"imperfective" meaning in All languages combined

Adjective [English]

Rhymes: -ɛktɪv Head templates: {{en-adj|-}} imperfective (not comparable)
  1. Of, relating to or having the properties of the imperfective aspect. Tags: not-comparable
    Sense id: imperfective-en-adj-ODFc5Zph Translations (related to the imperfective aspect): недаскана́лы (njedaskanály) (Belarusian), незако́нчаны (njezakónčany) (Belarusian), несвърше́н (nesvǎršén) (Bulgarian), 非完整 (fēiwánzhěng) [Mandarin] (Chinese), nedokonavý (Czech), imperfectif (French), imperfektiv (German), folyamatos (Hungarian), befejezetlen (Hungarian), imperfettivo (Italian), 未完了 (mikanryō) (alt: みかんりょう) (Japanese), не́свршен (nésvršen) (Macedonian), niedokonany (Polish), imperfectivo (Portuguese), несоверше́нный (nesoveršénnyj) (Russian), несвршен [Cyrillic] (Serbo-Croatian), nesvršen [Roman] (Serbo-Croatian), nedokonavý (Slovak), nedovršen (Slovene), недоко́наний (nedokónanyj) (Ukrainian)

Noun [English]

Rhymes: -ɛktɪv Head templates: {{en-noun}} imperfective (plural imperfectives) Forms: imperfectives [plural]
  1. The imperfective aspect; a verb having this aspect.
    Sense id: imperfective-en-noun-xhdmP3Ii Translations (imperfective aspect; verb with this aspect): 未完成式 (wèiwánchéngshì) [Mandarin] (Chinese), nedokonavý (Czech), imperfektiv (German), tʼahdii (Navajo), imperfectivo [masculine] (Portuguese), imperfectiv [neuter] (Romanian), несоверше́нный вид (nesoveršénnyj vid) [masculine] (Russian), nedovršen (Slovene)

Adjective [French]

Head templates: {{head|fr|adjective form}} imperfective
  1. feminine singular of imperfectif Tags: feminine, form-of, singular Form of: imperfectif
    Sense id: imperfective-fr-adj-3U4gc169

Inflected forms

Download JSON data for imperfective meaning in All languages combined (7.4kB)

{
  "categories": [],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "imperfective (not comparable)",
      "name": "en-adj"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "adj",
  "senses": [
    {
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "2006, Debra Ziegeler, Interfaces with English Aspect: Diachronic and Empirical Studies, John Benjamins Publishing Company, page 89",
          "text": "In the last chapter, we observed the rise of an imperfective marker in English, the Progressive, as the dominant and surviving member of a wider paradigm of imperfective aspectual functions in Old English, but which were no longer marked in the same way in later stages of the history of English."
        },
        {
          "ref": "2008, Constantine R. Campbell, Verbal Aspect and Non-indicative Verbs: Further Soundings in the Greek of the New Testament, Peter Lang, page 65",
          "text": "The former is the basic imperfective subjunctive, while the latter is prominent or intensified. […] While the present subjunctive is imperfective in aspect, the perfect subjunctive is imperfective in aspect and spatially proximate."
        },
        {
          "ref": "2012, Ronald W. Langacker, Essentials of Cognitive Grammar, Oxford University Press, page 157",
          "text": "Consider, then, the result of applying these tense morphemes to a perfective or an imperfective verb."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Of, relating to or having the properties of the imperfective aspect."
      ],
      "id": "imperfective-en-adj-ODFc5Zph",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "Of, relating to or having the properties of the imperfective aspect."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "not-comparable"
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "code": "be",
          "lang": "Belarusian",
          "roman": "njedaskanály",
          "sense": "related to the imperfective aspect",
          "word": "недаскана́лы"
        },
        {
          "code": "be",
          "lang": "Belarusian",
          "roman": "njezakónčany",
          "sense": "related to the imperfective aspect",
          "word": "незако́нчаны"
        },
        {
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "nesvǎršén",
          "sense": "related to the imperfective aspect",
          "word": "несвърше́н"
        },
        {
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese",
          "roman": "fēiwánzhěng",
          "sense": "related to the imperfective aspect",
          "tags": [
            "Mandarin"
          ],
          "word": "非完整"
        },
        {
          "code": "cs",
          "lang": "Czech",
          "sense": "related to the imperfective aspect",
          "word": "nedokonavý"
        },
        {
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "related to the imperfective aspect",
          "word": "imperfectif"
        },
        {
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "related to the imperfective aspect",
          "word": "imperfektiv"
        },
        {
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "related to the imperfective aspect",
          "word": "folyamatos"
        },
        {
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "related to the imperfective aspect",
          "word": "befejezetlen"
        },
        {
          "code": "it",
          "lang": "Italian",
          "sense": "related to the imperfective aspect",
          "word": "imperfettivo"
        },
        {
          "alt": "みかんりょう",
          "code": "ja",
          "lang": "Japanese",
          "roman": "mikanryō",
          "sense": "related to the imperfective aspect",
          "word": "未完了"
        },
        {
          "code": "mk",
          "lang": "Macedonian",
          "roman": "nésvršen",
          "sense": "related to the imperfective aspect",
          "word": "не́свршен"
        },
        {
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "related to the imperfective aspect",
          "word": "niedokonany"
        },
        {
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "related to the imperfective aspect",
          "word": "imperfectivo"
        },
        {
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "nesoveršénnyj",
          "sense": "related to the imperfective aspect",
          "word": "несоверше́нный"
        },
        {
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "related to the imperfective aspect",
          "tags": [
            "Cyrillic"
          ],
          "word": "несвршен"
        },
        {
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "related to the imperfective aspect",
          "tags": [
            "Roman"
          ],
          "word": "nesvršen"
        },
        {
          "code": "sk",
          "lang": "Slovak",
          "sense": "related to the imperfective aspect",
          "word": "nedokonavý"
        },
        {
          "code": "sl",
          "lang": "Slovene",
          "sense": "related to the imperfective aspect",
          "word": "nedovršen"
        },
        {
          "code": "uk",
          "lang": "Ukrainian",
          "roman": "nedokónanyj",
          "sense": "related to the imperfective aspect",
          "word": "недоко́наний"
        }
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "rhymes": "-ɛktɪv"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "Imperfective aspect"
  ],
  "word": "imperfective"
}

{
  "categories": [],
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "imperfectives",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "imperfective (plural imperfectives)",
      "name": "en-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "2005, Jane H. Hill, A Grammar of Cupeño, University of California Press, page 132",
          "text": "Examples of past imperfectives are shown in (42)."
        },
        {
          "ref": "2010, Viktoria Hasko, Renee Perelmutter, Introduction: Verbs of motion in Slavic languages: Paths for exploration, Viktoria Hasko, Renee Perelmutter (editors), New Approaches to Slavic Verbs of Motion, John Benjamins Publishing Company, page 5",
          "text": "These putative indeterminate imperfectives are innovative in form precisely because they add a manner meaning to the range of lexical meanings available to Proto-Slavic motion verbs."
        },
        {
          "ref": "2012, Ronald W. Langacker, Essentials of Cognitive Grammar, Oxford University Press, page 157",
          "text": "Past imperfectives are also unproblematic because imperfectives are mass-like in nature, hence contractible."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "The imperfective aspect; a verb having this aspect."
      ],
      "id": "imperfective-en-noun-xhdmP3Ii",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "The imperfective aspect; a verb having this aspect."
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese",
          "roman": "wèiwánchéngshì",
          "sense": "imperfective aspect; verb with this aspect",
          "tags": [
            "Mandarin"
          ],
          "word": "未完成式"
        },
        {
          "code": "cs",
          "lang": "Czech",
          "sense": "imperfective aspect; verb with this aspect",
          "word": "nedokonavý"
        },
        {
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "imperfective aspect; verb with this aspect",
          "word": "imperfektiv"
        },
        {
          "code": "nv",
          "lang": "Navajo",
          "sense": "imperfective aspect; verb with this aspect",
          "word": "tʼahdii"
        },
        {
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "imperfective aspect; verb with this aspect",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "imperfectivo"
        },
        {
          "code": "ro",
          "lang": "Romanian",
          "sense": "imperfective aspect; verb with this aspect",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "imperfectiv"
        },
        {
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "nesoveršénnyj vid",
          "sense": "imperfective aspect; verb with this aspect",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "несоверше́нный вид"
        },
        {
          "code": "sl",
          "lang": "Slovene",
          "sense": "imperfective aspect; verb with this aspect",
          "word": "nedovršen"
        }
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "rhymes": "-ɛktɪv"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "Imperfective aspect"
  ],
  "word": "imperfective"
}

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fr",
        "2": "adjective form"
      },
      "expansion": "imperfective",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "French",
  "lang_code": "fr",
  "pos": "adj",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "form_of": [
        {
          "word": "imperfectif"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "feminine singular of imperfectif"
      ],
      "id": "imperfective-fr-adj-3U4gc169",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "feminine singular of imperfectif"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "form-of",
        "singular"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "imperfective"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "English adjectives",
    "English countable nouns",
    "English lemmas",
    "English nouns",
    "English uncomparable adjectives",
    "Rhymes:English/ɛktɪv",
    "Rhymes:English/ɛktɪv/4 syllables"
  ],
  "coordinate_terms": [
    {
      "word": "perfective"
    }
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "imperfectiveness"
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "imperfective (not comparable)",
      "name": "en-adj"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "adj",
  "senses": [
    {
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "2006, Debra Ziegeler, Interfaces with English Aspect: Diachronic and Empirical Studies, John Benjamins Publishing Company, page 89",
          "text": "In the last chapter, we observed the rise of an imperfective marker in English, the Progressive, as the dominant and surviving member of a wider paradigm of imperfective aspectual functions in Old English, but which were no longer marked in the same way in later stages of the history of English."
        },
        {
          "ref": "2008, Constantine R. Campbell, Verbal Aspect and Non-indicative Verbs: Further Soundings in the Greek of the New Testament, Peter Lang, page 65",
          "text": "The former is the basic imperfective subjunctive, while the latter is prominent or intensified. […] While the present subjunctive is imperfective in aspect, the perfect subjunctive is imperfective in aspect and spatially proximate."
        },
        {
          "ref": "2012, Ronald W. Langacker, Essentials of Cognitive Grammar, Oxford University Press, page 157",
          "text": "Consider, then, the result of applying these tense morphemes to a perfective or an imperfective verb."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Of, relating to or having the properties of the imperfective aspect."
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "Of, relating to or having the properties of the imperfective aspect."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "not-comparable"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "rhymes": "-ɛktɪv"
    }
  ],
  "translations": [
    {
      "code": "be",
      "lang": "Belarusian",
      "roman": "njedaskanály",
      "sense": "related to the imperfective aspect",
      "word": "недаскана́лы"
    },
    {
      "code": "be",
      "lang": "Belarusian",
      "roman": "njezakónčany",
      "sense": "related to the imperfective aspect",
      "word": "незако́нчаны"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "nesvǎršén",
      "sense": "related to the imperfective aspect",
      "word": "несвърше́н"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese",
      "roman": "fēiwánzhěng",
      "sense": "related to the imperfective aspect",
      "tags": [
        "Mandarin"
      ],
      "word": "非完整"
    },
    {
      "code": "cs",
      "lang": "Czech",
      "sense": "related to the imperfective aspect",
      "word": "nedokonavý"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "related to the imperfective aspect",
      "word": "imperfectif"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "related to the imperfective aspect",
      "word": "imperfektiv"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "related to the imperfective aspect",
      "word": "folyamatos"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "related to the imperfective aspect",
      "word": "befejezetlen"
    },
    {
      "code": "it",
      "lang": "Italian",
      "sense": "related to the imperfective aspect",
      "word": "imperfettivo"
    },
    {
      "alt": "みかんりょう",
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "mikanryō",
      "sense": "related to the imperfective aspect",
      "word": "未完了"
    },
    {
      "code": "mk",
      "lang": "Macedonian",
      "roman": "nésvršen",
      "sense": "related to the imperfective aspect",
      "word": "не́свршен"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "related to the imperfective aspect",
      "word": "niedokonany"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "related to the imperfective aspect",
      "word": "imperfectivo"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "nesoveršénnyj",
      "sense": "related to the imperfective aspect",
      "word": "несоверше́нный"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "related to the imperfective aspect",
      "tags": [
        "Cyrillic"
      ],
      "word": "несвршен"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "related to the imperfective aspect",
      "tags": [
        "Roman"
      ],
      "word": "nesvršen"
    },
    {
      "code": "sk",
      "lang": "Slovak",
      "sense": "related to the imperfective aspect",
      "word": "nedokonavý"
    },
    {
      "code": "sl",
      "lang": "Slovene",
      "sense": "related to the imperfective aspect",
      "word": "nedovršen"
    },
    {
      "code": "uk",
      "lang": "Ukrainian",
      "roman": "nedokónanyj",
      "sense": "related to the imperfective aspect",
      "word": "недоко́наний"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "Imperfective aspect"
  ],
  "word": "imperfective"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "English adjectives",
    "English countable nouns",
    "English lemmas",
    "English nouns",
    "English uncomparable adjectives",
    "Rhymes:English/ɛktɪv",
    "Rhymes:English/ɛktɪv/4 syllables"
  ],
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "imperfectives",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
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      "args": {},
      "expansion": "imperfective (plural imperfectives)",
      "name": "en-noun"
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  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "2005, Jane H. Hill, A Grammar of Cupeño, University of California Press, page 132",
          "text": "Examples of past imperfectives are shown in (42)."
        },
        {
          "ref": "2010, Viktoria Hasko, Renee Perelmutter, Introduction: Verbs of motion in Slavic languages: Paths for exploration, Viktoria Hasko, Renee Perelmutter (editors), New Approaches to Slavic Verbs of Motion, John Benjamins Publishing Company, page 5",
          "text": "These putative indeterminate imperfectives are innovative in form precisely because they add a manner meaning to the range of lexical meanings available to Proto-Slavic motion verbs."
        },
        {
          "ref": "2012, Ronald W. Langacker, Essentials of Cognitive Grammar, Oxford University Press, page 157",
          "text": "Past imperfectives are also unproblematic because imperfectives are mass-like in nature, hence contractible."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "The imperfective aspect; a verb having this aspect."
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "The imperfective aspect; a verb having this aspect."
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "rhymes": "-ɛktɪv"
    }
  ],
  "translations": [
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese",
      "roman": "wèiwánchéngshì",
      "sense": "imperfective aspect; verb with this aspect",
      "tags": [
        "Mandarin"
      ],
      "word": "未完成式"
    },
    {
      "code": "cs",
      "lang": "Czech",
      "sense": "imperfective aspect; verb with this aspect",
      "word": "nedokonavý"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "imperfective aspect; verb with this aspect",
      "word": "imperfektiv"
    },
    {
      "code": "nv",
      "lang": "Navajo",
      "sense": "imperfective aspect; verb with this aspect",
      "word": "tʼahdii"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "imperfective aspect; verb with this aspect",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "imperfectivo"
    },
    {
      "code": "ro",
      "lang": "Romanian",
      "sense": "imperfective aspect; verb with this aspect",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "imperfectiv"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "nesoveršénnyj vid",
      "sense": "imperfective aspect; verb with this aspect",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "несоверше́нный вид"
    },
    {
      "code": "sl",
      "lang": "Slovene",
      "sense": "imperfective aspect; verb with this aspect",
      "word": "nedovršen"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "Imperfective aspect"
  ],
  "word": "imperfective"
}

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fr",
        "2": "adjective form"
      },
      "expansion": "imperfective",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "French",
  "lang_code": "fr",
  "pos": "adj",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "French adjective forms",
        "French non-lemma forms"
      ],
      "form_of": [
        {
          "word": "imperfectif"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "feminine singular of imperfectif"
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "feminine singular of imperfectif"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "form-of",
        "singular"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "imperfective"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable All languages combined dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2022-01-20 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2022-01-01 using wiktextract. The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.