"мука" meaning in All languages combined

Verb [Macedonian]

Forms: muka [romanization] IPA: [ˈmuka]
  1. to moo, bellow Tags: imperfective, intransitive
    Categories (other): Macedonian verbs in -а

Noun [Russian]

Forms: мука́ [canonical, feminine, inanimate], muká [romanization], муки́ [genitive], мучно́й [adjective] IPA: [mʊˈka]
  1. flour, fine meal Tags: no-plural, uncountable

Noun [Russian]

Forms: му́ка [canonical, feminine, inanimate], múka [romanization], му́ки [genitive], му́ки [nominative, plural], мук [genitive, plural] IPA: [ˈmukə]
  1. pain, anguish, torment, suffering, torture
  2. ordeal
  3. harassment

Noun [Serbo-Croatian]

Forms: му̏ка [canonical, feminine], spelling mȕka [Latin] IPA: /mûka/
  1. pain
  2. torment
  3. nausea
  4. trouble

Noun [Serbo-Croatian]

Forms: му́ка [canonical, feminine], spelling múka [Latin] IPA: /mǔːka/
  1. flour Tags: regional
    Categories (other): Regional Serbo-Croatian

Inflected forms

Download JSON data for мука meaning in All languages combined (6.4kB)

{
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "muka",
      "tags": [
        "romanization"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "impf"
      },
      "expansion": "мука (muka) impf",
      "name": "mk-verb"
    }
  ],
  "inflection": [
    {
      "1": "impf",
      "2": "мук",
      "noap": "1",
      "template_name": "mk-conj-а"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Macedonian",
  "lang_code": "mk",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Macedonian verbs in -а",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to moo, bellow"
      ],
      "id": "мука-verb",
      "tags": [
        "imperfective",
        "intransitive"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈmuka]"
    }
  ],
  "word": "мука"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ru",
        "2": "sla-pro",
        "3": "*mǭka",
        "4": "",
        "5": "flour"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Slavic *mǭka (“flour”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sh",
        "2": "мука",
        "sc": "Cyrl"
      },
      "expansion": "Serbo-Croatian мука",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sh",
        "2": "muka",
        "3": "",
        "4": "meal"
      },
      "expansion": "muka (“meal”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sl",
        "2": "moka"
      },
      "expansion": "Slovene moka",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sk",
        "2": "múka"
      },
      "expansion": "Slovak múka",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "μάσσω",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to knead"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek μάσσω (mássō, “to knead”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "German",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "goh",
        "2": "mengen",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to mix"
      },
      "expansion": "Old High German mengen (“to mix”)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Slavic *mǭka (“flour”). Akin to regional Serbo-Croatian мука/muka (“meal”), Slovene moka, Slovak múka. Non-Slavic cognates include Ancient Greek μάσσω (mássō, “to knead”), German and Old High German mengen (“to mix”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "мука́",
      "tags": [
        "canonical",
        "feminine",
        "inanimate"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "muká",
      "tags": [
        "romanization"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "муки́",
      "tags": [
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "мучно́й",
      "tags": [
        "adjective"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Russian",
  "lang_code": "ru",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "flour, fine meal"
      ],
      "id": "мука-noun",
      "tags": [
        "no-plural",
        "uncountable"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[mʊˈka]"
    }
  ],
  "word": "мука"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ru",
        "2": "sla-pro",
        "3": "*mǫka",
        "4": "",
        "5": "torment, torture"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Slavic *mǫka (“torment, torture”)",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Slavic *mǫka (“torment, torture”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "му́ка",
      "tags": [
        "canonical",
        "feminine",
        "inanimate"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "múka",
      "tags": [
        "romanization"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "му́ки",
      "tags": [
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "му́ки",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "мук",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Russian",
  "lang_code": "ru",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "pain, anguish, torment, suffering, torture"
      ],
      "id": "мука-noun---WnRL9S"
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "ordeal"
      ],
      "id": "мука-noun-M41OPdRQ"
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "harassment"
      ],
      "id": "мука-noun-SDlMVuOV"
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈmukə]"
    }
  ],
  "word": "мука"
}

{
  "categories": [],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sh",
        "2": "sla-pro",
        "3": "*mǫka",
        "4": "",
        "5": "torture, torment"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Slavic *mǫka (“torture, torment”)",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Slavic *mǫka (“torture, torment”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "му̏ка",
      "tags": [
        "canonical",
        "feminine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spelling mȕka",
      "tags": [
        "Latin"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "g": "f",
        "head": "му̏ка"
      },
      "expansion": "му̏ка f (Latin spelling mȕka)",
      "name": "sh-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection": [
    {
      "1": "му̏ка",
      "10": "муке\n",
      "11": "му̏ци",
      "12": "мукама\n",
      "13": "муком",
      "14": "мукама\n",
      "2": "муке\n",
      "3": "муке",
      "4": "му̑ка̄\n",
      "5": "му̏ци",
      "6": "мукама\n",
      "7": "муку",
      "8": "муке\n",
      "9": "муко",
      "sc": "Cyrl",
      "template_name": "sh-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
  "lang_code": "sh",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "pain"
      ],
      "id": "мука-noun-XHjI5xYO"
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "torment"
      ],
      "id": "мука-noun-I0Ww0v1p"
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "nausea"
      ],
      "id": "мука-noun-4xBA3kBR"
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "trouble"
      ],
      "id": "мука-noun-cTDfQzVe"
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/mûka/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "мука"
}

{
  "categories": [],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sh",
        "2": "sla-pro",
        "3": "*mǭka",
        "4": "",
        "5": "flour"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Slavic *mǭka (“flour”)",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Slavic *mǭka (“flour”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "му́ка",
      "tags": [
        "canonical",
        "feminine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spelling múka",
      "tags": [
        "Latin"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "g": "f",
        "head": "му́ка"
      },
      "expansion": "му́ка f (Latin spelling múka)",
      "name": "sh-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection": [
    {
      "1": "му́ка\n",
      "2": "муке\n",
      "3": "му́ци\n",
      "4": "муку\n",
      "5": "муко\n",
      "6": "му́ци\n",
      "7": "муком\n",
      "sc": "Cyrl",
      "template_name": "sh-decl-noun-unc"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
  "lang_code": "sh",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Regional Serbo-Croatian",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "flour"
      ],
      "id": "мука-noun",
      "tags": [
        "regional"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/mǔːka/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "мука"
}
{
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "muka",
      "tags": [
        "romanization"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "impf"
      },
      "expansion": "мука (muka) impf",
      "name": "mk-verb"
    }
  ],
  "inflection": [
    {
      "1": "impf",
      "2": "мук",
      "noap": "1",
      "template_name": "mk-conj-а"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Macedonian",
  "lang_code": "mk",
  "pos": "verb",
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈmuka]"
    }
  ],
  "word": "мука"
}

{
  "categories": [
    {
      "kind": "other",
      "name": "Russian nouns with accent pattern a",
      "parents": [],
      "source": "w"
    },
    {
      "kind": "other",
      "name": "Russian nouns with accent pattern d",
      "parents": [],
      "source": "w"
    },
    {
      "kind": "topical",
      "name": "Food and drink",
      "parents": [
        "All topics",
        "Fundamental"
      ],
      "source": "w"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ru",
        "2": "sla-pro",
        "3": "*mǭka",
        "4": "",
        "5": "flour"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Slavic *mǭka (“flour”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sh",
        "2": "мука",
        "sc": "Cyrl"
      },
      "expansion": "Serbo-Croatian мука",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sh",
        "2": "muka",
        "3": "",
        "4": "meal"
      },
      "expansion": "muka (“meal”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sl",
        "2": "moka"
      },
      "expansion": "Slovene moka",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sk",
        "2": "múka"
      },
      "expansion": "Slovak múka",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "μάσσω",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to knead"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek μάσσω (mássō, “to knead”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "German",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "goh",
        "2": "mengen",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to mix"
      },
      "expansion": "Old High German mengen (“to mix”)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Slavic *mǭka (“flour”). Akin to regional Serbo-Croatian мука/muka (“meal”), Slovene moka, Slovak múka. Non-Slavic cognates include Ancient Greek μάσσω (mássō, “to knead”), German and Old High German mengen (“to mix”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "мука́",
      "tags": [
        "canonical",
        "feminine",
        "inanimate"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "muká",
      "tags": [
        "romanization"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "муки́",
      "tags": [
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "мучно́й",
      "tags": [
        "adjective"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Russian",
  "lang_code": "ru",
  "pos": "noun",
  "related": [
    {
      "roman": "mukomól",
      "word": "мукомо́л"
    },
    {
      "roman": "mučnístyj",
      "word": "мучни́стый"
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[mʊˈka]"
    }
  ],
  "word": "мука"
}

{
  "categories": [
    {
      "kind": "other",
      "name": "Russian nouns with accent pattern a",
      "parents": [],
      "source": "w"
    },
    {
      "kind": "topical",
      "name": "Food and drink",
      "parents": [
        "All topics",
        "Fundamental"
      ],
      "source": "w"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ru",
        "2": "sla-pro",
        "3": "*mǫka",
        "4": "",
        "5": "torment, torture"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Slavic *mǫka (“torment, torture”)",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Slavic *mǫka (“torment, torture”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "му́ка",
      "tags": [
        "canonical",
        "feminine",
        "inanimate"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "múka",
      "tags": [
        "romanization"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "му́ки",
      "tags": [
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "му́ки",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "мук",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Russian",
  "lang_code": "ru",
  "pos": "noun",
  "related": [
    {
      "roman": "mučénije",
      "word": "муче́ние"
    },
    {
      "roman": "múčenik",
      "word": "му́ченик"
    },
    {
      "roman": "mučítelʹ",
      "word": "мучи́тель"
    },
    {
      "roman": "múčitʹ",
      "word": "му́чить"
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈmukə]"
    }
  ],
  "word": "мука"
}

{
  "categories": [],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sh",
        "2": "sla-pro",
        "3": "*mǫka",
        "4": "",
        "5": "torture, torment"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Slavic *mǫka (“torture, torment”)",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Slavic *mǫka (“torture, torment”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "му̏ка",
      "tags": [
        "canonical",
        "feminine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spelling mȕka",
      "tags": [
        "Latin"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "g": "f",
        "head": "му̏ка"
      },
      "expansion": "му̏ка f (Latin spelling mȕka)",
      "name": "sh-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection": [
    {
      "1": "му̏ка",
      "10": "муке\n",
      "11": "му̏ци",
      "12": "мукама\n",
      "13": "муком",
      "14": "мукама\n",
      "2": "муке\n",
      "3": "муке",
      "4": "му̑ка̄\n",
      "5": "му̏ци",
      "6": "мукама\n",
      "7": "муку",
      "8": "муке\n",
      "9": "муко",
      "sc": "Cyrl",
      "template_name": "sh-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
  "lang_code": "sh",
  "pos": "noun",
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/mûka/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "мука"
}

{
  "categories": [],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sh",
        "2": "sla-pro",
        "3": "*mǭka",
        "4": "",
        "5": "flour"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Slavic *mǭka (“flour”)",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Slavic *mǭka (“flour”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "му́ка",
      "tags": [
        "canonical",
        "feminine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spelling múka",
      "tags": [
        "Latin"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "g": "f",
        "head": "му́ка"
      },
      "expansion": "му́ка f (Latin spelling múka)",
      "name": "sh-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection": [
    {
      "1": "му́ка\n",
      "2": "муке\n",
      "3": "му́ци\n",
      "4": "муку\n",
      "5": "муко\n",
      "6": "му́ци\n",
      "7": "муком\n",
      "sc": "Cyrl",
      "template_name": "sh-decl-noun-unc"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
  "lang_code": "sh",
  "pos": "noun",
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/mǔːka/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "мука"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable All languages combined dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2021-10-15 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2021-10-01 using wiktextract. The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.