"swé" meaning in All languages combined

See swé on Wiktionary

Pronoun [Proto-Indo-European]

Etymology: This stem (and its substantive pronoun) was originally a reflexive element referring to all persons and numbers (as in Sanskrit and in Balto-Slavic). Its wider use can still be seen in Homer, when ὅς (hós) means "my own" or "your own" (e.g. Odyssey 11.142, 9.28). Etymology templates: {{m|grc|ὅς}} ὅς (hós), {{Q|grc|Od.|11|142|form=work}} Odyssey 11.142, {{Q|grc|Od.|9|28|form=ref}} 9.28 Head templates: {{head|ine-pro|pronoun}} *swé Forms: no-table-tags [table-tags], - [nominative, singular], s-wé ~ *se [accusative, singular], no-table-tags [table-tags], - [nominative, singular], no-table-tags [table-tags], - [nominative, singular], no-table-tags [table-tags], - [nominative, singular]
  1. self (reflexive pronoun) Wikipedia link: Brill Publishers Tags: reconstruction Coordinate_terms: éǵh₂, túh₂
    Sense id: en-swé-ine-pro-pron-ewCcwKS7 Categories (other): Pages with raw sortkeys, Proto-Indo-European entries with incorrect language header, Proto-Indo-European entries with language name categories using raw markup, Proto-Indo-European pronouns, Proto-Indo-European terms with non-redundant non-automated sortkeys Derived forms: swe-, ? *swésōr Derived forms (*sew-ós (< genitive *séwe)): sowos (english: see there for further descendants) Derived forms (Ancient Greek: ἴδιος (ídios)): ϝίδιος (wídios) [Doric, Greek] Derived forms (Ancient Greek: ἴδιος (ídios); Argolic Greek): ἵδιος (hídios) Derived forms (Proto-Albanian: *wa; Albanian): u Derived forms (Proto-Balto-Slavic: *swaias): savs [Latvian], sovs, savas [Lithuanian], svojь [Proto-Slavic] Derived forms (Proto-Balto-Slavic: *swaias; Old Prussian): swais Derived forms (Proto-Celtic; Old Irish): féin, fadesin Derived forms (Proto-Hellenic: *hewós): ἑός (heós) [Ancient-Greek] Derived forms (Proto-Italic: *swolos): sōlus [Latin] Derived forms (Unsorted formations): sibjō (english: see there for further descendants), swēbaz, swainaz, swihô, swa (english: see there for further descendants), swē (english: see there for further descendants), selbaz, svatъ [Proto-Slavic], sevim (english: detachedly, apartly), svõts, svainis

Download JSON data for swé meaning in All languages combined (8.9kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "Albanian:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sqj-pro",
            "2": "*swetā"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Albanian: *swetā",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Albanian: *swetā"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sq",
            "2": "vetë",
            "t": "self"
          },
          "expansion": "Albanian: vetë (“self”)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Albanian: vetë (“self”)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "Armenian:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "xcl",
            "2": "իւր"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Armenian: իւր (iwr)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Armenian: իւր (iwr)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "hy",
            "2": "իր"
          },
          "expansion": "Armenian: իր (ir)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Armenian: իր (ir)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ine-bsl-pro",
            "2": "*sin",
            "3": "*sen"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Balto-Slavic: *sin, *sen",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Balto-Slavic: *sin, *sen"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "prg",
            "2": "sien",
            "t": "oneself"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Prussian: sien (“oneself”)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Prussian: sien (“oneself”)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sla-pro",
            "2": "*sę",
            "3": "*sebe",
            "pos": "acc.",
            "pos2": "gen."
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Slavic: *sę (acc.), *sebe (gen.)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Slavic: *sę (acc.), *sebe (gen.)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "cel-pro",
            "2": "*swe"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Celtic: *swe",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Celtic: *swe"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "grk-pro",
            "2": "*hwe"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Hellenic: *hwe",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Hellenic: *hwe"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "grc",
            "2": "οὗ",
            "alt": "ἕ"
          },
          "expansion": "Ancient Greek: ἕ (hé)",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "grc",
            "2": "ἔτης",
            "pos": "abl."
          },
          "expansion": "ἔτης (étēs, abl.)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "grc",
            "2": "ὅς",
            "3": "",
            "4": "his"
          },
          "expansion": "ὅς (hós, “his”)",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Ancient Greek: ἕ (hé), ἔτης (étēs, abl.), ὅς (hós, “his”)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "grc",
            "2": "ἑκάς",
            "der": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "⇒ Ancient Greek: ἑκάς (hekás)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "⇒ Ancient Greek: ἑκάς (hekás)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "grc",
            "2": "ἧλιξ",
            "der": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "⇒ Ancient Greek: ἧλιξ (hêlix)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "⇒ Ancient Greek: ἧλιξ (hêlix)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "grc",
            "2": "σφεῖς",
            "der": "1",
            "t": "they, them"
          },
          "expansion": "⇒ Ancient Greek: σφεῖς (spheîs, “they, them”)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "⇒ Ancient Greek: σφεῖς (spheîs, “they, them”)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "iir-pro",
            "2": "*swá"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Indo-Iranian: *swá",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {},
          "expansion": "(see there for further descendants)",
          "name": "see desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Indo-Iranian: *swá (see there for further descendants)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "itc-pro",
            "2": "*sē"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Italic: *sē",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "itc-pro",
            "2": "*swē"
          },
          "expansion": "*swē",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "itc-pro",
            "2": "*se",
            "pos": "acc."
          },
          "expansion": "*se (acc.)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "itc-pro",
            "2": "*sefei",
            "pos": "dat."
          },
          "expansion": "*sefei (dat.)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "itc-pro",
            "2": "*sed",
            "pos": "abl."
          },
          "expansion": "*sed (abl.)",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Italic: *sē, *swē, *se (acc.), *sefei (dat.), *sed (abl.)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "itc-ola",
            "2": "sed",
            "3": "sēd",
            "4": "sibei",
            "g": "s",
            "g2": "p",
            "g3": "s",
            "pos2": "abl.",
            "pos3": "dat."
          },
          "expansion": "Old Latin: sed sg, sēd pl (abl.), sibei sg (dat.)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Latin: sed sg, sēd pl (abl.), sibei sg (dat.)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "la",
            "2": "sē",
            "3": "suī",
            "4": "sibi",
            "g": "s",
            "g2": "s",
            "g3": "s",
            "pos": "acc.abl.",
            "pos2": "gen.",
            "pos3": "dat."
          },
          "expansion": "Latin: sē sg (acc.abl.), suī sg (gen.), sibi sg (dat.)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Latin: sē sg (acc.abl.), suī sg (gen.), sibi sg (dat.)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "ὅς"
      },
      "expansion": "ὅς (hós)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "Od.",
        "3": "11",
        "4": "142",
        "form": "work"
      },
      "expansion": "Odyssey 11.142",
      "name": "Q"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "Od.",
        "3": "9",
        "4": "28",
        "form": "ref"
      },
      "expansion": "9.28",
      "name": "Q"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "This stem (and its substantive pronoun) was originally a reflexive element referring to all persons and numbers (as in Sanskrit and in Balto-Slavic). Its wider use can still be seen in Homer, when ὅς (hós) means \"my own\" or \"your own\" (e.g. Odyssey 11.142, 9.28).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "l",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "s-wé ~ *se",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "l",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "l",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "l",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "pronoun"
      },
      "expansion": "*swé",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Indo-European",
  "lang_code": "ine-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/swé",
  "pos": "pron",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Pages with raw sortkeys",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Indo-European entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Indo-European entries with language name categories using raw markup",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with language name categories using raw markup",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Indo-European pronouns",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Indo-European terms with non-redundant non-automated sortkeys",
          "parents": [
            "Terms with non-redundant non-automated sortkeys",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "coordinate_terms": [
        {
          "word": "éǵh₂"
        },
        {
          "word": "túh₂"
        }
      ],
      "derived": [
        {
          "word": "swe-"
        },
        {
          "word": "? *swésōr"
        },
        {
          "roman": "heós",
          "sense": "Proto-Hellenic: *hewós",
          "tags": [
            "Ancient-Greek"
          ],
          "word": "ἑός"
        },
        {
          "english": "see there for further descendants",
          "sense": "*sew-ós (< genitive *séwe)",
          "word": "sowos"
        },
        {
          "roman": "hídios",
          "sense": "Ancient Greek: ἴδιος (ídios); Argolic Greek",
          "word": "ἵδιος"
        },
        {
          "roman": "wídios",
          "sense": "Ancient Greek: ἴδιος (ídios)",
          "tags": [
            "Doric",
            "Greek"
          ],
          "word": "ϝίδιος"
        },
        {
          "sense": "Proto-Italic: *swolos",
          "tags": [
            "Latin"
          ],
          "word": "sōlus"
        },
        {
          "sense": "Proto-Albanian: *wa; Albanian",
          "word": "u"
        },
        {
          "sense": "Proto-Balto-Slavic: *swaias",
          "tags": [
            "Latvian"
          ],
          "word": "savs"
        },
        {
          "sense": "Proto-Balto-Slavic: *swaias",
          "word": "sovs"
        },
        {
          "sense": "Proto-Balto-Slavic: *swaias",
          "tags": [
            "Lithuanian"
          ],
          "word": "savas"
        },
        {
          "sense": "Proto-Balto-Slavic: *swaias",
          "tags": [
            "Proto-Slavic"
          ],
          "word": "svojь"
        },
        {
          "sense": "Proto-Balto-Slavic: *swaias; Old Prussian",
          "word": "swais"
        },
        {
          "sense": "Proto-Celtic; Old Irish",
          "word": "féin"
        },
        {
          "sense": "Proto-Celtic; Old Irish",
          "word": "fadesin"
        },
        {
          "english": "see there for further descendants",
          "sense": "Unsorted formations",
          "word": "sibjō"
        },
        {
          "sense": "Unsorted formations",
          "word": "swēbaz"
        },
        {
          "sense": "Unsorted formations",
          "word": "swainaz"
        },
        {
          "sense": "Unsorted formations",
          "word": "swihô"
        },
        {
          "english": "see there for further descendants",
          "sense": "Unsorted formations",
          "word": "swa"
        },
        {
          "english": "see there for further descendants",
          "sense": "Unsorted formations",
          "word": "swē"
        },
        {
          "sense": "Unsorted formations",
          "word": "selbaz"
        },
        {
          "sense": "Unsorted formations",
          "tags": [
            "Proto-Slavic"
          ],
          "word": "svatъ"
        },
        {
          "english": "detachedly, apartly",
          "sense": "Unsorted formations",
          "word": "sevim"
        },
        {
          "sense": "Unsorted formations",
          "word": "svõts"
        },
        {
          "sense": "Unsorted formations",
          "word": "svainis"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "self (reflexive pronoun)"
      ],
      "id": "en-swé-ine-pro-pron-ewCcwKS7",
      "links": [
        [
          "self",
          "self"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ],
      "wikipedia": [
        "Brill Publishers"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "swé"
}
{
  "coordinate_terms": [
    {
      "word": "éǵh₂"
    },
    {
      "word": "túh₂"
    }
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "swe-"
    },
    {
      "word": "? *swésōr"
    },
    {
      "roman": "heós",
      "sense": "Proto-Hellenic: *hewós",
      "tags": [
        "Ancient-Greek"
      ],
      "word": "ἑός"
    },
    {
      "english": "see there for further descendants",
      "sense": "*sew-ós (< genitive *séwe)",
      "word": "sowos"
    },
    {
      "roman": "hídios",
      "sense": "Ancient Greek: ἴδιος (ídios); Argolic Greek",
      "word": "ἵδιος"
    },
    {
      "roman": "wídios",
      "sense": "Ancient Greek: ἴδιος (ídios)",
      "tags": [
        "Doric",
        "Greek"
      ],
      "word": "ϝίδιος"
    },
    {
      "sense": "Proto-Italic: *swolos",
      "tags": [
        "Latin"
      ],
      "word": "sōlus"
    },
    {
      "sense": "Proto-Albanian: *wa; Albanian",
      "word": "u"
    },
    {
      "sense": "Proto-Balto-Slavic: *swaias",
      "tags": [
        "Latvian"
      ],
      "word": "savs"
    },
    {
      "sense": "Proto-Balto-Slavic: *swaias",
      "word": "sovs"
    },
    {
      "sense": "Proto-Balto-Slavic: *swaias",
      "tags": [
        "Lithuanian"
      ],
      "word": "savas"
    },
    {
      "sense": "Proto-Balto-Slavic: *swaias; Old Prussian",
      "word": "swais"
    },
    {
      "sense": "Proto-Balto-Slavic: *swaias",
      "tags": [
        "Proto-Slavic"
      ],
      "word": "svojь"
    },
    {
      "sense": "Proto-Celtic; Old Irish",
      "word": "féin"
    },
    {
      "sense": "Proto-Celtic; Old Irish",
      "word": "fadesin"
    },
    {
      "english": "see there for further descendants",
      "sense": "Unsorted formations",
      "word": "sibjō"
    },
    {
      "sense": "Unsorted formations",
      "word": "swēbaz"
    },
    {
      "sense": "Unsorted formations",
      "word": "swainaz"
    },
    {
      "sense": "Unsorted formations",
      "word": "swihô"
    },
    {
      "english": "see there for further descendants",
      "sense": "Unsorted formations",
      "word": "swa"
    },
    {
      "english": "see there for further descendants",
      "sense": "Unsorted formations",
      "word": "swē"
    },
    {
      "sense": "Unsorted formations",
      "word": "selbaz"
    },
    {
      "sense": "Unsorted formations",
      "tags": [
        "Proto-Slavic"
      ],
      "word": "svatъ"
    },
    {
      "english": "detachedly, apartly",
      "sense": "Unsorted formations",
      "word": "sevim"
    },
    {
      "sense": "Unsorted formations",
      "word": "svõts"
    },
    {
      "sense": "Unsorted formations",
      "word": "svainis"
    }
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "Albanian:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sqj-pro",
            "2": "*swetā"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Albanian: *swetā",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Albanian: *swetā"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sq",
            "2": "vetë",
            "t": "self"
          },
          "expansion": "Albanian: vetë (“self”)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Albanian: vetë (“self”)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "Armenian:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "xcl",
            "2": "իւր"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Armenian: իւր (iwr)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Armenian: իւր (iwr)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "hy",
            "2": "իր"
          },
          "expansion": "Armenian: իր (ir)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Armenian: իր (ir)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ine-bsl-pro",
            "2": "*sin",
            "3": "*sen"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Balto-Slavic: *sin, *sen",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Balto-Slavic: *sin, *sen"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "prg",
            "2": "sien",
            "t": "oneself"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Prussian: sien (“oneself”)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Prussian: sien (“oneself”)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sla-pro",
            "2": "*sę",
            "3": "*sebe",
            "pos": "acc.",
            "pos2": "gen."
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Slavic: *sę (acc.), *sebe (gen.)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Slavic: *sę (acc.), *sebe (gen.)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "cel-pro",
            "2": "*swe"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Celtic: *swe",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Celtic: *swe"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "grk-pro",
            "2": "*hwe"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Hellenic: *hwe",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Hellenic: *hwe"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "grc",
            "2": "οὗ",
            "alt": "ἕ"
          },
          "expansion": "Ancient Greek: ἕ (hé)",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "grc",
            "2": "ἔτης",
            "pos": "abl."
          },
          "expansion": "ἔτης (étēs, abl.)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "grc",
            "2": "ὅς",
            "3": "",
            "4": "his"
          },
          "expansion": "ὅς (hós, “his”)",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Ancient Greek: ἕ (hé), ἔτης (étēs, abl.), ὅς (hós, “his”)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "grc",
            "2": "ἑκάς",
            "der": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "⇒ Ancient Greek: ἑκάς (hekás)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "⇒ Ancient Greek: ἑκάς (hekás)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "grc",
            "2": "ἧλιξ",
            "der": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "⇒ Ancient Greek: ἧλιξ (hêlix)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "⇒ Ancient Greek: ἧλιξ (hêlix)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "grc",
            "2": "σφεῖς",
            "der": "1",
            "t": "they, them"
          },
          "expansion": "⇒ Ancient Greek: σφεῖς (spheîs, “they, them”)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "⇒ Ancient Greek: σφεῖς (spheîs, “they, them”)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "iir-pro",
            "2": "*swá"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Indo-Iranian: *swá",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {},
          "expansion": "(see there for further descendants)",
          "name": "see desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Indo-Iranian: *swá (see there for further descendants)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "itc-pro",
            "2": "*sē"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Italic: *sē",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "itc-pro",
            "2": "*swē"
          },
          "expansion": "*swē",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "itc-pro",
            "2": "*se",
            "pos": "acc."
          },
          "expansion": "*se (acc.)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "itc-pro",
            "2": "*sefei",
            "pos": "dat."
          },
          "expansion": "*sefei (dat.)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "itc-pro",
            "2": "*sed",
            "pos": "abl."
          },
          "expansion": "*sed (abl.)",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Italic: *sē, *swē, *se (acc.), *sefei (dat.), *sed (abl.)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "itc-ola",
            "2": "sed",
            "3": "sēd",
            "4": "sibei",
            "g": "s",
            "g2": "p",
            "g3": "s",
            "pos2": "abl.",
            "pos3": "dat."
          },
          "expansion": "Old Latin: sed sg, sēd pl (abl.), sibei sg (dat.)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Latin: sed sg, sēd pl (abl.), sibei sg (dat.)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "la",
            "2": "sē",
            "3": "suī",
            "4": "sibi",
            "g": "s",
            "g2": "s",
            "g3": "s",
            "pos": "acc.abl.",
            "pos2": "gen.",
            "pos3": "dat."
          },
          "expansion": "Latin: sē sg (acc.abl.), suī sg (gen.), sibi sg (dat.)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Latin: sē sg (acc.abl.), suī sg (gen.), sibi sg (dat.)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "ὅς"
      },
      "expansion": "ὅς (hós)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "Od.",
        "3": "11",
        "4": "142",
        "form": "work"
      },
      "expansion": "Odyssey 11.142",
      "name": "Q"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "Od.",
        "3": "9",
        "4": "28",
        "form": "ref"
      },
      "expansion": "9.28",
      "name": "Q"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "This stem (and its substantive pronoun) was originally a reflexive element referring to all persons and numbers (as in Sanskrit and in Balto-Slavic). Its wider use can still be seen in Homer, when ὅς (hós) means \"my own\" or \"your own\" (e.g. Odyssey 11.142, 9.28).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "l",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "s-wé ~ *se",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "l",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "l",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "l",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "pronoun"
      },
      "expansion": "*swé",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Indo-European",
  "lang_code": "ine-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/swé",
  "pos": "pron",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Pages with raw sortkeys",
        "Proto-Indo-European entries with incorrect language header",
        "Proto-Indo-European entries with language name categories using raw markup",
        "Proto-Indo-European lemmas",
        "Proto-Indo-European pronouns",
        "Proto-Indo-European terms with non-redundant non-automated sortkeys"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "self (reflexive pronoun)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "self",
          "self"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ],
      "wikipedia": [
        "Brill Publishers"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "swé"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable All languages combined dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-04-17 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-04-01 using wiktextract (0b52755 and 5cb0836). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.