"grōaną" meaning in Proto-Germanic

See grōaną in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Verb

IPA: /ˈɡrɔː.ɑ.nɑ̃/
Etymology: From Proto-Indo-European *gʰreh₁- (“to become green, grow”). Etymology templates: {{root|gem-pro|ine-pro|*gʰreh₁-}}, {{der|gem-pro|ine-pro|*gʰreh₁-||to become green, grow}} Proto-Indo-European *gʰreh₁- (“to become green, grow”) Inflection templates: {{gem-conj-st|grō|gegrō|gegrō|grō|class=7e|nopass=1}} Forms: strong [table-tags], grōō [active, first-person, indicative, singular], grōaų [active, first-person, singular, subjunctive], - [active, first-person, imperative, singular], grōai [first-person, indicative, passive, singular], - [first-person, passive, singular, subjunctive], grōizi [active, indicative, second-person, singular], grōaiz [active, second-person, singular, subjunctive], grō [active, imperative, second-person, singular], grōazai [indicative, passive, second-person, singular], grōaizau [passive, second-person, singular, subjunctive], grōidi [active, indicative, singular, third-person], grōai [active, singular, subjunctive, third-person], grōadau [active, imperative, singular, third-person], grōadai [indicative, passive, singular, third-person], grōaidau [passive, singular, subjunctive, third-person], grōōz [active, dual, first-person, indicative], grōaiw [active, dual, first-person, subjunctive], - [active, dual, first-person, imperative], - [dual, first-person, indicative, passive], - [dual, first-person, passive, subjunctive], grōadiz [active, dual, indicative, second-person], grōaidiz [active, dual, second-person, subjunctive], grōadiz [active, dual, imperative, second-person], - [dual, indicative, passive, second-person], - [dual, passive, second-person, subjunctive], grōamaz [active, first-person, indicative, plural], grōaim [active, first-person, plural, subjunctive], - [active, first-person, imperative, plural], grōandai [first-person, indicative, passive, plural], grōaindau [first-person, passive, plural, subjunctive], grōid [active, indicative, plural, second-person], grōaid [active, plural, second-person, subjunctive], grōid [active, imperative, plural, second-person], grōandai [indicative, passive, plural, second-person], grōaindau [passive, plural, second-person, subjunctive], grōandi [active, indicative, plural, third-person], grōain [active, plural, subjunctive, third-person], grōandau [active, imperative, plural, third-person], grōandai [indicative, passive, plural, third-person], grōaindau [passive, plural, subjunctive, third-person], gegrō [active, first-person, indicative, singular], gegrōį̄ [active, first-person, singular, subjunctive], gegrōt [active, indicative, second-person, singular], gegrōīz [active, second-person, singular, subjunctive], gegrō [active, indicative, singular, third-person], gegrōī [active, singular, subjunctive, third-person], gegrōū [active, dual, first-person, indicative], gegrōīw [active, dual, first-person, subjunctive], gegrōudiz [active, dual, indicative, second-person], gegrōīdiz [active, dual, second-person, subjunctive], gegrōum [active, first-person, indicative, plural], gegrōīm [active, first-person, plural, subjunctive], gegrōud [active, indicative, plural, second-person], gegrōīd [active, plural, second-person, subjunctive], gegrōun [active, indicative, plural, third-person], gegrōīn [active, plural, subjunctive, third-person], grōandz [active, participle, present], grōanaz [active, participle, past, subjunctive]
  1. to green Tags: reconstruction
    Sense id: en-grōaną-gem-pro-verb-8GT8GeFp
  2. (botany) to grow Tags: reconstruction
    Sense id: en-grōaną-gem-pro-verb-Qwswp5iE Categories (other): Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header: 16 84 Topics: biology, botany, natural-sciences
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Related terms: grasą, grōiz, grōniz, grōdiz, grōþijaną

Download JSON data for grōaną meaning in Proto-Germanic (9.7kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*grōan"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *grōan\nOld English: grōwan\nMiddle English: growen\nScots: grow\nEnglish: grow\nOld Frisian: grōwa, grōa, grōia\nNorth Frisian: growen, grojen\nSaterland Frisian: groie, groaie\nWest Frisian: groeie\nOld Saxon: *grōian\nMiddle Low German: grôjen, grôen\nGerman Low German: grojen\nOld Dutch: gruoien\nMiddle Dutch: groeyen\nDutch: groeien\nLimburgish: gröjje\nOld High German: gruoen\nMiddle High German: grüejen",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *grōan\nOld English: grōwan\nMiddle English: growen\nScots: grow\nEnglish: grow\nOld Frisian: grōwa, grōa, grōia\nNorth Frisian: growen, grojen\nSaterland Frisian: groie, groaie\nWest Frisian: groeie\nOld Saxon: *grōian\nMiddle Low German: grôjen, grôen\nGerman Low German: grojen\nOld Dutch: gruoien\nMiddle Dutch: groeyen\nDutch: groeien\nLimburgish: gröjje\nOld High German: gruoen\nMiddle High German: grüejen"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "gróa"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: gróa",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: gróa"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "is",
            "2": "gróa"
          },
          "expansion": "Icelandic: gróa",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Icelandic: gróa"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fo",
            "2": "gróa",
            "3": "grógva"
          },
          "expansion": "Faroese: gróa, grógva",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Faroese: gróa, grógva"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "no",
            "2": "gro"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian: gro",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian: gro"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-osw",
            "2": "grōa"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Swedish: grōa",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Swedish: grōa"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sv",
            "2": "gro"
          },
          "expansion": "Swedish: gro",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Swedish: gro"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "da",
            "2": "gro"
          },
          "expansion": "Danish: gro",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Danish: gro"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*gʰreh₁-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*gʰreh₁-",
        "4": "",
        "5": "to become green, grow"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *gʰreh₁- (“to become green, grow”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *gʰreh₁- (“to become green, grow”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "strong",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-conj-st",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "7e",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōaų",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "first-person",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "first-person",
        "imperative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "passive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "passive",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōizi",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "indicative",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōaiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "second-person",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "imperative",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōazai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "passive",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōaizau",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "passive",
        "second-person",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōidi",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "indicative",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōadau",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "imperative",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōadai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "passive",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōaidau",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "passive",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "indicative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōaiw",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "imperative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "passive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "passive",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōadiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "dual",
        "indicative",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōaidiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "dual",
        "second-person",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōadiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "dual",
        "imperative",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "indicative",
        "passive",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "passive",
        "second-person",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōamaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōaim",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "first-person",
        "plural",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "first-person",
        "imperative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōandai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "passive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōaindau",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "passive",
        "plural",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōid",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōaid",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "plural",
        "second-person",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōid",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "imperative",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōandai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "passive",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōaindau",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "passive",
        "plural",
        "second-person",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōandi",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōain",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "plural",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōandau",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "imperative",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōandai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "passive",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōaindau",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "passive",
        "plural",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gegrō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gegrōį̄",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "first-person",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gegrōt",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "indicative",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gegrōīz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "second-person",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gegrō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "indicative",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gegrōī",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gegrōū",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "indicative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gegrōīw",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gegrōudiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "dual",
        "indicative",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gegrōīdiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "dual",
        "second-person",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gegrōum",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gegrōīm",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "first-person",
        "plural",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gegrōud",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gegrōīd",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "plural",
        "second-person",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gegrōun",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gegrōīn",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "plural",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōandz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "participle",
        "present"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōanaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "participle",
        "past",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grō",
        "2": "gegrō",
        "3": "gegrō",
        "4": "grō",
        "class": "7e",
        "nopass": "1"
      },
      "name": "gem-conj-st"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/grōaną",
  "pos": "verb",
  "related": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "grasą"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "grōiz"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "grōniz"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "grōdiz"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "grōþijaną"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "to green"
      ],
      "id": "en-grōaną-gem-pro-verb-8GT8GeFp",
      "links": [
        [
          "green",
          "green"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "16 84",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to grow"
      ],
      "id": "en-grōaną-gem-pro-verb-Qwswp5iE",
      "links": [
        [
          "botany",
          "botany"
        ],
        [
          "grow",
          "grow"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(botany) to grow"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "biology",
        "botany",
        "natural-sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈɡrɔː.ɑ.nɑ̃/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "grōaną"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Proto-Germanic class 7e strong verbs",
    "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
    "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
    "Proto-Germanic terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Proto-Germanic terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *gʰreh₁-",
    "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Proto-Germanic verbs"
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*grōan"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *grōan\nOld English: grōwan\nMiddle English: growen\nScots: grow\nEnglish: grow\nOld Frisian: grōwa, grōa, grōia\nNorth Frisian: growen, grojen\nSaterland Frisian: groie, groaie\nWest Frisian: groeie\nOld Saxon: *grōian\nMiddle Low German: grôjen, grôen\nGerman Low German: grojen\nOld Dutch: gruoien\nMiddle Dutch: groeyen\nDutch: groeien\nLimburgish: gröjje\nOld High German: gruoen\nMiddle High German: grüejen",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *grōan\nOld English: grōwan\nMiddle English: growen\nScots: grow\nEnglish: grow\nOld Frisian: grōwa, grōa, grōia\nNorth Frisian: growen, grojen\nSaterland Frisian: groie, groaie\nWest Frisian: groeie\nOld Saxon: *grōian\nMiddle Low German: grôjen, grôen\nGerman Low German: grojen\nOld Dutch: gruoien\nMiddle Dutch: groeyen\nDutch: groeien\nLimburgish: gröjje\nOld High German: gruoen\nMiddle High German: grüejen"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "gróa"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: gróa",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: gróa"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "is",
            "2": "gróa"
          },
          "expansion": "Icelandic: gróa",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Icelandic: gróa"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fo",
            "2": "gróa",
            "3": "grógva"
          },
          "expansion": "Faroese: gróa, grógva",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Faroese: gróa, grógva"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "no",
            "2": "gro"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian: gro",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian: gro"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-osw",
            "2": "grōa"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Swedish: grōa",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Swedish: grōa"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sv",
            "2": "gro"
          },
          "expansion": "Swedish: gro",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Swedish: gro"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "da",
            "2": "gro"
          },
          "expansion": "Danish: gro",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Danish: gro"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*gʰreh₁-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*gʰreh₁-",
        "4": "",
        "5": "to become green, grow"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *gʰreh₁- (“to become green, grow”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *gʰreh₁- (“to become green, grow”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "strong",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-conj-st",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "7e",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōaų",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "first-person",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "first-person",
        "imperative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "passive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "passive",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōizi",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "indicative",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōaiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "second-person",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "imperative",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōazai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "passive",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōaizau",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "passive",
        "second-person",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōidi",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "indicative",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōadau",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "imperative",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōadai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "passive",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōaidau",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "passive",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "indicative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōaiw",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "imperative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "passive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "passive",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōadiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "dual",
        "indicative",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōaidiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "dual",
        "second-person",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōadiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "dual",
        "imperative",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "indicative",
        "passive",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "passive",
        "second-person",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōamaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōaim",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "first-person",
        "plural",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "first-person",
        "imperative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōandai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "passive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōaindau",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "passive",
        "plural",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōid",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōaid",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "plural",
        "second-person",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōid",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "imperative",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōandai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "passive",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōaindau",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "passive",
        "plural",
        "second-person",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōandi",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōain",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "plural",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōandau",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "imperative",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōandai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "passive",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōaindau",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "passive",
        "plural",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gegrō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gegrōį̄",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "first-person",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gegrōt",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "indicative",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gegrōīz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "second-person",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gegrō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "indicative",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gegrōī",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gegrōū",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "indicative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gegrōīw",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gegrōudiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "dual",
        "indicative",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gegrōīdiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "dual",
        "second-person",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gegrōum",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gegrōīm",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "first-person",
        "plural",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gegrōud",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gegrōīd",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "plural",
        "second-person",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gegrōun",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gegrōīn",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "plural",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōandz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "participle",
        "present"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grōanaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "participle",
        "past",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grō",
        "2": "gegrō",
        "3": "gegrō",
        "4": "grō",
        "class": "7e",
        "nopass": "1"
      },
      "name": "gem-conj-st"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/grōaną",
  "pos": "verb",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "grasą"
    },
    {
      "word": "grōiz"
    },
    {
      "word": "grōniz"
    },
    {
      "word": "grōdiz"
    },
    {
      "word": "grōþijaną"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "to green"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "green",
          "green"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "gem-pro:Plants"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to grow"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "botany",
          "botany"
        ],
        [
          "grow",
          "grow"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(botany) to grow"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "biology",
        "botany",
        "natural-sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈɡrɔː.ɑ.nɑ̃/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "grōaną"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Germanic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-04-13 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-04-01 using wiktextract (ee658f9 and be4df6b). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.