"furi" meaning in Proto-Germanic

See furi in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Adverb

IPA: /ˈɸu.ri/ Forms: furiz [comparative], furist [superlative]
Etymology: From Pre-Germanic *pr̥h₂-i, from Proto-Indo-European *preh₂-. Etymology templates: {{root|gem-pro|ine-pro|*preh₂-}}, {{m|ine-pro||*pr̥h₂-i}} *pr̥h₂-i, {{der|gem-pro|ine-pro|*preh₂-}} Proto-Indo-European *preh₂-
  1. before, forward Tags: reconstruction Related terms: furai
    Sense id: furi-gem-pro-adv-pFISuxd4

Preposition

IPA: /ˈɸu.ri/
Etymology: From Pre-Germanic *pr̥h₂-i, from Proto-Indo-European *preh₂-. Etymology templates: {{root|gem-pro|ine-pro|*preh₂-}}, {{m|ine-pro||*pr̥h₂-i}} *pr̥h₂-i, {{der|gem-pro|ine-pro|*preh₂-}} Proto-Indo-European *preh₂-
  1. (+accusative, with allative meaning) for, before Tags: reconstruction, with allative meaning, with-accusative
    Sense id: furi-gem-pro-prep-E947cqI- Categories (other): Proto-Germanic prepositions

Download JSON data for furi meaning in Proto-Germanic (4.3kB)

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*preh₂-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "",
        "3": "*pr̥h₂-i"
      },
      "expansion": "*pr̥h₂-i",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*preh₂-"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *preh₂-",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Pre-Germanic *pr̥h₂-i, from Proto-Indo-European *preh₂-.",
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/furi",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "for, before"
      ],
      "id": "furi-gem-pro-prep-E947cqI-",
      "links": [
        [
          "for",
          "for"
        ],
        [
          "before",
          "before"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(+accusative, with allative meaning) for, before"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction",
        "with allative meaning",
        "with-accusative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈɸu.ri/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "furi"
}

{
  "categories": [],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*furi"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *furi\nOld English: for, fore (in meaning, the form from *forē)\nMiddle English: for\nEnglish: for\nScots: for\nYola: vor, var, for\nOld Frisian: fori, for\nSaterland Frisian: foar, far\nWest Frisian: foar\nOld Saxon: furi\nMiddle Low German:\nLow German: för\nOld Dutch: furi, fure\nMiddle Dutch: vuere, vuer\nDutch: veur (dialectal)\nAfrikaans: vir\nOld High German: furi\nMiddle High German: vür\nBavarian:\nCimbrian: büar\nMòcheno: ver\nCentral Franconian: für, vür (fully merged)\nGerman: für\nLuxembourgish: fir\nUpper Saxon German: for\nYiddish: פֿאַר (far)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *furi\nOld English: for, fore (in meaning, the form from *forē)\nMiddle English: for\nEnglish: for\nScots: for\nYola: vor, var, for\nOld Frisian: fori, for\nSaterland Frisian: foar, far\nWest Frisian: foar\nOld Saxon: furi\nMiddle Low German:\nLow German: för\nOld Dutch: furi, fure\nMiddle Dutch: vuere, vuer\nDutch: veur (dialectal)\nAfrikaans: vir\nOld High German: furi\nMiddle High German: vür\nBavarian:\nCimbrian: büar\nMòcheno: ver\nCentral Franconian: für, vür (fully merged)\nGerman: für\nLuxembourgish: fir\nUpper Saxon German: for\nYiddish: פֿאַר (far)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "",
            "3": "eptir"
          },
          "expansion": "eptir",
          "name": "m"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "",
            "3": "yfir"
          },
          "expansion": "yfir",
          "name": "m"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "",
            "3": "undir"
          },
          "expansion": "undir",
          "name": "m"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "fyrir",
            "qq": "probably with analogical -ir based on <i class=\"Latn mention\" lang=\"non\">eptir</i>, <i class=\"Latn mention\" lang=\"non\">yfir</i>, <i class=\"Latn mention\" lang=\"non\">undir</i>"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: fyrir, fyr (probably with analogical -ir based on eptir, yfir, undir)\nIcelandic: fyrir\nFaroese: fyri\nNorwegian Nynorsk: føre, for, fyre (dated)\nOld Swedish: fyri(r), for\nSwedish: före, för\nDanish: for",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: fyrir, fyr (probably with analogical -ir based on eptir, yfir, undir)\nIcelandic: fyrir\nFaroese: fyri\nNorwegian Nynorsk: føre, for, fyre (dated)\nOld Swedish: fyri(r), for\nSwedish: före, för\nDanish: for"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐍆𐌰𐌿𐍂"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐍆𐌰𐌿𐍂 (faur)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐍆𐌰𐌿𐍂 (faur)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*preh₂-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "",
        "3": "*pr̥h₂-i"
      },
      "expansion": "*pr̥h₂-i",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*preh₂-"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *preh₂-",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Pre-Germanic *pr̥h₂-i, from Proto-Indo-European *preh₂-.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "furiz",
      "tags": [
        "comparative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "furist",
      "tags": [
        "superlative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/furi",
  "pos": "adv",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "before, forward"
      ],
      "id": "furi-gem-pro-adv-pFISuxd4",
      "links": [
        [
          "forward",
          "forward"
        ]
      ],
      "related": [
        {
          "word": "furai"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈɸu.ri/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "furi"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Proto-Germanic adverbs",
    "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
    "Proto-Germanic prepositions",
    "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation"
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*preh₂-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "",
        "3": "*pr̥h₂-i"
      },
      "expansion": "*pr̥h₂-i",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*preh₂-"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *preh₂-",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Pre-Germanic *pr̥h₂-i, from Proto-Indo-European *preh₂-.",
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/furi",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "for, before"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "for",
          "for"
        ],
        [
          "before",
          "before"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(+accusative, with allative meaning) for, before"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction",
        "with allative meaning",
        "with-accusative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈɸu.ri/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "furi"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Proto-Germanic adverbs",
    "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
    "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation"
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*furi"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *furi\nOld English: for, fore (in meaning, the form from *forē)\nMiddle English: for\nEnglish: for\nScots: for\nYola: vor, var, for\nOld Frisian: fori, for\nSaterland Frisian: foar, far\nWest Frisian: foar\nOld Saxon: furi\nMiddle Low German:\nLow German: för\nOld Dutch: furi, fure\nMiddle Dutch: vuere, vuer\nDutch: veur (dialectal)\nAfrikaans: vir\nOld High German: furi\nMiddle High German: vür\nBavarian:\nCimbrian: büar\nMòcheno: ver\nCentral Franconian: für, vür (fully merged)\nGerman: für\nLuxembourgish: fir\nUpper Saxon German: for\nYiddish: פֿאַר (far)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *furi\nOld English: for, fore (in meaning, the form from *forē)\nMiddle English: for\nEnglish: for\nScots: for\nYola: vor, var, for\nOld Frisian: fori, for\nSaterland Frisian: foar, far\nWest Frisian: foar\nOld Saxon: furi\nMiddle Low German:\nLow German: för\nOld Dutch: furi, fure\nMiddle Dutch: vuere, vuer\nDutch: veur (dialectal)\nAfrikaans: vir\nOld High German: furi\nMiddle High German: vür\nBavarian:\nCimbrian: büar\nMòcheno: ver\nCentral Franconian: für, vür (fully merged)\nGerman: für\nLuxembourgish: fir\nUpper Saxon German: for\nYiddish: פֿאַר (far)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "",
            "3": "eptir"
          },
          "expansion": "eptir",
          "name": "m"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "",
            "3": "yfir"
          },
          "expansion": "yfir",
          "name": "m"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "",
            "3": "undir"
          },
          "expansion": "undir",
          "name": "m"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "fyrir",
            "qq": "probably with analogical -ir based on <i class=\"Latn mention\" lang=\"non\">eptir</i>, <i class=\"Latn mention\" lang=\"non\">yfir</i>, <i class=\"Latn mention\" lang=\"non\">undir</i>"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: fyrir, fyr (probably with analogical -ir based on eptir, yfir, undir)\nIcelandic: fyrir\nFaroese: fyri\nNorwegian Nynorsk: føre, for, fyre (dated)\nOld Swedish: fyri(r), for\nSwedish: före, för\nDanish: for",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: fyrir, fyr (probably with analogical -ir based on eptir, yfir, undir)\nIcelandic: fyrir\nFaroese: fyri\nNorwegian Nynorsk: føre, for, fyre (dated)\nOld Swedish: fyri(r), for\nSwedish: före, för\nDanish: for"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐍆𐌰𐌿𐍂"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐍆𐌰𐌿𐍂 (faur)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐍆𐌰𐌿𐍂 (faur)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*preh₂-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "",
        "3": "*pr̥h₂-i"
      },
      "expansion": "*pr̥h₂-i",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*preh₂-"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *preh₂-",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Pre-Germanic *pr̥h₂-i, from Proto-Indo-European *preh₂-.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "furiz",
      "tags": [
        "comparative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "furist",
      "tags": [
        "superlative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/furi",
  "pos": "adv",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "furai"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "before, forward"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "forward",
          "forward"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈɸu.ri/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "furi"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Germanic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-01-28 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-01-20 using wiktextract (unknown and unknown). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.