"ⵜ-" meaning in Central Atlas Tamazight

See ⵜ- in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Pronoun

IPA: /t-/, [θ-] [Ayt-Ndhir] Forms: t- [alternative]
Etymology: From Proto-Berber *t-, from Proto-Afroasiatic *-t. Doublet of -ⵜ (-t). Etymology templates: {{inh|tzm|ber-pro|*t-}} Proto-Berber *t-, {{inh|tzm|afa-pro|*-t}} Proto-Afroasiatic *-t, {{doublet|tzm|-ⵜ}} Doublet of -ⵜ (-t) Head templates: {{tzm-pronoun|f}} ⵜ- • (t-) f
  1. she (third person feminine singular verb subject affix)
    Sense id: ⵜ--tzm-pron-8RHFEy3f Related terms: -ⵅ (-x), (i), —, -ⵉⵏⵓ (-inu), ⵏⴽⴽ (nkk), ⵜ- -ⴷ (t- -d), (c), ⵉⵛ (ic), ⴰⴽⴽ (akk), ⴰⵛ (ac), -ⵏⵏⵛ (-nnc), -ⵏⵛ (-nc), ⴽⴳⴳ (kgg), ⵛⴳⴳ (cgg), ⵛⵎ (english: cm), ⵉⵛⵎ (icm), ⴰⴽⴽⵯⵎ (akkʷm), (m), ⴰⵎ (english: am), -ⵏⵏⵎ (-nnm), ⴽⵎⵎ (kmm), ⵛⵎⵎ (cmm), ⵢ- (y-), (t), ⵉⵜ (english: it), (s), ⴰⵙ (english: as), -ⵏⵏⵙ (-nns), -ⵏⵙ (-ns), ⵏⵜⵜⴰ (ntta), ⵜⵜ (english: tt), ⵉⵜⵜ (itt), ⵏⵜⵜⴰⵜ (nttat), ⵏ- (n-), ⴰⵅ (english: ax), ⵏⵅ (nx), ⵜⵏⵅ (tnx), -ⵏⵏⵅ (-nnx), ⵏⵓⴽⴽⵏⵉ (nukkni), ⵜ- -ⵎ (t- -m), ⴽⵯⵏ (kʷn), ⵉⴽⵯⵏ (ikʷn), ⴰⴽⴽⵯⵏ (akkʷn), ⵡⵏ (wn), ⵓⵏ (english: un), ⵜⵓⵏ (tun), ⴰⵡⵏ (awn), -ⵏⵏⵓⵏ (-nnun), ⴽⵓⵏⵏⵉ (kunni), ⴽⵯⵏⵏⵉ (kʷnni), ⵜ- -ⵏⵜ (t- -nt), ⴽⵯⵏⵜ (kʷnt), ⵉⴽⵯⵏⵜ (ikʷnt), ⴰⴽⴽⵯⵏⵜ (akkʷnt), ⵜⴽⵯⵏⵜ (tkʷnt), ⴰⴽⵯⵏⵜ (akʷnt), -ⵏⴽⵯⵏⵜ (-nkʷnt), ⴽⵏⵉⵏⵜⵉ (kninti), ⴽⵯⵏⵏⵉⵎⵜⵉ (kʷnnimti), -ⵏ (-n), ⵜⵏ (tn), ⵉⵜⵏ (itn), ⵙⵏ (sn), ⵜⵙⵏ (tsn), ⴰⵙⵏ (asn), -ⵏⵙⵏ (-nsn), ⵏⵉⵀⵏⵉ (nihni), -ⵏⵜ (-nt), ⵜⵏⵜ (tnt), ⵉⵜⵏⵜ (itnt), ⵙⵏⵜ (snt), ⵜⵙⵏⵜ (tsnt), ⴰⵙⵏⵜ (asnt), -ⵏⵙⵏⵜ (-nsnt), ⵏⵉⵀⵏⵜⵉ (nihnti)

Suffix

IPA: /t-/, [θ-] [Ayt-Ndhir] Forms: t- [alternative]
Etymology: From Proto-Berber *t-, from Proto-Afroasiatic *-t. Doublet of -ⵜ (-t). Etymology templates: {{inh|tzm|ber-pro|*t-}} Proto-Berber *t-, {{inh|tzm|afa-pro|*-t}} Proto-Afroasiatic *-t, {{doublet|tzm|-ⵜ}} Doublet of -ⵜ (-t) Head templates: {{tzm-prefix}} ⵜ- • (t-)
  1. feminine prefix Tags: feminine, morpheme, prefix
    Sense id: ⵜ--tzm-suffix-48mQDjOd
  2. second person prefix Tags: morpheme, prefix, second-person
    Sense id: ⵜ--tzm-suffix-kKikx58G

Download JSON data for ⵜ- meaning in Central Atlas Tamazight (4.9kB)

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "tzm",
        "2": "ber-pro",
        "3": "*t-"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Berber *t-",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "tzm",
        "2": "afa-pro",
        "3": "*-t"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Afroasiatic *-t",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "tzm",
        "2": "-ⵜ"
      },
      "expansion": "Doublet of -ⵜ (-t)",
      "name": "doublet"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Berber *t-, from Proto-Afroasiatic *-t. Doublet of -ⵜ (-t).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "t-",
      "tags": [
        "alternative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "ⵜ- • (t-)",
      "name": "tzm-prefix"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Central Atlas Tamazight",
  "lang_code": "tzm",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "feminine prefix"
      ],
      "id": "ⵜ--tzm-suffix-48mQDjOd",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "morpheme",
        "prefix"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "second person prefix"
      ],
      "id": "ⵜ--tzm-suffix-kKikx58G",
      "tags": [
        "morpheme",
        "prefix",
        "second-person"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/t-/"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[θ-]",
      "tags": [
        "Ayt-Ndhir"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "ⵜ-"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "tzm",
        "2": "ber-pro",
        "3": "*t-"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Berber *t-",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "tzm",
        "2": "afa-pro",
        "3": "*-t"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Afroasiatic *-t",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "tzm",
        "2": "-ⵜ"
      },
      "expansion": "Doublet of -ⵜ (-t)",
      "name": "doublet"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Berber *t-, from Proto-Afroasiatic *-t. Doublet of -ⵜ (-t).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "t-",
      "tags": [
        "alternative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "f"
      },
      "expansion": "ⵜ- • (t-) f",
      "name": "tzm-pronoun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Central Atlas Tamazight",
  "lang_code": "tzm",
  "pos": "pron",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "She doesn't know",
          "roman": "ur tssn",
          "text": "ⵓⵔ ⵜⵙⵙⵏ",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "she (third person feminine singular verb subject affix)"
      ],
      "id": "ⵜ--tzm-pron-8RHFEy3f",
      "links": [
        [
          "she",
          "she"
        ]
      ],
      "related": [
        {
          "roman": "-x",
          "word": "-ⵅ"
        },
        {
          "roman": "i",
          "word": "ⵉ"
        },
        {
          "word": "—"
        },
        {
          "roman": "-inu",
          "word": "-ⵉⵏⵓ"
        },
        {
          "roman": "nkk",
          "word": "ⵏⴽⴽ"
        },
        {
          "roman": "t- -d",
          "word": "ⵜ- -ⴷ"
        },
        {
          "roman": "c",
          "word": "ⵛ"
        },
        {
          "roman": "ic",
          "word": "ⵉⵛ"
        },
        {
          "roman": "akk",
          "word": "ⴰⴽⴽ"
        },
        {
          "roman": "ac",
          "word": "ⴰⵛ"
        },
        {
          "roman": "-nnc",
          "word": "-ⵏⵏⵛ"
        },
        {
          "roman": "-nc",
          "word": "-ⵏⵛ"
        },
        {
          "roman": "kgg",
          "word": "ⴽⴳⴳ"
        },
        {
          "roman": "cgg",
          "word": "ⵛⴳⴳ"
        },
        {
          "english": "cm",
          "word": "ⵛⵎ"
        },
        {
          "roman": "icm",
          "word": "ⵉⵛⵎ"
        },
        {
          "roman": "akkʷm",
          "word": "ⴰⴽⴽⵯⵎ"
        },
        {
          "roman": "m",
          "word": "ⵎ"
        },
        {
          "english": "am",
          "word": "ⴰⵎ"
        },
        {
          "roman": "-nnm",
          "word": "-ⵏⵏⵎ"
        },
        {
          "roman": "kmm",
          "word": "ⴽⵎⵎ"
        },
        {
          "roman": "cmm",
          "word": "ⵛⵎⵎ"
        },
        {
          "roman": "y-",
          "word": "ⵢ-"
        },
        {
          "roman": "t",
          "word": "ⵜ"
        },
        {
          "english": "it",
          "word": "ⵉⵜ"
        },
        {
          "roman": "s",
          "word": "ⵙ"
        },
        {
          "english": "as",
          "word": "ⴰⵙ"
        },
        {
          "roman": "-nns",
          "word": "-ⵏⵏⵙ"
        },
        {
          "roman": "-ns",
          "word": "-ⵏⵙ"
        },
        {
          "roman": "ntta",
          "word": "ⵏⵜⵜⴰ"
        },
        {
          "english": "tt",
          "word": "ⵜⵜ"
        },
        {
          "roman": "itt",
          "word": "ⵉⵜⵜ"
        },
        {
          "roman": "nttat",
          "word": "ⵏⵜⵜⴰⵜ"
        },
        {
          "roman": "n-",
          "word": "ⵏ-"
        },
        {
          "english": "ax",
          "word": "ⴰⵅ"
        },
        {
          "roman": "nx",
          "word": "ⵏⵅ"
        },
        {
          "roman": "tnx",
          "word": "ⵜⵏⵅ"
        },
        {
          "roman": "-nnx",
          "word": "-ⵏⵏⵅ"
        },
        {
          "roman": "nukkni",
          "word": "ⵏⵓⴽⴽⵏⵉ"
        },
        {
          "roman": "t- -m",
          "word": "ⵜ- -ⵎ"
        },
        {
          "roman": "kʷn",
          "word": "ⴽⵯⵏ"
        },
        {
          "roman": "ikʷn",
          "word": "ⵉⴽⵯⵏ"
        },
        {
          "roman": "akkʷn",
          "word": "ⴰⴽⴽⵯⵏ"
        },
        {
          "roman": "wn",
          "word": "ⵡⵏ"
        },
        {
          "english": "un",
          "word": "ⵓⵏ"
        },
        {
          "roman": "tun",
          "word": "ⵜⵓⵏ"
        },
        {
          "roman": "awn",
          "word": "ⴰⵡⵏ"
        },
        {
          "roman": "-nnun",
          "word": "-ⵏⵏⵓⵏ"
        },
        {
          "roman": "kunni",
          "word": "ⴽⵓⵏⵏⵉ"
        },
        {
          "roman": "kʷnni",
          "word": "ⴽⵯⵏⵏⵉ"
        },
        {
          "roman": "t- -nt",
          "word": "ⵜ- -ⵏⵜ"
        },
        {
          "roman": "kʷnt",
          "word": "ⴽⵯⵏⵜ"
        },
        {
          "roman": "ikʷnt",
          "word": "ⵉⴽⵯⵏⵜ"
        },
        {
          "roman": "akkʷnt",
          "word": "ⴰⴽⴽⵯⵏⵜ"
        },
        {
          "roman": "tkʷnt",
          "word": "ⵜⴽⵯⵏⵜ"
        },
        {
          "roman": "akʷnt",
          "word": "ⴰⴽⵯⵏⵜ"
        },
        {
          "roman": "-nkʷnt",
          "word": "-ⵏⴽⵯⵏⵜ"
        },
        {
          "roman": "kninti",
          "word": "ⴽⵏⵉⵏⵜⵉ"
        },
        {
          "roman": "kʷnnimti",
          "word": "ⴽⵯⵏⵏⵉⵎⵜⵉ"
        },
        {
          "roman": "-n",
          "word": "-ⵏ"
        },
        {
          "roman": "tn",
          "word": "ⵜⵏ"
        },
        {
          "roman": "itn",
          "word": "ⵉⵜⵏ"
        },
        {
          "roman": "sn",
          "word": "ⵙⵏ"
        },
        {
          "roman": "tsn",
          "word": "ⵜⵙⵏ"
        },
        {
          "roman": "asn",
          "word": "ⴰⵙⵏ"
        },
        {
          "roman": "-nsn",
          "word": "-ⵏⵙⵏ"
        },
        {
          "roman": "nihni",
          "word": "ⵏⵉⵀⵏⵉ"
        },
        {
          "roman": "-nt",
          "word": "-ⵏⵜ"
        },
        {
          "roman": "tnt",
          "word": "ⵜⵏⵜ"
        },
        {
          "roman": "itnt",
          "word": "ⵉⵜⵏⵜ"
        },
        {
          "roman": "snt",
          "word": "ⵙⵏⵜ"
        },
        {
          "roman": "tsnt",
          "word": "ⵜⵙⵏⵜ"
        },
        {
          "roman": "asnt",
          "word": "ⴰⵙⵏⵜ"
        },
        {
          "roman": "-nsnt",
          "word": "-ⵏⵙⵏⵜ"
        },
        {
          "roman": "nihnti",
          "word": "ⵏⵉⵀⵏⵜⵉ"
        }
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/t-/"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[θ-]",
      "tags": [
        "Ayt-Ndhir"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "ⵜ-"
}
{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "tzm",
        "2": "ber-pro",
        "3": "*t-"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Berber *t-",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "tzm",
        "2": "afa-pro",
        "3": "*-t"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Afroasiatic *-t",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "tzm",
        "2": "-ⵜ"
      },
      "expansion": "Doublet of -ⵜ (-t)",
      "name": "doublet"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Berber *t-, from Proto-Afroasiatic *-t. Doublet of -ⵜ (-t).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "t-",
      "tags": [
        "alternative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "ⵜ- • (t-)",
      "name": "tzm-prefix"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Central Atlas Tamazight",
  "lang_code": "tzm",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "feminine prefix"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "morpheme",
        "prefix"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "second person prefix"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme",
        "prefix",
        "second-person"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/t-/"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[θ-]",
      "tags": [
        "Ayt-Ndhir"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "ⵜ-"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "tzm",
        "2": "ber-pro",
        "3": "*t-"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Berber *t-",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "tzm",
        "2": "afa-pro",
        "3": "*-t"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Afroasiatic *-t",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "tzm",
        "2": "-ⵜ"
      },
      "expansion": "Doublet of -ⵜ (-t)",
      "name": "doublet"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Berber *t-, from Proto-Afroasiatic *-t. Doublet of -ⵜ (-t).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "t-",
      "tags": [
        "alternative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "f"
      },
      "expansion": "ⵜ- • (t-) f",
      "name": "tzm-pronoun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Central Atlas Tamazight",
  "lang_code": "tzm",
  "pos": "pron",
  "related": [
    {
      "roman": "-x",
      "word": "-ⵅ"
    },
    {
      "roman": "i",
      "word": "ⵉ"
    },
    {
      "word": "—"
    },
    {
      "roman": "-inu",
      "word": "-ⵉⵏⵓ"
    },
    {
      "roman": "nkk",
      "word": "ⵏⴽⴽ"
    },
    {
      "roman": "t- -d",
      "word": "ⵜ- -ⴷ"
    },
    {
      "roman": "c",
      "word": "ⵛ"
    },
    {
      "roman": "ic",
      "word": "ⵉⵛ"
    },
    {
      "roman": "akk",
      "word": "ⴰⴽⴽ"
    },
    {
      "roman": "ac",
      "word": "ⴰⵛ"
    },
    {
      "roman": "-nnc",
      "word": "-ⵏⵏⵛ"
    },
    {
      "roman": "-nc",
      "word": "-ⵏⵛ"
    },
    {
      "roman": "kgg",
      "word": "ⴽⴳⴳ"
    },
    {
      "roman": "cgg",
      "word": "ⵛⴳⴳ"
    },
    {
      "english": "cm",
      "word": "ⵛⵎ"
    },
    {
      "roman": "icm",
      "word": "ⵉⵛⵎ"
    },
    {
      "roman": "akkʷm",
      "word": "ⴰⴽⴽⵯⵎ"
    },
    {
      "roman": "m",
      "word": "ⵎ"
    },
    {
      "english": "am",
      "word": "ⴰⵎ"
    },
    {
      "roman": "-nnm",
      "word": "-ⵏⵏⵎ"
    },
    {
      "roman": "kmm",
      "word": "ⴽⵎⵎ"
    },
    {
      "roman": "cmm",
      "word": "ⵛⵎⵎ"
    },
    {
      "roman": "y-",
      "word": "ⵢ-"
    },
    {
      "roman": "t",
      "word": "ⵜ"
    },
    {
      "english": "it",
      "word": "ⵉⵜ"
    },
    {
      "roman": "s",
      "word": "ⵙ"
    },
    {
      "english": "as",
      "word": "ⴰⵙ"
    },
    {
      "roman": "-nns",
      "word": "-ⵏⵏⵙ"
    },
    {
      "roman": "-ns",
      "word": "-ⵏⵙ"
    },
    {
      "roman": "ntta",
      "word": "ⵏⵜⵜⴰ"
    },
    {
      "english": "tt",
      "word": "ⵜⵜ"
    },
    {
      "roman": "itt",
      "word": "ⵉⵜⵜ"
    },
    {
      "roman": "nttat",
      "word": "ⵏⵜⵜⴰⵜ"
    },
    {
      "roman": "n-",
      "word": "ⵏ-"
    },
    {
      "english": "ax",
      "word": "ⴰⵅ"
    },
    {
      "roman": "nx",
      "word": "ⵏⵅ"
    },
    {
      "roman": "tnx",
      "word": "ⵜⵏⵅ"
    },
    {
      "roman": "-nnx",
      "word": "-ⵏⵏⵅ"
    },
    {
      "roman": "nukkni",
      "word": "ⵏⵓⴽⴽⵏⵉ"
    },
    {
      "roman": "t- -m",
      "word": "ⵜ- -ⵎ"
    },
    {
      "roman": "kʷn",
      "word": "ⴽⵯⵏ"
    },
    {
      "roman": "ikʷn",
      "word": "ⵉⴽⵯⵏ"
    },
    {
      "roman": "akkʷn",
      "word": "ⴰⴽⴽⵯⵏ"
    },
    {
      "roman": "wn",
      "word": "ⵡⵏ"
    },
    {
      "english": "un",
      "word": "ⵓⵏ"
    },
    {
      "roman": "tun",
      "word": "ⵜⵓⵏ"
    },
    {
      "roman": "awn",
      "word": "ⴰⵡⵏ"
    },
    {
      "roman": "-nnun",
      "word": "-ⵏⵏⵓⵏ"
    },
    {
      "roman": "kunni",
      "word": "ⴽⵓⵏⵏⵉ"
    },
    {
      "roman": "kʷnni",
      "word": "ⴽⵯⵏⵏⵉ"
    },
    {
      "roman": "t- -nt",
      "word": "ⵜ- -ⵏⵜ"
    },
    {
      "roman": "kʷnt",
      "word": "ⴽⵯⵏⵜ"
    },
    {
      "roman": "ikʷnt",
      "word": "ⵉⴽⵯⵏⵜ"
    },
    {
      "roman": "akkʷnt",
      "word": "ⴰⴽⴽⵯⵏⵜ"
    },
    {
      "roman": "tkʷnt",
      "word": "ⵜⴽⵯⵏⵜ"
    },
    {
      "roman": "akʷnt",
      "word": "ⴰⴽⵯⵏⵜ"
    },
    {
      "roman": "-nkʷnt",
      "word": "-ⵏⴽⵯⵏⵜ"
    },
    {
      "roman": "kninti",
      "word": "ⴽⵏⵉⵏⵜⵉ"
    },
    {
      "roman": "kʷnnimti",
      "word": "ⴽⵯⵏⵏⵉⵎⵜⵉ"
    },
    {
      "roman": "-n",
      "word": "-ⵏ"
    },
    {
      "roman": "tn",
      "word": "ⵜⵏ"
    },
    {
      "roman": "itn",
      "word": "ⵉⵜⵏ"
    },
    {
      "roman": "sn",
      "word": "ⵙⵏ"
    },
    {
      "roman": "tsn",
      "word": "ⵜⵙⵏ"
    },
    {
      "roman": "asn",
      "word": "ⴰⵙⵏ"
    },
    {
      "roman": "-nsn",
      "word": "-ⵏⵙⵏ"
    },
    {
      "roman": "nihni",
      "word": "ⵏⵉⵀⵏⵉ"
    },
    {
      "roman": "-nt",
      "word": "-ⵏⵜ"
    },
    {
      "roman": "tnt",
      "word": "ⵜⵏⵜ"
    },
    {
      "roman": "itnt",
      "word": "ⵉⵜⵏⵜ"
    },
    {
      "roman": "snt",
      "word": "ⵙⵏⵜ"
    },
    {
      "roman": "tsnt",
      "word": "ⵜⵙⵏⵜ"
    },
    {
      "roman": "asnt",
      "word": "ⴰⵙⵏⵜ"
    },
    {
      "roman": "-nsnt",
      "word": "-ⵏⵙⵏⵜ"
    },
    {
      "roman": "nihnti",
      "word": "ⵏⵉⵀⵏⵜⵉ"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Central Atlas Tamazight terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "She doesn't know",
          "roman": "ur tssn",
          "text": "ⵓⵔ ⵜⵙⵙⵏ",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "she (third person feminine singular verb subject affix)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "she",
          "she"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/t-/"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[θ-]",
      "tags": [
        "Ayt-Ndhir"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "ⵜ-"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Central Atlas Tamazight dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-01-28 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-01-20 using wiktextract (unknown and unknown). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.