"uber" meaning in Proto-Germanic

See uber in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Preposition

IPA: /ˈu.βer/
Etymology: From Proto-Indo-European *upér, *supér, ultimately from the root *upo. Cognate with Ancient Greek ὑπέρ (hupér, “above”), Latin super (“above”). Etymology templates: {{inh|gem-pro|ine-pro|*upér}} Proto-Indo-European *upér, {{m|ine-pro|*supér}} *supér, {{m|ine-pro|*upo}} *upo, {{cog|grc|ὑπέρ||above}} Ancient Greek ὑπέρ (hupér, “above”), {{cog|la|super||above}} Latin super (“above”) Head templates: {{head|gem-pro|preposition|cat2=adverbs}} *uber
  1. over (moving across) [+accusative] Tags: reconstruction
    Sense id: en-uber-gem-pro-prep-UOw3y4K8
  2. over, above (positioned above) [+dative] Tags: reconstruction
    Sense id: en-uber-gem-pro-prep-ga~NvJia Categories (other): Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header, Proto-Germanic prepositions Disambiguation of Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header: 42 58 Disambiguation of Proto-Germanic prepositions: 34 66
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms: ubiri Derived forms: uberōną

Download JSON data for uber meaning in Proto-Germanic (3.8kB)

{
  "derived": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "uberōną"
    }
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*obar"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *obar\nOld English: ofer\nMiddle English: over\nScots: ower\nEnglish: over\nNorthumbrian: ower\nOld Frisian: over, uver\nSaterland Frisian: uur\nWest Frisian: oer\nOld Saxon: ovar\nMiddle Low German: över, over, oever, aver\nLow German: över\nOld Dutch: over, ovir\nMiddle Dutch: over\nDutch: over\nAfrikaans: oor\nOld High German: obar, ubar\nMiddle High German: ober, over, uber\nGerman: ober-\nYiddish: אייבער־ (eyber-)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *obar\nOld English: ofer\nMiddle English: over\nScots: ower\nEnglish: over\nNorthumbrian: ower\nOld Frisian: over, uver\nSaterland Frisian: uur\nWest Frisian: oer\nOld Saxon: ovar\nMiddle Low German: över, over, oever, aver\nLow German: över\nOld Dutch: over, ovir\nMiddle Dutch: over\nDutch: over\nAfrikaans: oor\nOld High German: obar, ubar\nMiddle High German: ober, over, uber\nGerman: ober-\nYiddish: אייבער־ (eyber-)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "of",
            "3": "ofr-",
            "4": "ofr"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: of, ofr-, ofr",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: of, ofr-, ofr"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "is",
            "2": "of",
            "3": "ofur-",
            "4": "ofur"
          },
          "expansion": "Icelandic: of, ofur-, ofur",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Icelandic: of, ofur-, ofur"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fo",
            "2": "ov",
            "3": "ovur-"
          },
          "expansion": "Faroese: ov, ovur-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Faroese: ov, ovur-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "no",
            "2": "ov-"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian: ov-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian: ov-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌿𐍆𐌰𐍂"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌿𐍆𐌰𐍂 (ufar)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌿𐍆𐌰𐍂 (ufar)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*upér"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *upér",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*supér"
      },
      "expansion": "*supér",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*upo"
      },
      "expansion": "*upo",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "ὑπέρ",
        "3": "",
        "4": "above"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek ὑπέρ (hupér, “above”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "super",
        "3": "",
        "4": "above"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin super (“above”)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *upér, *supér, ultimately from the root *upo. Cognate with Ancient Greek ὑπέρ (hupér, “above”), Latin super (“above”).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "preposition",
        "cat2": "adverbs"
      },
      "expansion": "*uber",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/uber",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "over (moving across) [+accusative]",
        "over (moving across)"
      ],
      "id": "en-uber-gem-pro-prep-UOw3y4K8",
      "links": [
        [
          "over",
          "over"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "over (moving across) [+accusative]"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "42 58",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "34 66",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "over, above (positioned above) [+dative]",
        "over, above (positioned above)"
      ],
      "id": "en-uber-gem-pro-prep-ga~NvJia",
      "links": [
        [
          "over",
          "over"
        ],
        [
          "above",
          "above"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "over, above (positioned above) [+dative]"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈu.βer/"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "ubiri"
    }
  ],
  "word": "uber"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Proto-Germanic adverbs",
    "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
    "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
    "Proto-Germanic prepositions",
    "Proto-Germanic terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Proto-Germanic terms inherited from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation"
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "uberōną"
    }
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*obar"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *obar\nOld English: ofer\nMiddle English: over\nScots: ower\nEnglish: over\nNorthumbrian: ower\nOld Frisian: over, uver\nSaterland Frisian: uur\nWest Frisian: oer\nOld Saxon: ovar\nMiddle Low German: över, over, oever, aver\nLow German: över\nOld Dutch: over, ovir\nMiddle Dutch: over\nDutch: over\nAfrikaans: oor\nOld High German: obar, ubar\nMiddle High German: ober, over, uber\nGerman: ober-\nYiddish: אייבער־ (eyber-)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *obar\nOld English: ofer\nMiddle English: over\nScots: ower\nEnglish: over\nNorthumbrian: ower\nOld Frisian: over, uver\nSaterland Frisian: uur\nWest Frisian: oer\nOld Saxon: ovar\nMiddle Low German: över, over, oever, aver\nLow German: över\nOld Dutch: over, ovir\nMiddle Dutch: over\nDutch: over\nAfrikaans: oor\nOld High German: obar, ubar\nMiddle High German: ober, over, uber\nGerman: ober-\nYiddish: אייבער־ (eyber-)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "of",
            "3": "ofr-",
            "4": "ofr"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: of, ofr-, ofr",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: of, ofr-, ofr"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "is",
            "2": "of",
            "3": "ofur-",
            "4": "ofur"
          },
          "expansion": "Icelandic: of, ofur-, ofur",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Icelandic: of, ofur-, ofur"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fo",
            "2": "ov",
            "3": "ovur-"
          },
          "expansion": "Faroese: ov, ovur-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Faroese: ov, ovur-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "no",
            "2": "ov-"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian: ov-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian: ov-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌿𐍆𐌰𐍂"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌿𐍆𐌰𐍂 (ufar)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌿𐍆𐌰𐍂 (ufar)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*upér"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *upér",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*supér"
      },
      "expansion": "*supér",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*upo"
      },
      "expansion": "*upo",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "ὑπέρ",
        "3": "",
        "4": "above"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek ὑπέρ (hupér, “above”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "super",
        "3": "",
        "4": "above"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin super (“above”)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *upér, *supér, ultimately from the root *upo. Cognate with Ancient Greek ὑπέρ (hupér, “above”), Latin super (“above”).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "preposition",
        "cat2": "adverbs"
      },
      "expansion": "*uber",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/uber",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "over (moving across) [+accusative]",
        "over (moving across)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "over",
          "over"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "over (moving across) [+accusative]"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "over, above (positioned above) [+dative]",
        "over, above (positioned above)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "over",
          "over"
        ],
        [
          "above",
          "above"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "over, above (positioned above) [+dative]"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈu.βer/"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "ubiri"
    }
  ],
  "word": "uber"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Germanic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-04-17 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-04-01 using wiktextract (0b52755 and 5cb0836). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.