"kulukaz" meaning in Proto-Germanic

See kulukaz in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

Etymology: From a base derived from Proto-Indo-European *gel-, *gʷel- (“to devour; gullet”) + *-ukaz (diminutive suffix). Etymology templates: {{der|gem-pro|ine-pro|*gel-}} Proto-Indo-European *gel-, {{suf|gem-pro||*-ukaz|pos2=diminutive suffix}} + *-ukaz (diminutive suffix) Inflection templates: {{gem-decl-noun}} Forms: no-table-tags [table-tags], kulukaz [nominative, singular], kulukōz [nominative, plural], kulukōs [nominative, plural], kuluk [singular, vocative], kulukōz [plural, vocative], kulukōs [plural, vocative], kuluką [accusative, singular], kulukanz [accusative, plural], kulukas [genitive, singular], kulukis [genitive, singular], kulukǫ̂ [genitive, plural], kulukai [dative, singular], kulukamaz [dative, plural], kulukō [instrumental, singular], kulukamiz [instrumental, plural]
  1. a hollow, depression, or well Tags: masculine, reconstruction
    Sense id: en-kulukaz-gem-pro-noun-7l~xfXUL
  2. trench, gully; pit Tags: masculine, reconstruction
    Sense id: en-kulukaz-gem-pro-noun-9UUdqJfA Categories (other): Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header, Proto-Germanic terms suffixed with *-ukaz Disambiguation of Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header: 44 56 Disambiguation of Proto-Germanic terms suffixed with *-ukaz: 26 74
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms: kulkaz Related terms: kelǭ, kelukô

Download JSON data for kulukaz meaning in Proto-Germanic (4.2kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*kolk"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *kolk, *koluk\nOld English: *colc\n>? Middle English: colk\n>? English: coke\n⇒? Middle English: colkenen (“to gasp, gulp”)\n>? Scots: cowk (“to retch, vomit”)\nOld Frisian: kolk\nSaterland Frisian: Kolk\nWest Frisian: kolk\nOld Saxon: *kolk\nMiddle Low German: kolk, kulk\nGerman Low German: Kolk\n→ Middle High German: kolc\nGerman: Kolk\n⇒ German: kolken (“to gulp”), (dialectal) kölken, kolksen (“to vomit”)\n→⇒ Danish: kulke (“to swallow, gulp”)\nOld Dutch: *kolk\nMiddle Dutch: colc, culc, colck\nDutch: kolk\n→ English: kolk\n⇒ Dutch: kolken (“to belch”)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *kolk, *koluk\nOld English: *colc\n>? Middle English: colk\n>? English: coke\n⇒? Middle English: colkenen (“to gasp, gulp”)\n>? Scots: cowk (“to retch, vomit”)\nOld Frisian: kolk\nSaterland Frisian: Kolk\nWest Frisian: kolk\nOld Saxon: *kolk\nMiddle Low German: kolk, kulk\nGerman Low German: Kolk\n→ Middle High German: kolc\nGerman: Kolk\n⇒ German: kolken (“to gulp”), (dialectal) kölken, kolksen (“to vomit”)\n→⇒ Danish: kulke (“to swallow, gulp”)\nOld Dutch: *kolk\nMiddle Dutch: colc, culc, colck\nDutch: kolk\n→ English: kolk\n⇒ Dutch: kolken (“to belch”)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*gel-"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *gel-",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "",
        "3": "*-ukaz",
        "pos2": "diminutive suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "+ *-ukaz (diminutive suffix)",
      "name": "suf"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From a base derived from Proto-Indo-European *gel-, *gʷel- (“to devour; gullet”) + *-ukaz (diminutive suffix).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-noun",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "a-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kulukaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kulukōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kulukōs",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kuluk",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kulukōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kulukōs",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kuluką",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kulukanz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kulukas",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kulukis",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kulukǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kulukai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kulukamaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kulukō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kulukamiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "gem-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/kulukaz",
  "pos": "noun",
  "related": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "kelǭ"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "kelukô"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "a hollow, depression, or well"
      ],
      "id": "en-kulukaz-gem-pro-noun-7l~xfXUL",
      "links": [
        [
          "hollow",
          "hollow"
        ],
        [
          "depression",
          "depression"
        ],
        [
          "well",
          "well"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "44 56",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "26 74",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic terms suffixed with *-ukaz",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "trench, gully; pit"
      ],
      "id": "en-kulukaz-gem-pro-noun-9UUdqJfA",
      "links": [
        [
          "trench",
          "trench"
        ],
        [
          "gully",
          "gully"
        ],
        [
          "pit",
          "pit"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "kulkaz"
    }
  ],
  "word": "kulukaz"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Proto-Germanic a-stem nouns",
    "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
    "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
    "Proto-Germanic masculine nouns",
    "Proto-Germanic nouns",
    "Proto-Germanic terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Proto-Germanic terms suffixed with *-ukaz"
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*kolk"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *kolk, *koluk\nOld English: *colc\n>? Middle English: colk\n>? English: coke\n⇒? Middle English: colkenen (“to gasp, gulp”)\n>? Scots: cowk (“to retch, vomit”)\nOld Frisian: kolk\nSaterland Frisian: Kolk\nWest Frisian: kolk\nOld Saxon: *kolk\nMiddle Low German: kolk, kulk\nGerman Low German: Kolk\n→ Middle High German: kolc\nGerman: Kolk\n⇒ German: kolken (“to gulp”), (dialectal) kölken, kolksen (“to vomit”)\n→⇒ Danish: kulke (“to swallow, gulp”)\nOld Dutch: *kolk\nMiddle Dutch: colc, culc, colck\nDutch: kolk\n→ English: kolk\n⇒ Dutch: kolken (“to belch”)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *kolk, *koluk\nOld English: *colc\n>? Middle English: colk\n>? English: coke\n⇒? Middle English: colkenen (“to gasp, gulp”)\n>? Scots: cowk (“to retch, vomit”)\nOld Frisian: kolk\nSaterland Frisian: Kolk\nWest Frisian: kolk\nOld Saxon: *kolk\nMiddle Low German: kolk, kulk\nGerman Low German: Kolk\n→ Middle High German: kolc\nGerman: Kolk\n⇒ German: kolken (“to gulp”), (dialectal) kölken, kolksen (“to vomit”)\n→⇒ Danish: kulke (“to swallow, gulp”)\nOld Dutch: *kolk\nMiddle Dutch: colc, culc, colck\nDutch: kolk\n→ English: kolk\n⇒ Dutch: kolken (“to belch”)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*gel-"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *gel-",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "",
        "3": "*-ukaz",
        "pos2": "diminutive suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "+ *-ukaz (diminutive suffix)",
      "name": "suf"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From a base derived from Proto-Indo-European *gel-, *gʷel- (“to devour; gullet”) + *-ukaz (diminutive suffix).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-noun",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "a-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kulukaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kulukōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kulukōs",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kuluk",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kulukōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kulukōs",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kuluką",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kulukanz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kulukas",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kulukis",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kulukǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kulukai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kulukamaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kulukō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kulukamiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "gem-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/kulukaz",
  "pos": "noun",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "kelǭ"
    },
    {
      "word": "kelukô"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "a hollow, depression, or well"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "hollow",
          "hollow"
        ],
        [
          "depression",
          "depression"
        ],
        [
          "well",
          "well"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "trench, gully; pit"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "trench",
          "trench"
        ],
        [
          "gully",
          "gully"
        ],
        [
          "pit",
          "pit"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "kulkaz"
    }
  ],
  "word": "kulukaz"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Germanic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-05-24 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-05-02 using wiktextract (46b31b8 and c7ea76d). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.