"τις" meaning in Greek

See τις in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Article

IPA: /ˈtis/
Etymology: From Byzantine Greek τὲς (tès) of the 11th century, through morphological levelling of the accusative and nominative plurals. Etymology templates: {{inh|el|gkm|τὲς}} Byzantine Greek τὲς (tès) Head templates: {{head|el|article|g=f-p|g2=|g3=|head=|sort=}} τις • (tis) f pl, {{el-art|g=f-p}} τις • (tis) f pl Forms: tis [romanization], no-table-tags [table-tags], ο [definite, masculine, nominative, singular], η [definite, feminine, nominative, singular], το [definite, neuter, nominative, singular], οι [definite, masculine, nominative, plural], οι [definite, feminine, nominative, plural], τα [definite, neuter, nominative, plural], του [definite, genitive, masculine, singular], της [definite, feminine, genitive, singular], του [definite, genitive, neuter, singular], των [definite, genitive, masculine, plural], των [definite, feminine, genitive, plural], των [definite, genitive, neuter, plural], το [accusative, definite, masculine, singular], τον [accusative, definite, masculine, singular], τη [accusative, definite, feminine, singular], την [accusative, definite, feminine, singular], το [accusative, definite, neuter, singular], τους [accusative, definite, masculine, plural], τις [accusative, definite, feminine, plural], τα [accusative, definite, neuter, plural]
  1. (definite) accusative feminine plural of ο (o) (the) Tags: accusative, definite, feminine, form-of, plural Form of: ο (extra: (o) (the)) Related terms: σε + τις giving στις (stis) (english: se) [contraction]
    Sense id: en-τις-el-article-CJS8271B
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 1

Pronoun

IPA: /ˈtis/ Forms: tis [romanization]
Etymology: From Byzantine Greek τὲς (tès) of the 11th century, through morphological levelling of the accusative and nominative plurals. Etymology templates: {{inh|el|gkm|τὲς}} Byzantine Greek τὲς (tès) Head templates: {{head|el|pronoun form|weak personal pronoun}} τις • (tis) (weak personal pronoun)
  1. them (3rd person feminine plural, accusative; used before the verb) Tags: personal, pronoun, weak Synonyms: τες (tes) (english: used after the verb)
    Sense id: en-τις-el-pron-rpqcmEJg Categories (other): Greek adjectives in irregular declensions, Greek articles, Greek entries with incorrect language header, Greek pronouns Disambiguation of Greek adjectives in irregular declensions: 13 79 7 Disambiguation of Greek articles: 23 77 Disambiguation of Greek entries with incorrect language header: 9 89 2 Disambiguation of Greek pronouns: 6 84 10 Related terms: αυτός •, αυτή •, αυτό •, τος •, τη •, το •, αυτοί •, αυτές •, αυτά •, τοι •, τες •, τα •, αυτού •, αυτής •, του • †, της • †, αυτών •, τους • †, αυτόν •, αυτήν •, τον •, την •, αυτούς •, τους •, τις •, τες •‡, There is no 3rd person vocative case.† These terms double as possessive pronouns.‡ is used before a verb (english: τις), after a verb.. All personal pronoun forms are displayed at εγώ (egó) (english: τες; I)
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 1

Pronoun

IPA: /ˈtis/
Etymology: From Ancient Greek τίς (tís), interrogative pronoun (masculine, feminine) and τί (tí) (neuter). Etymology templates: {{inh|el|grc|τίς}} Ancient Greek τίς (tís), {{m|grc|τί}} τί (tí) Head templates: {{head|el|pronoun|feminine|τις|||neuter|τι|g=m|head=|sort=}} τις • (tis) m (feminine τις, neuter τι), {{el-pron|desc=interrogative|f=τις|n=τι}} τις • (tis) m (feminine τις, neuter τι) interrogative Inflection templates: {{el-decl-1|τις|τις|τι|τίνες|τίνες|τίνα|τίνος|τίνος|τίνος|τίνων|τίνων|τίνων|τίνα|τίνα|τι|τίνας|τίνας|τίνα|note=All forms except genitives τίνος, τίνων and τι, are only used in set phrases in Modern Greek. Especially the datives τίνι (masculine, feminine, neuter singular), τίσι (masculine, feminine, neuter plural).}}, {{el-decl-adj-table|τις •|τις •|τι •|τίνες •|τίνες •|τίνα •|τίνος •|τίνος •|τίνος •|τίνων •|τίνων •|τίνων •|τίνα •|τίνα •|τι •|τίνας •|τίνας •|τίνα •|—|—|—|—|—|—}} Forms: tis [romanization], τις [feminine], τι [neuter], no-table-tags [table-tags], τις [masculine, nominative, singular], τις [feminine, nominative, singular], τι [neuter, nominative, singular], τίνες [masculine, nominative, plural], τίνες [feminine, nominative, plural], τίνα [neuter, nominative, plural], τίνος [genitive, masculine, singular], τίνος [feminine, genitive, singular], τίνος [genitive, neuter, singular], τίνων [genitive, masculine, plural], τίνων [feminine, genitive, plural], τίνων [genitive, neuter, plural], τίνα [accusative, masculine, singular], τίνα [accusative, feminine, singular], τι [accusative, neuter, singular], τίνας [accusative, masculine, plural], τίνας [accusative, feminine, plural], τίνα [accusative, neuter, plural], - [masculine, singular, vocative], - [feminine, singular, vocative], - [neuter, singular, vocative], - [masculine, plural, vocative], - [feminine, plural, vocative], - [neuter, plural, vocative], All forms except genitives τίνος, τίνων and τι, are only used in set phrases in Modern Greek. Especially the datives τίνι [feminine, masculine, neuter, singular], τίσι . [feminine, masculine, neuter, plural]
  1. (archaic, formal, mostly in set phrases) who? (what? / which person or people?) Tags: archaic, formal Synonyms: ποιος;, ποια;, ποιο;, τίς (tís) [polytonic]
    Sense id: en-τις-el-pron-A-mGwQAT
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 2

Inflected forms

Alternative forms

Download JSON data for τις meaning in Greek (11.6kB)

{
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "el",
        "2": "gkm",
        "3": "τὲς"
      },
      "expansion": "Byzantine Greek τὲς (tès)",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Byzantine Greek τὲς (tès) of the 11th century, through morphological levelling of the accusative and nominative plurals.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "tis",
      "tags": [
        "romanization"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "el-art-def",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ο",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "η",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "το",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "οι",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "οι",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "τα",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "του",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "της",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "του",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "των",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "των",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "των",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "το",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "definite",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "τον",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "definite",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "τη",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "definite",
        "feminine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "την",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "definite",
        "feminine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "το",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "definite",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "τους",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "definite",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "τις",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "definite",
        "feminine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "τα",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "definite",
        "neuter",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "el",
        "2": "article",
        "g": "f-p",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "τις • (tis) f pl",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "g": "f-p"
      },
      "expansion": "τις • (tis) f pl",
      "name": "el-art"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Greek",
  "lang_code": "el",
  "pos": "article",
  "senses": [
    {
      "form_of": [
        {
          "extra": "(o) (the)",
          "word": "ο"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "accusative feminine plural of ο (o) (the)"
      ],
      "id": "en-τις-el-article-CJS8271B",
      "links": [
        [
          "ο",
          "ο#Greek"
        ],
        [
          "the",
          "the"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(definite) accusative feminine plural of ο (o) (the)"
      ],
      "related": [
        {
          "english": "se",
          "roman": "stis",
          "tags": [
            "contraction"
          ],
          "word": "σε + τις giving στις"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "definite",
        "feminine",
        "form-of",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈtis/"
    },
    {
      "homophone": "της (tis)"
    }
  ],
  "word": "τις"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "el",
        "2": "gkm",
        "3": "τὲς"
      },
      "expansion": "Byzantine Greek τὲς (tès)",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Byzantine Greek τὲς (tès) of the 11th century, through morphological levelling of the accusative and nominative plurals.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "tis",
      "tags": [
        "romanization"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "el",
        "2": "pronoun form",
        "3": "weak personal pronoun"
      },
      "expansion": "τις • (tis) (weak personal pronoun)",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Greek",
  "lang_code": "el",
  "pos": "pron",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "13 79 7",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Greek adjectives in irregular declensions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "23 77",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Greek articles",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "9 89 2",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Greek entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "6 84 10",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Greek pronouns",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "them (3rd person feminine plural, accusative; used before the verb)"
      ],
      "id": "en-τις-el-pron-rpqcmEJg",
      "links": [
        [
          "them",
          "them"
        ],
        [
          "accusative",
          "accusative case"
        ]
      ],
      "related": [
        {
          "word": "αυτός •"
        },
        {
          "word": "αυτή •"
        },
        {
          "word": "αυτό •"
        },
        {
          "word": "τος •"
        },
        {
          "word": "τη •"
        },
        {
          "word": "το •"
        },
        {
          "word": "αυτοί •"
        },
        {
          "word": "αυτές •"
        },
        {
          "word": "αυτά •"
        },
        {
          "word": "τοι •"
        },
        {
          "word": "τες •"
        },
        {
          "word": "τα •"
        },
        {
          "word": "αυτού •"
        },
        {
          "word": "αυτής •"
        },
        {
          "word": "του • †"
        },
        {
          "word": "της • †"
        },
        {
          "word": "αυτών •"
        },
        {
          "word": "τους • †"
        },
        {
          "word": "αυτόν •"
        },
        {
          "word": "αυτήν •"
        },
        {
          "word": "τον •"
        },
        {
          "word": "την •"
        },
        {
          "word": "αυτούς •"
        },
        {
          "word": "τους •"
        },
        {
          "word": "τις •"
        },
        {
          "word": "τες •‡"
        },
        {
          "english": "τις",
          "word": "There is no 3rd person vocative case.† These terms double as possessive pronouns.‡ is used before a verb"
        },
        {
          "english": "τες; I",
          "roman": "egó",
          "word": "after a verb.. All personal pronoun forms are displayed at εγώ"
        }
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "english": "used after the verb",
          "roman": "tes",
          "word": "τες"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "weak"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈtis/"
    },
    {
      "homophone": "της (tis)"
    }
  ],
  "word": "τις"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "el",
        "2": "grc",
        "3": "τίς"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek τίς (tís)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "τί"
      },
      "expansion": "τί (tí)",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Ancient Greek τίς (tís), interrogative pronoun (masculine, feminine) and τί (tí) (neuter).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "tis",
      "tags": [
        "romanization"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "τις",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "τι",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "el-decl-1",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "τις",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "τις",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "τι",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "τίνες",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "τίνες",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "τίνα",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "τίνος",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "τίνος",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "τίνος",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "τίνων",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "τίνων",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "τίνων",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "τίνα",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "τίνα",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "τι",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "τίνας",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "τίνας",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "τίνα",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "All forms except genitives τίνος",
      "source": "declension"
    },
    {
      "form": "τίνων and τι",
      "source": "declension"
    },
    {
      "form": "are only used in set phrases in Modern Greek. Especially the datives τίνι",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "masculine",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "τίσι .",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "masculine",
        "neuter",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "el",
        "2": "pronoun",
        "3": "feminine",
        "4": "τις",
        "5": "",
        "6": "",
        "7": "neuter",
        "8": "τι",
        "g": "m",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "τις • (tis) m (feminine τις, neuter τι)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "desc": "interrogative",
        "f": "τις",
        "n": "τι"
      },
      "expansion": "τις • (tis) m (feminine τις, neuter τι) interrogative",
      "name": "el-pron"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "τις",
        "10": "τίνων",
        "11": "τίνων",
        "12": "τίνων",
        "13": "τίνα",
        "14": "τίνα",
        "15": "τι",
        "16": "τίνας",
        "17": "τίνας",
        "18": "τίνα",
        "2": "τις",
        "3": "τι",
        "4": "τίνες",
        "5": "τίνες",
        "6": "τίνα",
        "7": "τίνος",
        "8": "τίνος",
        "9": "τίνος",
        "note": "All forms except genitives τίνος, τίνων and τι, are only used in set phrases in Modern Greek. Especially the datives τίνι (masculine, feminine, neuter singular), τίσι (masculine, feminine, neuter plural)."
      },
      "name": "el-decl-1"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "τις •",
        "10": "τίνων •",
        "11": "τίνων •",
        "12": "τίνων •",
        "13": "τίνα •",
        "14": "τίνα •",
        "15": "τι •",
        "16": "τίνας •",
        "17": "τίνας •",
        "18": "τίνα •",
        "19": "—",
        "2": "τις •",
        "20": "—",
        "21": "—",
        "22": "—",
        "23": "—",
        "24": "—",
        "3": "τι •",
        "4": "τίνες •",
        "5": "τίνες •",
        "6": "τίνα •",
        "7": "τίνος •",
        "8": "τίνος •",
        "9": "τίνος •"
      },
      "name": "el-decl-adj-table"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Greek",
  "lang_code": "el",
  "pos": "pron",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "who is at fault?",
          "roman": "tis ptaíei?",
          "text": "τις πταίει;",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "english": "who are you?",
          "roman": "tis ei?",
          "text": "τις ει; (military, recognition)",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "english": "in what way?",
          "roman": "tíni trópo?",
          "text": "τίνι τρόπω;",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "english": "Whose [child] are you?",
          "ref": "Τίνος είσαι συ; (stereotypical phrase associated with elderly Greeks in small villages and communities to those they don't recognise)",
          "text": "Tínos eísai sy?",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "who? (what? / which person or people?)"
      ],
      "id": "en-τις-el-pron-A-mGwQAT",
      "links": [
        [
          "who",
          "who"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(archaic, formal, mostly in set phrases) who? (what? / which person or people?)"
      ],
      "raw_tags": [
        "in set phrases"
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "ποιος;"
        },
        {
          "word": "ποια;"
        },
        {
          "word": "ποιο;"
        },
        {
          "roman": "tís",
          "tags": [
            "polytonic"
          ],
          "word": "τίς"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "archaic",
        "formal"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈtis/"
    },
    {
      "homophone": "της (tis)"
    }
  ],
  "word": "τις"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Greek adjectives in irregular declensions",
    "Greek articles",
    "Greek entries with incorrect language header",
    "Greek lemmas",
    "Greek non-lemma forms",
    "Greek pronoun forms",
    "Greek pronouns",
    "Greek terms derived from Ancient Greek",
    "Greek terms derived from Byzantine Greek",
    "Greek terms inherited from Ancient Greek",
    "Greek terms inherited from Byzantine Greek",
    "Greek terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Greek terms with homophones"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "el",
        "2": "gkm",
        "3": "τὲς"
      },
      "expansion": "Byzantine Greek τὲς (tès)",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Byzantine Greek τὲς (tès) of the 11th century, through morphological levelling of the accusative and nominative plurals.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "tis",
      "tags": [
        "romanization"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "el-art-def",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ο",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "η",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "το",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "οι",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "οι",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "τα",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "του",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "της",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "του",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "των",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "των",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "των",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "το",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "definite",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "τον",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "definite",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "τη",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "definite",
        "feminine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "την",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "definite",
        "feminine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "το",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "definite",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "τους",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "definite",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "τις",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "definite",
        "feminine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "τα",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "definite",
        "neuter",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "el",
        "2": "article",
        "g": "f-p",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "τις • (tis) f pl",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "g": "f-p"
      },
      "expansion": "τις • (tis) f pl",
      "name": "el-art"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Greek",
  "lang_code": "el",
  "pos": "article",
  "related": [
    {
      "english": "se",
      "roman": "stis",
      "tags": [
        "contraction"
      ],
      "word": "σε + τις giving στις"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "form_of": [
        {
          "extra": "(o) (the)",
          "word": "ο"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "accusative feminine plural of ο (o) (the)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "ο",
          "ο#Greek"
        ],
        [
          "the",
          "the"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(definite) accusative feminine plural of ο (o) (the)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "definite",
        "feminine",
        "form-of",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈtis/"
    },
    {
      "homophone": "της (tis)"
    }
  ],
  "word": "τις"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Greek adjectives in irregular declensions",
    "Greek articles",
    "Greek entries with incorrect language header",
    "Greek lemmas",
    "Greek non-lemma forms",
    "Greek pronoun forms",
    "Greek pronouns",
    "Greek terms derived from Ancient Greek",
    "Greek terms derived from Byzantine Greek",
    "Greek terms inherited from Ancient Greek",
    "Greek terms inherited from Byzantine Greek",
    "Greek terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Greek terms with homophones"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "el",
        "2": "gkm",
        "3": "τὲς"
      },
      "expansion": "Byzantine Greek τὲς (tès)",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Byzantine Greek τὲς (tès) of the 11th century, through morphological levelling of the accusative and nominative plurals.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "tis",
      "tags": [
        "romanization"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "el",
        "2": "pronoun form",
        "3": "weak personal pronoun"
      },
      "expansion": "τις • (tis) (weak personal pronoun)",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Greek",
  "lang_code": "el",
  "pos": "pron",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "αυτός •"
    },
    {
      "word": "αυτή •"
    },
    {
      "word": "αυτό •"
    },
    {
      "word": "τος •"
    },
    {
      "word": "τη •"
    },
    {
      "word": "το •"
    },
    {
      "word": "αυτοί •"
    },
    {
      "word": "αυτές •"
    },
    {
      "word": "αυτά •"
    },
    {
      "word": "τοι •"
    },
    {
      "word": "τες •"
    },
    {
      "word": "τα •"
    },
    {
      "word": "αυτού •"
    },
    {
      "word": "αυτής •"
    },
    {
      "word": "του • †"
    },
    {
      "word": "της • †"
    },
    {
      "word": "αυτών •"
    },
    {
      "word": "τους • †"
    },
    {
      "word": "αυτόν •"
    },
    {
      "word": "αυτήν •"
    },
    {
      "word": "τον •"
    },
    {
      "word": "την •"
    },
    {
      "word": "αυτούς •"
    },
    {
      "word": "τους •"
    },
    {
      "word": "τις •"
    },
    {
      "word": "τες •‡"
    },
    {
      "english": "τις",
      "word": "There is no 3rd person vocative case.† These terms double as possessive pronouns.‡ is used before a verb"
    },
    {
      "english": "τες; I",
      "roman": "egó",
      "word": "after a verb.. All personal pronoun forms are displayed at εγώ"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "them (3rd person feminine plural, accusative; used before the verb)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "them",
          "them"
        ],
        [
          "accusative",
          "accusative case"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "weak"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈtis/"
    },
    {
      "homophone": "της (tis)"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "english": "used after the verb",
      "roman": "tes",
      "word": "τες"
    }
  ],
  "word": "τις"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Greek adjectives in irregular declensions",
    "Greek entries with incorrect language header",
    "Greek lemmas",
    "Greek pronouns",
    "Greek terms derived from Ancient Greek",
    "Greek terms inherited from Ancient Greek",
    "Greek terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Greek terms with homophones"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "el",
        "2": "grc",
        "3": "τίς"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek τίς (tís)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "τί"
      },
      "expansion": "τί (tí)",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Ancient Greek τίς (tís), interrogative pronoun (masculine, feminine) and τί (tí) (neuter).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "tis",
      "tags": [
        "romanization"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "τις",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "τι",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "el-decl-1",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "τις",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "τις",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "τι",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "τίνες",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "τίνες",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "τίνα",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "τίνος",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "τίνος",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "τίνος",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "τίνων",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "τίνων",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "τίνων",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "τίνα",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "τίνα",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "τι",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "τίνας",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "τίνας",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "τίνα",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "All forms except genitives τίνος",
      "source": "declension"
    },
    {
      "form": "τίνων and τι",
      "source": "declension"
    },
    {
      "form": "are only used in set phrases in Modern Greek. Especially the datives τίνι",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "masculine",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "τίσι .",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "masculine",
        "neuter",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "el",
        "2": "pronoun",
        "3": "feminine",
        "4": "τις",
        "5": "",
        "6": "",
        "7": "neuter",
        "8": "τι",
        "g": "m",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "τις • (tis) m (feminine τις, neuter τι)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "desc": "interrogative",
        "f": "τις",
        "n": "τι"
      },
      "expansion": "τις • (tis) m (feminine τις, neuter τι) interrogative",
      "name": "el-pron"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "τις",
        "10": "τίνων",
        "11": "τίνων",
        "12": "τίνων",
        "13": "τίνα",
        "14": "τίνα",
        "15": "τι",
        "16": "τίνας",
        "17": "τίνας",
        "18": "τίνα",
        "2": "τις",
        "3": "τι",
        "4": "τίνες",
        "5": "τίνες",
        "6": "τίνα",
        "7": "τίνος",
        "8": "τίνος",
        "9": "τίνος",
        "note": "All forms except genitives τίνος, τίνων and τι, are only used in set phrases in Modern Greek. Especially the datives τίνι (masculine, feminine, neuter singular), τίσι (masculine, feminine, neuter plural)."
      },
      "name": "el-decl-1"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "τις •",
        "10": "τίνων •",
        "11": "τίνων •",
        "12": "τίνων •",
        "13": "τίνα •",
        "14": "τίνα •",
        "15": "τι •",
        "16": "τίνας •",
        "17": "τίνας •",
        "18": "τίνα •",
        "19": "—",
        "2": "τις •",
        "20": "—",
        "21": "—",
        "22": "—",
        "23": "—",
        "24": "—",
        "3": "τι •",
        "4": "τίνες •",
        "5": "τίνες •",
        "6": "τίνα •",
        "7": "τίνος •",
        "8": "τίνος •",
        "9": "τίνος •"
      },
      "name": "el-decl-adj-table"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Greek",
  "lang_code": "el",
  "pos": "pron",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Greek formal terms",
        "Greek terms with archaic senses",
        "Greek terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "who is at fault?",
          "roman": "tis ptaíei?",
          "text": "τις πταίει;",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "english": "who are you?",
          "roman": "tis ei?",
          "text": "τις ει; (military, recognition)",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "english": "in what way?",
          "roman": "tíni trópo?",
          "text": "τίνι τρόπω;",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "english": "Whose [child] are you?",
          "ref": "Τίνος είσαι συ; (stereotypical phrase associated with elderly Greeks in small villages and communities to those they don't recognise)",
          "text": "Tínos eísai sy?",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "who? (what? / which person or people?)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "who",
          "who"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(archaic, formal, mostly in set phrases) who? (what? / which person or people?)"
      ],
      "raw_tags": [
        "in set phrases"
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "ποιος;"
        },
        {
          "word": "ποια;"
        },
        {
          "word": "ποιο;"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "archaic",
        "formal"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈtis/"
    },
    {
      "homophone": "της (tis)"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "roman": "tís",
      "tags": [
        "polytonic"
      ],
      "word": "τίς"
    }
  ],
  "word": "τις"
}
{
  "called_from": "inflection/2466",
  "msg": "accepted heuristic header: table cell identified as header and given candidate status, AND the cleaned text is in LANGUAGES_WITH_CELLS_AS_HEADERS[Greek]; cleaned text: number",
  "path": [
    "τις"
  ],
  "section": "Greek",
  "subsection": "article",
  "title": "τις",
  "trace": ""
}

{
  "called_from": "inflection/2466",
  "msg": "accepted heuristic header: table cell identified as header and given candidate status, AND the cleaned text is in LANGUAGES_WITH_CELLS_AS_HEADERS[Greek]; cleaned text: gender",
  "path": [
    "τις"
  ],
  "section": "Greek",
  "subsection": "article",
  "title": "τις",
  "trace": ""
}

{
  "called_from": "inflection/2466",
  "msg": "accepted heuristic header: table cell identified as header and given candidate status, AND the cleaned text is in LANGUAGES_WITH_CELLS_AS_HEADERS[Greek]; cleaned text: nominative",
  "path": [
    "τις"
  ],
  "section": "Greek",
  "subsection": "article",
  "title": "τις",
  "trace": ""
}

{
  "called_from": "inflection/2466",
  "msg": "accepted heuristic header: table cell identified as header and given candidate status, AND the cleaned text is in LANGUAGES_WITH_CELLS_AS_HEADERS[Greek]; cleaned text: genitive",
  "path": [
    "τις"
  ],
  "section": "Greek",
  "subsection": "article",
  "title": "τις",
  "trace": ""
}

{
  "called_from": "inflection/2466",
  "msg": "accepted heuristic header: table cell identified as header and given candidate status, AND the cleaned text is in LANGUAGES_WITH_CELLS_AS_HEADERS[Greek]; cleaned text: accusative",
  "path": [
    "τις"
  ],
  "section": "Greek",
  "subsection": "article",
  "title": "τις",
  "trace": ""
}

{
  "called_from": "inflection/1826",
  "msg": "inflection table: empty tags for All forms except genitives τίνος",
  "path": [
    "τις"
  ],
  "section": "Greek",
  "subsection": "pronoun",
  "title": "τις",
  "trace": ""
}

{
  "called_from": "inflection/1826",
  "msg": "inflection table: empty tags for τίνων and τι",
  "path": [
    "τις"
  ],
  "section": "Greek",
  "subsection": "pronoun",
  "title": "τις",
  "trace": ""
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Greek dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-05-20 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-05-02 using wiktextract (1d5a7d1 and 304864d). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.