      "tags": [
        "Classical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈi.tus/",
      "note": "modern Italianate Ecclesiastical"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈiːt̪us]",
      "note": "modern Italianate Ecclesiastical"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-itus"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Latin 2-syllable words",
    "Latin adjective-forming suffixes",
    "Latin entries with incorrect language header",
    "Latin first and second declension suffixes",
    "Latin lemmas",
    "Latin non-lemma forms",
    "Latin suffix forms",
    "Latin suffixes",
    "Latin suffixes with red links in their inflection tables",
    "Latin terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Latin terms with IPA pronunciation"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*-tós"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *-tós",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *-tós, suffix forming possessive adjectives from nouns (compare -ātus), combined with preceding material of uncertain origin (different words may have different sources of -ī-). According to one hypothesis, some words ending in -ītus are \"decasuative\" formations derived from former inflected noun forms that ended in -ī, such as the instrumental singular form of i-stem nouns or the genitive singular of o-stem nouns. For example, in crīnītus (“long-haired”), the ending -ītus may be from instrumental *-ih₁ + *-to-. But this type of derivation is disputed. Other words may have been formed by analogy. It is often difficult to distinguish the adjectival ending from the fourth-conjugation participial ending, and in some cases fourth-conjugation verbs may have been derived from original adjectives by back-formation; for example, the occurrence of the finite verb form crīnītur in Statius is presumably based on reinterpretation of crīnītus as a participle.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "-ītus",
      "tags": [
        "canonical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-īta",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ītum",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Latin",
  "lang_code": "la",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "Used to form adjectives."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "adjective",
          "adjective#English"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "declension-1",
        "declension-2",
        "morpheme",
        "suffix"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈiː.tus/",
      "tags": [
        "Classical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈiːt̪ʊs̠]",
      "tags": [
        "Classical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈi.tus/",
      "note": "modern Italianate Ecclesiastical"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈiːt̪us]",
      "note": "modern Italianate Ecclesiastical"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-itus"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Latin 2-syllable words",
    "Latin adverb-forming suffixes",
    "Latin entries with incorrect language header",
    "Latin lemmas",
    "Latin non-lemma forms",
    "Latin suffix forms",
    "Latin suffixes",
    "Latin terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Latin uncomparable adverbs"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "lang": "Latin",
  "lang_code": "la",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
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        {
          "word": "-tus"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Alternative form of -tus"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "-tus",
          "-tus#Latin:_adverb"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "alt-of",
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        "not-comparable"
      ]
    }
  ],
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    {
      "ipa": "/i.tus/",
      "tags": [
        "Classical"
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    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ɪt̪ʊs̠]",
      "tags": [
        "Classical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/i.tus/",
      "note": "modern Italianate Ecclesiastical"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[it̪us]",
      "note": "modern Italianate Ecclesiastical"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-itus"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Latin 2-syllable words",
    "Latin entries with incorrect language header",
    "Latin non-lemma forms",
    "Latin suffix forms",
    "Latin terms with IPA pronunciation"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 3,
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "-ītus",
      "tags": [
        "canonical"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
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        "2": "suffix form",
        "head": "-ītus"
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    }
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  "lang": "Latin",
  "lang_code": "la",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "form_of": [
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          "word": "-iō"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "perfect passive participle of -iō (fourth conjugation)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "-iō",
          "-io#Latin"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "form-of",
        "morpheme",
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  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈiː.tus/",
      "tags": [
        "Classical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈiːt̪ʊs̠]",
      "tags": [
        "Classical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈi.tus/",
      "note": "modern Italianate Ecclesiastical"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈiːt̪us]",
      "note": "modern Italianate Ecclesiastical"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-itus"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable All languages combined dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-06-04 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-05-02 using wiktextract (e9e0a99 and db5a844). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.