"nhài" meaning in Vietnamese

See nhài in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

IPA: [ɲaːj˨˩] [Hà-Nội], [ɲaːj˦˩] [Huế], [ɲaːj˨˩] (note: Saigon) Audio: LL-Q9199 (vie)-Penn Zero MSSJ-nhài.wav Forms: cây [classifier], hoa [classifier], bông [classifier], 𣔦 [CJK], 𦲒 [CJK], 𦹹 [CJK]
Etymology: From Northern Middle Vietnamese mlài, from Chinese 茉莉 (mạt lị, “jasmine”), with the reduction of first syllable of the Chinese term into /m/. Etymology templates: {{inh|vi|mkh-mvi|mlài}} Middle Vietnamese mlài, {{bor|vi|zh|茉莉|t=jasmine|tr=mạt lị}} Chinese 茉莉 (mạt lị, “jasmine”), {{IPAfont|/m/}} /m/ Head templates: {{head|vi|noun|||head=|tr=𣔦, 𦲒, 𦹹}} nhài • (𣔦, 𦲒, 𦹹), {{vi-noun|𣔦, 𦲒, 𦹹|cls=cây, hoa, bông}} (classifier cây, hoa, bông) nhài • (𣔦, 𦲒, 𦹹)
  1. (Northern Vietnam) jasmine Tags: Northern, Vietnam
    Sense id: en-nhài-vi-noun-bRxYWVUI Categories (other): Northern Vietnamese, Vietnamese nouns classified by bông, Vietnamese nouns classified by cây, Vietnamese nouns classified by hoa, Vietnamese nouns without classifiers Disambiguation of Vietnamese nouns classified by bông: 50 50 Disambiguation of Vietnamese nouns classified by cây: 50 50 Disambiguation of Vietnamese nouns classified by hoa: 51 49 Disambiguation of Vietnamese nouns without classifiers: 39 45 16
  2. (Northern Vietnam) paper fan pin (fastening slats, originally jasmine-shaped) Tags: Northern, Vietnam
    Sense id: en-nhài-vi-noun-ooJHzIta Categories (other): Northern Vietnamese, Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header, Vietnamese nouns classified by bông, Vietnamese nouns classified by cây, Vietnamese nouns classified by hoa, Vietnamese nouns without classifiers Disambiguation of Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header: 37 50 13 Disambiguation of Vietnamese nouns classified by bông: 50 50 Disambiguation of Vietnamese nouns classified by cây: 50 50 Disambiguation of Vietnamese nouns classified by hoa: 51 49 Disambiguation of Vietnamese nouns without classifiers: 39 45 16
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms: lài [Central, Southern, Vietnam]
Etymology number: 1

Noun

IPA: [ɲaːj˨˩] [Hà-Nội], [ɲaːj˦˩] [Huế], [ɲaːj˨˩] (note: Saigon) Audio: LL-Q9199 (vie)-Penn Zero MSSJ-nhài.wav
Head templates: {{head|vi|noun|||head=|tr=}} nhài, {{vi-noun}} nhài
  1. (archaic, historical) maid; maidservant; abigail Tags: archaic, historical
    Sense id: en-nhài-vi-noun-ofdXXQUU Categories (other): Vietnamese nouns without classifiers Disambiguation of Vietnamese nouns without classifiers: 39 45 16
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 2

Download JSONL data for nhài meaning in Vietnamese (4.9kB)

{
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "mkh-mvi",
        "3": "mlài"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle Vietnamese mlài",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "zh",
        "3": "茉莉",
        "t": "jasmine",
        "tr": "mạt lị"
      },
      "expansion": "Chinese 茉莉 (mạt lị, “jasmine”)",
      "name": "bor"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "/m/"
      },
      "expansion": "/m/",
      "name": "IPAfont"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Northern Middle Vietnamese mlài, from Chinese 茉莉 (mạt lị, “jasmine”), with the reduction of first syllable of the Chinese term into /m/.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "cây",
      "tags": [
        "classifier"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "hoa",
      "tags": [
        "classifier"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bông",
      "tags": [
        "classifier"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "𣔦",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "𦲒",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "𦹹",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "head": "",
        "tr": "𣔦, 𦲒, 𦹹"
      },
      "expansion": "nhài • (𣔦, 𦲒, 𦹹)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "𣔦, 𦲒, 𦹹",
        "cls": "cây, hoa, bông"
      },
      "expansion": "(classifier cây, hoa, bông) nhài • (𣔦, 𦲒, 𦹹)",
      "name": "vi-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Northern Vietnamese",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "50 50",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Vietnamese nouns classified by bông",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "50 50",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Vietnamese nouns classified by cây",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "51 49",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Vietnamese nouns classified by hoa",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "39 45 16",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Vietnamese nouns without classifiers",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "jasmine"
      ],
      "id": "en-nhài-vi-noun-bRxYWVUI",
      "links": [
        [
          "jasmine",
          "jasmine"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(Northern Vietnam) jasmine"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Northern",
        "Vietnam"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Northern Vietnamese",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "37 50 13",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "50 50",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Vietnamese nouns classified by bông",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "50 50",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Vietnamese nouns classified by cây",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "51 49",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Vietnamese nouns classified by hoa",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "39 45 16",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Vietnamese nouns without classifiers",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "paper fan pin (fastening slats, originally jasmine-shaped)"
      ],
      "id": "en-nhài-vi-noun-ooJHzIta",
      "links": [
        [
          "paper",
          "paper"
        ],
        [
          "fan",
          "fan"
        ],
        [
          "pin",
          "pin"
        ],
        [
          "fasten",
          "fasten"
        ],
        [
          "slat",
          "slat"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(Northern Vietnam) paper fan pin (fastening slats, originally jasmine-shaped)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Northern",
        "Vietnam"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ɲaːj˨˩]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ɲaːj˦˩]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ɲaːj˨˩]",
      "note": "Saigon"
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q9199 (vie)-Penn Zero MSSJ-nhài.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/6/6f/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-nh%C3%A0i.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-nh%C3%A0i.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/6/6f/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-nh%C3%A0i.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-nh%C3%A0i.wav.ogg"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "tags": [
        "Central",
        "Southern",
        "Vietnam"
      ],
      "word": "lài"
    }
  ],
  "word": "nhài"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "head": "",
        "tr": ""
      },
      "expansion": "nhài",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "nhài",
      "name": "vi-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "39 45 16",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Vietnamese nouns without classifiers",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "maid; maidservant; abigail"
      ],
      "id": "en-nhài-vi-noun-ofdXXQUU",
      "links": [
        [
          "maid",
          "maid"
        ],
        [
          "maidservant",
          "maidservant"
        ],
        [
          "abigail",
          "abigail"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(archaic, historical) maid; maidservant; abigail"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "archaic",
        "historical"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ɲaːj˨˩]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ɲaːj˦˩]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ɲaːj˨˩]",
      "note": "Saigon"
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q9199 (vie)-Penn Zero MSSJ-nhài.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/6/6f/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-nh%C3%A0i.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-nh%C3%A0i.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/6/6f/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-nh%C3%A0i.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-nh%C3%A0i.wav.ogg"
    }
  ],
  "word": "nhài"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header",
    "Vietnamese lemmas",
    "Vietnamese nouns",
    "Vietnamese nouns classified by bông",
    "Vietnamese nouns classified by cây",
    "Vietnamese nouns classified by hoa",
    "Vietnamese nouns without classifiers",
    "Vietnamese terms borrowed from Chinese",
    "Vietnamese terms derived from Chinese",
    "Vietnamese terms derived from Middle Vietnamese",
    "Vietnamese terms inherited from Middle Vietnamese",
    "Vietnamese terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Vietnamese terms with audio links"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "mkh-mvi",
        "3": "mlài"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle Vietnamese mlài",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "zh",
        "3": "茉莉",
        "t": "jasmine",
        "tr": "mạt lị"
      },
      "expansion": "Chinese 茉莉 (mạt lị, “jasmine”)",
      "name": "bor"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "/m/"
      },
      "expansion": "/m/",
      "name": "IPAfont"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Northern Middle Vietnamese mlài, from Chinese 茉莉 (mạt lị, “jasmine”), with the reduction of first syllable of the Chinese term into /m/.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "cây",
      "tags": [
        "classifier"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "hoa",
      "tags": [
        "classifier"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bông",
      "tags": [
        "classifier"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "𣔦",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "𦲒",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "𦹹",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "head": "",
        "tr": "𣔦, 𦲒, 𦹹"
      },
      "expansion": "nhài • (𣔦, 𦲒, 𦹹)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "𣔦, 𦲒, 𦹹",
        "cls": "cây, hoa, bông"
      },
      "expansion": "(classifier cây, hoa, bông) nhài • (𣔦, 𦲒, 𦹹)",
      "name": "vi-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Northern Vietnamese"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "jasmine"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "jasmine",
          "jasmine"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(Northern Vietnam) jasmine"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Northern",
        "Vietnam"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Northern Vietnamese"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "paper fan pin (fastening slats, originally jasmine-shaped)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "paper",
          "paper"
        ],
        [
          "fan",
          "fan"
        ],
        [
          "pin",
          "pin"
        ],
        [
          "fasten",
          "fasten"
        ],
        [
          "slat",
          "slat"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(Northern Vietnam) paper fan pin (fastening slats, originally jasmine-shaped)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Northern",
        "Vietnam"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ɲaːj˨˩]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ɲaːj˦˩]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ɲaːj˨˩]",
      "note": "Saigon"
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q9199 (vie)-Penn Zero MSSJ-nhài.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/6/6f/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-nh%C3%A0i.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-nh%C3%A0i.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/6/6f/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-nh%C3%A0i.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-nh%C3%A0i.wav.ogg"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "tags": [
        "Central",
        "Southern",
        "Vietnam"
      ],
      "word": "lài"
    }
  ],
  "word": "nhài"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header",
    "Vietnamese lemmas",
    "Vietnamese nouns",
    "Vietnamese nouns without classifiers",
    "Vietnamese terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Vietnamese terms with audio links"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "head": "",
        "tr": ""
      },
      "expansion": "nhài",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "nhài",
      "name": "vi-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Vietnamese terms with archaic senses",
        "Vietnamese terms with historical senses"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "maid; maidservant; abigail"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "maid",
          "maid"
        ],
        [
          "maidservant",
          "maidservant"
        ],
        [
          "abigail",
          "abigail"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(archaic, historical) maid; maidservant; abigail"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "archaic",
        "historical"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ɲaːj˨˩]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ɲaːj˦˩]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ɲaːj˨˩]",
      "note": "Saigon"
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q9199 (vie)-Penn Zero MSSJ-nhài.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/6/6f/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-nh%C3%A0i.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-nh%C3%A0i.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/6/6f/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-nh%C3%A0i.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-nh%C3%A0i.wav.ogg"
    }
  ],
  "word": "nhài"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Vietnamese dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-07-20 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-07-01 using wiktextract (2f2df25 and 6aeea9b). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.