"ub" meaning in Proto-Germanic

See ub in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Adverb

IPA: /uβ/
Etymology: From Proto-Indo-European *upó. Cognate with Latin sub, Ancient Greek ὑπό (hupó), Sanskrit उप (úpa). Etymology templates: {{inh|gem-pro|ine-pro|*upó}} Proto-Indo-European *upó, {{cog|la|sub}} Latin sub, {{cog|grc|ὑπό}} Ancient Greek ὑπό (hupó), {{cog|sa|उप|tr=úpa}} Sanskrit उप (úpa)
  1. under Tags: reconstruction Related terms: ubanē, uber, ufumô, upp, uppai, uba-
    Sense id: ub-gem-pro-adv-12d0imA3

Preposition

IPA: /uβ/
Etymology: From Proto-Indo-European *upó. Cognate with Latin sub, Ancient Greek ὑπό (hupó), Sanskrit उप (úpa). Etymology templates: {{inh|gem-pro|ine-pro|*upó}} Proto-Indo-European *upó, {{cog|la|sub}} Latin sub, {{cog|grc|ὑπό}} Ancient Greek ὑπό (hupó), {{cog|sa|उप|tr=úpa}} Sanskrit उप (úpa)
  1. (with accusative) under (going beneath) Tags: reconstruction, with-accusative
    Sense id: ub-gem-pro-prep-TCpPlbSL Categories (other): Proto-Germanic prepositions Disambiguation of Proto-Germanic prepositions: 54 46
  2. (with dative) under (located beneath) Tags: reconstruction, with-dative
    Sense id: ub-gem-pro-prep-soWQXlm~ Categories (other): Proto-Germanic prepositions Disambiguation of Proto-Germanic prepositions: 54 46

Inflected forms

Download JSON data for ub meaning in Proto-Germanic (2.8kB)

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*upó"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *upó",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "sub"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin sub",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "ὑπό"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek ὑπό (hupó)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sa",
        "2": "उप",
        "tr": "úpa"
      },
      "expansion": "Sanskrit उप (úpa)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *upó. Cognate with Latin sub, Ancient Greek ὑπό (hupó), Sanskrit उप (úpa).",
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/ub",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "54 46",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "under (going beneath)"
      ],
      "id": "ub-gem-pro-prep-TCpPlbSL",
      "links": [
        [
          "under",
          "under"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(with accusative) under (going beneath)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction",
        "with-accusative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "54 46",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "under (located beneath)"
      ],
      "id": "ub-gem-pro-prep-soWQXlm~",
      "links": [
        [
          "under",
          "under"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(with dative) under (located beneath)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction",
        "with-dative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/uβ/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ub"
}

{
  "categories": [],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*ob"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *ob\nOld High German: ob\nMiddle High German: ob\nGerman: ob",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *ob\nOld High German: ob\nMiddle High German: ob\nGerman: ob"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌿𐍆"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌿𐍆 (uf)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌿𐍆 (uf)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*upó"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *upó",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "sub"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin sub",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "ὑπό"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek ὑπό (hupó)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sa",
        "2": "उप",
        "tr": "úpa"
      },
      "expansion": "Sanskrit उप (úpa)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *upó. Cognate with Latin sub, Ancient Greek ὑπό (hupó), Sanskrit उप (úpa).",
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/ub",
  "pos": "adv",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "under"
      ],
      "id": "ub-gem-pro-adv-12d0imA3",
      "links": [
        [
          "under",
          "under"
        ]
      ],
      "related": [
        {
          "word": "ubanē"
        },
        {
          "word": "uber"
        },
        {
          "word": "ufumô"
        },
        {
          "word": "upp"
        },
        {
          "word": "uppai"
        },
        {
          "word": "uba-"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/uβ/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ub"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Proto-Germanic adverbs",
    "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
    "Proto-Germanic prepositions",
    "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation"
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*upó"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *upó",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "sub"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin sub",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "ὑπό"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek ὑπό (hupó)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sa",
        "2": "उप",
        "tr": "úpa"
      },
      "expansion": "Sanskrit उप (úpa)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *upó. Cognate with Latin sub, Ancient Greek ὑπό (hupó), Sanskrit उप (úpa).",
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/ub",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "under (going beneath)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "under",
          "under"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(with accusative) under (going beneath)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction",
        "with-accusative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "under (located beneath)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "under",
          "under"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(with dative) under (located beneath)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction",
        "with-dative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/uβ/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ub"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Proto-Germanic adverbs",
    "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
    "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation"
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*ob"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *ob\nOld High German: ob\nMiddle High German: ob\nGerman: ob",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *ob\nOld High German: ob\nMiddle High German: ob\nGerman: ob"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌿𐍆"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌿𐍆 (uf)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌿𐍆 (uf)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*upó"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *upó",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "sub"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin sub",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "ὑπό"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek ὑπό (hupó)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sa",
        "2": "उप",
        "tr": "úpa"
      },
      "expansion": "Sanskrit उप (úpa)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *upó. Cognate with Latin sub, Ancient Greek ὑπό (hupó), Sanskrit उप (úpa).",
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/ub",
  "pos": "adv",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "ubanē"
    },
    {
      "word": "uber"
    },
    {
      "word": "ufumô"
    },
    {
      "word": "upp"
    },
    {
      "word": "uppai"
    },
    {
      "word": "uba-"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "under"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "under",
          "under"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/uβ/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ub"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Germanic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-01-28 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-01-20 using wiktextract (unknown and unknown). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.