"ngừa" meaning in Vietnamese

See ngừa in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Verb

IPA: [ŋɨə˨˩] [Hà-Nội], [ŋɨə˦˩] [Huế], [ŋɨə˨˩] (note: Saigon) Forms: 𢳶 [CJK], 𡐚 [CJK]
Etymology: Non-Sino-Vietnamese reading of Chinese 禦 (“to defend; to resist”, SV: ngự). Etymology templates: {{der|vi|zh|禦//|pos=SV: <i class="Latn mention" lang="vi">ngự</i>|t=to defend; to resist|tr=-}} Chinese 禦 (“to defend; to resist”, SV: ngự), {{vi-etym-sino|禦|to defend; to resist|ngự|hv=n}} Non-Sino-Vietnamese reading of Chinese 禦 (“to defend; to resist”, SV: ngự) Head templates: {{head|vi|verb|||head=|tr=𢳶, 𡐚}} ngừa • (𢳶, 𡐚), {{vi-verb|𢳶, 𡐚}} ngừa • (𢳶, 𡐚)
  1. to warn (against); to forewarn (about)
    Sense id: en-ngừa-vi-verb-WV~WDgaf Categories (other): Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header: 88 12
  2. (Southern Vietnam) to prevent; to avert Tags: Southern, Vietnam
    Sense id: en-ngừa-vi-verb-JL4MOKLC Categories (other): Southern Vietnamese
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Derived forms: ngăn ngừa, phòng ngừa

Download JSONL data for ngừa meaning in Vietnamese (1.9kB)

{
  "derived": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "ngăn ngừa"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "phòng ngừa"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "zh",
        "3": "禦//",
        "pos": "SV: <i class=\"Latn mention\" lang=\"vi\">ngự</i>",
        "t": "to defend; to resist",
        "tr": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Chinese 禦 (“to defend; to resist”, SV: ngự)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "禦",
        "2": "to defend; to resist",
        "3": "ngự",
        "hv": "n"
      },
      "expansion": "Non-Sino-Vietnamese reading of Chinese 禦 (“to defend; to resist”, SV: ngự)",
      "name": "vi-etym-sino"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Non-Sino-Vietnamese reading of Chinese 禦 (“to defend; to resist”, SV: ngự).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "𢳶",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "𡐚",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "verb",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "head": "",
        "tr": "𢳶, 𡐚"
      },
      "expansion": "ngừa • (𢳶, 𡐚)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "𢳶, 𡐚"
      },
      "expansion": "ngừa • (𢳶, 𡐚)",
      "name": "vi-verb"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "88 12",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to warn (against); to forewarn (about)"
      ],
      "id": "en-ngừa-vi-verb-WV~WDgaf",
      "links": [
        [
          "warn",
          "warn"
        ],
        [
          "forewarn",
          "forewarn"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Southern Vietnamese",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to prevent; to avert"
      ],
      "id": "en-ngừa-vi-verb-JL4MOKLC",
      "links": [
        [
          "prevent",
          "prevent"
        ],
        [
          "avert",
          "avert"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(Southern Vietnam) to prevent; to avert"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Southern",
        "Vietnam"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋɨə˨˩]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋɨə˦˩]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋɨə˨˩]",
      "note": "Saigon"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ngừa"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header",
    "Vietnamese lemmas",
    "Vietnamese terms derived from Chinese",
    "Vietnamese terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Vietnamese verbs"
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "ngăn ngừa"
    },
    {
      "word": "phòng ngừa"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "zh",
        "3": "禦//",
        "pos": "SV: <i class=\"Latn mention\" lang=\"vi\">ngự</i>",
        "t": "to defend; to resist",
        "tr": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Chinese 禦 (“to defend; to resist”, SV: ngự)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "禦",
        "2": "to defend; to resist",
        "3": "ngự",
        "hv": "n"
      },
      "expansion": "Non-Sino-Vietnamese reading of Chinese 禦 (“to defend; to resist”, SV: ngự)",
      "name": "vi-etym-sino"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Non-Sino-Vietnamese reading of Chinese 禦 (“to defend; to resist”, SV: ngự).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "𢳶",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "𡐚",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "verb",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "head": "",
        "tr": "𢳶, 𡐚"
      },
      "expansion": "ngừa • (𢳶, 𡐚)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "𢳶, 𡐚"
      },
      "expansion": "ngừa • (𢳶, 𡐚)",
      "name": "vi-verb"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "to warn (against); to forewarn (about)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "warn",
          "warn"
        ],
        [
          "forewarn",
          "forewarn"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Southern Vietnamese"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to prevent; to avert"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "prevent",
          "prevent"
        ],
        [
          "avert",
          "avert"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(Southern Vietnam) to prevent; to avert"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Southern",
        "Vietnam"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋɨə˨˩]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋɨə˦˩]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋɨə˨˩]",
      "note": "Saigon"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ngừa"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Vietnamese dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-07-13 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-07-01 using wiktextract (f8674bc and 7cfad79). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.