"ngộ" meaning in Vietnamese

See ngộ in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Adjective

IPA: [ŋo˧˨ʔ] [Hà-Nội], [ŋow˨˩ʔ] [Huế], [ŋow˨˩˨] (note: Saigon) Forms: ngồ ngộ [diminutive, reduplication]
Head templates: {{head|vi|adjective|diminutive reduplication|ngồ ngộ|||||head=|tr=}} ngộ (diminutive reduplication ngồ ngộ), {{vi-adj|rdp=y}} ngộ (diminutive reduplication ngồ ngộ)
  1. (Southern Vietnam) queer; quaint Tags: Southern, Vietnam
    Sense id: en-ngộ-vi-adj-VDFZxLiF Categories (other): Southern Vietnamese
  2. (Southern Vietnam, colloquial) sillily cute Tags: Southern, Vietnam, colloquial
    Sense id: en-ngộ-vi-adj-GJXpTC97 Categories (other): Southern Vietnamese, Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header, Vietnamese nouns without classifiers Disambiguation of Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header: 3 20 1 33 33 4 0 4 3 Disambiguation of Vietnamese nouns without classifiers: 8 17 5 19 16 16 1 8 9
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Related terms: ngộ nghĩnh (từ láy)
Etymology number: 1

Adjective

IPA: [ŋo˧˨ʔ] [Hà-Nội], [ŋow˨˩ʔ] [Huế], [ŋow˨˩˨] (note: Saigon)
Head templates: {{head|vi|adjective|||||||head=|tr=}} ngộ, {{vi-adj}} ngộ
  1. (Northern Vietnam, chiefly of dogs) mad; rabid Tags: Northern, Vietnam
    Sense id: en-ngộ-vi-adj-EjcuCzXF Categories (other): Northern Vietnamese
  2. (Central Vietnam) hot-tempered Tags: Central, Vietnam
    Sense id: en-ngộ-vi-adj-G6a1eeRF Categories (other): Central Vietnamese, Sino-Vietnamese words, Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header, Vietnamese nouns without classifiers Disambiguation of Sino-Vietnamese words: 11 11 6 22 12 8 0 14 15 Disambiguation of Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header: 3 20 1 33 33 4 0 4 3 Disambiguation of Vietnamese nouns without classifiers: 8 17 5 19 16 16 1 8 9
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 3

Conjunction

IPA: [ŋo˧˨ʔ] [Hà-Nội], [ŋow˨˩ʔ] [Huế], [ŋow˨˩˨] (note: Saigon)
Etymology: Sino-Vietnamese word from 遇. Etymology templates: {{categorize|vi|Sino-Vietnamese words}}, {{vi-etym-sino|遇}} Sino-Vietnamese word from 遇 Head templates: {{head|vi|conjunction|head=|tr=}} ngộ, {{vi-conj}} ngộ
  1. Short for ngộ nhỡ (“in case of; if by chance”). Tags: abbreviation, alt-of Alternative form of: ngộ nhỡ (extra: in case of; if by chance)
    Sense id: en-ngộ-vi-conj-WQ53CEba Categories (other): Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header, Vietnamese nouns without classifiers Disambiguation of Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header: 3 20 1 33 33 4 0 4 3 Disambiguation of Vietnamese nouns without classifiers: 8 17 5 19 16 16 1 8 9
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 2

Noun

IPA: [ŋo˧˨ʔ] [Hà-Nội], [ŋow˨˩ʔ] [Huế], [ŋow˨˩˨] (note: Saigon)
Etymology: Sino-Vietnamese word from 悟. Compare Japanese 悟り (satori, “enlightenment”) which is also written with this Chinese character. Etymology templates: {{categorize|vi|Sino-Vietnamese words}}, {{vi-etym-sino|悟}} Sino-Vietnamese word from 悟, {{cog|ja|悟り||enlightenment|tr=satori}} Japanese 悟り (satori, “enlightenment”) Head templates: {{head|vi|noun|||head=|tr=}} ngộ, {{vi-noun}} ngộ
  1. (Buddhism) enlightenment Categories (topical): Buddhism
    Sense id: en-ngộ-vi-noun-gSP8V95z Categories (other): Vietnamese nouns without classifiers Disambiguation of Vietnamese nouns without classifiers: 8 17 5 19 16 16 1 8 9 Topics: Buddhism, lifestyle, religion
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 5

Pronoun

IPA: [ŋo˧˨ʔ] [Hà-Nội], [ŋow˨˩ʔ] [Huế], [ŋow˨˩˨] (note: Saigon)
Etymology: Borrowed from Cantonese 我 (ngo5, ngã). See also nị (“thee”). Etymology templates: {{bor|vi|yue|我|tr=ngo5, ngã}} Cantonese 我 (ngo5, ngã) Head templates: {{head|vi|pronoun|head=|tr=}} ngộ, {{vi-pronoun}} ngộ
  1. (humorous, especially in mimicking stereotypical "Chinese" speech) I; me Tags: especially, humorous
    Sense id: en-ngộ-vi-pron-ZLbvprAF Categories (other): Vietnamese pronouns
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 4

Verb

IPA: [ŋo˧˨ʔ] [Hà-Nội], [ŋow˨˩ʔ] [Huế], [ŋow˨˩˨] (note: Saigon)
Etymology: Sino-Vietnamese word from 遇. Etymology templates: {{categorize|vi|Sino-Vietnamese words}}, {{vi-etym-sino|遇}} Sino-Vietnamese word from 遇 Head templates: {{head|vi|verb|||head=|tr=}} ngộ, {{vi-verb}} ngộ
  1. (dated, rare) to meet; to encounter Tags: dated, rare
    Sense id: en-ngộ-vi-verb-4rcGp~0Y
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 2

Verb

IPA: [ŋo˧˨ʔ] [Hà-Nội], [ŋow˨˩ʔ] [Huế], [ŋow˨˩˨] (note: Saigon)
Etymology: Sino-Vietnamese word from 悟. Compare Japanese 悟り (satori, “enlightenment”) which is also written with this Chinese character. Etymology templates: {{categorize|vi|Sino-Vietnamese words}}, {{vi-etym-sino|悟}} Sino-Vietnamese word from 悟, {{cog|ja|悟り||enlightenment|tr=satori}} Japanese 悟り (satori, “enlightenment”) Head templates: {{head|vi|verb|||head=|tr=}} ngộ, {{vi-verb}} ngộ
  1. (literary) to finally realize Tags: literary
    Sense id: en-ngộ-vi-verb-J3CxETWJ
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 5

Inflected forms

Download JSONL data for ngộ meaning in Vietnamese (9.6kB)

{
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "ngồ ngộ",
      "tags": [
        "diminutive",
        "reduplication"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "adjective",
        "3": "diminutive reduplication",
        "4": "ngồ ngộ",
        "5": "",
        "6": "",
        "7": "",
        "8": "",
        "head": "",
        "tr": ""
      },
      "expansion": "ngộ (diminutive reduplication ngồ ngộ)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "rdp": "y"
      },
      "expansion": "ngộ (diminutive reduplication ngồ ngộ)",
      "name": "vi-adj"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "adj",
  "related": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "roman": "từ láy",
      "word": "ngộ nghĩnh"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Southern Vietnamese",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "queer; quaint"
      ],
      "id": "en-ngộ-vi-adj-VDFZxLiF",
      "links": [
        [
          "queer",
          "queer"
        ],
        [
          "quaint",
          "quaint"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(Southern Vietnam) queer; quaint"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Southern",
        "Vietnam"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Southern Vietnamese",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "3 20 1 33 33 4 0 4 3",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "8 17 5 19 16 16 1 8 9",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Vietnamese nouns without classifiers",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "it's kinda funny that",
          "text": "kể cũng ngộ",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "sillily cute"
      ],
      "id": "en-ngộ-vi-adj-GJXpTC97",
      "links": [
        [
          "sillily",
          "sillily#English"
        ],
        [
          "cute",
          "cute#English"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(Southern Vietnam, colloquial) sillily cute"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Southern",
        "Vietnam",
        "colloquial"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋo˧˨ʔ]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋow˨˩ʔ]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋow˨˩˨]",
      "note": "Saigon"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ngộ"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "Sino-Vietnamese words"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "categorize"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "遇"
      },
      "expansion": "Sino-Vietnamese word from 遇",
      "name": "vi-etym-sino"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Sino-Vietnamese word from 遇.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "conjunction",
        "head": "",
        "tr": ""
      },
      "expansion": "ngộ",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "ngộ",
      "name": "vi-conj"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "conj",
  "senses": [
    {
      "alt_of": [
        {
          "extra": "in case of; if by chance",
          "word": "ngộ nhỡ"
        }
      ],
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "3 20 1 33 33 4 0 4 3",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "8 17 5 19 16 16 1 8 9",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Vietnamese nouns without classifiers",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Short for ngộ nhỡ (“in case of; if by chance”)."
      ],
      "id": "en-ngộ-vi-conj-WQ53CEba",
      "links": [
        [
          "ngộ nhỡ",
          "ngộ nhỡ#Vietnamese"
        ],
        [
          "in case of",
          "in case of"
        ],
        [
          "if",
          "if"
        ],
        [
          "by chance",
          "by chance"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "abbreviation",
        "alt-of"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋo˧˨ʔ]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋow˨˩ʔ]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋow˨˩˨]",
      "note": "Saigon"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ngộ"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "Sino-Vietnamese words"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "categorize"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "遇"
      },
      "expansion": "Sino-Vietnamese word from 遇",
      "name": "vi-etym-sino"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Sino-Vietnamese word from 遇.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "verb",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "head": "",
        "tr": ""
      },
      "expansion": "ngộ",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "ngộ",
      "name": "vi-verb"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "glosses": [
        "to meet; to encounter"
      ],
      "id": "en-ngộ-vi-verb-4rcGp~0Y",
      "links": [
        [
          "meet",
          "meet"
        ],
        [
          "encounter",
          "encounter"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(dated, rare) to meet; to encounter"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "dated",
        "rare"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋo˧˨ʔ]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋow˨˩ʔ]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋow˨˩˨]",
      "note": "Saigon"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ngộ"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 3,
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "adjective",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "6": "",
        "7": "",
        "8": "",
        "head": "",
        "tr": ""
      },
      "expansion": "ngộ",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "ngộ",
      "name": "vi-adj"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "adj",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Northern Vietnamese",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "mad; rabid"
      ],
      "id": "en-ngộ-vi-adj-EjcuCzXF",
      "links": [
        [
          "dog",
          "dog"
        ],
        [
          "mad",
          "mad"
        ],
        [
          "rabid",
          "rabid"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(Northern Vietnam, chiefly of dogs) mad; rabid"
      ],
      "raw_tags": [
        "of dogs"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Northern",
        "Vietnam"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Central Vietnamese",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "11 11 6 22 12 8 0 14 15",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Sino-Vietnamese words",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "3 20 1 33 33 4 0 4 3",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "8 17 5 19 16 16 1 8 9",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Vietnamese nouns without classifiers",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "hot-tempered"
      ],
      "id": "en-ngộ-vi-adj-G6a1eeRF",
      "links": [
        [
          "hot-tempered",
          "hot-tempered"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(Central Vietnam) hot-tempered"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Central",
        "Vietnam"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋo˧˨ʔ]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋow˨˩ʔ]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋow˨˩˨]",
      "note": "Saigon"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ngộ"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 4,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "yue",
        "3": "我",
        "tr": "ngo5, ngã"
      },
      "expansion": "Cantonese 我 (ngo5, ngã)",
      "name": "bor"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Borrowed from Cantonese 我 (ngo5, ngã). See also nị (“thee”).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "pronoun",
        "head": "",
        "tr": ""
      },
      "expansion": "ngộ",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "ngộ",
      "name": "vi-pronoun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "pron",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Vietnamese pronouns",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "I will have my revenge!",
          "text": "Ngộ sẽ páo chù!",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "I; me"
      ],
      "id": "en-ngộ-vi-pron-ZLbvprAF",
      "links": [
        [
          "humorous",
          "humorous"
        ],
        [
          "I",
          "I#English"
        ],
        [
          "me",
          "me#English"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(humorous, especially in mimicking stereotypical \"Chinese\" speech) I; me"
      ],
      "raw_tags": [
        "in mimicking stereotypical \"Chinese\" speech"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "especially",
        "humorous"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋo˧˨ʔ]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋow˨˩ʔ]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋow˨˩˨]",
      "note": "Saigon"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ngộ"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 5,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "Sino-Vietnamese words"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "categorize"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "悟"
      },
      "expansion": "Sino-Vietnamese word from 悟",
      "name": "vi-etym-sino"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ja",
        "2": "悟り",
        "3": "",
        "4": "enlightenment",
        "tr": "satori"
      },
      "expansion": "Japanese 悟り (satori, “enlightenment”)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Sino-Vietnamese word from 悟. Compare Japanese 悟り (satori, “enlightenment”) which is also written with this Chinese character.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "head": "",
        "tr": ""
      },
      "expansion": "ngộ",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "ngộ",
      "name": "vi-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "vi",
          "name": "Buddhism",
          "orig": "vi:Buddhism",
          "parents": [
            "Religion",
            "Culture",
            "Society",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "8 17 5 19 16 16 1 8 9",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Vietnamese nouns without classifiers",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "enlightenment"
      ],
      "id": "en-ngộ-vi-noun-gSP8V95z",
      "links": [
        [
          "Buddhism",
          "Buddhism"
        ],
        [
          "enlightenment",
          "enlightenment"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(Buddhism) enlightenment"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "Buddhism",
        "lifestyle",
        "religion"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋo˧˨ʔ]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋow˨˩ʔ]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋow˨˩˨]",
      "note": "Saigon"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ngộ"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 5,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "Sino-Vietnamese words"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "categorize"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "悟"
      },
      "expansion": "Sino-Vietnamese word from 悟",
      "name": "vi-etym-sino"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ja",
        "2": "悟り",
        "3": "",
        "4": "enlightenment",
        "tr": "satori"
      },
      "expansion": "Japanese 悟り (satori, “enlightenment”)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Sino-Vietnamese word from 悟. Compare Japanese 悟り (satori, “enlightenment”) which is also written with this Chinese character.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "verb",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "head": "",
        "tr": ""
      },
      "expansion": "ngộ",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "ngộ",
      "name": "vi-verb"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "In the end, I did come to the realization that...",
          "text": "Rồi tôi cũng ngộ ra rằng...",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to finally realize"
      ],
      "id": "en-ngộ-vi-verb-J3CxETWJ",
      "links": [
        [
          "finally",
          "finally"
        ],
        [
          "realize",
          "realize"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(literary) to finally realize"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "literary"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋo˧˨ʔ]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋow˨˩ʔ]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋow˨˩˨]",
      "note": "Saigon"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ngộ"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Sino-Vietnamese words",
    "Vietnamese adjectives",
    "Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header",
    "Vietnamese lemmas",
    "Vietnamese nouns",
    "Vietnamese nouns without classifiers",
    "Vietnamese terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Vietnamese verbs"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "ngồ ngộ",
      "tags": [
        "diminutive",
        "reduplication"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "adjective",
        "3": "diminutive reduplication",
        "4": "ngồ ngộ",
        "5": "",
        "6": "",
        "7": "",
        "8": "",
        "head": "",
        "tr": ""
      },
      "expansion": "ngộ (diminutive reduplication ngồ ngộ)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "rdp": "y"
      },
      "expansion": "ngộ (diminutive reduplication ngồ ngộ)",
      "name": "vi-adj"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "adj",
  "related": [
    {
      "roman": "từ láy",
      "word": "ngộ nghĩnh"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Southern Vietnamese"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "queer; quaint"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "queer",
          "queer"
        ],
        [
          "quaint",
          "quaint"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(Southern Vietnam) queer; quaint"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Southern",
        "Vietnam"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Southern Vietnamese",
        "Vietnamese colloquialisms",
        "Vietnamese terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "it's kinda funny that",
          "text": "kể cũng ngộ",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "sillily cute"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "sillily",
          "sillily#English"
        ],
        [
          "cute",
          "cute#English"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(Southern Vietnam, colloquial) sillily cute"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Southern",
        "Vietnam",
        "colloquial"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋo˧˨ʔ]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋow˨˩ʔ]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋow˨˩˨]",
      "note": "Saigon"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ngộ"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Sino-Vietnamese words",
    "Vietnamese conjunctions",
    "Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header",
    "Vietnamese lemmas",
    "Vietnamese nouns",
    "Vietnamese nouns without classifiers",
    "Vietnamese terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Vietnamese verbs"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "Sino-Vietnamese words"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "categorize"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "遇"
      },
      "expansion": "Sino-Vietnamese word from 遇",
      "name": "vi-etym-sino"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Sino-Vietnamese word from 遇.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "conjunction",
        "head": "",
        "tr": ""
      },
      "expansion": "ngộ",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "ngộ",
      "name": "vi-conj"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "conj",
  "senses": [
    {
      "alt_of": [
        {
          "extra": "in case of; if by chance",
          "word": "ngộ nhỡ"
        }
      ],
      "categories": [
        "Vietnamese short forms"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Short for ngộ nhỡ (“in case of; if by chance”)."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "ngộ nhỡ",
          "ngộ nhỡ#Vietnamese"
        ],
        [
          "in case of",
          "in case of"
        ],
        [
          "if",
          "if"
        ],
        [
          "by chance",
          "by chance"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "abbreviation",
        "alt-of"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋo˧˨ʔ]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋow˨˩ʔ]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋow˨˩˨]",
      "note": "Saigon"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ngộ"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Sino-Vietnamese words",
    "Vietnamese conjunctions",
    "Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header",
    "Vietnamese lemmas",
    "Vietnamese nouns",
    "Vietnamese nouns without classifiers",
    "Vietnamese terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Vietnamese verbs"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "Sino-Vietnamese words"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "categorize"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "遇"
      },
      "expansion": "Sino-Vietnamese word from 遇",
      "name": "vi-etym-sino"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Sino-Vietnamese word from 遇.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "verb",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "head": "",
        "tr": ""
      },
      "expansion": "ngộ",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "ngộ",
      "name": "vi-verb"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Vietnamese dated terms",
        "Vietnamese terms with rare senses"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to meet; to encounter"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "meet",
          "meet"
        ],
        [
          "encounter",
          "encounter"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(dated, rare) to meet; to encounter"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "dated",
        "rare"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋo˧˨ʔ]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋow˨˩ʔ]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋow˨˩˨]",
      "note": "Saigon"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ngộ"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Sino-Vietnamese words",
    "Vietnamese adjectives",
    "Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header",
    "Vietnamese lemmas",
    "Vietnamese nouns",
    "Vietnamese nouns without classifiers",
    "Vietnamese terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Vietnamese verbs"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 3,
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "adjective",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "6": "",
        "7": "",
        "8": "",
        "head": "",
        "tr": ""
      },
      "expansion": "ngộ",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "ngộ",
      "name": "vi-adj"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "adj",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Northern Vietnamese"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "mad; rabid"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "dog",
          "dog"
        ],
        [
          "mad",
          "mad"
        ],
        [
          "rabid",
          "rabid"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(Northern Vietnam, chiefly of dogs) mad; rabid"
      ],
      "raw_tags": [
        "of dogs"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Northern",
        "Vietnam"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Central Vietnamese"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "hot-tempered"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "hot-tempered",
          "hot-tempered"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(Central Vietnam) hot-tempered"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Central",
        "Vietnam"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋo˧˨ʔ]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋow˨˩ʔ]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋow˨˩˨]",
      "note": "Saigon"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ngộ"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Sino-Vietnamese words",
    "Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header",
    "Vietnamese lemmas",
    "Vietnamese nouns",
    "Vietnamese nouns without classifiers",
    "Vietnamese pronouns",
    "Vietnamese terms borrowed from Cantonese",
    "Vietnamese terms derived from Cantonese",
    "Vietnamese terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Vietnamese verbs"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 4,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "yue",
        "3": "我",
        "tr": "ngo5, ngã"
      },
      "expansion": "Cantonese 我 (ngo5, ngã)",
      "name": "bor"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Borrowed from Cantonese 我 (ngo5, ngã). See also nị (“thee”).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "pronoun",
        "head": "",
        "tr": ""
      },
      "expansion": "ngộ",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "ngộ",
      "name": "vi-pronoun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "pron",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Vietnamese humorous terms",
        "Vietnamese terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "I will have my revenge!",
          "text": "Ngộ sẽ páo chù!",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "I; me"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "humorous",
          "humorous"
        ],
        [
          "I",
          "I#English"
        ],
        [
          "me",
          "me#English"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(humorous, especially in mimicking stereotypical \"Chinese\" speech) I; me"
      ],
      "raw_tags": [
        "in mimicking stereotypical \"Chinese\" speech"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "especially",
        "humorous"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋo˧˨ʔ]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋow˨˩ʔ]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋow˨˩˨]",
      "note": "Saigon"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ngộ"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Sino-Vietnamese words",
    "Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header",
    "Vietnamese lemmas",
    "Vietnamese nouns",
    "Vietnamese nouns without classifiers",
    "Vietnamese terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Vietnamese verbs"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 5,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "Sino-Vietnamese words"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "categorize"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "悟"
      },
      "expansion": "Sino-Vietnamese word from 悟",
      "name": "vi-etym-sino"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ja",
        "2": "悟り",
        "3": "",
        "4": "enlightenment",
        "tr": "satori"
      },
      "expansion": "Japanese 悟り (satori, “enlightenment”)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Sino-Vietnamese word from 悟. Compare Japanese 悟り (satori, “enlightenment”) which is also written with this Chinese character.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "head": "",
        "tr": ""
      },
      "expansion": "ngộ",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "ngộ",
      "name": "vi-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "vi:Buddhism"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "enlightenment"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "Buddhism",
          "Buddhism"
        ],
        [
          "enlightenment",
          "enlightenment"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(Buddhism) enlightenment"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "Buddhism",
        "lifestyle",
        "religion"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋo˧˨ʔ]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋow˨˩ʔ]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋow˨˩˨]",
      "note": "Saigon"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ngộ"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Sino-Vietnamese words",
    "Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header",
    "Vietnamese lemmas",
    "Vietnamese nouns",
    "Vietnamese nouns without classifiers",
    "Vietnamese terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Vietnamese verbs"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 5,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "Sino-Vietnamese words"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "categorize"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "悟"
      },
      "expansion": "Sino-Vietnamese word from 悟",
      "name": "vi-etym-sino"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ja",
        "2": "悟り",
        "3": "",
        "4": "enlightenment",
        "tr": "satori"
      },
      "expansion": "Japanese 悟り (satori, “enlightenment”)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Sino-Vietnamese word from 悟. Compare Japanese 悟り (satori, “enlightenment”) which is also written with this Chinese character.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "verb",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "head": "",
        "tr": ""
      },
      "expansion": "ngộ",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "ngộ",
      "name": "vi-verb"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Vietnamese literary terms",
        "Vietnamese terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "In the end, I did come to the realization that...",
          "text": "Rồi tôi cũng ngộ ra rằng...",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to finally realize"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "finally",
          "finally"
        ],
        [
          "realize",
          "realize"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(literary) to finally realize"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "literary"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋo˧˨ʔ]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋow˨˩ʔ]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋow˨˩˨]",
      "note": "Saigon"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ngộ"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Vietnamese dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-07-11 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-07-01 using wiktextract (6dfc2a1 and 7cfad79). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.