"-tus" meaning in Proto-Indo-European

See -tus in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Suffix

Head templates: {{head|ine-pro|suffix|cat2=noun-forming suffixes|g=m|head=*(é)-tus}} *(é)-tus m Inflection templates: {{ine-decl-noun-mf|(é)-tu|(Ø)-téw|ac=proterokinetic}} Forms: (é)-tus [canonical, masculine], no-table-tags [table-tags], -tus [nominative, singular], é-tus [nominative, singular], -tuh₁ [dual, nominative], -tuh₁e [dual, nominative], é₁ [dual, nominative], é₁e [dual, nominative], -tewes [nominative, plural], é-tewes [nominative, plural], -tu [singular, vocative], é-tu [singular, vocative], -tuh₁ [dual, vocative], -tuh₁e [dual, vocative], é₁ [dual, vocative], é₁e [dual, vocative], -tewes [plural, vocative], é-tewes [plural, vocative], -tum [accusative, singular], é-tum [accusative, singular], -tuh₁ [accusative, dual], -tuh₁e [accusative, dual], é₁ [accusative, dual], é₁e [accusative, dual], -tums [accusative, plural], é-tums [accusative, plural], -téws [genitive, singular], Ø-téws [genitive, singular], - [dual, genitive], -téwoHom [genitive, plural], Ø-téwoHom [genitive, plural], -téws [ablative, singular], Ø-téws [ablative, singular], - [ablative, dual], -túmos [ablative, plural], Ø-túmos [ablative, plural], -téwey [dative, singular], Ø-téwey [dative, singular], - [dative, dual], -túmos [dative, plural], Ø-túmos [dative, plural], -téw [locative, singular], Ø-téw [locative, singular], -téwi [locative, singular], Ø-téwi [locative, singular], - [dual, locative], -túsu [locative, plural], Ø-túsu [locative, plural], -túh₁ [instrumental, singular], Ø-túh₁ [instrumental, singular], - [dual, instrumental], -túmis [instrumental, plural], Ø-túmis [instrumental, plural]
  1. Derives action nouns from verb roots. Tags: morpheme, reconstruction Derived forms: -tweh₂ (alt: *-tu-eh₂ f) Derived forms (Proto-Balto-Slavic: *-istwa): -ьstvo (english: -ness) [Proto-Slavic, neuter] Derived forms (Proto-Hellenic: *-tunos m, ⇒ *-tunā f): -συνος (-sunos) [Ancient-Greek], -σύνη (-súnē) [Ancient-Greek] Derived forms (Proto-Indo-Aryan: *-twam): Sanskrit: -त्व n→ Bengali: -ত্বHindi: -पन→ Hindi: -त्वPunjabi: -تّ (-att) (english: -ness) [literary], -ਅੱਤ Derived forms (Proto-Italic: *-tūdō): -tūdō [Latin]
    Sense id: en--tus-ine-pro-suffix-FEjwNhj0

Download JSON data for -tus meaning in Proto-Indo-European (8.2kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ine-bsl-pro",
            "2": "*-tus"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Balto-Slavic: *-tus",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Balto-Slavic: *-tus"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "lv",
            "2": "-tus"
          },
          "expansion": "Latvian: -tus",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Latvian: -tus"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "lt",
            "2": "-tus"
          },
          "expansion": "Lithuanian: -tus",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Lithuanian: -tus"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sla-pro",
            "2": "*-ъkъ"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Slavic *-ъkъ",
          "name": "noncog"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sla-pro",
            "2": "*-tъ",
            "qq": "partially; regularly extended with Proto-Slavic <i class=\"Latn mention\" lang=\"sla-pro\">*-ъkъ</i>"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Slavic: *-tъ (partially; regularly extended with Proto-Slavic *-ъkъ)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Slavic: *-tъ (partially; regularly extended with Proto-Slavic *-ъkъ)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "cel-pro",
            "2": "*-tus"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Celtic: *-tus",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {},
          "expansion": "(see there for further descendants)",
          "name": "see desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Celtic: *-tus (see there for further descendants)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gem-pro",
            "2": "*-þuz"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Germanic: *-þuz",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {},
          "expansion": "(see there for further descendants)",
          "name": "see desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Germanic: *-þuz (see there for further descendants)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "grk-pro",
            "2": "*-tús"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Hellenic: *-tús",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Hellenic: *-tús"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "grc",
            "2": "-τύς"
          },
          "expansion": "Ancient Greek: -τύς (-tús)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Ancient Greek: -τύς (-tús)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "itc-pro",
            "2": "*-tus"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Italic: *-tus",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Italic: *-tus"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "la",
            "2": "-tum",
            "qq": "the supine; exists only in accusative and ablative"
          },
          "expansion": "Latin: -tum (the supine; exists only in accusative and ablative)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Latin: -tum (the supine; exists only in accusative and ablative)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "la",
            "2": "-tus"
          },
          "expansion": "Latin: -tus",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Latin: -tus"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "iir-pro",
            "2": ""
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Indo-Iranian:",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Indo-Iranian:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "inc-pro",
            "2": ""
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Indo-Aryan:",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Indo-Aryan:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sa",
            "2": "-तुम्",
            "3": ""
          },
          "expansion": "Sanskrit: -तुम् (-tum)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Sanskrit: -तुम् (-tum)"
    }
  ],
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "(é)-tus",
      "tags": [
        "canonical",
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ine-decl-noun-mf",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-tus",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é-tus",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-tuh₁",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-tuh₁e",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é₁",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é₁e",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-tewes",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é-tewes",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-tu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é-tu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-tuh₁",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-tuh₁e",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é₁",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é₁e",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-tewes",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é-tewes",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-tum",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é-tum",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-tuh₁",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-tuh₁e",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é₁",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é₁e",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-tums",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é-tums",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-téws",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-téws",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-téwoHom",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-téwoHom",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-téws",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-téws",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-túmos",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-túmos",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-téwey",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-téwey",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-túmos",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-túmos",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-téw",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-téw",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-téwi",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-téwi",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "locative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-túsu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-túsu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-túh₁",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-túh₁",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "instrumental"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-túmis",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-túmis",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "suffix",
        "cat2": "noun-forming suffixes",
        "g": "m",
        "head": "*(é)-tus"
      },
      "expansion": "*(é)-tus m",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "(é)-tu",
        "2": "(Ø)-téw",
        "ac": "proterokinetic"
      },
      "name": "ine-decl-noun-mf"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Indo-European",
  "lang_code": "ine-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/-tus",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "derived": [
        {
          "roman": "-sunos",
          "sense": "Proto-Hellenic: *-tunos m, ⇒ *-tunā f",
          "tags": [
            "Ancient-Greek"
          ],
          "word": "-συνος"
        },
        {
          "roman": "-súnē",
          "sense": "Proto-Hellenic: *-tunos m, ⇒ *-tunā f",
          "tags": [
            "Ancient-Greek"
          ],
          "word": "-σύνη"
        },
        {
          "sense": "Proto-Italic: *-tūdō",
          "tags": [
            "Latin"
          ],
          "word": "-tūdō"
        },
        {
          "alt": "*-tu-eh₂ f",
          "word": "-tweh₂"
        },
        {
          "english": "-ness",
          "sense": "Proto-Balto-Slavic: *-istwa",
          "tags": [
            "Proto-Slavic",
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "-ьstvo"
        },
        {
          "english": "-ness",
          "roman": "-att",
          "sense": "Proto-Indo-Aryan: *-twam",
          "tags": [
            "literary"
          ],
          "word": "Sanskrit: -त्व n→ Bengali: -ত্বHindi: -पन→ Hindi: -त्वPunjabi: -تّ"
        },
        {
          "sense": "Proto-Indo-Aryan: *-twam",
          "word": "-ਅੱਤ"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Derives action nouns from verb roots."
      ],
      "id": "en--tus-ine-pro-suffix-FEjwNhj0",
      "tags": [
        "morpheme",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-tus"
}
{
  "derived": [
    {
      "roman": "-sunos",
      "sense": "Proto-Hellenic: *-tunos m, ⇒ *-tunā f",
      "tags": [
        "Ancient-Greek"
      ],
      "word": "-συνος"
    },
    {
      "roman": "-súnē",
      "sense": "Proto-Hellenic: *-tunos m, ⇒ *-tunā f",
      "tags": [
        "Ancient-Greek"
      ],
      "word": "-σύνη"
    },
    {
      "sense": "Proto-Italic: *-tūdō",
      "tags": [
        "Latin"
      ],
      "word": "-tūdō"
    },
    {
      "alt": "*-tu-eh₂ f",
      "word": "-tweh₂"
    },
    {
      "english": "-ness",
      "sense": "Proto-Balto-Slavic: *-istwa",
      "tags": [
        "Proto-Slavic",
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "-ьstvo"
    },
    {
      "english": "-ness",
      "roman": "-att",
      "sense": "Proto-Indo-Aryan: *-twam",
      "tags": [
        "literary"
      ],
      "word": "Sanskrit: -त्व n→ Bengali: -ত্বHindi: -पन→ Hindi: -त्वPunjabi: -تّ"
    },
    {
      "sense": "Proto-Indo-Aryan: *-twam",
      "word": "-ਅੱਤ"
    }
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ine-bsl-pro",
            "2": "*-tus"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Balto-Slavic: *-tus",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Balto-Slavic: *-tus"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "lv",
            "2": "-tus"
          },
          "expansion": "Latvian: -tus",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Latvian: -tus"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "lt",
            "2": "-tus"
          },
          "expansion": "Lithuanian: -tus",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Lithuanian: -tus"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sla-pro",
            "2": "*-ъkъ"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Slavic *-ъkъ",
          "name": "noncog"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sla-pro",
            "2": "*-tъ",
            "qq": "partially; regularly extended with Proto-Slavic <i class=\"Latn mention\" lang=\"sla-pro\">*-ъkъ</i>"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Slavic: *-tъ (partially; regularly extended with Proto-Slavic *-ъkъ)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Slavic: *-tъ (partially; regularly extended with Proto-Slavic *-ъkъ)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "cel-pro",
            "2": "*-tus"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Celtic: *-tus",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {},
          "expansion": "(see there for further descendants)",
          "name": "see desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Celtic: *-tus (see there for further descendants)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gem-pro",
            "2": "*-þuz"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Germanic: *-þuz",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {},
          "expansion": "(see there for further descendants)",
          "name": "see desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Germanic: *-þuz (see there for further descendants)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "grk-pro",
            "2": "*-tús"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Hellenic: *-tús",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Hellenic: *-tús"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "grc",
            "2": "-τύς"
          },
          "expansion": "Ancient Greek: -τύς (-tús)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Ancient Greek: -τύς (-tús)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "itc-pro",
            "2": "*-tus"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Italic: *-tus",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Italic: *-tus"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "la",
            "2": "-tum",
            "qq": "the supine; exists only in accusative and ablative"
          },
          "expansion": "Latin: -tum (the supine; exists only in accusative and ablative)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Latin: -tum (the supine; exists only in accusative and ablative)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "la",
            "2": "-tus"
          },
          "expansion": "Latin: -tus",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Latin: -tus"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "iir-pro",
            "2": ""
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Indo-Iranian:",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Indo-Iranian:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "inc-pro",
            "2": ""
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Indo-Aryan:",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Indo-Aryan:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sa",
            "2": "-तुम्",
            "3": ""
          },
          "expansion": "Sanskrit: -तुम् (-tum)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Sanskrit: -तुम् (-tum)"
    }
  ],
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "(é)-tus",
      "tags": [
        "canonical",
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ine-decl-noun-mf",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-tus",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é-tus",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-tuh₁",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-tuh₁e",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é₁",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é₁e",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-tewes",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é-tewes",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-tu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é-tu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-tuh₁",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-tuh₁e",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é₁",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é₁e",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-tewes",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é-tewes",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-tum",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é-tum",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-tuh₁",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-tuh₁e",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é₁",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é₁e",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-tums",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é-tums",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-téws",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-téws",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-téwoHom",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-téwoHom",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-téws",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-téws",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-túmos",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-túmos",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-téwey",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-téwey",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-túmos",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-túmos",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-téw",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-téw",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-téwi",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-téwi",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "locative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-túsu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-túsu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-túh₁",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-túh₁",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "instrumental"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-túmis",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-túmis",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "suffix",
        "cat2": "noun-forming suffixes",
        "g": "m",
        "head": "*(é)-tus"
      },
      "expansion": "*(é)-tus m",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "(é)-tu",
        "2": "(Ø)-téw",
        "ac": "proterokinetic"
      },
      "name": "ine-decl-noun-mf"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Indo-European",
  "lang_code": "ine-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/-tus",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Proto-Indo-European lemmas",
        "Proto-Indo-European masculine suffixes",
        "Proto-Indo-European noun-forming suffixes",
        "Proto-Indo-European proterokinetic tu-stem nouns",
        "Proto-Indo-European suffixes"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Derives action nouns from verb roots."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-tus"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Indo-European dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-04-17 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-04-01 using wiktextract (0b52755 and 5cb0836). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.