"бе" meaning in All languages combined

See бе on Wiktionary

Interjection [Bulgarian]

Forms: be [romanization]
Etymology: Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish به, from Byzantine Greek βρέ (bré), from Ancient Greek μωρέ (mōré), which is the vocative form of μωρός (mōrós). Etymology templates: {{glossary|loanword|Borrowed}} Borrowed, {{bor|bg|ota|به|||g=|g2=|g3=|id=|lit=|nocat=|pos=|sc=|sort=|tr=|ts=}} Ottoman Turkish به, {{bor+|bg|ota|به}} Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish به, {{der|bg|gkm|βρέ}} Byzantine Greek βρέ (bré), {{der|bg|grc|μωρέ}} Ancient Greek μωρέ (mōré), {{m|grc|μωρός}} μωρός (mōrós) Head templates: {{head|bg|interjection}} бе • (be)
  1. (colloquial) placed at the end of a sentence as an impolite intensifier Tags: colloquial Synonyms: бре (bre), уе (ue), ле (english: le), е (e)
    Sense id: en-бе-bg-intj-wMRD1n5P
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 2

Verb [Bulgarian]

IPA: [bɛ] Audio: LL-Q7918 (bul)-Kiril kovachev-бе.wav Forms: be [romanization]
Etymology: From Proto-Slavic *bě. Etymology templates: {{inh|bg|sla-pro|*bě}} Proto-Slavic *bě Head templates: {{head|bg|verb form|head=бе}} бе • (be)
  1. second/third-person singular imperfect/aorist indicative of съм (sǎm) Tags: aorist, form-of, imperfect, indicative, second-person, singular, third-person Form of: съм (extra: sǎm)
    Sense id: en-бе-bg-verb-CT8Pd~4F Categories (other): Bulgarian entries with incorrect language header
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 1

Particle [Macedonian]

IPA: [bɛ] Forms: be [romanization]
Etymology: Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish به, from Byzantine Greek βρέ (bré), from Ancient Greek μωρέ (mōré), which is the vocative form of μωρός (mōrós). Cognate with Serbo-Croatian bre, Greek ρε (re), and Turkish bre. Etymology templates: {{glossary|loanword|Borrowed}} Borrowed, {{bor|mk|ota|به|||g=|g2=|g3=|id=|lit=|nocat=|pos=|sc=|sort=|tr=|ts=}} Ottoman Turkish به, {{bor+|mk|ota|به}} Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish به, {{der|mk|gkm|βρέ}} Byzantine Greek βρέ (bré), {{der|mk|grc|μωρέ}} Ancient Greek μωρέ (mōré), {{m|grc|μωρός}} μωρός (mōrós), {{cog|sh|bre}} Serbo-Croatian bre, {{cog|el|ρε}} Greek ρε (re), {{cog|tr|bre}} Turkish bre Head templates: {{head|mk|particle}} бе • (be)
  1. A particle expressing anger, frustration, or surprise. Related terms: мо́ре (móre), мо́ри (móri), де (de)
    Sense id: en-бе-mk-particle-bSDaZ3wI Categories (other): Macedonian entries with incorrect language header, Macedonian particles

Preposition [Tajik]

IPA: /be/, [be] Forms: be [romanization]
Head templates: {{head|tg|preposition|head=}} бе • (be), {{tg-preposition|tr=be}} бе • (be)
  1. without
    Sense id: en-бе-tg-prep-EhayqIl1 Categories (other): Pages using bad params when calling Template:tg-preposition, Tajik entries with incorrect language header, Tajik prepositions Disambiguation of Pages using bad params when calling Template:tg-preposition: 59 41 Disambiguation of Tajik entries with incorrect language header: 67 33 Disambiguation of Tajik prepositions: 74 26
  2. sans
    Sense id: en-бе-tg-prep-CY4ze41O

Particle [Tuvan]

IPA: /be̞/ Forms: be [romanization]
Etymology: From Proto-Turkic *-mi (“interrogative particle”). Cognate to Mongolian бэ (be), Kazakh бе (be), Turkish mi. Etymology templates: {{inh|tyv|trk-pro|*-mi||interrogative particle}} Proto-Turkic *-mi (“interrogative particle”), {{cog|mn|бэ}} Mongolian бэ (be), {{cog|kk|бе}} Kazakh бе (be), {{cog|tr|mi}} Turkish mi Head templates: {{head|tyv|particle}} бе • (be)
  1. Particle for forming yes-or-no questions.
    Sense id: en-бе-tyv-particle-foJUQUIv Categories (other): Tuvan entries with incorrect language header, Tuvan particles

Alternative forms

Download JSON data for бе meaning in All languages combined (7.9kB)

{
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "bg",
        "2": "sla-pro",
        "3": "*bě"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Slavic *bě",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Slavic *bě.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "be",
      "tags": [
        "romanization"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "bg",
        "2": "verb form",
        "head": "бе"
      },
      "expansion": "бе • (be)",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Bulgarian",
  "lang_code": "bg",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Bulgarian entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "form_of": [
        {
          "extra": "sǎm",
          "word": "съм"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "second/third-person singular imperfect/aorist indicative of съм (sǎm)"
      ],
      "id": "en-бе-bg-verb-CT8Pd~4F",
      "links": [
        [
          "съм",
          "съм#Bulgarian"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "aorist",
        "form-of",
        "imperfect",
        "indicative",
        "second-person",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[bɛ]"
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q7918 (bul)-Kiril kovachev-бе.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/f/f6/LL-Q7918_%28bul%29-Kiril_kovachev-%D0%B1%D0%B5.wav/LL-Q7918_%28bul%29-Kiril_kovachev-%D0%B1%D0%B5.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/f/f6/LL-Q7918_%28bul%29-Kiril_kovachev-%D0%B1%D0%B5.wav/LL-Q7918_%28bul%29-Kiril_kovachev-%D0%B1%D0%B5.wav.ogg",
      "text": "Audio"
    }
  ],
  "word": "бе"
}

{
  "categories": [],
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "loanword",
        "2": "Borrowed"
      },
      "expansion": "Borrowed",
      "name": "glossary"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "bg",
        "2": "ota",
        "3": "به",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "g": "",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "id": "",
        "lit": "",
        "nocat": "",
        "pos": "",
        "sc": "",
        "sort": "",
        "tr": "",
        "ts": ""
      },
      "expansion": "Ottoman Turkish به",
      "name": "bor"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "bg",
        "2": "ota",
        "3": "به"
      },
      "expansion": "Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish به",
      "name": "bor+"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "bg",
        "2": "gkm",
        "3": "βρέ"
      },
      "expansion": "Byzantine Greek βρέ (bré)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "bg",
        "2": "grc",
        "3": "μωρέ"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek μωρέ (mōré)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "μωρός"
      },
      "expansion": "μωρός (mōrós)",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish به, from Byzantine Greek βρέ (bré), from Ancient Greek μωρέ (mōré), which is the vocative form of μωρός (mōrós).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "be",
      "tags": [
        "romanization"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "bg",
        "2": "interjection"
      },
      "expansion": "бе • (be)",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Bulgarian",
  "lang_code": "bg",
  "pos": "intj",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "glosses": [
        "placed at the end of a sentence as an impolite intensifier"
      ],
      "id": "en-бе-bg-intj-wMRD1n5P",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(colloquial) placed at the end of a sentence as an impolite intensifier"
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "roman": "bre",
          "word": "бре"
        },
        {
          "roman": "ue",
          "word": "уе"
        },
        {
          "english": "le",
          "word": "ле"
        },
        {
          "roman": "e",
          "word": "е"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "colloquial"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "бе"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "loanword",
        "2": "Borrowed"
      },
      "expansion": "Borrowed",
      "name": "glossary"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mk",
        "2": "ota",
        "3": "به",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "g": "",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "id": "",
        "lit": "",
        "nocat": "",
        "pos": "",
        "sc": "",
        "sort": "",
        "tr": "",
        "ts": ""
      },
      "expansion": "Ottoman Turkish به",
      "name": "bor"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mk",
        "2": "ota",
        "3": "به"
      },
      "expansion": "Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish به",
      "name": "bor+"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mk",
        "2": "gkm",
        "3": "βρέ"
      },
      "expansion": "Byzantine Greek βρέ (bré)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mk",
        "2": "grc",
        "3": "μωρέ"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek μωρέ (mōré)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "μωρός"
      },
      "expansion": "μωρός (mōrós)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sh",
        "2": "bre"
      },
      "expansion": "Serbo-Croatian bre",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "el",
        "2": "ρε"
      },
      "expansion": "Greek ρε (re)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "tr",
        "2": "bre"
      },
      "expansion": "Turkish bre",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish به, from Byzantine Greek βρέ (bré), from Ancient Greek μωρέ (mōré), which is the vocative form of μωρός (mōrós). Cognate with Serbo-Croatian bre, Greek ρε (re), and Turkish bre.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "be",
      "tags": [
        "romanization"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mk",
        "2": "particle"
      },
      "expansion": "бе • (be)",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "hyphenation": [
    "бе"
  ],
  "lang": "Macedonian",
  "lang_code": "mk",
  "pos": "particle",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Macedonian entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Macedonian particles",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "Come here (at once)!",
          "roman": "Dójdi vámu, be!",
          "text": "До́јди ва́му, бе!",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "english": "What (the hell) are you yelling about?",
          "roman": "Što sé dereš, be?",
          "text": "Што се́ дереш, бе?",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "english": "How (on earth) did they outwit you?",
          "roman": "Káko ve nadmúdrija, be?",
          "text": "Ка́ко ве надму́дрија, бе?",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "A particle expressing anger, frustration, or surprise."
      ],
      "id": "en-бе-mk-particle-bSDaZ3wI",
      "related": [
        {
          "roman": "móre",
          "word": "мо́ре"
        },
        {
          "roman": "móri",
          "word": "мо́ри"
        },
        {
          "roman": "de",
          "word": "де"
        }
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[bɛ]"
    }
  ],
  "word": "бе"
}

{
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "be",
      "tags": [
        "romanization"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "tg",
        "2": "preposition",
        "head": ""
      },
      "expansion": "бе • (be)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "tr": "be"
      },
      "expansion": "бе • (be)",
      "name": "tg-preposition"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Tajik",
  "lang_code": "tg",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "59 41",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Pages using bad params when calling Template:tg-preposition",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "67 33",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Tajik entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "74 26",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Tajik prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "without"
      ],
      "id": "en-бе-tg-prep-EhayqIl1",
      "links": [
        [
          "without",
          "without"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "sans"
      ],
      "id": "en-бе-tg-prep-CY4ze41O",
      "links": [
        [
          "sans",
          "sans"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/be/"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[be]"
    }
  ],
  "word": "бе"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "tyv",
        "2": "trk-pro",
        "3": "*-mi",
        "4": "",
        "5": "interrogative particle"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Turkic *-mi (“interrogative particle”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mn",
        "2": "бэ"
      },
      "expansion": "Mongolian бэ (be)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "kk",
        "2": "бе"
      },
      "expansion": "Kazakh бе (be)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "tr",
        "2": "mi"
      },
      "expansion": "Turkish mi",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Turkic *-mi (“interrogative particle”). Cognate to Mongolian бэ (be), Kazakh бе (be), Turkish mi.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "be",
      "tags": [
        "romanization"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "tyv",
        "2": "particle"
      },
      "expansion": "бе • (be)",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Tuvan",
  "lang_code": "tyv",
  "pos": "particle",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Tuvan entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Tuvan particles",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "Do you want to drink tea?",
          "roman": "Sen şay ijiksey-dir sen be?",
          "text": "Сен шай ижиксей-дир сен бе?",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Particle for forming yes-or-no questions."
      ],
      "id": "en-бе-tyv-particle-foJUQUIv"
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/be̞/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "бе"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Bulgarian entries with incorrect language header",
    "Bulgarian interjections",
    "Bulgarian lemmas",
    "Bulgarian non-lemma forms",
    "Bulgarian terms borrowed from Ottoman Turkish",
    "Bulgarian terms derived from Ancient Greek",
    "Bulgarian terms derived from Byzantine Greek",
    "Bulgarian terms derived from Ottoman Turkish",
    "Bulgarian terms derived from Proto-Slavic",
    "Bulgarian terms inherited from Proto-Slavic",
    "Bulgarian terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Bulgarian terms with audio links",
    "Bulgarian terms with redundant head parameter",
    "Bulgarian verb forms"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "bg",
        "2": "sla-pro",
        "3": "*bě"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Slavic *bě",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Slavic *bě.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "be",
      "tags": [
        "romanization"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "bg",
        "2": "verb form",
        "head": "бе"
      },
      "expansion": "бе • (be)",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Bulgarian",
  "lang_code": "bg",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "form_of": [
        {
          "extra": "sǎm",
          "word": "съм"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "second/third-person singular imperfect/aorist indicative of съм (sǎm)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "съм",
          "съм#Bulgarian"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "aorist",
        "form-of",
        "imperfect",
        "indicative",
        "second-person",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[bɛ]"
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q7918 (bul)-Kiril kovachev-бе.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/f/f6/LL-Q7918_%28bul%29-Kiril_kovachev-%D0%B1%D0%B5.wav/LL-Q7918_%28bul%29-Kiril_kovachev-%D0%B1%D0%B5.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/f/f6/LL-Q7918_%28bul%29-Kiril_kovachev-%D0%B1%D0%B5.wav/LL-Q7918_%28bul%29-Kiril_kovachev-%D0%B1%D0%B5.wav.ogg",
      "text": "Audio"
    }
  ],
  "word": "бе"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Bulgarian interjections",
    "Bulgarian lemmas",
    "Bulgarian terms borrowed from Ottoman Turkish",
    "Bulgarian terms derived from Ancient Greek",
    "Bulgarian terms derived from Byzantine Greek",
    "Bulgarian terms derived from Ottoman Turkish"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "loanword",
        "2": "Borrowed"
      },
      "expansion": "Borrowed",
      "name": "glossary"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "bg",
        "2": "ota",
        "3": "به",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "g": "",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "id": "",
        "lit": "",
        "nocat": "",
        "pos": "",
        "sc": "",
        "sort": "",
        "tr": "",
        "ts": ""
      },
      "expansion": "Ottoman Turkish به",
      "name": "bor"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "bg",
        "2": "ota",
        "3": "به"
      },
      "expansion": "Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish به",
      "name": "bor+"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "bg",
        "2": "gkm",
        "3": "βρέ"
      },
      "expansion": "Byzantine Greek βρέ (bré)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "bg",
        "2": "grc",
        "3": "μωρέ"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek μωρέ (mōré)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "μωρός"
      },
      "expansion": "μωρός (mōrós)",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish به, from Byzantine Greek βρέ (bré), from Ancient Greek μωρέ (mōré), which is the vocative form of μωρός (mōrós).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "be",
      "tags": [
        "romanization"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "bg",
        "2": "interjection"
      },
      "expansion": "бе • (be)",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Bulgarian",
  "lang_code": "bg",
  "pos": "intj",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Bulgarian colloquialisms"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "placed at the end of a sentence as an impolite intensifier"
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(colloquial) placed at the end of a sentence as an impolite intensifier"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "colloquial"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "roman": "bre",
      "word": "бре"
    },
    {
      "roman": "ue",
      "word": "уе"
    },
    {
      "english": "le",
      "word": "ле"
    },
    {
      "roman": "e",
      "word": "е"
    }
  ],
  "word": "бе"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "loanword",
        "2": "Borrowed"
      },
      "expansion": "Borrowed",
      "name": "glossary"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mk",
        "2": "ota",
        "3": "به",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "g": "",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "id": "",
        "lit": "",
        "nocat": "",
        "pos": "",
        "sc": "",
        "sort": "",
        "tr": "",
        "ts": ""
      },
      "expansion": "Ottoman Turkish به",
      "name": "bor"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mk",
        "2": "ota",
        "3": "به"
      },
      "expansion": "Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish به",
      "name": "bor+"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mk",
        "2": "gkm",
        "3": "βρέ"
      },
      "expansion": "Byzantine Greek βρέ (bré)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mk",
        "2": "grc",
        "3": "μωρέ"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek μωρέ (mōré)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "μωρός"
      },
      "expansion": "μωρός (mōrós)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sh",
        "2": "bre"
      },
      "expansion": "Serbo-Croatian bre",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "el",
        "2": "ρε"
      },
      "expansion": "Greek ρε (re)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "tr",
        "2": "bre"
      },
      "expansion": "Turkish bre",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish به, from Byzantine Greek βρέ (bré), from Ancient Greek μωρέ (mōré), which is the vocative form of μωρός (mōrós). Cognate with Serbo-Croatian bre, Greek ρε (re), and Turkish bre.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "be",
      "tags": [
        "romanization"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mk",
        "2": "particle"
      },
      "expansion": "бе • (be)",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "hyphenation": [
    "бе"
  ],
  "lang": "Macedonian",
  "lang_code": "mk",
  "pos": "particle",
  "related": [
    {
      "roman": "móre",
      "word": "мо́ре"
    },
    {
      "roman": "móri",
      "word": "мо́ри"
    },
    {
      "roman": "de",
      "word": "де"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Macedonian 1-syllable words",
        "Macedonian entries with incorrect language header",
        "Macedonian lemmas",
        "Macedonian oxytone terms",
        "Macedonian particles",
        "Macedonian terms borrowed from Ottoman Turkish",
        "Macedonian terms derived from Ancient Greek",
        "Macedonian terms derived from Byzantine Greek",
        "Macedonian terms derived from Ottoman Turkish",
        "Macedonian terms with IPA pronunciation",
        "Macedonian terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "Come here (at once)!",
          "roman": "Dójdi vámu, be!",
          "text": "До́јди ва́му, бе!",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "english": "What (the hell) are you yelling about?",
          "roman": "Što sé dereš, be?",
          "text": "Што се́ дереш, бе?",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "english": "How (on earth) did they outwit you?",
          "roman": "Káko ve nadmúdrija, be?",
          "text": "Ка́ко ве надму́дрија, бе?",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "A particle expressing anger, frustration, or surprise."
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[bɛ]"
    }
  ],
  "word": "бе"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Pages using bad params when calling Template:tg-preposition",
    "Tajik entries with incorrect language header",
    "Tajik lemmas",
    "Tajik prepositions",
    "Tajik terms with IPA pronunciation"
  ],
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "be",
      "tags": [
        "romanization"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "tg",
        "2": "preposition",
        "head": ""
      },
      "expansion": "бе • (be)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "tr": "be"
      },
      "expansion": "бе • (be)",
      "name": "tg-preposition"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Tajik",
  "lang_code": "tg",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "without"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "without",
          "without"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "sans"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "sans",
          "sans"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/be/"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[be]"
    }
  ],
  "word": "бе"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "tyv",
        "2": "trk-pro",
        "3": "*-mi",
        "4": "",
        "5": "interrogative particle"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Turkic *-mi (“interrogative particle”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mn",
        "2": "бэ"
      },
      "expansion": "Mongolian бэ (be)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "kk",
        "2": "бе"
      },
      "expansion": "Kazakh бе (be)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "tr",
        "2": "mi"
      },
      "expansion": "Turkish mi",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Turkic *-mi (“interrogative particle”). Cognate to Mongolian бэ (be), Kazakh бе (be), Turkish mi.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "be",
      "tags": [
        "romanization"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "tyv",
        "2": "particle"
      },
      "expansion": "бе • (be)",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Tuvan",
  "lang_code": "tyv",
  "pos": "particle",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Tuvan entries with incorrect language header",
        "Tuvan lemmas",
        "Tuvan particles",
        "Tuvan terms derived from Proto-Turkic",
        "Tuvan terms inherited from Proto-Turkic",
        "Tuvan terms with IPA pronunciation",
        "Tuvan terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "Do you want to drink tea?",
          "roman": "Sen şay ijiksey-dir sen be?",
          "text": "Сен шай ижиксей-дир сен бе?",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Particle for forming yes-or-no questions."
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/be̞/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "бе"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable All languages combined dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-04-13 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-04-01 using wiktextract (ee658f9 and be4df6b). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.