"swainaz" meaning in All languages combined

See swainaz on Wiktionary

Noun [Proto-Germanic]

IPA: /ˈswɑi̯.nɑz/
Etymology: From Proto-Indo-European *s(w)e- (“separate; apart; oneself; one's own”). Etymology templates: {{der|gem-pro|ine-pro|*s(w)e-|t=separate; apart; oneself; one's own}} Proto-Indo-European *s(w)e- (“separate; apart; oneself; one's own”) Inflection templates: {{gem-decl-noun}} Forms: no-table-tags [table-tags], swainaz [nominative, singular], swainōz [nominative, plural], swainōs [nominative, plural], swain [singular, vocative], swainōz [plural, vocative], swainōs [plural, vocative], swainą [accusative, singular], swainanz [accusative, plural], swainas [genitive, singular], swainis [genitive, singular], swainǫ̂ [genitive, plural], swainai [dative, singular], swainamaz [dative, plural], swainō [instrumental, singular], swainamiz [instrumental, plural]
  1. relative; kinsman Tags: masculine, reconstruction
    Sense id: en-swainaz-gem-pro-noun-kGQJaLUP Categories (other): Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header: 41 12 46
  2. young man Tags: masculine, reconstruction
    Sense id: en-swainaz-gem-pro-noun-3feBPnUu Categories (other): Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header: 41 12 46
  3. herder; herdsman, swineherd Tags: masculine, reconstruction
    Sense id: en-swainaz-gem-pro-noun-roWQCx2n Categories (other): Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header: 41 12 46

Download JSON data for swainaz meaning in All languages combined (5.8kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*swain"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *swain",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *swain"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "swān"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: swān",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: swān"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "enm",
            "2": "swan",
            "3": "swane",
            "4": "swon",
            "5": "swone"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle English: swan, swane, swon, swone",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle English: swan, swane, swon, swone"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "swēn"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: swēn",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: swēn"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "swên",
            "3": "swein"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Low German: swên, swein",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Low German: swên, swein"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "swein"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: swein",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: swein"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "swein"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle High German: swein",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle High German: swein"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "de",
            "2": "Schwein",
            "g": "m"
          },
          "expansion": "German: Schwein m",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "obsolete or dialectal"
          },
          "expansion": "(obsolete or dialectal)",
          "name": "q"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German: Schwein m (obsolete or dialectal)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "sveinn"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: sveinn\nIcelandic: sveinn\nFaroese: sveinur\nNorwegian Nynorsk: svein; (dialectal) sveidn\n→ Norwegian Bokmål: svein\nOld Swedish: svēn, svæn\nSwedish: sven\nOld Danish: swen\nDanish: svend\nNorwegian Bokmål: svenn\n→ Old English: sweġen\nMiddle English: swayn, sweine, sweyn, sueyn, swain, sweyn, swein, swaine, sweyne, swane\nEnglish: swain\nScots: swaine, swane",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: sveinn\nIcelandic: sveinn\nFaroese: sveinur\nNorwegian Nynorsk: svein; (dialectal) sveidn\n→ Norwegian Bokmål: svein\nOld Swedish: svēn, svæn\nSwedish: sven\nOld Danish: swen\nDanish: svend\nNorwegian Bokmål: svenn\n→ Old English: sweġen\nMiddle English: swayn, sweine, sweyn, sueyn, swain, sweyn, swein, swaine, sweyne, swane\nEnglish: swain\nScots: swaine, swane"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "smi-pro",
            "2": "*svājnës",
            "bor": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→ Proto-Samic: *svājnës",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {},
          "expansion": "(see there for further descendants)",
          "name": "see desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ Proto-Samic: *svājnës (see there for further descendants)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*s(w)e-",
        "t": "separate; apart; oneself; one's own"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *s(w)e- (“separate; apart; oneself; one's own”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *s(w)e- (“separate; apart; oneself; one's own”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-noun",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "a-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "swainaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "swainōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "swainōs",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "swain",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "swainōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "swainōs",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "swainą",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "swainanz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "swainas",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "swainis",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "swainǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "swainai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "swainamaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "swainō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "swainamiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "gem-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/swainaz",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "41 12 46",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "relative; kinsman"
      ],
      "id": "en-swainaz-gem-pro-noun-kGQJaLUP",
      "links": [
        [
          "relative",
          "relative"
        ],
        [
          "kinsman",
          "kinsman"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "41 12 46",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "young man"
      ],
      "id": "en-swainaz-gem-pro-noun-3feBPnUu",
      "links": [
        [
          "young",
          "young"
        ],
        [
          "man",
          "man"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "41 12 46",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "herder; herdsman, swineherd"
      ],
      "id": "en-swainaz-gem-pro-noun-roWQCx2n",
      "links": [
        [
          "herder",
          "herder"
        ],
        [
          "herdsman",
          "herdsman"
        ],
        [
          "swineherd",
          "swineherd"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈswɑi̯.nɑz/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "swainaz"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Proto-Germanic a-stem nouns",
    "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
    "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
    "Proto-Germanic masculine nouns",
    "Proto-Germanic nouns",
    "Proto-Germanic terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation"
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*swain"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *swain",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *swain"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "swān"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: swān",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: swān"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "enm",
            "2": "swan",
            "3": "swane",
            "4": "swon",
            "5": "swone"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle English: swan, swane, swon, swone",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle English: swan, swane, swon, swone"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "swēn"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: swēn",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: swēn"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "swên",
            "3": "swein"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Low German: swên, swein",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Low German: swên, swein"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "swein"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: swein",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: swein"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "swein"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle High German: swein",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle High German: swein"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "de",
            "2": "Schwein",
            "g": "m"
          },
          "expansion": "German: Schwein m",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "obsolete or dialectal"
          },
          "expansion": "(obsolete or dialectal)",
          "name": "q"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German: Schwein m (obsolete or dialectal)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "sveinn"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: sveinn\nIcelandic: sveinn\nFaroese: sveinur\nNorwegian Nynorsk: svein; (dialectal) sveidn\n→ Norwegian Bokmål: svein\nOld Swedish: svēn, svæn\nSwedish: sven\nOld Danish: swen\nDanish: svend\nNorwegian Bokmål: svenn\n→ Old English: sweġen\nMiddle English: swayn, sweine, sweyn, sueyn, swain, sweyn, swein, swaine, sweyne, swane\nEnglish: swain\nScots: swaine, swane",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: sveinn\nIcelandic: sveinn\nFaroese: sveinur\nNorwegian Nynorsk: svein; (dialectal) sveidn\n→ Norwegian Bokmål: svein\nOld Swedish: svēn, svæn\nSwedish: sven\nOld Danish: swen\nDanish: svend\nNorwegian Bokmål: svenn\n→ Old English: sweġen\nMiddle English: swayn, sweine, sweyn, sueyn, swain, sweyn, swein, swaine, sweyne, swane\nEnglish: swain\nScots: swaine, swane"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "smi-pro",
            "2": "*svājnës",
            "bor": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→ Proto-Samic: *svājnës",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {},
          "expansion": "(see there for further descendants)",
          "name": "see desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ Proto-Samic: *svājnës (see there for further descendants)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*s(w)e-",
        "t": "separate; apart; oneself; one's own"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *s(w)e- (“separate; apart; oneself; one's own”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *s(w)e- (“separate; apart; oneself; one's own”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-noun",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "a-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "swainaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "swainōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "swainōs",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "swain",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "swainōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "swainōs",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "swainą",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "swainanz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "swainas",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "swainis",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "swainǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "swainai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "swainamaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "swainō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "swainamiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "gem-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/swainaz",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "relative; kinsman"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "relative",
          "relative"
        ],
        [
          "kinsman",
          "kinsman"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "young man"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "young",
          "young"
        ],
        [
          "man",
          "man"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "herder; herdsman, swineherd"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "herder",
          "herder"
        ],
        [
          "herdsman",
          "herdsman"
        ],
        [
          "swineherd",
          "swineherd"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈswɑi̯.nɑz/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "swainaz"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable All languages combined dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-05-20 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-05-02 using wiktextract (1d5a7d1 and 304864d). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.