"mất" meaning in Vietnamese

See mất in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Particle

IPA: [mət̚˧˦] [Hà-Nội], [mək̚˦˧˥] [Huế], [mək̚˦˥] [Hồ-Chí-Minh-City] Forms: [CJK], 𠅍 [CJK], 𡘮 [CJK], 𠅎 [CJK], 𠅐 [CJK], [CJK], [CJK]
Etymology: From Proto-Vietic *ɓǝt. Cognate with Muong Bi bất, Arem bʉt. Etymology templates: {{inh|vi|mkh-vie-pro|*ɓǝt}} Proto-Vietic *ɓǝt, {{cog|mtq|-}} Muong, {{m|mtq|bất}} bất, {{cog|aem|-}} Arem Head templates: {{head|vi|particle|head=|tr=末, 𠅍, 𡘮, 𠅎, 𠅐, 秩, 失}} mất • (末, 𠅍, 𡘮, 𠅎, 𠅐, 秩, 失), {{vi-particle|末, 𠅍, 𡘮, 𠅎, 𠅐, 秩, 失}} mất • (末, 𠅍, 𡘮, 𠅎, 𠅐, 秩, 失)
  1. used to indicate the absence of something after the action expressed in the verb
    Sense id: en-mất-vi-particle-iuRxLZOk
  2. placed after an adjective or a verb to indicate something considered unfavourable
    Sense id: en-mất-vi-particle-5LadybT7 Categories (other): Vietnamese particles Disambiguation of Vietnamese particles: 17 53 30 0 0

Verb

IPA: [mət̚˧˦] [Hà-Nội], [mək̚˦˧˥] [Huế], [mək̚˦˥] [Hồ-Chí-Minh-City] Forms: [CJK], 𠅍 [CJK], 𡘮 [CJK], 𠅎 [CJK], 𠅐 [CJK], [CJK], [CJK]
Etymology: From Proto-Vietic *ɓǝt. Cognate with Muong Bi bất, Arem bʉt. Etymology templates: {{inh|vi|mkh-vie-pro|*ɓǝt}} Proto-Vietic *ɓǝt, {{cog|mtq|-}} Muong, {{m|mtq|bất}} bất, {{cog|aem|-}} Arem Head templates: {{head|vi|verb|||head=|tr=末, 𠅍, 𡘮, 𠅎, 𠅐, 秩, 失}} mất • (末, 𠅍, 𡘮, 𠅎, 𠅐, 秩, 失), {{vi-verb|末, 𠅍, 𡘮, 𠅎, 𠅐, 秩, 失}} mất • (末, 𠅍, 𡘮, 𠅎, 𠅐, 秩, 失)
  1. to lose something
    Sense id: en-mất-vi-verb-McXpyWQC Categories (other): Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header: 39 31 31
  2. (formal, euphemistic) to die Tags: euphemistic, formal
    Sense id: en-mất-vi-verb-L2Mli9fq Categories (other): Vietnamese euphemisms
  3. to take (time)
    Sense id: en-mất-vi-verb-4MHitwHL
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Derived forms: biến mất, đánh mất, mất công, mất dạng, mất dạy, mất gốc, mất hút, mất lòng, mất mát, mất mặt, mất nết, mất ngủ, mất tăm, mất tích, mất tong, mất trí

Download JSON data for mất meaning in Vietnamese (4.7kB)

{
  "derived": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "biến mất"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "đánh mất"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "mất công"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "mất dạng"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "mất dạy"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "mất gốc"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "mất hút"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "mất lòng"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "mất mát"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "mất mặt"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "mất nết"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "mất ngủ"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "mất tăm"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "mất tích"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "mất tong"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "mất trí"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "mkh-vie-pro",
        "3": "*ɓǝt"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Vietic *ɓǝt",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mtq",
        "2": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Muong",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mtq",
        "2": "bất"
      },
      "expansion": "bất",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "aem",
        "2": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Arem",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Vietic *ɓǝt. Cognate with Muong Bi bất, Arem bʉt.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "末",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "𠅍",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "𡘮",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "𠅎",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "𠅐",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "秩",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "失",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "verb",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "head": "",
        "tr": "末, 𠅍, 𡘮, 𠅎, 𠅐, 秩, 失"
      },
      "expansion": "mất • (末, 𠅍, 𡘮, 𠅎, 𠅐, 秩, 失)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "末, 𠅍, 𡘮, 𠅎, 𠅐, 秩, 失"
      },
      "expansion": "mất • (末, 𠅍, 𡘮, 𠅎, 𠅐, 秩, 失)",
      "name": "vi-verb"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "39 31 31",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to lose something"
      ],
      "id": "en-mất-vi-verb-McXpyWQC",
      "links": [
        [
          "lose",
          "lose"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "antonyms": [
        {
          "word": "còn"
        }
      ],
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Vietnamese euphemisms",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to die"
      ],
      "id": "en-mất-vi-verb-L2Mli9fq",
      "links": [
        [
          "die",
          "die"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(formal, euphemistic) to die"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "euphemistic",
        "formal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "The trip takes one day.",
          "text": "Chuyến đi phải mất một ngày.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to take (time)"
      ],
      "id": "en-mất-vi-verb-4MHitwHL",
      "links": [
        [
          "take",
          "take"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[mət̚˧˦]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[mək̚˦˧˥]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[mək̚˦˥]",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "mất"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "mkh-vie-pro",
        "3": "*ɓǝt"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Vietic *ɓǝt",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mtq",
        "2": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Muong",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mtq",
        "2": "bất"
      },
      "expansion": "bất",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "aem",
        "2": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Arem",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Vietic *ɓǝt. Cognate with Muong Bi bất, Arem bʉt.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "末",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "𠅍",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "𡘮",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "𠅎",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "𠅐",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "秩",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "失",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "particle",
        "head": "",
        "tr": "末, 𠅍, 𡘮, 𠅎, 𠅐, 秩, 失"
      },
      "expansion": "mất • (末, 𠅍, 𡘮, 𠅎, 𠅐, 秩, 失)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "末, 𠅍, 𡘮, 𠅎, 𠅐, 秩, 失"
      },
      "expansion": "mất • (末, 𠅍, 𡘮, 𠅎, 𠅐, 秩, 失)",
      "name": "vi-particle"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "particle",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "used to indicate the absence of something after the action expressed in the verb"
      ],
      "id": "en-mất-vi-particle-iuRxLZOk"
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "17 53 30 0 0",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Vietnamese particles",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "You will end up with a cold if you keep going out in the rain unprotected like this.",
          "text": "Dầm mưa miết vầy thì cảm mất.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "english": "God, I'm so screwed.",
          "text": "Chết mất thôi.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "placed after an adjective or a verb to indicate something considered unfavourable"
      ],
      "id": "en-mất-vi-particle-5LadybT7"
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[mət̚˧˦]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[mək̚˦˧˥]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[mək̚˦˥]",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "mất"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header",
    "Vietnamese lemmas",
    "Vietnamese particles",
    "Vietnamese terms derived from Proto-Vietic",
    "Vietnamese terms inherited from Proto-Vietic",
    "Vietnamese terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Vietnamese verbs"
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "biến mất"
    },
    {
      "word": "đánh mất"
    },
    {
      "word": "mất công"
    },
    {
      "word": "mất dạng"
    },
    {
      "word": "mất dạy"
    },
    {
      "word": "mất gốc"
    },
    {
      "word": "mất hút"
    },
    {
      "word": "mất lòng"
    },
    {
      "word": "mất mát"
    },
    {
      "word": "mất mặt"
    },
    {
      "word": "mất nết"
    },
    {
      "word": "mất ngủ"
    },
    {
      "word": "mất tăm"
    },
    {
      "word": "mất tích"
    },
    {
      "word": "mất tong"
    },
    {
      "word": "mất trí"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "mkh-vie-pro",
        "3": "*ɓǝt"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Vietic *ɓǝt",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mtq",
        "2": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Muong",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mtq",
        "2": "bất"
      },
      "expansion": "bất",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "aem",
        "2": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Arem",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Vietic *ɓǝt. Cognate with Muong Bi bất, Arem bʉt.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "末",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "𠅍",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "𡘮",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "𠅎",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "𠅐",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "秩",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "失",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "verb",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "head": "",
        "tr": "末, 𠅍, 𡘮, 𠅎, 𠅐, 秩, 失"
      },
      "expansion": "mất • (末, 𠅍, 𡘮, 𠅎, 𠅐, 秩, 失)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "末, 𠅍, 𡘮, 𠅎, 𠅐, 秩, 失"
      },
      "expansion": "mất • (末, 𠅍, 𡘮, 𠅎, 𠅐, 秩, 失)",
      "name": "vi-verb"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "to lose something"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "lose",
          "lose"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "antonyms": [
        {
          "word": "còn"
        }
      ],
      "categories": [
        "Vietnamese euphemisms",
        "Vietnamese formal terms"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to die"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "die",
          "die"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(formal, euphemistic) to die"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "euphemistic",
        "formal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Vietnamese terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "The trip takes one day.",
          "text": "Chuyến đi phải mất một ngày.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to take (time)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "take",
          "take"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[mət̚˧˦]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[mək̚˦˧˥]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[mək̚˦˥]",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "mất"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Vietnamese lemmas",
    "Vietnamese particles",
    "Vietnamese terms derived from Proto-Vietic",
    "Vietnamese terms inherited from Proto-Vietic",
    "Vietnamese terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Vietnamese verbs"
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "mkh-vie-pro",
        "3": "*ɓǝt"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Vietic *ɓǝt",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mtq",
        "2": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Muong",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mtq",
        "2": "bất"
      },
      "expansion": "bất",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "aem",
        "2": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Arem",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Vietic *ɓǝt. Cognate with Muong Bi bất, Arem bʉt.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "末",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "𠅍",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "𡘮",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "𠅎",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "𠅐",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "秩",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "失",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "particle",
        "head": "",
        "tr": "末, 𠅍, 𡘮, 𠅎, 𠅐, 秩, 失"
      },
      "expansion": "mất • (末, 𠅍, 𡘮, 𠅎, 𠅐, 秩, 失)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "末, 𠅍, 𡘮, 𠅎, 𠅐, 秩, 失"
      },
      "expansion": "mất • (末, 𠅍, 𡘮, 𠅎, 𠅐, 秩, 失)",
      "name": "vi-particle"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "particle",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "used to indicate the absence of something after the action expressed in the verb"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Vietnamese terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "You will end up with a cold if you keep going out in the rain unprotected like this.",
          "text": "Dầm mưa miết vầy thì cảm mất.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "english": "God, I'm so screwed.",
          "text": "Chết mất thôi.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "placed after an adjective or a verb to indicate something considered unfavourable"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[mət̚˧˦]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[mək̚˦˧˥]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[mək̚˦˥]",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "mất"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Vietnamese dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-04-17 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-04-01 using wiktextract (0b52755 and 5cb0836). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.