"-é" meaning in Hungarian

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Particle

IPA: [eː]
Rhymes: -eː Head templates: {{head|hu|particle|cat2=clitics}} -é
  1. (dialectal, chiefly Transylvania) Alternative form of -e (“whether, if”) Tag for yes/no questions, always written with a hyphen before. Tags: Transylvania, alt-of, alternative, clitic, dialectal Alternative form of: -e (extra: (“whether, if”) Tag for yes/no questions, always written with a hyphen before)
    Sense id: en--é-hu-particle-gm5bGAh0 Categories (other): Transylvanian Hungarian, Hungarian clitics, Hungarian particles
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 3

Suffix

IPA: [eː]
Rhymes: -eː Etymology: From a split of the obsolete lative suffix (below), with a semantic shift presumably evolving like “towards him/her” > “to him/her” > “of his/hers”. Head templates: {{head|hu|suffix}} -é
  1. (non-attributive possessive suffix) -'s, belonging to ……, that of ……. Used to form the non-attributive possessive form of nouns. Compare the English pronouns mine, yours etc.). The plural form is -éi. Tags: morpheme, possessive, predicative, suffix
    Sense id: en--é-hu-suffix-hu:possessive Categories (other): Hungarian links with redundant target parameters
  2. (non-attributive possessive suffix, slightly colloquial) -'s, those of ……. It is also used informally for the plural of the non-attributive possessive (-éi being somewhat pedantic). Tags: morpheme, possessive, predicative, suffix
    Sense id: en--é-hu-suffix-qP9BFKgb
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 1

Suffix

IPA: [eː]
Rhymes: -eː Etymology: From Proto-Uralic *-j, which served as part of a diphthong (together with the vowel at the end of the noun stem) and became -á/-é. Etymology templates: {{inh|hu|urj-pro|*-j}} Proto-Uralic *-j Head templates: {{head|hu|suffix}} -é
  1. (obsolete, case suffix) Used to form the lative, expressing the direction (“where to”) or the purpose (“what for”). Tags: morpheme, obsolete Synonyms: -k (english: other obsolete suffixes that had a similar function), -ni, -nyi
    Sense id: en--é-hu-suffix-RwOgyZYY Categories (other): Hungarian suffixes with archaic senses Derived forms: alá, fölé, -ba, -be, ha, haza, -hoz, -hez, -höz, -i, ide, oda, -ig, -ra, -re, soká, szerte, tova, többé, -va, -ve, -vá, -vé, vissza
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 2

Suffix

IPA: [eː]
Rhymes: -eː Head templates: {{head|hu|suffix}} -é
  1. (archaic personal suffix) Formed the third-person singular indicative past definite, for front-vowel verbs. For the full paradigm, see the usage template. Tags: archaic, morpheme, personal, suffix Synonyms: -te Related terms: Usage template with its full paradigm
    Sense id: en--é-hu-suffix-mCK1R1pv Categories (other): Hungarian suffixes with archaic senses
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 4

Suffix

IPA: [eː]
Rhymes: -eː Etymology: See -e. Head templates: {{head|hu|suffix}} -é
  1. Combining form of -e (possessive suffix) before most case suffixes, except that of the essive-formal. Tags: form-of, in-compounds, morpheme Form of: -e (extra: (possessive suffix) before most case suffixes, except that of the essive-formal) Synonyms: -i (english: except in some set forms) [dialectal]
    Sense id: en--é-hu-suffix-hu:combining Categories (other): Hungarian links with redundant target parameters, Hungarian entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Hungarian entries with incorrect language header: 4 15 10 19 16 36
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 5

Alternative forms

Download JSON data for -é meaning in Hungarian (8.9kB)

{
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_text": "From a split of the obsolete lative suffix (below), with a semantic shift presumably evolving like “towards him/her” > “to him/her” > “of his/hers”.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "hu",
        "2": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "-é",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Hungarian",
  "lang_code": "hu",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Hungarian links with redundant target parameters",
          "parents": [
            "Links with redundant target parameters",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "iskola (“school”) ― iskoláé (“belonging to the school, of the school, the school's”)"
        },
        {
          "english": "This chair belongs to the school / is the school’s.",
          "text": "Ez a szék az iskoláé. (predicatively)",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "ház (“house”) ― házé (“that of the house”)"
        },
        {
          "english": "The shadow of the tree is big; that of the house is even bigger.",
          "text": "A fa árnyéka nagy, a házé még nagyobb. (as part of the subject)",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "-'s, belonging to ……, that of ……. Used to form the non-attributive possessive form of nouns. Compare the English pronouns mine, yours etc.). The plural form is -éi."
      ],
      "id": "en--é-hu-suffix-hu:possessive",
      "links": [
        [
          "belonging",
          "belonging"
        ],
        [
          "that",
          "that"
        ],
        [
          "of",
          "of"
        ],
        [
          "→ISBN",
          "Special:BookSources/9780415226127#English"
        ],
        [
          "→ISBN",
          "Special:BookSources/9781135998929#English"
        ],
        [
          "-éi",
          "-éi#Hungarian"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(non-attributive possessive suffix) -'s, belonging to ……, that of ……. Used to form the non-attributive possessive form of nouns. Compare the English pronouns mine, yours etc.). The plural form is -éi."
      ],
      "senseid": [
        "hu:possessive"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme",
        "possessive",
        "predicative",
        "suffix"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "These glasses belong to Steve / are Steve’s.",
          "text": "Ezek a poharak a Pistáé.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2021, Zsuzsa Mátraházi, Nádasdy Ádám: Még Arany János is követett el hibát műfordításban (interview with Ádám Nádasdy), HVG weekly",
          "text": "Azt vetették a szememre, hogy a fordításaim értelmesek, szépek és jól követhetők, de kevésbé költőiek, mint az elődeimé, például Arany Jánosé, Babits Mihályé, Mészöly Dezsőé.\nI was rebuked for my translations being lucid, beautiful, and easy to follow, but less poetic than those of my predecessors, such as János Arany, Mihály Babits, and Q303494 (Q303494).",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "-'s, those of ……. It is also used informally for the plural of the non-attributive possessive (-éi being somewhat pedantic)."
      ],
      "id": "en--é-hu-suffix-qP9BFKgb",
      "links": [
        [
          "of",
          "of"
        ],
        [
          "-éi",
          "-éi#Hungarian"
        ]
      ],
      "qualifier": "slightly colloquial",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(non-attributive possessive suffix, slightly colloquial) -'s, those of ……. It is also used informally for the plural of the non-attributive possessive (-éi being somewhat pedantic)."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme",
        "possessive",
        "predicative",
        "suffix"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[eː]"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-eː"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-é"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "hu",
        "2": "urj-pro",
        "3": "*-j"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Uralic *-j",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Uralic *-j, which served as part of a diphthong (together with the vowel at the end of the noun stem) and became -á/-é.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "hu",
        "2": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "-é",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Hungarian",
  "lang_code": "hu",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Hungarian suffixes with archaic senses",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "derived": [
        {
          "word": "alá"
        },
        {
          "word": "fölé"
        },
        {
          "word": "-ba"
        },
        {
          "word": "-be"
        },
        {
          "word": "ha"
        },
        {
          "word": "haza"
        },
        {
          "word": "-hoz"
        },
        {
          "word": "-hez"
        },
        {
          "word": "-höz"
        },
        {
          "word": "-i"
        },
        {
          "word": "ide"
        },
        {
          "word": "oda"
        },
        {
          "word": "-ig"
        },
        {
          "word": "-ra"
        },
        {
          "word": "-re"
        },
        {
          "word": "soká"
        },
        {
          "word": "szerte"
        },
        {
          "word": "tova"
        },
        {
          "word": "többé"
        },
        {
          "word": "-va"
        },
        {
          "word": "-ve"
        },
        {
          "word": "-vá"
        },
        {
          "word": "-vé"
        },
        {
          "word": "vissza"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "God in his divine grace made Adam our ancestor, and gave him Eden for his dwelling place.",
          "ref": "1192–1195, Funeral Sermon and Prayer, translated by Alan Jenkins (In Quest of the Miracle Stag: The Poetry of Hungary, Vol. 1, p. 30)",
          "text": "Menýi miloſtben terumteve eleve mív iſemucut adamut. eſ odutta vola neki paradiſumut haʒóá.\nMennyi malasztban (= kegyelemben) teremté (= teremtette) kezdetben [az Úr] [a] mi ősünket, Ádámot, és adta (vala) neki [a] paradicsomot házzá. (in present-day Hungarian)"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Used to form the lative, expressing the direction (“where to”) or the purpose (“what for”)."
      ],
      "id": "en--é-hu-suffix-RwOgyZYY",
      "links": [
        [
          "lative",
          "lative#English"
        ]
      ],
      "qualifier": "case suffix",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(obsolete, case suffix) Used to form the lative, expressing the direction (“where to”) or the purpose (“what for”)."
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "english": "other obsolete suffixes that had a similar function",
          "word": "-k"
        },
        {
          "word": "-ni"
        },
        {
          "word": "-nyi"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme",
        "obsolete"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[eː]"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-eː"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-é"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 3,
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "hu",
        "2": "particle",
        "cat2": "clitics"
      },
      "expansion": "-é",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Hungarian",
  "lang_code": "hu",
  "pos": "particle",
  "senses": [
    {
      "alt_of": [
        {
          "extra": "(“whether, if”) Tag for yes/no questions, always written with a hyphen before",
          "word": "-e"
        }
      ],
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Transylvanian Hungarian",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Hungarian clitics",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Hungarian particles",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "I don't know if it will be successful.",
          "text": "Nem tudom, hogy sikerül-é.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Alternative form of -e (“whether, if”) Tag for yes/no questions, always written with a hyphen before."
      ],
      "id": "en--é-hu-particle-gm5bGAh0",
      "links": [
        [
          "-e",
          "-e#Hungarian"
        ],
        [
          "whether",
          "whether"
        ],
        [
          "if",
          "if"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(dialectal, chiefly Transylvania) Alternative form of -e (“whether, if”) Tag for yes/no questions, always written with a hyphen before."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Transylvania",
        "alt-of",
        "alternative",
        "clitic",
        "dialectal"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[eː]"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-eː"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-é"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 4,
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "hu",
        "2": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "-é",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Hungarian",
  "lang_code": "hu",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Hungarian suffixes with archaic senses",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "Coordinate term: (for back-vowel-verbs) -á"
        },
        {
          "english": "S/he looked at the flowers.",
          "text": "A virágokat nézé.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Formed the third-person singular indicative past definite, for front-vowel verbs. For the full paradigm, see the usage template."
      ],
      "id": "en--é-hu-suffix-mCK1R1pv",
      "links": [
        [
          "usage template",
          "Template:U:hu:conj-preterite#English"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(archaic personal suffix) Formed the third-person singular indicative past definite, for front-vowel verbs. For the full paradigm, see the usage template."
      ],
      "related": [
        {
          "word": "Usage template with its full paradigm"
        }
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "-te"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "archaic",
        "morpheme",
        "personal",
        "suffix"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[eː]"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-eː"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-é"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 5,
  "etymology_text": "See -e.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "hu",
        "2": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "-é",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Hungarian",
  "lang_code": "hu",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Hungarian links with redundant target parameters",
          "parents": [
            "Links with redundant target parameters",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "4 15 10 19 16 36",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Hungarian entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "feje (“his/her/its head”) + -n → fején (“on his/her/its head”)",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "form_of": [
        {
          "extra": "(possessive suffix) before most case suffixes, except that of the essive-formal",
          "word": "-e"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Combining form of -e (possessive suffix) before most case suffixes, except that of the essive-formal."
      ],
      "id": "en--é-hu-suffix-hu:combining",
      "links": [
        [
          "-e",
          "-e#Hungarian"
        ],
        [
          "case suffixes",
          "Appendix:Hungarian suffixes#Case_endings"
        ],
        [
          "essive-formal",
          "essive-formal#English"
        ]
      ],
      "senseid": [
        "hu:combining"
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "english": "except in some set forms",
          "tags": [
            "dialectal"
          ],
          "word": "-i"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "form-of",
        "in-compounds",
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[eː]"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-eː"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-é"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Hungarian entries with incorrect language header",
    "Hungarian lemmas",
    "Hungarian suffixes",
    "Hungarian terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Rhymes:Hungarian/eː",
    "Rhymes:Hungarian/eː/1 syllable"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_text": "From a split of the obsolete lative suffix (below), with a semantic shift presumably evolving like “towards him/her” > “to him/her” > “of his/hers”.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "hu",
        "2": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "-é",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Hungarian",
  "lang_code": "hu",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Hungarian links with redundant target parameters",
        "Hungarian terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "iskola (“school”) ― iskoláé (“belonging to the school, of the school, the school's”)"
        },
        {
          "english": "This chair belongs to the school / is the school’s.",
          "text": "Ez a szék az iskoláé. (predicatively)",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "ház (“house”) ― házé (“that of the house”)"
        },
        {
          "english": "The shadow of the tree is big; that of the house is even bigger.",
          "text": "A fa árnyéka nagy, a házé még nagyobb. (as part of the subject)",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "-'s, belonging to ……, that of ……. Used to form the non-attributive possessive form of nouns. Compare the English pronouns mine, yours etc.). The plural form is -éi."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "belonging",
          "belonging"
        ],
        [
          "that",
          "that"
        ],
        [
          "of",
          "of"
        ],
        [
          "→ISBN",
          "Special:BookSources/9780415226127#English"
        ],
        [
          "→ISBN",
          "Special:BookSources/9781135998929#English"
        ],
        [
          "-éi",
          "-éi#Hungarian"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(non-attributive possessive suffix) -'s, belonging to ……, that of ……. Used to form the non-attributive possessive form of nouns. Compare the English pronouns mine, yours etc.). The plural form is -éi."
      ],
      "senseid": [
        "hu:possessive"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme",
        "possessive",
        "predicative",
        "suffix"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Hungarian colloquialisms",
        "Hungarian terms with quotations",
        "Hungarian terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "These glasses belong to Steve / are Steve’s.",
          "text": "Ezek a poharak a Pistáé.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2021, Zsuzsa Mátraházi, Nádasdy Ádám: Még Arany János is követett el hibát műfordításban (interview with Ádám Nádasdy), HVG weekly",
          "text": "Azt vetették a szememre, hogy a fordításaim értelmesek, szépek és jól követhetők, de kevésbé költőiek, mint az elődeimé, például Arany Jánosé, Babits Mihályé, Mészöly Dezsőé.\nI was rebuked for my translations being lucid, beautiful, and easy to follow, but less poetic than those of my predecessors, such as János Arany, Mihály Babits, and Q303494 (Q303494).",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "-'s, those of ……. It is also used informally for the plural of the non-attributive possessive (-éi being somewhat pedantic)."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "of",
          "of"
        ],
        [
          "-éi",
          "-éi#Hungarian"
        ]
      ],
      "qualifier": "slightly colloquial",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(non-attributive possessive suffix, slightly colloquial) -'s, those of ……. It is also used informally for the plural of the non-attributive possessive (-éi being somewhat pedantic)."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme",
        "possessive",
        "predicative",
        "suffix"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[eː]"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-eː"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-é"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Hungarian entries with incorrect language header",
    "Hungarian lemmas",
    "Hungarian suffixes",
    "Hungarian terms derived from Proto-Uralic",
    "Hungarian terms inherited from Proto-Uralic",
    "Hungarian terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Rhymes:Hungarian/eː",
    "Rhymes:Hungarian/eː/1 syllable"
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "alá"
    },
    {
      "word": "fölé"
    },
    {
      "word": "-ba"
    },
    {
      "word": "-be"
    },
    {
      "word": "ha"
    },
    {
      "word": "haza"
    },
    {
      "word": "-hoz"
    },
    {
      "word": "-hez"
    },
    {
      "word": "-höz"
    },
    {
      "word": "-i"
    },
    {
      "word": "ide"
    },
    {
      "word": "oda"
    },
    {
      "word": "-ig"
    },
    {
      "word": "-ra"
    },
    {
      "word": "-re"
    },
    {
      "word": "soká"
    },
    {
      "word": "szerte"
    },
    {
      "word": "tova"
    },
    {
      "word": "többé"
    },
    {
      "word": "-va"
    },
    {
      "word": "-ve"
    },
    {
      "word": "-vá"
    },
    {
      "word": "-vé"
    },
    {
      "word": "vissza"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "hu",
        "2": "urj-pro",
        "3": "*-j"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Uralic *-j",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Uralic *-j, which served as part of a diphthong (together with the vowel at the end of the noun stem) and became -á/-é.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "hu",
        "2": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "-é",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Hungarian",
  "lang_code": "hu",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Hungarian suffixes with archaic senses"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "God in his divine grace made Adam our ancestor, and gave him Eden for his dwelling place.",
          "ref": "1192–1195, Funeral Sermon and Prayer, translated by Alan Jenkins (In Quest of the Miracle Stag: The Poetry of Hungary, Vol. 1, p. 30)",
          "text": "Menýi miloſtben terumteve eleve mív iſemucut adamut. eſ odutta vola neki paradiſumut haʒóá.\nMennyi malasztban (= kegyelemben) teremté (= teremtette) kezdetben [az Úr] [a] mi ősünket, Ádámot, és adta (vala) neki [a] paradicsomot házzá. (in present-day Hungarian)"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Used to form the lative, expressing the direction (“where to”) or the purpose (“what for”)."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "lative",
          "lative#English"
        ]
      ],
      "qualifier": "case suffix",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(obsolete, case suffix) Used to form the lative, expressing the direction (“where to”) or the purpose (“what for”)."
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "english": "other obsolete suffixes that had a similar function",
          "word": "-k"
        },
        {
          "word": "-ni"
        },
        {
          "word": "-nyi"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme",
        "obsolete"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[eː]"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-eː"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-é"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Hungarian clitics",
    "Hungarian entries with incorrect language header",
    "Hungarian lemmas",
    "Hungarian particles",
    "Hungarian suffixes",
    "Hungarian terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Rhymes:Hungarian/eː",
    "Rhymes:Hungarian/eː/1 syllable"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 3,
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "hu",
        "2": "particle",
        "cat2": "clitics"
      },
      "expansion": "-é",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Hungarian",
  "lang_code": "hu",
  "pos": "particle",
  "senses": [
    {
      "alt_of": [
        {
          "extra": "(“whether, if”) Tag for yes/no questions, always written with a hyphen before",
          "word": "-e"
        }
      ],
      "categories": [
        "Hungarian dialectal terms",
        "Hungarian terms with usage examples",
        "Transylvanian Hungarian"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "I don't know if it will be successful.",
          "text": "Nem tudom, hogy sikerül-é.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Alternative form of -e (“whether, if”) Tag for yes/no questions, always written with a hyphen before."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "-e",
          "-e#Hungarian"
        ],
        [
          "whether",
          "whether"
        ],
        [
          "if",
          "if"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(dialectal, chiefly Transylvania) Alternative form of -e (“whether, if”) Tag for yes/no questions, always written with a hyphen before."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Transylvania",
        "alt-of",
        "alternative",
        "clitic",
        "dialectal"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[eː]"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-eː"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-é"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Hungarian entries with incorrect language header",
    "Hungarian lemmas",
    "Hungarian suffixes",
    "Hungarian terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Rhymes:Hungarian/eː",
    "Rhymes:Hungarian/eː/1 syllable"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 4,
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "hu",
        "2": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "-é",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Hungarian",
  "lang_code": "hu",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "Usage template with its full paradigm"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Hungarian suffixes with archaic senses",
        "Hungarian terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "Coordinate term: (for back-vowel-verbs) -á"
        },
        {
          "english": "S/he looked at the flowers.",
          "text": "A virágokat nézé.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Formed the third-person singular indicative past definite, for front-vowel verbs. For the full paradigm, see the usage template."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "usage template",
          "Template:U:hu:conj-preterite#English"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(archaic personal suffix) Formed the third-person singular indicative past definite, for front-vowel verbs. For the full paradigm, see the usage template."
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "-te"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "archaic",
        "morpheme",
        "personal",
        "suffix"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[eː]"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-eː"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-é"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Hungarian entries with incorrect language header",
    "Hungarian lemmas",
    "Hungarian suffixes",
    "Hungarian terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Rhymes:Hungarian/eː",
    "Rhymes:Hungarian/eː/1 syllable"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 5,
  "etymology_text": "See -e.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "hu",
        "2": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "-é",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Hungarian",
  "lang_code": "hu",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Hungarian combining forms",
        "Hungarian links with redundant target parameters"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "feje (“his/her/its head”) + -n → fején (“on his/her/its head”)",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "form_of": [
        {
          "extra": "(possessive suffix) before most case suffixes, except that of the essive-formal",
          "word": "-e"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Combining form of -e (possessive suffix) before most case suffixes, except that of the essive-formal."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "-e",
          "-e#Hungarian"
        ],
        [
          "case suffixes",
          "Appendix:Hungarian suffixes#Case_endings"
        ],
        [
          "essive-formal",
          "essive-formal#English"
        ]
      ],
      "senseid": [
        "hu:combining"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "form-of",
        "in-compounds",
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[eː]"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-eː"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "english": "except in some set forms",
      "tags": [
        "dialectal"
      ],
      "word": "-i"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-é"
}
{
  "called_from": "luaexec/529",
  "msg": "lua frame callParserFunction() undefined function 'int'",
  "path": [
    "-é",
    "quote",
    "ARGVAL-translation",
    "Wikidata entity link",
    "#if",
    "#if",
    "#switch",
    "#switch",
    "if empty",
    "ARGVAL-1",
    "Wikidata label",
    "#if",
    "#if",
    "#invoke",
    "#invoke",
    "Lua:Wikidata label:getLabel()"
  ],
  "section": "Hungarian",
  "subsection": "suffix",
  "title": "-é",
  "trace": ""
}

{
  "called_from": "luaexec/529",
  "msg": "lua frame callParserFunction() undefined function 'int'",
  "path": [
    "-é",
    "quote",
    "ARGVAL-translation",
    "Wikidata entity link",
    "#if",
    "#if",
    "#switch",
    "#switch",
    "if empty",
    "ARGVAL-1",
    "Wikidata label",
    "#if",
    "#if",
    "#invoke",
    "#invoke",
    "Lua:Wikidata label:getLabel()"
  ],
  "section": "Hungarian",
  "subsection": "suffix",
  "title": "-é",
  "trace": ""
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Hungarian dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-06-19 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-06-06 using wiktextract (372f256 and 664a3bc). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.