"-um" meaning in Polish

See -um in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Suffix

IPA: /um/
Rhymes: -um Etymology: Learned borrowing from Latin -um. Doublet of -o. Etymology templates: {{dercat|pl|itc-pro|ine-pro}}, {{lbor|pl|la|-um}} Learned borrowing from Latin -um, {{dbt|pl|-o}} Doublet of -o Head templates: {{head|pl|suffix|g=n}} -um n Inflection templates: {{pl-decl-noun-n}} Forms: no-table-tags [table-tags], -um [nominative, singular], -a [nominative, plural], -um [genitive, singular], -ów [genitive, plural], -um [dative, singular], -om [dative, plural], -um [accusative, singular], -a [accusative, plural], -um [instrumental, singular], -ami [instrumental, plural], -um [locative, singular], -ach [locative, plural], -um [singular, vocative], -a [plural, vocative]
  1. suffix used in singular forms of Latin neuter borrowings Tags: morpheme, neuter

Download JSONL data for -um meaning in Polish (2.7kB)

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "itc-pro",
        "3": "ine-pro"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "dercat"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "-um"
      },
      "expansion": "Learned borrowing from Latin -um",
      "name": "lbor"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "-o"
      },
      "expansion": "Doublet of -o",
      "name": "dbt"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Learned borrowing from Latin -um. Doublet of -o.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "pl-decl-noun-n",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-um",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-a",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-um",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ów",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-um",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-om",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-um",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-a",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-um",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ami",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-um",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ach",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-um",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-a",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "suffix",
        "g": "n"
      },
      "expansion": "-um n",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "hyphenation": [
    "um"
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "pl-decl-noun-n"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Polish",
  "lang_code": "pl",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Polish entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Polish links with manual fragments",
          "parents": [
            "Links with manual fragments",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Polish links with redundant alt parameters",
          "parents": [
            "Links with redundant alt parameters",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Polish links with redundant wikilinks",
          "parents": [
            "Links with redundant wikilinks",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "suffix used in singular forms of Latin neuter borrowings"
      ],
      "id": "en--um-pl-suffix-nexf8ZzA",
      "tags": [
        "morpheme",
        "neuter"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/um/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-um"
    },
    {
      "homophone": "um"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-um"
}
{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "itc-pro",
        "3": "ine-pro"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "dercat"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "-um"
      },
      "expansion": "Learned borrowing from Latin -um",
      "name": "lbor"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "-o"
      },
      "expansion": "Doublet of -o",
      "name": "dbt"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Learned borrowing from Latin -um. Doublet of -o.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "pl-decl-noun-n",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-um",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-a",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-um",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ów",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-um",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-om",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-um",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-a",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-um",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ami",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-um",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ach",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-um",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-a",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "suffix",
        "g": "n"
      },
      "expansion": "-um n",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "hyphenation": [
    "um"
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "pl-decl-noun-n"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Polish",
  "lang_code": "pl",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Polish 1-syllable words",
        "Polish doublets",
        "Polish entries with incorrect language header",
        "Polish learned borrowings from Latin",
        "Polish lemmas",
        "Polish links with manual fragments",
        "Polish links with redundant alt parameters",
        "Polish links with redundant wikilinks",
        "Polish neuter suffixes",
        "Polish suffixes",
        "Polish terms borrowed from Latin",
        "Polish terms derived from Latin",
        "Polish terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
        "Polish terms derived from Proto-Italic",
        "Polish terms with IPA pronunciation",
        "Polish terms with homophones",
        "Rhymes:Polish/um",
        "Rhymes:Polish/um/1 syllable"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "suffix used in singular forms of Latin neuter borrowings"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme",
        "neuter"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/um/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-um"
    },
    {
      "homophone": "um"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-um"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Polish dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-07-13 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-07-01 using wiktextract (f8674bc and 7cfad79). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.