"zmierzch" meaning in Polish

See zmierzch in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

Etymology: Inherited from Old Polish zmierzk, from Proto-Slavic *mьrkъ. The final ch is due to hypercorrect avoidance of the dialectal -ch>-k change. Etymology templates: {{glossary|Inherited}} Inherited, {{inh|pl|zlw-opl|zmierzk|||g=|g2=|g3=|id=|lit=|nocat=|pos=|sc=|sort=|tr=|ts=}} Old Polish zmierzk, {{inh+|pl|zlw-opl|zmierzk}} Inherited from Old Polish zmierzk, {{inh|pl|sla-pro|*mьrkъ}} Proto-Slavic *mьrkъ Head templates: {{pl-noun|m-in}} zmierzch m inan Inflection templates: {{pl-decl-noun-m-in}} Forms: [table-tags], pl-decl-noun-m-in [inflection-template], zmierzch [nominative, singular], zmierzchy [nominative, plural], zmierzchu [genitive, singular], zmierzchów [genitive, plural], zmierzchowi [dative, singular], zmierzchom [dative, plural], zmierzch [accusative, singular], zmierzchy [accusative, plural], zmierzchem [instrumental, singular], zmierzchami [instrumental, plural], zmierzchu [locative, singular], zmierzchach [locative, plural], zmierzchu [singular, vocative], zmierzchy [plural, vocative]
  1. dusk, twilight Tags: inanimate, masculine Categories (topical): Times of day
    Sense id: zmierzch-pl-noun-yL0y5.gm Synonyms: zmrok Derived forms: zmierzchać

Download JSON data for zmierzch meaning in Polish (2.7kB)

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "Inherited"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited",
      "name": "glossary"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "zlw-opl",
        "3": "zmierzk",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "g": "",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "id": "",
        "lit": "",
        "nocat": "",
        "pos": "",
        "sc": "",
        "sort": "",
        "tr": "",
        "ts": ""
      },
      "expansion": "Old Polish zmierzk",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "zlw-opl",
        "3": "zmierzk"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited from Old Polish zmierzk",
      "name": "inh+"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "sla-pro",
        "3": "*mьrkъ"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Slavic *mьrkъ",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Inherited from Old Polish zmierzk, from Proto-Slavic *mьrkъ. The final ch is due to hypercorrect avoidance of the dialectal -ch>-k change.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "pl-decl-noun-m-in",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zmierzch",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zmierzchy",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zmierzchu",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zmierzchów",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zmierzchowi",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zmierzchom",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zmierzch",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zmierzchy",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zmierzchem",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zmierzchami",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zmierzchu",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zmierzchach",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zmierzchu",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zmierzchy",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m-in"
      },
      "expansion": "zmierzch m inan",
      "name": "pl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "pl-decl-noun-m-in"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Polish",
  "lang_code": "pl",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "pl",
          "name": "Times of day",
          "orig": "pl:Times of day",
          "parents": [
            "List of sets",
            "Periodic occurrences",
            "Timekeeping",
            "All sets",
            "Time",
            "Fundamental",
            "All topics"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "derived": [
        {
          "word": "zmierzchać"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "dusk, twilight"
      ],
      "id": "zmierzch-pl-noun-yL0y5.gm",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "dusk, twilight"
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "zmrok"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "inanimate",
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "zmierzch"
}
{
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "zmierzchać"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "Inherited"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited",
      "name": "glossary"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "zlw-opl",
        "3": "zmierzk",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "g": "",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "id": "",
        "lit": "",
        "nocat": "",
        "pos": "",
        "sc": "",
        "sort": "",
        "tr": "",
        "ts": ""
      },
      "expansion": "Old Polish zmierzk",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "zlw-opl",
        "3": "zmierzk"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited from Old Polish zmierzk",
      "name": "inh+"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "sla-pro",
        "3": "*mьrkъ"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Slavic *mьrkъ",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Inherited from Old Polish zmierzk, from Proto-Slavic *mьrkъ. The final ch is due to hypercorrect avoidance of the dialectal -ch>-k change.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "pl-decl-noun-m-in",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zmierzch",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zmierzchy",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zmierzchu",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zmierzchów",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zmierzchowi",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zmierzchom",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zmierzch",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zmierzchy",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zmierzchem",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zmierzchami",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zmierzchu",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zmierzchach",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zmierzchu",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zmierzchy",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m-in"
      },
      "expansion": "zmierzch m inan",
      "name": "pl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "pl-decl-noun-m-in"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Polish",
  "lang_code": "pl",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Polish 1-syllable words",
        "Polish inanimate nouns",
        "Polish lemmas",
        "Polish masculine nouns",
        "Polish nouns",
        "Polish terms derived from Old Polish",
        "Polish terms derived from Proto-Slavic",
        "Polish terms inherited from Old Polish",
        "Polish terms inherited from Proto-Slavic",
        "Polish terms with IPA pronunciation",
        "Polish terms with audio links",
        "Rhymes:Polish/ɛʂx",
        "Rhymes:Polish/ɛʂx/1 syllable",
        "pl:Times of day"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "dusk, twilight"
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "dusk, twilight"
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "zmrok"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "inanimate",
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "zmierzch"
}
{
  "called_from": "parser/1336",
  "msg": "no corresponding start tag found for </span>",
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  "section": "Polish",
  "subsection": "noun",
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  "trace": null
}

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}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Polish dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2022-11-25 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2022-11-20 using wiktextract.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.

The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.