"bullô" meaning in Proto-Germanic

See bullô in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

IPA: /ˈbul.lɔːː/
Etymology: An ablaut variant of *ballô (“ball”), whence also *balluz. Etymology templates: {{root|gem-pro|ine-pro|*bʰel-|id=blow}}, {{m|gem-pro|*ballô||ball}} *ballô (“ball”), {{m|gem-pro|*balluz}} *balluz Inflection templates: {{gem-decl-noun|g=m}} Forms: no-table-tags [table-tags], bullô [nominative, singular], bullaniz [nominative, plural], bullô [singular, vocative], bullaniz [plural, vocative], bullanų [accusative, singular], bullanunz [accusative, plural], bulliniz [genitive, singular], bullanǫ̂ [genitive, plural], bullini [dative, singular], bullammaz [dative, plural], bullinē [instrumental, singular], bullammiz [instrumental, plural]
  1. round object; ball; bowl Tags: masculine, reconstruction Derived forms (Proto-West Germanic: *þrotabollō): þrotbolla [Old-English], throtbola Related terms: bellǭ, bullǭ
    Sense id: en-bullô-gem-pro-noun-PfX7hOWY Categories (other): Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header

Download JSON data for bullô meaning in Proto-Germanic (5.0kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "bolla"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: bolla\nMiddle English: bolle\nEnglish: bowl\nScots: boll, bow, (?) bowie\n→ Proto-Brythonic:\nBreton: bolenn\nWelsh: powlen\n→ Middle French: bolle\nFrench: bol\n→ Catalan: bol\n→ Greek: μπολ (bol)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: bolla\nMiddle English: bolle\nEnglish: bowl\nScots: boll, bow, (?) bowie\n→ Proto-Brythonic:\nBreton: bolenn\nWelsh: powlen\n→ Middle French: bolle\nFrench: bol\n→ Catalan: bol\n→ Greek: μπολ (bol)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ofs",
            "2": "bolla"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Frisian: bolla",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Frisian: bolla"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fy",
            "2": "bôle"
          },
          "expansion": "West Frisian: bôle",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "West Frisian: bôle"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "bollo"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: bollo",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: bollo"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "bolle"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Low German: bolle",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Low German: bolle"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nds-de",
            "2": "Boll",
            "alts": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "German Low German: Boll, Bolle",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German Low German: Boll, Bolle"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "frk",
            "2": "*bollo"
          },
          "expansion": "Frankish: *bollo",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Frankish: *bollo"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "dum",
            "2": "bolle"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Dutch: bolle",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Dutch: bolle"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nl",
            "2": "bol"
          },
          "expansion": "Dutch: bol",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Dutch: bol"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "bolli"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: bolli",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: bolli"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "is",
            "2": "bolli"
          },
          "expansion": "Icelandic: bolli",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Icelandic: bolli"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fo",
            "2": "bolli"
          },
          "expansion": "Faroese: bolli",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Faroese: bolli"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-osw",
            "2": "bulle",
            "3": "bolle"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Swedish: bulle, bolle",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Swedish: bulle, bolle"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sv",
            "2": "bulle"
          },
          "expansion": "Swedish: bulle",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Swedish: bulle"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fi",
            "2": "pullo",
            "bor": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→ Finnish: pullo",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ Finnish: pullo"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*bʰel-",
        "id": "blow"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*ballô",
        "3": "",
        "4": "ball"
      },
      "expansion": "*ballô (“ball”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*balluz"
      },
      "expansion": "*balluz",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "An ablaut variant of *ballô (“ball”), whence also *balluz.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-noun",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "an-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bullô",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bullaniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bullô",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bullaniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bullanų",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bullanunz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bulliniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bullanǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bullini",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bullammaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bullinē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bullammiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "g": "m"
      },
      "name": "gem-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/bullô",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "derived": [
        {
          "sense": "Proto-West Germanic: *þrotabollō",
          "tags": [
            "Old-English"
          ],
          "word": "þrotbolla"
        },
        {
          "sense": "Proto-West Germanic: *þrotabollō",
          "word": "throtbola"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "round object; ball; bowl"
      ],
      "id": "en-bullô-gem-pro-noun-PfX7hOWY",
      "links": [
        [
          "ball",
          "ball"
        ],
        [
          "bowl",
          "bowl"
        ]
      ],
      "related": [
        {
          "word": "bellǭ"
        },
        {
          "word": "bullǭ"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈbul.lɔːː/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "bullô"
}
{
  "derived": [
    {
      "sense": "Proto-West Germanic: *þrotabollō",
      "tags": [
        "Old-English"
      ],
      "word": "þrotbolla"
    },
    {
      "sense": "Proto-West Germanic: *þrotabollō",
      "word": "throtbola"
    }
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "bolla"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: bolla\nMiddle English: bolle\nEnglish: bowl\nScots: boll, bow, (?) bowie\n→ Proto-Brythonic:\nBreton: bolenn\nWelsh: powlen\n→ Middle French: bolle\nFrench: bol\n→ Catalan: bol\n→ Greek: μπολ (bol)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: bolla\nMiddle English: bolle\nEnglish: bowl\nScots: boll, bow, (?) bowie\n→ Proto-Brythonic:\nBreton: bolenn\nWelsh: powlen\n→ Middle French: bolle\nFrench: bol\n→ Catalan: bol\n→ Greek: μπολ (bol)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ofs",
            "2": "bolla"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Frisian: bolla",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Frisian: bolla"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fy",
            "2": "bôle"
          },
          "expansion": "West Frisian: bôle",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "West Frisian: bôle"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "bollo"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: bollo",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: bollo"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "bolle"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Low German: bolle",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Low German: bolle"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nds-de",
            "2": "Boll",
            "alts": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "German Low German: Boll, Bolle",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German Low German: Boll, Bolle"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "frk",
            "2": "*bollo"
          },
          "expansion": "Frankish: *bollo",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Frankish: *bollo"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "dum",
            "2": "bolle"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Dutch: bolle",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Dutch: bolle"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nl",
            "2": "bol"
          },
          "expansion": "Dutch: bol",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Dutch: bol"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "bolli"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: bolli",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: bolli"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "is",
            "2": "bolli"
          },
          "expansion": "Icelandic: bolli",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Icelandic: bolli"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fo",
            "2": "bolli"
          },
          "expansion": "Faroese: bolli",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Faroese: bolli"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-osw",
            "2": "bulle",
            "3": "bolle"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Swedish: bulle, bolle",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Swedish: bulle, bolle"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sv",
            "2": "bulle"
          },
          "expansion": "Swedish: bulle",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Swedish: bulle"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fi",
            "2": "pullo",
            "bor": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→ Finnish: pullo",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ Finnish: pullo"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*bʰel-",
        "id": "blow"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*ballô",
        "3": "",
        "4": "ball"
      },
      "expansion": "*ballô (“ball”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*balluz"
      },
      "expansion": "*balluz",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "An ablaut variant of *ballô (“ball”), whence also *balluz.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-noun",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "an-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bullô",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bullaniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bullô",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bullaniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bullanų",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bullanunz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bulliniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bullanǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bullini",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bullammaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bullinē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bullammiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "g": "m"
      },
      "name": "gem-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/bullô",
  "pos": "noun",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "bellǭ"
    },
    {
      "word": "bullǭ"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Proto-Germanic an-stem nouns",
        "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
        "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
        "Proto-Germanic masculine nouns",
        "Proto-Germanic nouns",
        "Proto-Germanic terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
        "Proto-Germanic terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *bʰel- (blow)",
        "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "round object; ball; bowl"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "ball",
          "ball"
        ],
        [
          "bowl",
          "bowl"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈbul.lɔːː/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "bullô"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Germanic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-05-20 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-05-02 using wiktextract (1d5a7d1 and 304864d). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

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