"furai" meaning in Proto-Germanic

See furai in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Adverb

IPA: /ˈɸu.rɑi̯/
Etymology: From Proto-Indo-European *pr̥h₂-éy, an innovative dative formation from *preh₂-. Compare Latin prae, Ancient Greek παραί (paraí) and Sanskrit पुरे (pure). Alternatively from *pr̥h₃-éy or *pr̥h₃-óy, from *perh₃-. In any case, ultimately from the root *per-. Etymology templates: {{root|gem-pro|ine-pro|*per-|*preh₂-|id1=before}} [Template:root], {{inh|gem-pro|ine-pro||*pr̥h₂-éy}} Proto-Indo-European *pr̥h₂-éy, {{m|ine-pro|*preh₂-}} *preh₂-, {{cog|la|prae}} Latin prae, {{cog|grc|παραί}} Ancient Greek παραί (paraí), {{cog|sa|पुरे}} Sanskrit पुरे (pure), {{m|ine-pro|*pr̥h₃-éy}} *pr̥h₃-éy, {{m|ine-pro|*pr̥h₃-óy}} *pr̥h₃-óy, {{m|ine-pro|*perh₃-}} *perh₃-, {{m|ine-pro|*per-}} *per-
  1. before, in front Tags: reconstruction Related terms: furi, furiz, furist
    Sense id: en-furai-gem-pro-adv-O5d-d1lK

Preposition

IPA: /ˈɸu.rɑi̯/
Etymology: From Proto-Indo-European *pr̥h₂-éy, an innovative dative formation from *preh₂-. Compare Latin prae, Ancient Greek παραί (paraí) and Sanskrit पुरे (pure). Alternatively from *pr̥h₃-éy or *pr̥h₃-óy, from *perh₃-. In any case, ultimately from the root *per-. Etymology templates: {{root|gem-pro|ine-pro|*per-|*preh₂-|id1=before}} [Template:root], {{inh|gem-pro|ine-pro||*pr̥h₂-éy}} Proto-Indo-European *pr̥h₂-éy, {{m|ine-pro|*preh₂-}} *preh₂-, {{cog|la|prae}} Latin prae, {{cog|grc|παραί}} Ancient Greek παραί (paraí), {{cog|sa|पुरे}} Sanskrit पुरे (pure), {{m|ine-pro|*pr̥h₃-éy}} *pr̥h₃-éy, {{m|ine-pro|*pr̥h₃-óy}} *pr̥h₃-óy, {{m|ine-pro|*perh₃-}} *perh₃-, {{m|ine-pro|*per-}} *per-
  1. (+dative, with locative meaning) before, in front of Tags: reconstruction, with-dative
    Sense id: en-furai-gem-pro-prep-7jZ-SflZ Categories (other): Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header, Proto-Germanic prepositions Disambiguation of Proto-Germanic prepositions: 20 80

Download JSON data for furai meaning in Proto-Germanic (6.2kB)

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*per-",
        "4": "*preh₂-",
        "id1": "before"
      },
      "expansion": "[Template:root]",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "",
        "4": "*pr̥h₂-éy"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *pr̥h₂-éy",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*preh₂-"
      },
      "expansion": "*preh₂-",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "prae"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin prae",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "παραί"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek παραί (paraí)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sa",
        "2": "पुरे"
      },
      "expansion": "Sanskrit पुरे (pure)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*pr̥h₃-éy"
      },
      "expansion": "*pr̥h₃-éy",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*pr̥h₃-óy"
      },
      "expansion": "*pr̥h₃-óy",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*perh₃-"
      },
      "expansion": "*perh₃-",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*per-"
      },
      "expansion": "*per-",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *pr̥h₂-éy, an innovative dative formation from *preh₂-. Compare Latin prae, Ancient Greek παραί (paraí) and Sanskrit पुरे (pure). Alternatively from *pr̥h₃-éy or *pr̥h₃-óy, from *perh₃-. In any case, ultimately from the root *per-.",
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/furai",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 80",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "before, in front of"
      ],
      "id": "en-furai-gem-pro-prep-7jZ-SflZ",
      "links": [
        [
          "in front of",
          "in front of"
        ]
      ],
      "qualifier": "with locative meaning",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(+dative, with locative meaning) before, in front of"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction",
        "with-dative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈɸu.rɑi̯/"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "Brill Publishers"
  ],
  "word": "furai"
}

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*forē"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *forē\nOld English: fore\nMiddle English: fore\nScots: fore\nEnglish: fore\nOld Frisian: fora, fore\nOld Saxon: fora, for, fore, fur, far\nGerman Low German: för, vär, veer, ver; vör, vœr, voer\nOld Dutch: fora, fore\nMiddle Dutch: vōre, vor, vōor\nDutch: voor\nAfrikaans: voor\nBerbice Creole Dutch: foro\nJavindo: foor\nNegerhollands: voor, fo, for\nJersey Dutch: för, f'r\n→ Virgin Islands Creole: voor (dated)\nPetjo: voor, foor\nSkepi Creole Dutch: foo, fou\nLimburgish: veur\nOld High German: fora, for, fore\nMiddle Low German: vor, vore\nBavarian:\nCimbrian: vóar, bóar\nMòcheno: vour\nCentral Franconian: vür\nGerman: vor",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *forē\nOld English: fore\nMiddle English: fore\nScots: fore\nEnglish: fore\nOld Frisian: fora, fore\nOld Saxon: fora, for, fore, fur, far\nGerman Low German: för, vär, veer, ver; vör, vœr, voer\nOld Dutch: fora, fore\nMiddle Dutch: vōre, vor, vōor\nDutch: voor\nAfrikaans: voor\nBerbice Creole Dutch: foro\nJavindo: foor\nNegerhollands: voor, fo, for\nJersey Dutch: för, f'r\n→ Virgin Islands Creole: voor (dated)\nPetjo: voor, foor\nSkepi Creole Dutch: foo, fou\nLimburgish: veur\nOld High German: fora, for, fore\nMiddle Low German: vor, vore\nBavarian:\nCimbrian: vóar, bóar\nMòcheno: vour\nCentral Franconian: vür\nGerman: vor"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "fyrir"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: fyrir",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gem-pro",
            "2": "",
            "3": "*furi"
          },
          "expansion": "*furi",
          "name": "m"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: fyrir (probably merged completely with *furi)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nrn",
            "2": "for"
          },
          "expansion": "Norn: for",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norn: for"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-osw",
            "2": "fyrir",
            "3": "for",
            "alt": "fyri(r)"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Swedish: fyri(r), for",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Swedish: fyri(r), for"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sv",
            "2": "före",
            "3": "för"
          },
          "expansion": "Swedish: före, för",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Swedish: före, för"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐍆𐌰𐌿𐍂𐌰"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐍆𐌰𐌿𐍂𐌰 (faura)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐍆𐌰𐌿𐍂𐌰 (faura)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*per-",
        "4": "*preh₂-",
        "id1": "before"
      },
      "expansion": "[Template:root]",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "",
        "4": "*pr̥h₂-éy"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *pr̥h₂-éy",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*preh₂-"
      },
      "expansion": "*preh₂-",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "prae"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin prae",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "παραί"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek παραί (paraí)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sa",
        "2": "पुरे"
      },
      "expansion": "Sanskrit पुरे (pure)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*pr̥h₃-éy"
      },
      "expansion": "*pr̥h₃-éy",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*pr̥h₃-óy"
      },
      "expansion": "*pr̥h₃-óy",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*perh₃-"
      },
      "expansion": "*perh₃-",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*per-"
      },
      "expansion": "*per-",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *pr̥h₂-éy, an innovative dative formation from *preh₂-. Compare Latin prae, Ancient Greek παραί (paraí) and Sanskrit पुरे (pure). Alternatively from *pr̥h₃-éy or *pr̥h₃-óy, from *perh₃-. In any case, ultimately from the root *per-.",
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/furai",
  "pos": "adv",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "before, in front"
      ],
      "id": "en-furai-gem-pro-adv-O5d-d1lK",
      "links": [
        [
          "before",
          "before"
        ]
      ],
      "related": [
        {
          "word": "furi"
        },
        {
          "word": "furiz"
        },
        {
          "word": "furist"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈɸu.rɑi̯/"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "Brill Publishers"
  ],
  "word": "furai"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Proto-Germanic adverbs",
    "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
    "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
    "Proto-Germanic prepositions",
    "Proto-Germanic terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Proto-Germanic terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *per- (before)",
    "Proto-Germanic terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *preh₂-",
    "Proto-Germanic terms inherited from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation"
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*per-",
        "4": "*preh₂-",
        "id1": "before"
      },
      "expansion": "[Template:root]",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "",
        "4": "*pr̥h₂-éy"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *pr̥h₂-éy",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*preh₂-"
      },
      "expansion": "*preh₂-",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "prae"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin prae",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "παραί"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek παραί (paraí)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sa",
        "2": "पुरे"
      },
      "expansion": "Sanskrit पुरे (pure)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*pr̥h₃-éy"
      },
      "expansion": "*pr̥h₃-éy",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*pr̥h₃-óy"
      },
      "expansion": "*pr̥h₃-óy",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*perh₃-"
      },
      "expansion": "*perh₃-",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*per-"
      },
      "expansion": "*per-",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *pr̥h₂-éy, an innovative dative formation from *preh₂-. Compare Latin prae, Ancient Greek παραί (paraí) and Sanskrit पुरे (pure). Alternatively from *pr̥h₃-éy or *pr̥h₃-óy, from *perh₃-. In any case, ultimately from the root *per-.",
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/furai",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "before, in front of"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "in front of",
          "in front of"
        ]
      ],
      "qualifier": "with locative meaning",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(+dative, with locative meaning) before, in front of"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction",
        "with-dative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈɸu.rɑi̯/"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "Brill Publishers"
  ],
  "word": "furai"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Proto-Germanic adverbs",
    "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
    "Proto-Germanic prepositions",
    "Proto-Germanic terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Proto-Germanic terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *per- (before)",
    "Proto-Germanic terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *preh₂-",
    "Proto-Germanic terms inherited from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation"
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*forē"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *forē\nOld English: fore\nMiddle English: fore\nScots: fore\nEnglish: fore\nOld Frisian: fora, fore\nOld Saxon: fora, for, fore, fur, far\nGerman Low German: för, vär, veer, ver; vör, vœr, voer\nOld Dutch: fora, fore\nMiddle Dutch: vōre, vor, vōor\nDutch: voor\nAfrikaans: voor\nBerbice Creole Dutch: foro\nJavindo: foor\nNegerhollands: voor, fo, for\nJersey Dutch: för, f'r\n→ Virgin Islands Creole: voor (dated)\nPetjo: voor, foor\nSkepi Creole Dutch: foo, fou\nLimburgish: veur\nOld High German: fora, for, fore\nMiddle Low German: vor, vore\nBavarian:\nCimbrian: vóar, bóar\nMòcheno: vour\nCentral Franconian: vür\nGerman: vor",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *forē\nOld English: fore\nMiddle English: fore\nScots: fore\nEnglish: fore\nOld Frisian: fora, fore\nOld Saxon: fora, for, fore, fur, far\nGerman Low German: för, vär, veer, ver; vör, vœr, voer\nOld Dutch: fora, fore\nMiddle Dutch: vōre, vor, vōor\nDutch: voor\nAfrikaans: voor\nBerbice Creole Dutch: foro\nJavindo: foor\nNegerhollands: voor, fo, for\nJersey Dutch: för, f'r\n→ Virgin Islands Creole: voor (dated)\nPetjo: voor, foor\nSkepi Creole Dutch: foo, fou\nLimburgish: veur\nOld High German: fora, for, fore\nMiddle Low German: vor, vore\nBavarian:\nCimbrian: vóar, bóar\nMòcheno: vour\nCentral Franconian: vür\nGerman: vor"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "fyrir"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: fyrir",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gem-pro",
            "2": "",
            "3": "*furi"
          },
          "expansion": "*furi",
          "name": "m"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: fyrir (probably merged completely with *furi)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nrn",
            "2": "for"
          },
          "expansion": "Norn: for",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norn: for"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-osw",
            "2": "fyrir",
            "3": "for",
            "alt": "fyri(r)"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Swedish: fyri(r), for",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Swedish: fyri(r), for"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sv",
            "2": "före",
            "3": "för"
          },
          "expansion": "Swedish: före, för",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Swedish: före, för"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐍆𐌰𐌿𐍂𐌰"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐍆𐌰𐌿𐍂𐌰 (faura)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐍆𐌰𐌿𐍂𐌰 (faura)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*per-",
        "4": "*preh₂-",
        "id1": "before"
      },
      "expansion": "[Template:root]",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "",
        "4": "*pr̥h₂-éy"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *pr̥h₂-éy",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*preh₂-"
      },
      "expansion": "*preh₂-",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "prae"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin prae",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "παραί"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek παραί (paraí)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sa",
        "2": "पुरे"
      },
      "expansion": "Sanskrit पुरे (pure)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*pr̥h₃-éy"
      },
      "expansion": "*pr̥h₃-éy",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*pr̥h₃-óy"
      },
      "expansion": "*pr̥h₃-óy",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*perh₃-"
      },
      "expansion": "*perh₃-",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*per-"
      },
      "expansion": "*per-",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *pr̥h₂-éy, an innovative dative formation from *preh₂-. Compare Latin prae, Ancient Greek παραί (paraí) and Sanskrit पुरे (pure). Alternatively from *pr̥h₃-éy or *pr̥h₃-óy, from *perh₃-. In any case, ultimately from the root *per-.",
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/furai",
  "pos": "adv",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "furi"
    },
    {
      "word": "furiz"
    },
    {
      "word": "furist"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "before, in front"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "before",
          "before"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈɸu.rɑi̯/"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "Brill Publishers"
  ],
  "word": "furai"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Germanic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-04-17 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-04-01 using wiktextract (0b52755 and 5cb0836). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.