"upp" meaning in Proto-Germanic

See upp in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Adverb

IPA: /upː/
Etymology: The form is from either *ub + a nasal affix representing an earlier *up-nó, related to *uppai (earlier *up-nóy) and *ubanē; or by analogy with *uppai. Etymology templates: {{m|gem-pro|*ub}} *ub, {{m|ine-pro||*up-nó}} *up-nó, {{m|gem-pro|*uppai}} *uppai, {{m|ine-pro||*up-nóy}} *up-nóy, {{m|gem-pro|*ubanē}} *ubanē, {{m|gem-pro||*uppai}} *uppai
  1. up, upwards Tags: reconstruction Derived forms: upp-, uppijaną Related terms: ub, ubanē, upanaz, uppai
    Sense id: en-upp-gem-pro-adv-mSCNccTg Categories (other): Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header

Download JSON data for upp meaning in Proto-Germanic (4.9kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "upp"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: upp, up\nMiddle English: up, upp, ap\nEnglish: up\nScots: up\nYola: ap, up",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: upp, up\nMiddle English: up, upp, ap\nEnglish: up\nScots: up\nYola: ap, up"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ofs",
            "2": "uppa",
            "3": "oppa",
            "4": "up",
            "5": "op"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Frisian: uppa, oppa, up, op",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Frisian: uppa, oppa, up, op"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "frr",
            "2": "-"
          },
          "expansion": "North Frisian:",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "North Frisian:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "frr",
            "2": "üp"
          },
          "expansion": "üp",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Sylt: üp"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "stq",
            "2": "op",
            "3": "ap"
          },
          "expansion": "Saterland Frisian: op, ap",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Saterland Frisian: op, ap"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fy",
            "2": "op"
          },
          "expansion": "West Frisian: op",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "West Frisian: op"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "ūp"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: ūp",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: ūp"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "up"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Low German: up",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Low German: up"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nds",
            "2": "up",
            "3": "op"
          },
          "expansion": "Low German: up, op",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Low German: up, op"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "ūp"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: ūp",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: ūp"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "dum",
            "2": "op"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Dutch: op",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Dutch: op"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nl",
            "2": "op"
          },
          "expansion": "Dutch: op",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nl",
            "2": "oep"
          },
          "expansion": "oep",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Dutch: op, (dialectal) oep"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "vls",
            "2": "up",
            "3": "ip"
          },
          "expansion": "West Flemish: up, ip",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "West Flemish: up, ip"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "ūf"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: ūf\nMiddle High German: ūf\nAlemannic German: uf, ufe\nBavarian: aaf, auf\nCimbrian: af\nGerman: auf\nVilamovian: u̇f\nYiddish: אויף (oyf)\nOld Rhine Franconian: uf\nMiddle Rhine Franconian: uf\nRhine Franconian: uff, off\nPennsylvania German: uff\nHunsrik: uff\nOld Central Franconian: *up\nMiddle Central Franconian: up\nCentral Franconian: op\nKölsch: op",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: ūf\nMiddle High German: ūf\nAlemannic German: uf, ufe\nBavarian: aaf, auf\nCimbrian: af\nGerman: auf\nVilamovian: u̇f\nYiddish: אויף (oyf)\nOld Rhine Franconian: uf\nMiddle Rhine Franconian: uf\nRhine Franconian: uff, off\nPennsylvania German: uff\nHunsrik: uff\nOld Central Franconian: *up\nMiddle Central Franconian: up\nCentral Franconian: op\nKölsch: op"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "upp"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: upp\nIcelandic: upp\nFaroese: upp\nNorwegian Nynorsk: upp\nOld Swedish: up\nSwedish: upp\nDanish: op\nNorwegian Bokmål: opp\n→ Norwegian Nynorsk: opp",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: upp\nIcelandic: upp\nFaroese: upp\nNorwegian Nynorsk: upp\nOld Swedish: up\nSwedish: upp\nDanish: op\nNorwegian Bokmål: opp\n→ Norwegian Nynorsk: opp"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌹𐌿𐍀"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌹𐌿𐍀 (iup)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌹𐌿𐍀 (iup)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*ub"
      },
      "expansion": "*ub",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "",
        "3": "*up-nó"
      },
      "expansion": "*up-nó",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*uppai"
      },
      "expansion": "*uppai",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "",
        "3": "*up-nóy"
      },
      "expansion": "*up-nóy",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*ubanē"
      },
      "expansion": "*ubanē",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "",
        "3": "*uppai"
      },
      "expansion": "*uppai",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "The form is from either *ub + a nasal affix representing an earlier *up-nó, related to *uppai (earlier *up-nóy) and *ubanē; or by analogy with *uppai.",
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/upp",
  "pos": "adv",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "derived": [
        {
          "word": "upp-"
        },
        {
          "word": "uppijaną"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "up, upwards"
      ],
      "id": "en-upp-gem-pro-adv-mSCNccTg",
      "links": [
        [
          "up",
          "up"
        ],
        [
          "upwards",
          "upwards"
        ]
      ],
      "related": [
        {
          "word": "ub"
        },
        {
          "word": "ubanē"
        },
        {
          "word": "upanaz"
        },
        {
          "word": "uppai"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/upː/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "upp"
}
{
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "upp-"
    },
    {
      "word": "uppijaną"
    }
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "upp"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: upp, up\nMiddle English: up, upp, ap\nEnglish: up\nScots: up\nYola: ap, up",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: upp, up\nMiddle English: up, upp, ap\nEnglish: up\nScots: up\nYola: ap, up"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ofs",
            "2": "uppa",
            "3": "oppa",
            "4": "up",
            "5": "op"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Frisian: uppa, oppa, up, op",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Frisian: uppa, oppa, up, op"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "frr",
            "2": "-"
          },
          "expansion": "North Frisian:",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "North Frisian:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "frr",
            "2": "üp"
          },
          "expansion": "üp",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Sylt: üp"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "stq",
            "2": "op",
            "3": "ap"
          },
          "expansion": "Saterland Frisian: op, ap",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Saterland Frisian: op, ap"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fy",
            "2": "op"
          },
          "expansion": "West Frisian: op",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "West Frisian: op"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "ūp"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: ūp",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: ūp"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "up"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Low German: up",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Low German: up"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nds",
            "2": "up",
            "3": "op"
          },
          "expansion": "Low German: up, op",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Low German: up, op"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "ūp"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: ūp",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: ūp"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "dum",
            "2": "op"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Dutch: op",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Dutch: op"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nl",
            "2": "op"
          },
          "expansion": "Dutch: op",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nl",
            "2": "oep"
          },
          "expansion": "oep",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Dutch: op, (dialectal) oep"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "vls",
            "2": "up",
            "3": "ip"
          },
          "expansion": "West Flemish: up, ip",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "West Flemish: up, ip"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "ūf"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: ūf\nMiddle High German: ūf\nAlemannic German: uf, ufe\nBavarian: aaf, auf\nCimbrian: af\nGerman: auf\nVilamovian: u̇f\nYiddish: אויף (oyf)\nOld Rhine Franconian: uf\nMiddle Rhine Franconian: uf\nRhine Franconian: uff, off\nPennsylvania German: uff\nHunsrik: uff\nOld Central Franconian: *up\nMiddle Central Franconian: up\nCentral Franconian: op\nKölsch: op",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: ūf\nMiddle High German: ūf\nAlemannic German: uf, ufe\nBavarian: aaf, auf\nCimbrian: af\nGerman: auf\nVilamovian: u̇f\nYiddish: אויף (oyf)\nOld Rhine Franconian: uf\nMiddle Rhine Franconian: uf\nRhine Franconian: uff, off\nPennsylvania German: uff\nHunsrik: uff\nOld Central Franconian: *up\nMiddle Central Franconian: up\nCentral Franconian: op\nKölsch: op"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "upp"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: upp\nIcelandic: upp\nFaroese: upp\nNorwegian Nynorsk: upp\nOld Swedish: up\nSwedish: upp\nDanish: op\nNorwegian Bokmål: opp\n→ Norwegian Nynorsk: opp",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: upp\nIcelandic: upp\nFaroese: upp\nNorwegian Nynorsk: upp\nOld Swedish: up\nSwedish: upp\nDanish: op\nNorwegian Bokmål: opp\n→ Norwegian Nynorsk: opp"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌹𐌿𐍀"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌹𐌿𐍀 (iup)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌹𐌿𐍀 (iup)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*ub"
      },
      "expansion": "*ub",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "",
        "3": "*up-nó"
      },
      "expansion": "*up-nó",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*uppai"
      },
      "expansion": "*uppai",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "",
        "3": "*up-nóy"
      },
      "expansion": "*up-nóy",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*ubanē"
      },
      "expansion": "*ubanē",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "",
        "3": "*uppai"
      },
      "expansion": "*uppai",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "The form is from either *ub + a nasal affix representing an earlier *up-nó, related to *uppai (earlier *up-nóy) and *ubanē; or by analogy with *uppai.",
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/upp",
  "pos": "adv",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "ub"
    },
    {
      "word": "ubanē"
    },
    {
      "word": "upanaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "uppai"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Proto-Germanic adverbs",
        "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
        "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
        "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "up, upwards"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "up",
          "up"
        ],
        [
          "upwards",
          "upwards"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/upː/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "upp"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Germanic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-04-17 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-04-01 using wiktextract (0b52755 and 5cb0836). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.