"hortative" meaning in English

See hortative in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Adjective

IPA: /ˈhɔːtətɪv/ [Received-Pronunciation], /ˈhɔɹtətɪv/ [US] Audio: en-us-hortative.ogg Forms: more hortative [comparative], most hortative [superlative]
Rhymes: -ɔː(ɹ)tətɪv Etymology: From Latin hortātīvus, from hortor (“I exhort”). Etymology templates: {{root|en|ine-pro|*ǵʰer-|id=yearn}}, {{uder|en|la|hortātīvus}} Latin hortātīvus Head templates: {{en-adj}} hortative (comparative more hortative, superlative most hortative)
  1. (comparable) Urging, exhorting, or encouraging. Tags: comparable Categories (topical): Grammatical moods Translations (urging, exhorting, or encouraging): увещателен (uveštatelen) (Bulgarian), 激勵的 (Chinese Mandarin), 激励的 (jīlì de) (Chinese Mandarin), 勉勵的 (Chinese Mandarin), 勉励的 (miǎnlì de) (Chinese Mandarin), kehottava (Finnish), hortatif (French), esortativo (Italian), tihtendlīċ (Old English), настави́тельный (nastavítelʹnyj) (Russian), увещева́тельный (uveščevátelʹnyj) (Russian), назида́тельный (nazidátelʹnyj) (Russian), поучи́тельный (poučítelʹnyj) (Russian)
    Sense id: en-hortative-en-adj-PV9KWlm1 Disambiguation of Grammatical moods: 20 40 41 Categories (other): English entries with incorrect language header, English entries with topic categories using raw markup, English undefined derivations, Terms with Bulgarian translations, Terms with Finnish translations, Terms with French translations, Terms with Italian translations, Terms with Mandarin translations, Terms with Old English translations, Terms with Russian translations, Terms with Spanish translations Disambiguation of English entries with incorrect language header: 35 32 33 Disambiguation of English entries with topic categories using raw markup: 57 21 22 Disambiguation of English undefined derivations: 43 28 29 Disambiguation of Terms with Bulgarian translations: 39 33 28 Disambiguation of Terms with Finnish translations: 38 35 27 Disambiguation of Terms with French translations: 45 31 24 Disambiguation of Terms with Italian translations: 43 32 24 Disambiguation of Terms with Mandarin translations: 35 34 30 Disambiguation of Terms with Old English translations: 27 37 36 Disambiguation of Terms with Russian translations: 43 32 24 Disambiguation of Terms with Spanish translations: 57 24 19 Disambiguation of 'urging, exhorting, or encouraging': 95 5
  2. (grammar, not comparable) Of a mood or class of imperative subjunctive moods of a verb for giving strong encouragement. Tags: not-comparable Categories (topical): Grammar, Grammatical moods Synonyms (giving strong encouragement): hortatory, supportive Synonyms (of a mood of a verb): cohortative, exhortative, hortatory Translations (of a mood or class of imperative subjunctive moods of a verb for giving strong encouragement): hortatiivinen (Finnish), hortatif (French), hortativo (Galician), tihtendlīċ (Old English), hortativo (Spanish)
    Sense id: en-hortative-en-adj-GmqPjEQY Disambiguation of Grammatical moods: 20 40 41 Categories (other): English entries with incorrect language header, Terms with Bulgarian translations, Terms with Finnish translations, Terms with Mandarin translations, Terms with Old English translations Disambiguation of English entries with incorrect language header: 35 32 33 Disambiguation of Terms with Bulgarian translations: 39 33 28 Disambiguation of Terms with Finnish translations: 38 35 27 Disambiguation of Terms with Mandarin translations: 35 34 30 Disambiguation of Terms with Old English translations: 27 37 36 Topics: grammar, human-sciences, linguistics, sciences Disambiguation of 'giving strong encouragement': 12 88 Disambiguation of 'of a mood of a verb': 2 98 Disambiguation of 'of a mood or class of imperative subjunctive moods of a verb for giving strong encouragement': 5 95

Noun

IPA: /ˈhɔːtətɪv/ [Received-Pronunciation], /ˈhɔɹtətɪv/ [US] Audio: en-us-hortative.ogg Forms: hortatives [plural]
Rhymes: -ɔː(ɹ)tətɪv Etymology: From Latin hortātīvus, from hortor (“I exhort”). Etymology templates: {{root|en|ine-pro|*ǵʰer-|id=yearn}}, {{uder|en|la|hortātīvus}} Latin hortātīvus Head templates: {{en-noun}} hortative (plural hortatives)
  1. (grammar) A mood or class of imperative subjunctive moods of a verb for giving strong encouragement. Categories (topical): Grammar, Grammatical moods Synonyms (mood of an imperative verb): cohortative, exhortative Related terms: cohortative, exhortative, hortatory, jussive
    Sense id: en-hortative-en-noun-w1RCrY9r Disambiguation of Grammatical moods: 20 40 41 Categories (other): English entries with incorrect language header, Terms with Bulgarian translations, Terms with Finnish translations, Terms with Mandarin translations, Terms with Old English translations Disambiguation of English entries with incorrect language header: 35 32 33 Disambiguation of Terms with Bulgarian translations: 39 33 28 Disambiguation of Terms with Finnish translations: 38 35 27 Disambiguation of Terms with Mandarin translations: 35 34 30 Disambiguation of Terms with Old English translations: 27 37 36 Topics: grammar, human-sciences, linguistics, sciences

Inflected forms

Download JSONL data for hortative meaning in English (11.2kB)

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          "ref": "January 1854, “The Preaching Required by the Times”, in The National Magazine, volume 4, number 1, New York, Editorial, pages 79–80",
          "text": "The ministration of these oracles from the pulpit is to be reformed from any of its factitious peculiarities, and made again what it was among the apostles and their immediate successors—earnest, simple, powerful address—hortative talk, if we may so call it.",
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        "(comparable) Urging, exhorting, or encouraging."
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          "_dis1": "95 5",
          "code": "bg",
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          "word": "hortatif"
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          "_dis1": "95 5",
          "code": "it",
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          "sense": "urging, exhorting, or encouraging",
          "word": "esortativo"
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          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "nastavítelʹnyj",
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          "word": "настави́тельный"
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          "sense": "of a mood or class of imperative subjunctive moods of a verb for giving strong encouragement",
          "word": "hortatiivinen"
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          "_dis1": "5 95",
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          "sense": "of a mood or class of imperative subjunctive moods of a verb for giving strong encouragement",
          "word": "hortatif"
        },
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          "_dis1": "5 95",
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Galician",
          "sense": "of a mood or class of imperative subjunctive moods of a verb for giving strong encouragement",
          "word": "hortativo"
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          "word": "tihtendlīċ"
        },
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          "_dis1": "5 95",
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Spanish",
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          "word": "hortativo"
        }
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      "ipa": "/ˈhɔɹtətɪv/",
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      "rhymes": "-ɔː(ɹ)tətɪv"
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    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Latin hortātīvus, from hortor (“I exhort”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "more hortative",
      "tags": [
        "comparative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "most hortative",
      "tags": [
        "superlative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "hortative (comparative more hortative, superlative most hortative)",
      "name": "en-adj"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "adj",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with quotations"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "January 1854, “The Preaching Required by the Times”, in The National Magazine, volume 4, number 1, New York, Editorial, pages 79–80",
          "text": "The ministration of these oracles from the pulpit is to be reformed from any of its factitious peculiarities, and made again what it was among the apostles and their immediate successors—earnest, simple, powerful address—hortative talk, if we may so call it.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Urging, exhorting, or encouraging."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "Urging",
          "urging"
        ],
        [
          "exhorting",
          "exhorting"
        ],
        [
          "encouraging",
          "encouraging"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(comparable) Urging, exhorting, or encouraging."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "comparable"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "en:Grammar"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Of a mood or class of imperative subjunctive moods of a verb for giving strong encouragement."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "grammar",
          "grammar"
        ],
        [
          "mood",
          "mood"
        ],
        [
          "imperative",
          "imperative"
        ],
        [
          "subjunctive",
          "subjunctive"
        ],
        [
          "verb",
          "verb"
        ],
        [
          "encouragement",
          "encouragement"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(grammar, not comparable) Of a mood or class of imperative subjunctive moods of a verb for giving strong encouragement."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "not-comparable"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "grammar",
        "human-sciences",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈhɔːtətɪv/",
      "tags": [
        "Received-Pronunciation"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈhɔɹtətɪv/",
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ]
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-ɔː(ɹ)tətɪv"
    },
    {
      "audio": "en-us-hortative.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/8/80/En-us-hortative.ogg/En-us-hortative.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/80/En-us-hortative.ogg"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "sense": "giving strong encouragement",
      "word": "hortatory"
    },
    {
      "sense": "giving strong encouragement",
      "word": "supportive"
    },
    {
      "sense": "of a mood of a verb",
      "word": "cohortative"
    },
    {
      "sense": "of a mood of a verb",
      "word": "exhortative"
    },
    {
      "sense": "of a mood of a verb",
      "word": "hortatory"
    }
  ],
  "translations": [
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "uveštatelen",
      "sense": "urging, exhorting, or encouraging",
      "word": "увещателен"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "sense": "urging, exhorting, or encouraging",
      "word": "激勵的"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "roman": "jīlì de",
      "sense": "urging, exhorting, or encouraging",
      "word": "激励的"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "sense": "urging, exhorting, or encouraging",
      "word": "勉勵的"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "roman": "miǎnlì de",
      "sense": "urging, exhorting, or encouraging",
      "word": "勉励的"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "urging, exhorting, or encouraging",
      "word": "kehottava"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "urging, exhorting, or encouraging",
      "word": "hortatif"
    },
    {
      "code": "it",
      "lang": "Italian",
      "sense": "urging, exhorting, or encouraging",
      "word": "esortativo"
    },
    {
      "code": "ang",
      "lang": "Old English",
      "sense": "urging, exhorting, or encouraging",
      "word": "tihtendlīċ"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "nastavítelʹnyj",
      "sense": "urging, exhorting, or encouraging",
      "word": "настави́тельный"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "uveščevátelʹnyj",
      "sense": "urging, exhorting, or encouraging",
      "word": "увещева́тельный"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "nazidátelʹnyj",
      "sense": "urging, exhorting, or encouraging",
      "word": "назида́тельный"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "poučítelʹnyj",
      "sense": "urging, exhorting, or encouraging",
      "word": "поучи́тельный"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "of a mood or class of imperative subjunctive moods of a verb for giving strong encouragement",
      "word": "hortatiivinen"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "of a mood or class of imperative subjunctive moods of a verb for giving strong encouragement",
      "word": "hortatif"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "of a mood or class of imperative subjunctive moods of a verb for giving strong encouragement",
      "word": "hortativo"
    },
    {
      "code": "ang",
      "lang": "Old English",
      "sense": "of a mood or class of imperative subjunctive moods of a verb for giving strong encouragement",
      "word": "tihtendlīċ"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "of a mood or class of imperative subjunctive moods of a verb for giving strong encouragement",
      "word": "hortativo"
    }
  ],
  "word": "hortative"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "English 3-syllable words",
    "English adjectives",
    "English countable nouns",
    "English entries with incorrect language header",
    "English entries with topic categories using raw markup",
    "English lemmas",
    "English nouns",
    "English terms derived from Latin",
    "English terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "English terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *ǵʰer- (yearn)",
    "English terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "English terms with audio links",
    "English undefined derivations",
    "Rhymes:English/ɔː(ɹ)tətɪv",
    "Rhymes:English/ɔː(ɹ)tətɪv/3 syllables",
    "Terms with Bulgarian translations",
    "Terms with Finnish translations",
    "Terms with French translations",
    "Terms with Italian translations",
    "Terms with Mandarin translations",
    "Terms with Old English translations",
    "Terms with Russian translations",
    "Terms with Spanish translations",
    "en:Grammatical moods"
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*ǵʰer-",
        "id": "yearn"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "hortātīvus"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin hortātīvus",
      "name": "uder"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Latin hortātīvus, from hortor (“I exhort”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "hortatives",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "hortative (plural hortatives)",
      "name": "en-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "noun",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "cohortative"
    },
    {
      "word": "exhortative"
    },
    {
      "word": "hortatory"
    },
    {
      "word": "jussive"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "en:Grammar"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "A mood or class of imperative subjunctive moods of a verb for giving strong encouragement."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "grammar",
          "grammar"
        ],
        [
          "mood",
          "mood"
        ],
        [
          "imperative",
          "imperative"
        ],
        [
          "subjunctive",
          "subjunctive"
        ],
        [
          "verb",
          "verb"
        ],
        [
          "encouragement",
          "encouragement"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(grammar) A mood or class of imperative subjunctive moods of a verb for giving strong encouragement."
      ],
      "topics": [
        "grammar",
        "human-sciences",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈhɔːtətɪv/",
      "tags": [
        "Received-Pronunciation"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈhɔɹtətɪv/",
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ]
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-ɔː(ɹ)tətɪv"
    },
    {
      "audio": "en-us-hortative.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/8/80/En-us-hortative.ogg/En-us-hortative.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/80/En-us-hortative.ogg"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "sense": "mood of an imperative verb",
      "word": "cohortative"
    },
    {
      "sense": "mood of an imperative verb",
      "word": "exhortative"
    }
  ],
  "word": "hortative"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable English dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-07-20 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-07-01 using wiktextract (2f2df25 and 6aeea9b). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.