"kelǭ" meaning in Proto-Germanic

See kelǭ in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

IPA: /ˈke.lɔ̃ː/
Etymology: From Proto-Indo-European *gel-, *gʷel- (“to swallow; throat”). Cognate with Latin gula (“throat”), Russian глота́ть (glotátʹ, “to swallow, gulp”), Old Armenian կլանեմ (klanem, “to swallow”), Persian گلو (galu, “throat”), Hindi गला (galā, “neck, throat”). Etymology templates: {{der|gem-pro|ine-pro|*gel-}} Proto-Indo-European *gel-, {{cog|la|gula||throat}} Latin gula (“throat”), {{cog|ru|глота́ть||to swallow, gulp}} Russian глота́ть (glotátʹ, “to swallow, gulp”), {{cog|xcl|կլանեմ||to swallow}} Old Armenian կլանեմ (klanem, “to swallow”), {{cog|fa|گلو||throat|tr=galu}} Persian گلو (galu, “throat”), {{cog|hi|गला||neck, throat}} Hindi गला (galā, “neck, throat”) Inflection templates: {{gem-decl-noun}} Forms: no-table-tags [table-tags], kelǭ [nominative, singular], kelōniz [nominative, plural], kelǭ [singular, vocative], kelōniz [plural, vocative], kelōnų [accusative, singular], kelōnunz [accusative, plural], kelōniz [genitive, singular], kelōnǫ̂ [genitive, plural], kelōni [dative, singular], kelōmaz [dative, plural], kelōnē [instrumental, singular], kelōmiz [instrumental, plural]
  1. throat Wikipedia link: Brill Publishers Tags: feminine, reconstruction Synonyms: kelaz Related terms: kelkô, keluz

Download JSON data for kelǭ meaning in Proto-Germanic (5.2kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*kelā"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *kelā\nOld English: ċeole, ċiole\nMiddle English: chel, cholle, joll\nEnglish: jowl\nScots: chowl, choul\nOld Frisian: *kele\nSaterland Frisian: Kääle\nWest Frisian: kiel\n⇒ Old Frisian: kolk\nSaterland Frisian: Kolk\nWest Frisian: kolcke\nOld Saxon: kela\nMiddle Low German: kēle, keele\nGerman Low German: Kehl\nOld Dutch: kela\nMiddle Dutch: kēle\nDutch: keel\nAfrikaans: keel\nNegerhollands: keel\nLimburgish: kael\nOld High German: kela, chela\nMiddle High German: kële, kël\nCimbrian: khéela\nGerman: Kehle",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *kelā\nOld English: ċeole, ċiole\nMiddle English: chel, cholle, joll\nEnglish: jowl\nScots: chowl, choul\nOld Frisian: *kele\nSaterland Frisian: Kääle\nWest Frisian: kiel\n⇒ Old Frisian: kolk\nSaterland Frisian: Kolk\nWest Frisian: kolcke\nOld Saxon: kela\nMiddle Low German: kēle, keele\nGerman Low German: Kehl\nOld Dutch: kela\nMiddle Dutch: kēle\nDutch: keel\nAfrikaans: keel\nNegerhollands: keel\nLimburgish: kael\nOld High German: kela, chela\nMiddle High German: kële, kël\nCimbrian: khéela\nGerman: Kehle"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "*kjala"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: *kjala",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: *kjala"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ovd",
            "2": "grą̊-tjyölu",
            "der": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "⇒ Elfdalian: grą̊-tjyölu",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "⇒ Elfdalian: grą̊-tjyölu"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sma",
            "2": "gealoe",
            "bor": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→ Southern Sami: gealoe",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ Southern Sami: gealoe"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "urj-fin-pro",
            "2": "*këlo",
            "bor": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→ Proto-Finnic: *këlo",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {},
          "expansion": "(see there for further descendants)",
          "name": "see desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ Proto-Finnic: *këlo (see there for further descendants)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*gel-"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *gel-",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "gula",
        "3": "",
        "4": "throat"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin gula (“throat”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ru",
        "2": "глота́ть",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to swallow, gulp"
      },
      "expansion": "Russian глота́ть (glotátʹ, “to swallow, gulp”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "xcl",
        "2": "կլանեմ",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to swallow"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Armenian կլանեմ (klanem, “to swallow”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fa",
        "2": "گلو",
        "3": "",
        "4": "throat",
        "tr": "galu"
      },
      "expansion": "Persian گلو (galu, “throat”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "hi",
        "2": "गला",
        "3": "",
        "4": "neck, throat"
      },
      "expansion": "Hindi गला (galā, “neck, throat”)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *gel-, *gʷel- (“to swallow; throat”).\nCognate with Latin gula (“throat”), Russian глота́ть (glotátʹ, “to swallow, gulp”), Old Armenian կլանեմ (klanem, “to swallow”), Persian گلو (galu, “throat”), Hindi गला (galā, “neck, throat”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-noun",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ōn-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kelǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kelōniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kelǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kelōniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kelōnų",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kelōnunz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kelōniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kelōnǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kelōni",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kelōmaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kelōnē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kelōmiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "gem-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/kelǭ",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Undetermined quotations with omitted translation",
          "parents": [
            "Quotations with omitted translation",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "throat"
      ],
      "id": "en-kelǭ-gem-pro-noun-SM8T9IGu",
      "links": [
        [
          "throat",
          "throat"
        ]
      ],
      "related": [
        {
          "word": "kelkô"
        },
        {
          "word": "keluz"
        }
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "kelaz"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "reconstruction"
      ],
      "wikipedia": [
        "Brill Publishers"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈke.lɔ̃ː/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "kelǭ"
}
{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*kelā"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *kelā\nOld English: ċeole, ċiole\nMiddle English: chel, cholle, joll\nEnglish: jowl\nScots: chowl, choul\nOld Frisian: *kele\nSaterland Frisian: Kääle\nWest Frisian: kiel\n⇒ Old Frisian: kolk\nSaterland Frisian: Kolk\nWest Frisian: kolcke\nOld Saxon: kela\nMiddle Low German: kēle, keele\nGerman Low German: Kehl\nOld Dutch: kela\nMiddle Dutch: kēle\nDutch: keel\nAfrikaans: keel\nNegerhollands: keel\nLimburgish: kael\nOld High German: kela, chela\nMiddle High German: kële, kël\nCimbrian: khéela\nGerman: Kehle",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *kelā\nOld English: ċeole, ċiole\nMiddle English: chel, cholle, joll\nEnglish: jowl\nScots: chowl, choul\nOld Frisian: *kele\nSaterland Frisian: Kääle\nWest Frisian: kiel\n⇒ Old Frisian: kolk\nSaterland Frisian: Kolk\nWest Frisian: kolcke\nOld Saxon: kela\nMiddle Low German: kēle, keele\nGerman Low German: Kehl\nOld Dutch: kela\nMiddle Dutch: kēle\nDutch: keel\nAfrikaans: keel\nNegerhollands: keel\nLimburgish: kael\nOld High German: kela, chela\nMiddle High German: kële, kël\nCimbrian: khéela\nGerman: Kehle"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "*kjala"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: *kjala",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: *kjala"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ovd",
            "2": "grą̊-tjyölu",
            "der": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "⇒ Elfdalian: grą̊-tjyölu",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "⇒ Elfdalian: grą̊-tjyölu"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sma",
            "2": "gealoe",
            "bor": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→ Southern Sami: gealoe",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ Southern Sami: gealoe"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "urj-fin-pro",
            "2": "*këlo",
            "bor": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→ Proto-Finnic: *këlo",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {},
          "expansion": "(see there for further descendants)",
          "name": "see desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ Proto-Finnic: *këlo (see there for further descendants)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*gel-"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *gel-",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "gula",
        "3": "",
        "4": "throat"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin gula (“throat”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ru",
        "2": "глота́ть",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to swallow, gulp"
      },
      "expansion": "Russian глота́ть (glotátʹ, “to swallow, gulp”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "xcl",
        "2": "կլանեմ",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to swallow"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Armenian կլանեմ (klanem, “to swallow”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fa",
        "2": "گلو",
        "3": "",
        "4": "throat",
        "tr": "galu"
      },
      "expansion": "Persian گلو (galu, “throat”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "hi",
        "2": "गला",
        "3": "",
        "4": "neck, throat"
      },
      "expansion": "Hindi गला (galā, “neck, throat”)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *gel-, *gʷel- (“to swallow; throat”).\nCognate with Latin gula (“throat”), Russian глота́ть (glotátʹ, “to swallow, gulp”), Old Armenian կլանեմ (klanem, “to swallow”), Persian گلو (galu, “throat”), Hindi गला (galā, “neck, throat”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-noun",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ōn-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kelǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kelōniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kelǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kelōniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kelōnų",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kelōnunz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kelōniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kelōnǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kelōni",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kelōmaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kelōnē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kelōmiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "gem-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/kelǭ",
  "pos": "noun",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "kelkô"
    },
    {
      "word": "keluz"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
        "Proto-Germanic feminine nouns",
        "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
        "Proto-Germanic nouns",
        "Proto-Germanic terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
        "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation",
        "Proto-Germanic ōn-stem nouns",
        "Undetermined quotations with omitted translation",
        "Undetermined terms with quotations",
        "gem-pro:Body parts"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "throat"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "throat",
          "throat"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "reconstruction"
      ],
      "wikipedia": [
        "Brill Publishers"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈke.lɔ̃ː/"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "kelaz"
    }
  ],
  "word": "kelǭ"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Germanic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-05-24 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-05-02 using wiktextract (46b31b8 and c7ea76d). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.