"chúng" meaning in Vietnamese

See chúng in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Particle

IPA: [t͡ɕʊwŋ͡m˧˦] [Hà-Nội], [t͡ɕʊwŋ͡m˦˧˥] [Huế], [cʊwŋ͡m˦˥] [Hồ-Chí-Minh-City] Audio: LL-Q9199 (vie)-Penn Zero MSSJ-chúng.wav [Hà-Nội] Forms: [CJK]
Etymology: Sino-Vietnamese word from 眾 (“many”). Etymology templates: {{m|vi|眾|t=many}} 眾 (“many”), {{categorize|vi|Sino-Vietnamese words}}, {{vi-etym-sino|眾|many}} Sino-Vietnamese word from 眾 (“many”) Head templates: {{head|vi|particle|||head=}} chúng, {{vi-pos|particle|眾}} chúng (眾)
  1. pluralizing particle for pronouns Synonyms: tụi Derived forms: chúng mày, chúng mình, chúng nó, chúng ta, chúng tao, chúng tôi Related terms: các, những
    Sense id: en-chúng-vi-particle-6-Tz3~fk Categories (other): Sino-Vietnamese words, Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header, Vietnamese particles, Vietnamese personal pronouns, Vietnamese pronouns, Vietnamese third person pronouns Disambiguation of Sino-Vietnamese words: 50 23 27 Disambiguation of Vietnamese particles: 77 16 7 Disambiguation of Vietnamese personal pronouns: 66 20 15 0 Disambiguation of Vietnamese pronouns: 66 19 14 Disambiguation of Vietnamese third person pronouns: 65 13 22 0
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 1

Pronoun

IPA: [t͡ɕʊwŋ͡m˧˦] [Hà-Nội], [t͡ɕʊwŋ͡m˦˧˥] [Huế], [cʊwŋ͡m˦˥] [Hồ-Chí-Minh-City] Audio: LL-Q9199 (vie)-Penn Zero MSSJ-chúng.wav [Hà-Nội]
Etymology: Sino-Vietnamese word from 眾 (“many”). Etymology templates: {{m|vi|眾|t=many}} 眾 (“many”), {{categorize|vi|Sino-Vietnamese words}}, {{vi-etym-sino|眾|many}} Sino-Vietnamese word from 眾 (“many”) Head templates: {{head|vi|pronoun|head=|tr=}} chúng, {{vi-pronoun}} chúng
  1. they/them (used for animals)
    Sense id: en-chúng-vi-pron-od5fUzP7
  2. they/them (used for people whom one holds in low regard)
    Sense id: en-chúng-vi-pron-1nkJfxxe
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Derived forms: bọn chúng
Etymology number: 1

Verb

IPA: [t͡ɕʊwŋ͡m˧˦] [Hà-Nội], [t͡ɕʊwŋ͡m˦˧˥] [Huế], [cʊwŋ͡m˦˥] [Hồ-Chí-Minh-City] Audio: LL-Q9199 (vie)-Penn Zero MSSJ-chúng.wav [Hà-Nội]
Head templates: {{head|vi|verb|||head=|tr=}} chúng, {{vi-verb}} chúng
  1. To hit.
    Sense id: en-chúng-vi-verb-th54dd11
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 2

Download JSON data for chúng meaning in Vietnamese (5.6kB)

{
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "眾",
        "t": "many"
      },
      "expansion": "眾 (“many”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "Sino-Vietnamese words"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "categorize"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "眾",
        "2": "many"
      },
      "expansion": "Sino-Vietnamese word from 眾 (“many”)",
      "name": "vi-etym-sino"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Sino-Vietnamese word from 眾 (“many”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "眾",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "particle",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "head": ""
      },
      "expansion": "chúng",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "particle",
        "2": "眾"
      },
      "expansion": "chúng (眾)",
      "name": "vi-pos"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "particle",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "50 23 27",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Sino-Vietnamese words",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "77 16 7",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Vietnamese particles",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "66 20 15 0",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Vietnamese personal pronouns",
          "parents": [
            "Personal pronouns",
            "Pronouns",
            "Lemmas"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "66 19 14",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Vietnamese pronouns",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "65 13 22 0",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Vietnamese third person pronouns",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "derived": [
        {
          "word": "chúng mày"
        },
        {
          "word": "chúng mình"
        },
        {
          "word": "chúng nó"
        },
        {
          "word": "chúng ta"
        },
        {
          "word": "chúng tao"
        },
        {
          "word": "chúng tôi"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "pluralizing particle for pronouns"
      ],
      "id": "en-chúng-vi-particle-6-Tz3~fk",
      "related": [
        {
          "word": "các"
        },
        {
          "word": "những"
        }
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "tụi"
        }
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[t͡ɕʊwŋ͡m˧˦]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[t͡ɕʊwŋ͡m˦˧˥]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[cʊwŋ͡m˦˥]",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ]
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q9199 (vie)-Penn Zero MSSJ-chúng.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/b/bc/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-ch%C3%BAng.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-ch%C3%BAng.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/b/bc/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-ch%C3%BAng.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-ch%C3%BAng.wav.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (Hà Nội)"
    }
  ],
  "word": "chúng"
}

{
  "derived": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "bọn chúng"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "眾",
        "t": "many"
      },
      "expansion": "眾 (“many”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "Sino-Vietnamese words"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "categorize"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "眾",
        "2": "many"
      },
      "expansion": "Sino-Vietnamese word from 眾 (“many”)",
      "name": "vi-etym-sino"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Sino-Vietnamese word from 眾 (“many”).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "pronoun",
        "head": "",
        "tr": ""
      },
      "expansion": "chúng",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "chúng",
      "name": "vi-pronoun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "pron",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "they/them (used for animals)"
      ],
      "id": "en-chúng-vi-pron-od5fUzP7",
      "links": [
        [
          "they",
          "they"
        ],
        [
          "them",
          "them"
        ],
        [
          "animal",
          "animal"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "They unloaded and killed 3 people.",
          "text": "Chúng xả súng hại chết 3 người.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "english": "They slaughtered our people, they made us into their slaves.",
          "text": "Chúng tàn sát dân ta, bắt dân ta làm nô lệ.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "they/them (used for people whom one holds in low regard)"
      ],
      "id": "en-chúng-vi-pron-1nkJfxxe",
      "links": [
        [
          "they",
          "they"
        ],
        [
          "them",
          "them"
        ],
        [
          "low",
          "low"
        ],
        [
          "regard",
          "regard"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[t͡ɕʊwŋ͡m˧˦]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[t͡ɕʊwŋ͡m˦˧˥]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[cʊwŋ͡m˦˥]",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ]
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q9199 (vie)-Penn Zero MSSJ-chúng.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/b/bc/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-ch%C3%BAng.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-ch%C3%BAng.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/b/bc/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-ch%C3%BAng.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-ch%C3%BAng.wav.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (Hà Nội)"
    }
  ],
  "word": "chúng"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [],
  "etymology_text": "",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "verb",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "head": "",
        "tr": ""
      },
      "expansion": "chúng",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "chúng",
      "name": "vi-verb"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "To hit."
      ],
      "id": "en-chúng-vi-verb-th54dd11",
      "links": [
        [
          "hit",
          "hit"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[t͡ɕʊwŋ͡m˧˦]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[t͡ɕʊwŋ͡m˦˧˥]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[cʊwŋ͡m˦˥]",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ]
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q9199 (vie)-Penn Zero MSSJ-chúng.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/b/bc/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-ch%C3%BAng.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-ch%C3%BAng.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/b/bc/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-ch%C3%BAng.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-ch%C3%BAng.wav.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (Hà Nội)"
    }
  ],
  "word": "chúng"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Sino-Vietnamese words",
    "Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header",
    "Vietnamese lemmas",
    "Vietnamese particles",
    "Vietnamese personal pronouns",
    "Vietnamese pronouns",
    "Vietnamese terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Vietnamese terms with audio links",
    "Vietnamese third person pronouns",
    "Vietnamese verbs"
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "chúng mày"
    },
    {
      "word": "chúng mình"
    },
    {
      "word": "chúng nó"
    },
    {
      "word": "chúng ta"
    },
    {
      "word": "chúng tao"
    },
    {
      "word": "chúng tôi"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "眾",
        "t": "many"
      },
      "expansion": "眾 (“many”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "Sino-Vietnamese words"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "categorize"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "眾",
        "2": "many"
      },
      "expansion": "Sino-Vietnamese word from 眾 (“many”)",
      "name": "vi-etym-sino"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Sino-Vietnamese word from 眾 (“many”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "眾",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "particle",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "head": ""
      },
      "expansion": "chúng",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "particle",
        "2": "眾"
      },
      "expansion": "chúng (眾)",
      "name": "vi-pos"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "particle",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "các"
    },
    {
      "word": "những"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "pluralizing particle for pronouns"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[t͡ɕʊwŋ͡m˧˦]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[t͡ɕʊwŋ͡m˦˧˥]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[cʊwŋ͡m˦˥]",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ]
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q9199 (vie)-Penn Zero MSSJ-chúng.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/b/bc/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-ch%C3%BAng.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-ch%C3%BAng.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/b/bc/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-ch%C3%BAng.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-ch%C3%BAng.wav.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (Hà Nội)"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "tụi"
    }
  ],
  "word": "chúng"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Sino-Vietnamese words",
    "Vietnamese lemmas",
    "Vietnamese particles",
    "Vietnamese personal pronouns",
    "Vietnamese pronouns",
    "Vietnamese terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Vietnamese terms with audio links",
    "Vietnamese third person pronouns",
    "Vietnamese verbs"
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "bọn chúng"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "眾",
        "t": "many"
      },
      "expansion": "眾 (“many”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "Sino-Vietnamese words"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "categorize"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "眾",
        "2": "many"
      },
      "expansion": "Sino-Vietnamese word from 眾 (“many”)",
      "name": "vi-etym-sino"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Sino-Vietnamese word from 眾 (“many”).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "pronoun",
        "head": "",
        "tr": ""
      },
      "expansion": "chúng",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "chúng",
      "name": "vi-pronoun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "pron",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "they/them (used for animals)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "they",
          "they"
        ],
        [
          "them",
          "them"
        ],
        [
          "animal",
          "animal"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Vietnamese terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "They unloaded and killed 3 people.",
          "text": "Chúng xả súng hại chết 3 người.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "english": "They slaughtered our people, they made us into their slaves.",
          "text": "Chúng tàn sát dân ta, bắt dân ta làm nô lệ.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "they/them (used for people whom one holds in low regard)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "they",
          "they"
        ],
        [
          "them",
          "them"
        ],
        [
          "low",
          "low"
        ],
        [
          "regard",
          "regard"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[t͡ɕʊwŋ͡m˧˦]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[t͡ɕʊwŋ͡m˦˧˥]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[cʊwŋ͡m˦˥]",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ]
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q9199 (vie)-Penn Zero MSSJ-chúng.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/b/bc/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-ch%C3%BAng.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-ch%C3%BAng.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/b/bc/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-ch%C3%BAng.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-ch%C3%BAng.wav.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (Hà Nội)"
    }
  ],
  "word": "chúng"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Vietnamese lemmas",
    "Vietnamese personal pronouns",
    "Vietnamese terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Vietnamese terms with audio links",
    "Vietnamese third person pronouns",
    "Vietnamese verbs"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [],
  "etymology_text": "",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "verb",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "head": "",
        "tr": ""
      },
      "expansion": "chúng",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "chúng",
      "name": "vi-verb"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "To hit."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "hit",
          "hit"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[t͡ɕʊwŋ͡m˧˦]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[t͡ɕʊwŋ͡m˦˧˥]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[cʊwŋ͡m˦˥]",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ]
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q9199 (vie)-Penn Zero MSSJ-chúng.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/b/bc/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-ch%C3%BAng.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-ch%C3%BAng.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/b/bc/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-ch%C3%BAng.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-ch%C3%BAng.wav.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (Hà Nội)"
    }
  ],
  "word": "chúng"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Vietnamese dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-04-13 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-04-01 using wiktextract (ee658f9 and be4df6b). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.