"bellǭ" meaning in Proto-Germanic

See bellǭ in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

IPA: /ˈbel.lɔ̃ː/
Etymology: From Proto-Indo-European *bʰel- (“to sound”). Etymology templates: {{root|gem-pro|ine-pro|*bʰel-|id=sound}}, {{der|gem-pro|ine-pro|*bʰel-|t=to sound}} Proto-Indo-European *bʰel- (“to sound”) Inflection templates: {{gem-decl-noun}} Forms: no-table-tags [table-tags], bellǭ [nominative, singular], bellōniz [nominative, plural], bellǭ [singular, vocative], bellōniz [plural, vocative], bellōnų [accusative, singular], bellōnunz [accusative, plural], bellōniz [genitive, singular], bellōnǫ̂ [genitive, plural], bellōni [dative, singular], bellōmaz [dative, plural], bellōnē [instrumental, singular], bellōmiz [instrumental, plural]
  1. bell Tags: feminine, reconstruction Related terms: bellaną
    Sense id: en-bellǭ-gem-pro-noun-9oN0DN7W Categories (other): Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header

Download JSON data for bellǭ meaning in Proto-Germanic (4.6kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*bellā"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *bellā",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *bellā"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "belle"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: belle\nMiddle English: belle\nScots: bell\nEnglish: bell\n→ Fiji Hindi: belo\n→ Japanese: ベル (beru)\n→ Korean: 벨 (bel)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: belle\nMiddle English: belle\nScots: bell\nEnglish: bell\n→ Fiji Hindi: belo\n→ Japanese: ベル (beru)\n→ Korean: 벨 (bel)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ofs",
            "2": "*belle"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Frisian: *belle",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Frisian: *belle"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fy",
            "2": "belle",
            "3": "bel"
          },
          "expansion": "West Frisian: belle, bel",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "West Frisian: belle, bel"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "bella"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: bella",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: bella"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "belle"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Low German: belle",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Low German: belle"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nds-de",
            "2": "Belle",
            "3": "Bel"
          },
          "expansion": "German Low German: Belle, Bel",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German Low German: Belle, Bel"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "*bella"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: *bella",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: *bella"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "dum",
            "2": "belle"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Dutch: belle",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Dutch: belle"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nl",
            "2": "bel"
          },
          "expansion": "Dutch: bel",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Dutch: bel"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "li",
            "2": "bèl"
          },
          "expansion": "Limburgish: bèl",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Limburgish: bèl"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "bjalla"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: bjalla\nIcelandic: bjalla\nFaroese: bjølla\nNorwegian Nynorsk: bjølle (through bjǫllu)\nOld Swedish: biælla\nSwedish: bjällra (with unexplained -r-)\nDanish: bjælde\nNorwegian Bokmål: bjelle\nGutnish: bjällå, bjälla",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: bjalla\nIcelandic: bjalla\nFaroese: bjølla\nNorwegian Nynorsk: bjølle (through bjǫllu)\nOld Swedish: biælla\nSwedish: bjällra (with unexplained -r-)\nDanish: bjælde\nNorwegian Bokmål: bjelle\nGutnish: bjällå, bjälla"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*bʰel-",
        "id": "sound"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*bʰel-",
        "t": "to sound"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *bʰel- (“to sound”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *bʰel- (“to sound”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-noun",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ōn-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bellǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bellōniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bellǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bellōniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bellōnų",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bellōnunz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bellōniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bellōnǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bellōni",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bellōmaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bellōnē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bellōmiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "gem-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/bellǭ",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "bell"
      ],
      "id": "en-bellǭ-gem-pro-noun-9oN0DN7W",
      "links": [
        [
          "bell",
          "bell"
        ]
      ],
      "related": [
        {
          "word": "bellaną"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈbel.lɔ̃ː/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "bellǭ"
}
{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*bellā"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *bellā",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *bellā"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "belle"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: belle\nMiddle English: belle\nScots: bell\nEnglish: bell\n→ Fiji Hindi: belo\n→ Japanese: ベル (beru)\n→ Korean: 벨 (bel)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: belle\nMiddle English: belle\nScots: bell\nEnglish: bell\n→ Fiji Hindi: belo\n→ Japanese: ベル (beru)\n→ Korean: 벨 (bel)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ofs",
            "2": "*belle"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Frisian: *belle",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Frisian: *belle"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fy",
            "2": "belle",
            "3": "bel"
          },
          "expansion": "West Frisian: belle, bel",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "West Frisian: belle, bel"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "bella"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: bella",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: bella"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "belle"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Low German: belle",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Low German: belle"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nds-de",
            "2": "Belle",
            "3": "Bel"
          },
          "expansion": "German Low German: Belle, Bel",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German Low German: Belle, Bel"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "*bella"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: *bella",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: *bella"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "dum",
            "2": "belle"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Dutch: belle",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Dutch: belle"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nl",
            "2": "bel"
          },
          "expansion": "Dutch: bel",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Dutch: bel"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "li",
            "2": "bèl"
          },
          "expansion": "Limburgish: bèl",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Limburgish: bèl"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "bjalla"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: bjalla\nIcelandic: bjalla\nFaroese: bjølla\nNorwegian Nynorsk: bjølle (through bjǫllu)\nOld Swedish: biælla\nSwedish: bjällra (with unexplained -r-)\nDanish: bjælde\nNorwegian Bokmål: bjelle\nGutnish: bjällå, bjälla",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: bjalla\nIcelandic: bjalla\nFaroese: bjølla\nNorwegian Nynorsk: bjølle (through bjǫllu)\nOld Swedish: biælla\nSwedish: bjällra (with unexplained -r-)\nDanish: bjælde\nNorwegian Bokmål: bjelle\nGutnish: bjällå, bjälla"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*bʰel-",
        "id": "sound"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*bʰel-",
        "t": "to sound"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *bʰel- (“to sound”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *bʰel- (“to sound”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-noun",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ōn-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bellǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bellōniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bellǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bellōniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bellōnų",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bellōnunz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bellōniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bellōnǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bellōni",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bellōmaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bellōnē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bellōmiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "gem-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/bellǭ",
  "pos": "noun",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "bellaną"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
        "Proto-Germanic feminine nouns",
        "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
        "Proto-Germanic nouns",
        "Proto-Germanic terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
        "Proto-Germanic terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *bʰel- (sound)",
        "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation",
        "Proto-Germanic ōn-stem nouns"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "bell"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "bell",
          "bell"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈbel.lɔ̃ː/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "bellǭ"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Germanic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-05-20 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-05-02 using wiktextract (1d5a7d1 and 304864d). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.