"ĉiu" meaning in Esperanto

See ĉiu in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Determiner

IPA: /ˈtʃi.u/ Audio: Eo-ĉiu.ogg
Rhymes: -iu Etymology: ĉi- (“universal correlative prefix”) + -u (“correlative suffix of individuals”) Etymology templates: {{confix|eo|ĉi|u|t1=universal correlative prefix|t2=correlative suffix of individuals}} ĉi- (“universal correlative prefix”) + -u (“correlative suffix of individuals”) Head templates: {{head|eo|determiner|plural|ĉiuj|accusative singular|ĉiun|accusative plural|ĉiujn}} ĉiu (plural ĉiuj, accusative singular ĉiun, accusative plural ĉiujn) Forms: ĉiuj [plural], ĉiun [accusative, singular], ĉiujn [accusative, plural]
  1. every, all, each
    Sense id: ĉiu-eo-det-BI2MivY- Categories (other): Esperanto pronouns Disambiguation of Esperanto pronouns: 59 41 Derived forms: ĉiu el kiuj (english: each of which)
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Categories (other): Esperanto 1894 Universala Vortaro, Esperanto BRO1 Disambiguation of Esperanto 1894 Universala Vortaro: 0 0 Disambiguation of Esperanto BRO1: 0 0 Synonyms: chiu (english: H-system spelling), cxiu (english: X-system spelling)

Pronoun

IPA: /ˈtʃi.u/ Audio: Eo-ĉiu.ogg
Rhymes: -iu Etymology: ĉi- (“universal correlative prefix”) + -u (“correlative suffix of individuals”) Etymology templates: {{confix|eo|ĉi|u|t1=universal correlative prefix|t2=correlative suffix of individuals}} ĉi- (“universal correlative prefix”) + -u (“correlative suffix of individuals”) Head templates: {{head|eo|pronoun|plural|ĉiuj|accusative singular|ĉiun|accusative plural|ĉiujn|cat2=correlatives}} ĉiu (plural ĉiuj, accusative singular ĉiun, accusative plural ĉiujn) Forms: ĉiuj [plural], ĉiun [accusative, singular], ĉiujn [accusative, plural]
  1. each one, everyone, each person. (The universal correlative of individuals.)
    Sense id: ĉiu-eo-pron-vpQomhZT Categories (other): Esperanto correlatives, Esperanto determiners, Esperanto terms prefixed with ĉi-, Esperanto terms suffixed with -u, Words approved by the Akademio de Esperanto Disambiguation of Esperanto correlatives: 11 89 Disambiguation of Esperanto determiners: 18 82 Disambiguation of Esperanto terms prefixed with ĉi-: 18 82 Disambiguation of Esperanto terms suffixed with -u: 21 79 Disambiguation of Words approved by the Akademio de Esperanto: 18 82
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Categories (other): Esperanto 1894 Universala Vortaro, Esperanto BRO1 Disambiguation of Esperanto 1894 Universala Vortaro: 0 0 Disambiguation of Esperanto BRO1: 0 0 Synonyms: chiu (english: H-system spelling), cxiu (english: X-system spelling)

Inflected forms

Alternative forms

Download JSON data for ĉiu meaning in Esperanto (4.5kB)

{
  "categories": [
    {
      "_dis": "0 0",
      "kind": "other",
      "name": "Esperanto 1894 Universala Vortaro",
      "parents": [],
      "source": "w+disamb"
    },
    {
      "_dis": "0 0",
      "kind": "other",
      "name": "Esperanto BRO1",
      "parents": [],
      "source": "w+disamb"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "eo",
        "2": "ĉi",
        "3": "u",
        "t1": "universal correlative prefix",
        "t2": "correlative suffix of individuals"
      },
      "expansion": "ĉi- (“universal correlative prefix”) + -u (“correlative suffix of individuals”)",
      "name": "confix"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "ĉi- (“universal correlative prefix”) + -u (“correlative suffix of individuals”)",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "ĉiuj",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ĉiun",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ĉiujn",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "eo",
        "2": "pronoun",
        "3": "plural",
        "4": "ĉiuj",
        "5": "accusative singular",
        "6": "ĉiun",
        "7": "accusative plural",
        "8": "ĉiujn",
        "cat2": "correlatives"
      },
      "expansion": "ĉiu (plural ĉiuj, accusative singular ĉiun, accusative plural ĉiujn)",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Esperanto",
  "lang_code": "eo",
  "pos": "pron",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "11 89",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Esperanto correlatives",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "18 82",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Esperanto determiners",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "18 82",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Esperanto terms prefixed with ĉi-",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "21 79",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Esperanto terms suffixed with -u",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "18 82",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Words approved by the Akademio de Esperanto",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "each one, everyone, each person. (The universal correlative of individuals.)"
      ],
      "id": "ĉiu-eo-pron-vpQomhZT",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "each one, everyone, each person. (The universal correlative of individuals.)"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈtʃi.u/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-iu"
    },
    {
      "audio": "Eo-ĉiu.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/e/e0/Eo-%C4%89iu.ogg/Eo-%C4%89iu.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e0/Eo-%C4%89iu.ogg",
      "text": "Audio"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "english": "H-system spelling",
      "word": "chiu"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "english": "X-system spelling",
      "word": "cxiu"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ĉiu"
}

{
  "categories": [
    {
      "_dis": "0 0",
      "kind": "other",
      "name": "Esperanto 1894 Universala Vortaro",
      "parents": [],
      "source": "w+disamb"
    },
    {
      "_dis": "0 0",
      "kind": "other",
      "name": "Esperanto BRO1",
      "parents": [],
      "source": "w+disamb"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "eo",
        "2": "ĉi",
        "3": "u",
        "t1": "universal correlative prefix",
        "t2": "correlative suffix of individuals"
      },
      "expansion": "ĉi- (“universal correlative prefix”) + -u (“correlative suffix of individuals”)",
      "name": "confix"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "ĉi- (“universal correlative prefix”) + -u (“correlative suffix of individuals”)",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "ĉiuj",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ĉiun",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ĉiujn",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "eo",
        "2": "determiner",
        "3": "plural",
        "4": "ĉiuj",
        "5": "accusative singular",
        "6": "ĉiun",
        "7": "accusative plural",
        "8": "ĉiujn"
      },
      "expansion": "ĉiu (plural ĉiuj, accusative singular ĉiun, accusative plural ĉiujn)",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Esperanto",
  "lang_code": "eo",
  "pos": "det",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "59 41",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Esperanto pronouns",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "derived": [
        {
          "english": "each of which",
          "word": "ĉiu el kiuj"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "Alivorte, ĉi tiu sistemo konsideras skribi ĉiun nombron per 10 diversaj signoj, nomataj ciferoj: 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "every, all, each"
      ],
      "id": "ĉiu-eo-det-BI2MivY-",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "every, all, each"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈtʃi.u/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-iu"
    },
    {
      "audio": "Eo-ĉiu.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/e/e0/Eo-%C4%89iu.ogg/Eo-%C4%89iu.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e0/Eo-%C4%89iu.ogg",
      "text": "Audio"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "english": "H-system spelling",
      "word": "chiu"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "english": "X-system spelling",
      "word": "cxiu"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ĉiu"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Esperanto 1894 Universala Vortaro",
    "Esperanto BRO1",
    "Esperanto correlatives",
    "Esperanto determiners",
    "Esperanto lemmas",
    "Esperanto pronouns",
    "Esperanto terms prefixed with ĉi-",
    "Esperanto terms suffixed with -u",
    "Esperanto terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Esperanto terms with audio links",
    "Rhymes:Esperanto/iu",
    "Words approved by the Akademio de Esperanto"
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "eo",
        "2": "ĉi",
        "3": "u",
        "t1": "universal correlative prefix",
        "t2": "correlative suffix of individuals"
      },
      "expansion": "ĉi- (“universal correlative prefix”) + -u (“correlative suffix of individuals”)",
      "name": "confix"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "ĉi- (“universal correlative prefix”) + -u (“correlative suffix of individuals”)",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "ĉiuj",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ĉiun",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ĉiujn",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "eo",
        "2": "pronoun",
        "3": "plural",
        "4": "ĉiuj",
        "5": "accusative singular",
        "6": "ĉiun",
        "7": "accusative plural",
        "8": "ĉiujn",
        "cat2": "correlatives"
      },
      "expansion": "ĉiu (plural ĉiuj, accusative singular ĉiun, accusative plural ĉiujn)",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Esperanto",
  "lang_code": "eo",
  "pos": "pron",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "each one, everyone, each person. (The universal correlative of individuals.)"
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "each one, everyone, each person. (The universal correlative of individuals.)"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈtʃi.u/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-iu"
    },
    {
      "audio": "Eo-ĉiu.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/e/e0/Eo-%C4%89iu.ogg/Eo-%C4%89iu.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e0/Eo-%C4%89iu.ogg",
      "text": "Audio"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "english": "H-system spelling",
      "word": "chiu"
    },
    {
      "english": "X-system spelling",
      "word": "cxiu"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ĉiu"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Esperanto 1894 Universala Vortaro",
    "Esperanto BRO1",
    "Esperanto correlatives",
    "Esperanto determiners",
    "Esperanto lemmas",
    "Esperanto pronouns",
    "Esperanto terms prefixed with ĉi-",
    "Esperanto terms suffixed with -u",
    "Esperanto terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Esperanto terms with audio links",
    "Rhymes:Esperanto/iu",
    "Words approved by the Akademio de Esperanto"
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "english": "each of which",
      "word": "ĉiu el kiuj"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "eo",
        "2": "ĉi",
        "3": "u",
        "t1": "universal correlative prefix",
        "t2": "correlative suffix of individuals"
      },
      "expansion": "ĉi- (“universal correlative prefix”) + -u (“correlative suffix of individuals”)",
      "name": "confix"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "ĉi- (“universal correlative prefix”) + -u (“correlative suffix of individuals”)",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "ĉiuj",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ĉiun",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ĉiujn",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "eo",
        "2": "determiner",
        "3": "plural",
        "4": "ĉiuj",
        "5": "accusative singular",
        "6": "ĉiun",
        "7": "accusative plural",
        "8": "ĉiujn"
      },
      "expansion": "ĉiu (plural ĉiuj, accusative singular ĉiun, accusative plural ĉiujn)",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Esperanto",
  "lang_code": "eo",
  "pos": "det",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Esperanto terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "Alivorte, ĉi tiu sistemo konsideras skribi ĉiun nombron per 10 diversaj signoj, nomataj ciferoj: 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "every, all, each"
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "every, all, each"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈtʃi.u/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-iu"
    },
    {
      "audio": "Eo-ĉiu.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/e/e0/Eo-%C4%89iu.ogg/Eo-%C4%89iu.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e0/Eo-%C4%89iu.ogg",
      "text": "Audio"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "english": "H-system spelling",
      "word": "chiu"
    },
    {
      "english": "X-system spelling",
      "word": "cxiu"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ĉiu"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Esperanto dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2022-10-02 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2022-10-01 using wiktextract.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.

The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.