"ngựa" meaning in Vietnamese

See ngựa in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Adjective

IPA: [ŋɨə˧˨ʔ] [Hà-Nội], [ŋɨə˨˩ʔ] [Huế], [ŋɨə˨˩˨] (note: Saigon) Audio: LL-Q9199 (vie)-Jessica Nguyen (Pamputt)-ngựa.wav
Etymology: From Proto-Vietic *m-ŋəːʔ. See also Chinese 午 (wǔ, “horse”) Etymology templates: {{inh|vi|mkh-vie-pro|*m-ŋəːʔ}} Proto-Vietic *m-ŋəːʔ, {{cog|zh|-}} Chinese, {{zh-l|午|horse}} 午 (wǔ, “horse”) Head templates: {{head|vi|adjective|||||||head=|tr=}} ngựa, {{vi-adj}} ngựa
  1. (figurative, chiefly Southern Vietnam, derogatory) obsessed with dolling yourself up Tags: Southern, Vietnam, derogatory, figuratively Synonyms: đĩ ngựa Related terms: tốt mã
    Sense id: en-ngựa-vi-adj-3xnr9Mtu Categories (other): Southern Vietnamese, Vietnamese nouns classified by con Disambiguation of Vietnamese nouns classified by con: 28 25 25 23

Noun

IPA: [ŋɨə˧˨ʔ] [Hà-Nội], [ŋɨə˨˩ʔ] [Huế], [ŋɨə˨˩˨] (note: Saigon) Audio: LL-Q9199 (vie)-Jessica Nguyen (Pamputt)-ngựa.wav Forms: con [classifier], thớt [classifier], [CJK]
Etymology: From Proto-Vietic *m-ŋəːʔ. See also Chinese 午 (wǔ, “horse”) Etymology templates: {{inh|vi|mkh-vie-pro|*m-ŋəːʔ}} Proto-Vietic *m-ŋəːʔ, {{cog|zh|-}} Chinese, {{zh-l|午|horse}} 午 (wǔ, “horse”) Head templates: {{head|vi|noun|||head=|tr=馭}} ngựa • (馭), {{vi-noun|馭|cls=con, thớt}} (classifier con, thớt) ngựa • (馭)
  1. a horse (members of the species Equus ferus)
    Sense id: en-ngựa-vi-noun-~idtv5GC Categories (other): Vietnamese nouns classified by con Disambiguation of Vietnamese nouns classified by con: 28 25 25 23
  2. (colloquial) Short for sức ngựa (“horsepower”). Tags: abbreviation, alt-of, colloquial Alternative form of: sức ngựa (extra: horsepower) Categories (topical): Foods Categories (lifeform): Horses
    Sense id: en-ngựa-vi-noun-n2~aFrch Disambiguation of Foods: 26 22 44 8 Disambiguation of Horses: 20 31 43 6 Categories (other): Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header, Vietnamese nouns classified by con, Vietnamese nouns classified by thớt Disambiguation of Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header: 22 26 51 2 Disambiguation of Vietnamese nouns classified by con: 28 25 25 23 Disambiguation of Vietnamese nouns classified by thớt: 23 19 41 17
  3. (Southern Vietnam) trestle Tags: Southern, Vietnam
    Sense id: en-ngựa-vi-noun-XgWh3ACG Categories (other): Southern Vietnamese, Vietnamese nouns classified by con Disambiguation of Vietnamese nouns classified by con: 28 25 25 23
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Derived forms: ngựa vằn (english: zebra)

Download JSONL data for ngựa meaning in Vietnamese (5.9kB)

{
  "derived": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "english": "zebra",
      "word": "ngựa vằn"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "mkh-vie-pro",
        "3": "*m-ŋəːʔ"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Vietic *m-ŋəːʔ",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "zh",
        "2": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Chinese",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "午",
        "2": "horse"
      },
      "expansion": "午 (wǔ, “horse”)",
      "name": "zh-l"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Vietic *m-ŋəːʔ. See also Chinese 午 (wǔ, “horse”)",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "con",
      "tags": [
        "classifier"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "thớt",
      "tags": [
        "classifier"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "馭",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "head": "",
        "tr": "馭"
      },
      "expansion": "ngựa • (馭)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "馭",
        "cls": "con, thớt"
      },
      "expansion": "(classifier con, thớt) ngựa • (馭)",
      "name": "vi-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "28 25 25 23",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Vietnamese nouns classified by con",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "a horse (members of the species Equus ferus)"
      ],
      "id": "en-ngựa-vi-noun-~idtv5GC",
      "links": [
        [
          "horse",
          "horse#English"
        ],
        [
          "Equus ferus",
          "Equus ferus#Translingual"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "alt_of": [
        {
          "extra": "horsepower",
          "word": "sức ngựa"
        }
      ],
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "22 26 51 2",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "28 25 25 23",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Vietnamese nouns classified by con",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "23 19 41 17",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Vietnamese nouns classified by thớt",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "26 22 44 8",
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "vi",
          "name": "Foods",
          "orig": "vi:Foods",
          "parents": [
            "Eating",
            "Food and drink",
            "Human behaviour",
            "All topics",
            "Human",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 31 43 6",
          "kind": "lifeform",
          "langcode": "vi",
          "name": "Horses",
          "orig": "vi:Horses",
          "parents": [
            "Equids",
            "Livestock",
            "Odd-toed ungulates",
            "Agriculture",
            "Animals",
            "Mammals",
            "Applied sciences",
            "Lifeforms",
            "Vertebrates",
            "Sciences",
            "All topics",
            "Life",
            "Chordates",
            "Fundamental",
            "Nature"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Short for sức ngựa (“horsepower”)."
      ],
      "id": "en-ngựa-vi-noun-n2~aFrch",
      "links": [
        [
          "sức ngựa",
          "sức ngựa#Vietnamese"
        ],
        [
          "horsepower",
          "horsepower"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(colloquial) Short for sức ngựa (“horsepower”)."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "abbreviation",
        "alt-of",
        "colloquial"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Southern Vietnamese",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "28 25 25 23",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Vietnamese nouns classified by con",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "trestle"
      ],
      "id": "en-ngựa-vi-noun-XgWh3ACG",
      "links": [
        [
          "trestle",
          "trestle"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(Southern Vietnam) trestle"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Southern",
        "Vietnam"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋɨə˧˨ʔ]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋɨə˨˩ʔ]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋɨə˨˩˨]",
      "note": "Saigon"
    },
    {
      "homophone": "Ngựa"
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q9199 (vie)-Jessica Nguyen (Pamputt)-ngựa.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/0/0a/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Jessica_Nguyen_%28Pamputt%29-ng%E1%BB%B1a.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Jessica_Nguyen_%28Pamputt%29-ng%E1%BB%B1a.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/0/0a/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Jessica_Nguyen_%28Pamputt%29-ng%E1%BB%B1a.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Jessica_Nguyen_%28Pamputt%29-ng%E1%BB%B1a.wav.ogg"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ngựa"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "mkh-vie-pro",
        "3": "*m-ŋəːʔ"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Vietic *m-ŋəːʔ",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "zh",
        "2": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Chinese",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "午",
        "2": "horse"
      },
      "expansion": "午 (wǔ, “horse”)",
      "name": "zh-l"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Vietic *m-ŋəːʔ. See also Chinese 午 (wǔ, “horse”)",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "adjective",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "6": "",
        "7": "",
        "8": "",
        "head": "",
        "tr": ""
      },
      "expansion": "ngựa",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "ngựa",
      "name": "vi-adj"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "adj",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Southern Vietnamese",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "28 25 25 23",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Vietnamese nouns classified by con",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "Why must be such an appearance-obsessed girl? All this money you spend on clothing and cosmetics.",
          "text": "Mày ngựa lắm con ạ. Tốn bao nhiêu là tiền mua quần áo với chả mĩ phẩm.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "obsessed with dolling yourself up"
      ],
      "id": "en-ngựa-vi-adj-3xnr9Mtu",
      "links": [
        [
          "derogatory",
          "derogatory"
        ],
        [
          "dolling yourself up",
          "doll up#English"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(figurative, chiefly Southern Vietnam, derogatory) obsessed with dolling yourself up"
      ],
      "related": [
        {
          "word": "tốt mã"
        }
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "đĩ ngựa"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Southern",
        "Vietnam",
        "derogatory",
        "figuratively"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋɨə˧˨ʔ]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋɨə˨˩ʔ]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋɨə˨˩˨]",
      "note": "Saigon"
    },
    {
      "homophone": "Ngựa"
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q9199 (vie)-Jessica Nguyen (Pamputt)-ngựa.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/0/0a/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Jessica_Nguyen_%28Pamputt%29-ng%E1%BB%B1a.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Jessica_Nguyen_%28Pamputt%29-ng%E1%BB%B1a.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/0/0a/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Jessica_Nguyen_%28Pamputt%29-ng%E1%BB%B1a.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Jessica_Nguyen_%28Pamputt%29-ng%E1%BB%B1a.wav.ogg"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ngựa"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Vietnamese adjectives",
    "Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header",
    "Vietnamese lemmas",
    "Vietnamese nouns",
    "Vietnamese nouns classified by con",
    "Vietnamese nouns classified by thớt",
    "Vietnamese terms derived from Proto-Vietic",
    "Vietnamese terms inherited from Proto-Vietic",
    "Vietnamese terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Vietnamese terms with audio links",
    "Vietnamese terms with homophones",
    "vi:Foods",
    "vi:Horses"
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "english": "zebra",
      "word": "ngựa vằn"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "mkh-vie-pro",
        "3": "*m-ŋəːʔ"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Vietic *m-ŋəːʔ",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "zh",
        "2": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Chinese",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "午",
        "2": "horse"
      },
      "expansion": "午 (wǔ, “horse”)",
      "name": "zh-l"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Vietic *m-ŋəːʔ. See also Chinese 午 (wǔ, “horse”)",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "con",
      "tags": [
        "classifier"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "thớt",
      "tags": [
        "classifier"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "馭",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "head": "",
        "tr": "馭"
      },
      "expansion": "ngựa • (馭)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "馭",
        "cls": "con, thớt"
      },
      "expansion": "(classifier con, thớt) ngựa • (馭)",
      "name": "vi-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "a horse (members of the species Equus ferus)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "horse",
          "horse#English"
        ],
        [
          "Equus ferus",
          "Equus ferus#Translingual"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "alt_of": [
        {
          "extra": "horsepower",
          "word": "sức ngựa"
        }
      ],
      "categories": [
        "Vietnamese colloquialisms",
        "Vietnamese short forms"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Short for sức ngựa (“horsepower”)."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "sức ngựa",
          "sức ngựa#Vietnamese"
        ],
        [
          "horsepower",
          "horsepower"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(colloquial) Short for sức ngựa (“horsepower”)."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "abbreviation",
        "alt-of",
        "colloquial"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Southern Vietnamese"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "trestle"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "trestle",
          "trestle"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(Southern Vietnam) trestle"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Southern",
        "Vietnam"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋɨə˧˨ʔ]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋɨə˨˩ʔ]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋɨə˨˩˨]",
      "note": "Saigon"
    },
    {
      "homophone": "Ngựa"
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q9199 (vie)-Jessica Nguyen (Pamputt)-ngựa.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/0/0a/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Jessica_Nguyen_%28Pamputt%29-ng%E1%BB%B1a.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Jessica_Nguyen_%28Pamputt%29-ng%E1%BB%B1a.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/0/0a/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Jessica_Nguyen_%28Pamputt%29-ng%E1%BB%B1a.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Jessica_Nguyen_%28Pamputt%29-ng%E1%BB%B1a.wav.ogg"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ngựa"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Vietnamese adjectives",
    "Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header",
    "Vietnamese lemmas",
    "Vietnamese nouns",
    "Vietnamese nouns classified by con",
    "Vietnamese nouns classified by thớt",
    "Vietnamese terms derived from Proto-Vietic",
    "Vietnamese terms inherited from Proto-Vietic",
    "Vietnamese terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Vietnamese terms with audio links",
    "Vietnamese terms with homophones",
    "vi:Foods",
    "vi:Horses"
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
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      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "mkh-vie-pro",
        "3": "*m-ŋəːʔ"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Vietic *m-ŋəːʔ",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "zh",
        "2": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Chinese",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "午",
        "2": "horse"
      },
      "expansion": "午 (wǔ, “horse”)",
      "name": "zh-l"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Vietic *m-ŋəːʔ. See also Chinese 午 (wǔ, “horse”)",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "adjective",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "6": "",
        "7": "",
        "8": "",
        "head": "",
        "tr": ""
      },
      "expansion": "ngựa",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "ngựa",
      "name": "vi-adj"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "adj",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "tốt mã"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Southern Vietnamese",
        "Vietnamese derogatory terms",
        "Vietnamese terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "Why must be such an appearance-obsessed girl? All this money you spend on clothing and cosmetics.",
          "text": "Mày ngựa lắm con ạ. Tốn bao nhiêu là tiền mua quần áo với chả mĩ phẩm.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "obsessed with dolling yourself up"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "derogatory",
          "derogatory"
        ],
        [
          "dolling yourself up",
          "doll up#English"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(figurative, chiefly Southern Vietnam, derogatory) obsessed with dolling yourself up"
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "đĩ ngựa"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Southern",
        "Vietnam",
        "derogatory",
        "figuratively"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋɨə˧˨ʔ]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋɨə˨˩ʔ]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋɨə˨˩˨]",
      "note": "Saigon"
    },
    {
      "homophone": "Ngựa"
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q9199 (vie)-Jessica Nguyen (Pamputt)-ngựa.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/0/0a/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Jessica_Nguyen_%28Pamputt%29-ng%E1%BB%B1a.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Jessica_Nguyen_%28Pamputt%29-ng%E1%BB%B1a.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/0/0a/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Jessica_Nguyen_%28Pamputt%29-ng%E1%BB%B1a.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Jessica_Nguyen_%28Pamputt%29-ng%E1%BB%B1a.wav.ogg"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ngựa"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Vietnamese dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-07-13 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-07-01 using wiktextract (f8674bc and 7cfad79). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.