"-ilaz" meaning in Proto-Germanic

See -ilaz in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Suffix

Etymology: Formally appears to be a thematicized variant of Proto-Indo-European *-lós. Kroonen (2017) instead derives this from the Proto-Indo-European *-trom family of instrumental nominal suffixes, specifically the lambdacized variants Proto-Indo-European *-dʰlom and Proto-Indo-European *-tlom. The former suffix and the voiced Verner's alternant of the latter would undergo an assimilation to *-lla-. The geminate consonant would have later shortened to make *-la- which was suffixed onto stems with *-yeti, forming the Germanic agent suffix. Compare Latin -ula. Etymology templates: {{der|gem-pro|ine-pro|*-lós}} Proto-Indo-European *-lós, {{der|gem-pro|ine-pro|*-trom}} Proto-Indo-European *-trom, {{der|gem-pro|ine-pro|*-dʰlom}} Proto-Indo-European *-dʰlom, {{der|gem-pro|ine-pro|*-tlom}} Proto-Indo-European *-tlom, {{cog|la|-ula}} Latin -ula Head templates: {{head|gem-pro|suffix|cat2=noun-forming suffixes}} *-ilaz Inflection templates: {{gem-decl-noun}} Forms: no-table-tags [table-tags], -ilaz [nominative, singular], -ilōz [nominative, plural], -ilōs [nominative, plural], -il [singular, vocative], -ilōz [plural, vocative], -ilōs [plural, vocative], -ilą [accusative, singular], -ilanz [accusative, plural], -ilas [genitive, singular], -ilis [genitive, singular], -ilǫ̂ [genitive, plural], -ilai [dative, singular], -ilamaz [dative, plural], -ilō [instrumental, singular], -ilamiz [instrumental, plural]
  1. -er: suffix forming agent nouns and instrument nouns such as tools Tags: morpheme, reconstruction Synonyms: -ilą, -ulaz (alt: e.g. in *skakulaz) Derived forms: -ilingaz
    Sense id: en--ilaz-gem-pro-suffix-gem_pro:agent_noun Categories (other): Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header: 64 9 27
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 1

Suffix

Etymology: From Proto-Indo-European *-elo-, thematized from Proto-Indo-European *-lós. Etymology templates: {{der|gem-pro|ine-pro|*-el-|*-elo-}} Proto-Indo-European *-elo-, {{der|gem-pro|ine-pro|*-lós}} Proto-Indo-European *-lós Head templates: {{head|gem-pro|suffix}} *-ilaz Inflection templates: {{gem-decl-noun}} Forms: no-table-tags [table-tags], -ilaz [nominative, singular], -ilōz [nominative, plural], -ilōs [nominative, plural], -il [singular, vocative], -ilōz [plural, vocative], -ilōs [plural, vocative], -ilą [accusative, singular], -ilanz [accusative, plural], -ilas [genitive, singular], -ilis [genitive, singular], -ilǫ̂ [genitive, plural], -ilai [dative, singular], -ilamaz [dative, plural], -ilō [instrumental, singular], -ilamiz [instrumental, plural]
  1. forms nouns of diminutive connotation Tags: morpheme, reconstruction Synonyms: -ilǭ, -ulǭ
    Sense id: en--ilaz-gem-pro-suffix-gem_pro:diminutive
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms: -ulaz
Etymology number: 2

Suffix

Etymology: Related to the above etymologies. Compare Latin -ilis. Etymology templates: {{cog|la|-ilis}} Latin -ilis Head templates: {{head|gem-pro|suffix|cat2=adjective-forming suffixes}} *-ilaz Inflection templates: {{gem-decl-adj-a|-il}}, {{gem-decl-adj-table2|*-ilaz|*-ilanǭ|*-ilas, -is|*-ilammai|*-ilanō|*-ilai|*-ilanz|*-ilaizǫ̂|*-ilaimaz|*-ilaimiz|*-ilō|*-ilǭ|*-ilaizōz|*-ilaizōi|*-ilaizō|*-ilôz|*-ilōz|*-ilaizǫ̂|*-ilaimaz|*-ilaimiz|*-ilą, -atō|*-ilą, -atō|*-ilas, -is|*-ilammai|*-ilanō|*-ilō|*-ilō|*-ilaizǫ̂|*-ilaimaz|*-ilaimiz|*-ilô|*-ilanų|*-iliniz|*-ilini|*-ilinē|*-ilaniz|*-ilanunz|*-ilanǫ̂|*-ilammaz|*-ilammiz|*-ilǭ|*-ilōnų|*-ilōniz|*-ilōni|*-ilōnē|*-ilōniz|*-ilōnunz|*-ilōnǫ̂|*-ilōmaz|*-ilōmiz|*-ilô|*-ilô|*-iliniz|*-ilini|*-ilinē|*-ilōnō|*-ilōnō|*-ilanǫ̂|*-ilammaz|*-ilammiz|title=*-ilaz (a-stem)}} Forms: no-table-tags [table-tags], -ilaz [masculine, nominative, singular, strong], -ilai [masculine, nominative, plural, strong], -ilō [feminine, nominative, singular, strong], -ilôz [feminine, nominative, plural, strong], -ilą [neuter, nominative, singular, strong], -atō [neuter, nominative, singular, strong], -ilō [neuter, nominative, plural, strong], -ilanǭ [accusative, masculine, singular, strong], -ilanz [accusative, masculine, plural, strong], -ilǭ [accusative, feminine, singular, strong], -ilōz [accusative, feminine, plural, strong], -ilą [accusative, neuter, singular, strong], -atō [accusative, neuter, singular, strong], -ilō [accusative, neuter, plural, strong], -ilas [genitive, masculine, singular, strong], -is [genitive, masculine, singular, strong], -ilaizǫ̂ [genitive, masculine, plural, strong], -ilaizōz [feminine, genitive, singular, strong], -ilaizǫ̂ [feminine, genitive, plural, strong], -ilas [genitive, neuter, singular, strong], -is [genitive, neuter, singular, strong], -ilaizǫ̂ [genitive, neuter, plural, strong], -ilammai [dative, masculine, singular, strong], -ilaimaz [dative, masculine, plural, strong], -ilaizōi [dative, feminine, singular, strong], -ilaimaz [dative, feminine, plural, strong], -ilammai [dative, neuter, singular, strong], -ilaimaz [dative, neuter, plural, strong], -ilanō [instrumental, masculine, singular, strong], -ilaimiz [instrumental, masculine, plural, strong], -ilaizō [feminine, instrumental, singular, strong], -ilaimiz [feminine, instrumental, plural, strong], -ilanō [instrumental, neuter, singular, strong], -ilaimiz [instrumental, neuter, plural, strong], -ilô [masculine, nominative, singular, weak], -ilaniz [masculine, nominative, plural, weak], -ilǭ [feminine, nominative, singular, weak], -ilōniz [feminine, nominative, plural, weak], -ilô [neuter, nominative, singular, weak], -ilōnō [neuter, nominative, plural, weak], -ilanų [accusative, masculine, singular, weak], -ilanunz [accusative, masculine, plural, weak], -ilōnų [accusative, feminine, singular, weak], -ilōnunz [accusative, feminine, plural, weak], -ilô [accusative, neuter, singular, weak], -ilōnō [accusative, neuter, plural, weak], -iliniz [genitive, masculine, singular, weak], -ilanǫ̂ [genitive, masculine, plural, weak], -ilōniz [feminine, genitive, singular, weak], -ilōnǫ̂ [feminine, genitive, plural, weak], -iliniz [genitive, neuter, singular, weak], -ilanǫ̂ [genitive, neuter, plural, weak], -ilini [dative, masculine, singular, weak], -ilammaz [dative, masculine, plural, weak], -ilōni [dative, feminine, singular, weak], -ilōmaz [dative, feminine, plural, weak], -ilini [dative, neuter, singular, weak], -ilammaz [dative, neuter, plural, weak], -ilinē [instrumental, masculine, singular, weak], -ilammiz [instrumental, masculine, plural, weak], -ilōnē [feminine, instrumental, singular, weak], -ilōmiz [feminine, instrumental, plural, weak], -ilinē [instrumental, neuter, singular, weak], -ilammiz [instrumental, neuter, plural, weak]
  1. forms adjectives from verbs, meaning “-ing” or “tending to …” (alternative form of *-ulaz) Tags: morpheme, reconstruction
    Sense id: en--ilaz-gem-pro-suffix-gem_pro:adjectival
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms: -ulaz
Etymology number: 3

Download JSON data for -ilaz meaning in Proto-Germanic (21.9kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*-il",
            "3": "*-ul"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *-il, *-ul",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *-il, *-ul"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "-el",
            "3": "-ol",
            "4": "-ul"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: -el, -ol, -ul",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: -el, -ol, -ul"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "enm",
            "2": "-el"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle English: -el",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle English: -el"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "en",
            "2": "-el",
            "3": "-le",
            "id": "agent noun",
            "id2": "agent noun"
          },
          "expansion": "English: -el, -le",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "English: -el, -le"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ofs",
            "2": "-"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Frisian:",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Frisian:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fy",
            "2": "-el"
          },
          "expansion": "West Frisian: -el",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "West Frisian: -el"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "-al",
            "3": "-il"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: -al, -il",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: -al, -il"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "-el"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Low German: -el",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Low German: -el"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nds",
            "2": "-el"
          },
          "expansion": "Low German: -el",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Low German: -el"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "-"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch:",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nl",
            "2": "-el"
          },
          "expansion": "Dutch: -el",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Dutch: -el"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "-il"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: -il",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: -il"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "-el"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle High German: -el",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle High German: -el"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "de",
            "2": "-el"
          },
          "expansion": "German: -el",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German: -el"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "-ill",
            "3": "-all",
            "4": "-ull",
            "5": "-la",
            "g3": "m",
            "g4": "f"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: -ill, -all, -ull m, -la f",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: -ill, -all, -ull m, -la f"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "is",
            "2": "-ill",
            "3": "-all",
            "4": "-ull",
            "5": "-la",
            "g3": "m",
            "g4": "f"
          },
          "expansion": "Icelandic: -ill, -all, -ull m, -la f",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Icelandic: -ill, -all, -ull m, -la f"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fo",
            "2": "-il",
            "g": "m"
          },
          "expansion": "Faroese: -il m",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Faroese: -il m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*-lós"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *-lós",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*-trom"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *-trom",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*-dʰlom"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *-dʰlom",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*-tlom"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *-tlom",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "-ula"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin -ula",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Formally appears to be a thematicized variant of Proto-Indo-European *-lós.\nKroonen (2017) instead derives this from the Proto-Indo-European *-trom family of instrumental nominal suffixes, specifically the lambdacized variants Proto-Indo-European *-dʰlom and Proto-Indo-European *-tlom. The former suffix and the voiced Verner's alternant of the latter would undergo an assimilation to *-lla-. The geminate consonant would have later shortened to make *-la- which was suffixed onto stems with *-yeti, forming the Germanic agent suffix. Compare Latin -ula.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-noun",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "a-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilōs",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-il",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilōs",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilą",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilanz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilas",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilis",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilamaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilamiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "suffix",
        "cat2": "noun-forming suffixes"
      },
      "expansion": "*-ilaz",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "gem-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/-ilaz",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "64 9 27",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "derived": [
        {
          "word": "-ilingaz"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "-er: suffix forming agent nouns and instrument nouns such as tools"
      ],
      "id": "en--ilaz-gem-pro-suffix-gem_pro:agent_noun",
      "links": [
        [
          "-er",
          "-er"
        ]
      ],
      "senseid": [
        "gem-pro:agent noun"
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "-ilą"
        },
        {
          "alt": "e.g. in *skakulaz",
          "word": "-ulaz"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-ilaz"
}

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*-il"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *-il",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *-il"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "-el",
            "3": "-il"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: -el, -il",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: -el, -il"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "enm",
            "2": "-el"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle English: -el",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle English: -el"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "en",
            "2": "-el",
            "3": "-le",
            "id": "diminutive",
            "id2": "diminutive"
          },
          "expansion": "English: -el, -le",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "English: -el, -le"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sco",
            "2": "-el",
            "3": "-il"
          },
          "expansion": "Scots: -el, -il",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Scots: -el, -il"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "-il"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: -il",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: -il"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "de",
            "2": "-el"
          },
          "expansion": "German: -el",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German: -el"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "-ill",
            "3": "-la",
            "g": "m",
            "g2": "f"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: -ill m, -la f",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: -ill m, -la f"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "is",
            "2": "-ill",
            "3": "-la",
            "g": "m",
            "g2": "f"
          },
          "expansion": "Icelandic: -ill m, -la f",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Icelandic: -ill m, -la f"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fo",
            "2": "-il",
            "g": "m"
          },
          "expansion": "Faroese: -il m",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Faroese: -il m"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "-𐌹𐌻𐌰"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: -𐌹𐌻𐌰 (-ila)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "(possibly) Gothic: -𐌹𐌻𐌰 (-ila)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*-el-",
        "4": "*-elo-"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *-elo-",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*-lós"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *-lós",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *-elo-, thematized from Proto-Indo-European *-lós.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-noun",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "a-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilōs",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-il",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilōs",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilą",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilanz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilas",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilis",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilamaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilamiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "*-ilaz",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "gem-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/-ilaz",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "forms nouns of diminutive connotation"
      ],
      "id": "en--ilaz-gem-pro-suffix-gem_pro:diminutive",
      "links": [
        [
          "diminutive",
          "Appendix:Glossary#diminutive"
        ]
      ],
      "senseid": [
        "gem-pro:diminutive"
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "-ilǭ"
        },
        {
          "word": "-ulǭ"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "-ulaz"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-ilaz"
}

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*-il"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *-il",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *-il"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "-il",
            "3": "-el"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: -il, -el",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: -il, -el"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "enm",
            "2": "-il",
            "3": "-el"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle English: -il, -el",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle English: -il, -el"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "en",
            "2": "-le",
            "id": "adjectival"
          },
          "expansion": "English: -le",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "English: -le"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sco",
            "2": "-il",
            "3": "-el"
          },
          "expansion": "Scots: -il, -el",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Scots: -il, -el"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ofs",
            "2": "-il"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Frisian: -il",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Frisian: -il"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "stq",
            "2": "-il"
          },
          "expansion": "Saterland Frisian: -il",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Saterland Frisian: -il"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fy",
            "2": "-il"
          },
          "expansion": "West Frisian: -il",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "West Frisian: -il"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "-il"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: -il",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: -il"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "-il",
            "3": "-el"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Low German: -il, -el",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Low German: -il, -el"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nds-de",
            "2": "-il"
          },
          "expansion": "German Low German: -il",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German Low German: -il"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "-il"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: -il",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: -il"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "dum",
            "2": "-il",
            "3": "-el"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Dutch: -il, -el",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Dutch: -il, -el"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nl",
            "2": "-il"
          },
          "expansion": "Dutch: -il",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Dutch: -il"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "-il"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: -il",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: -il"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "-il"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle High German: -il",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle High German: -il"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "de",
            "2": "-el"
          },
          "expansion": "German: -el",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German: -el"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "-ill"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: -ill",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: -ill"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "is",
            "2": "-ill"
          },
          "expansion": "Icelandic: -ill",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Icelandic: -ill"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "-𐌹𐌻𐍃"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: -𐌹𐌻𐍃 (-ils)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: -𐌹𐌻𐍃 (-ils)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 3,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "-ilis"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin -ilis",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Related to the above etymologies. Compare Latin -ilis.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-adj-a",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "a-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilôz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilą",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilanǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilanz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilą",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilas",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-is",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilaizǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilaizōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilaizǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilas",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-is",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilaizǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilammai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilaimaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilaizōi",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilaimaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilammai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilaimaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilanō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilaimiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilaizō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilaimiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilanō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilaimiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilô",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilaniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilōniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilô",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilōnō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilanų",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilanunz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilōnų",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilōnunz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilô",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilōnō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-iliniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilanǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilōniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilōnǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-iliniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilanǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilini",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilammaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilōni",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilōmaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilini",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilammaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilinē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilammiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilōnē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilōmiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilinē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilammiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "suffix",
        "cat2": "adjective-forming suffixes"
      },
      "expansion": "*-ilaz",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-il"
      },
      "name": "gem-decl-adj-a"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "*-ilaz",
        "10": "*-ilaimiz",
        "11": "*-ilō",
        "12": "*-ilǭ",
        "13": "*-ilaizōz",
        "14": "*-ilaizōi",
        "15": "*-ilaizō",
        "16": "*-ilôz",
        "17": "*-ilōz",
        "18": "*-ilaizǫ̂",
        "19": "*-ilaimaz",
        "2": "*-ilanǭ",
        "20": "*-ilaimiz",
        "21": "*-ilą, -atō",
        "22": "*-ilą, -atō",
        "23": "*-ilas, -is",
        "24": "*-ilammai",
        "25": "*-ilanō",
        "26": "*-ilō",
        "27": "*-ilō",
        "28": "*-ilaizǫ̂",
        "29": "*-ilaimaz",
        "3": "*-ilas, -is",
        "30": "*-ilaimiz",
        "31": "*-ilô",
        "32": "*-ilanų",
        "33": "*-iliniz",
        "34": "*-ilini",
        "35": "*-ilinē",
        "36": "*-ilaniz",
        "37": "*-ilanunz",
        "38": "*-ilanǫ̂",
        "39": "*-ilammaz",
        "4": "*-ilammai",
        "40": "*-ilammiz",
        "41": "*-ilǭ",
        "42": "*-ilōnų",
        "43": "*-ilōniz",
        "44": "*-ilōni",
        "45": "*-ilōnē",
        "46": "*-ilōniz",
        "47": "*-ilōnunz",
        "48": "*-ilōnǫ̂",
        "49": "*-ilōmaz",
        "5": "*-ilanō",
        "50": "*-ilōmiz",
        "51": "*-ilô",
        "52": "*-ilô",
        "53": "*-iliniz",
        "54": "*-ilini",
        "55": "*-ilinē",
        "56": "*-ilōnō",
        "57": "*-ilōnō",
        "58": "*-ilanǫ̂",
        "59": "*-ilammaz",
        "6": "*-ilai",
        "60": "*-ilammiz",
        "7": "*-ilanz",
        "8": "*-ilaizǫ̂",
        "9": "*-ilaimaz",
        "title": "*-ilaz (a-stem)"
      },
      "name": "gem-decl-adj-table2"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/-ilaz",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "forms adjectives from verbs, meaning “-ing” or “tending to …” (alternative form of *-ulaz)"
      ],
      "id": "en--ilaz-gem-pro-suffix-gem_pro:adjectival",
      "links": [
        [
          "-ing",
          "-ing#English"
        ],
        [
          "*-ulaz",
          "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/-ulaz"
        ]
      ],
      "senseid": [
        "gem-pro:adjectival"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "-ulaz"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-ilaz"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Proto-Germanic a-stem adjectives",
    "Proto-Germanic a-stem nouns",
    "Proto-Germanic adjective-forming suffixes",
    "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
    "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
    "Proto-Germanic noun-forming suffixes",
    "Proto-Germanic suffixes",
    "Proto-Germanic terms derived from Proto-Indo-European"
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "-ilingaz"
    }
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*-il",
            "3": "*-ul"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *-il, *-ul",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *-il, *-ul"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "-el",
            "3": "-ol",
            "4": "-ul"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: -el, -ol, -ul",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: -el, -ol, -ul"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "enm",
            "2": "-el"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle English: -el",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle English: -el"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "en",
            "2": "-el",
            "3": "-le",
            "id": "agent noun",
            "id2": "agent noun"
          },
          "expansion": "English: -el, -le",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "English: -el, -le"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ofs",
            "2": "-"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Frisian:",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Frisian:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fy",
            "2": "-el"
          },
          "expansion": "West Frisian: -el",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "West Frisian: -el"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "-al",
            "3": "-il"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: -al, -il",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: -al, -il"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "-el"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Low German: -el",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Low German: -el"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nds",
            "2": "-el"
          },
          "expansion": "Low German: -el",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Low German: -el"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "-"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch:",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nl",
            "2": "-el"
          },
          "expansion": "Dutch: -el",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Dutch: -el"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "-il"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: -il",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: -il"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "-el"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle High German: -el",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle High German: -el"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "de",
            "2": "-el"
          },
          "expansion": "German: -el",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German: -el"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "-ill",
            "3": "-all",
            "4": "-ull",
            "5": "-la",
            "g3": "m",
            "g4": "f"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: -ill, -all, -ull m, -la f",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: -ill, -all, -ull m, -la f"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "is",
            "2": "-ill",
            "3": "-all",
            "4": "-ull",
            "5": "-la",
            "g3": "m",
            "g4": "f"
          },
          "expansion": "Icelandic: -ill, -all, -ull m, -la f",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Icelandic: -ill, -all, -ull m, -la f"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fo",
            "2": "-il",
            "g": "m"
          },
          "expansion": "Faroese: -il m",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Faroese: -il m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*-lós"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *-lós",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*-trom"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *-trom",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*-dʰlom"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *-dʰlom",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*-tlom"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *-tlom",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "-ula"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin -ula",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Formally appears to be a thematicized variant of Proto-Indo-European *-lós.\nKroonen (2017) instead derives this from the Proto-Indo-European *-trom family of instrumental nominal suffixes, specifically the lambdacized variants Proto-Indo-European *-dʰlom and Proto-Indo-European *-tlom. The former suffix and the voiced Verner's alternant of the latter would undergo an assimilation to *-lla-. The geminate consonant would have later shortened to make *-la- which was suffixed onto stems with *-yeti, forming the Germanic agent suffix. Compare Latin -ula.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-noun",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "a-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilōs",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-il",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilōs",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilą",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilanz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilas",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilis",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilamaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilamiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "suffix",
        "cat2": "noun-forming suffixes"
      },
      "expansion": "*-ilaz",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "gem-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/-ilaz",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "-er: suffix forming agent nouns and instrument nouns such as tools"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "-er",
          "-er"
        ]
      ],
      "senseid": [
        "gem-pro:agent noun"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "-ilą"
    },
    {
      "alt": "e.g. in *skakulaz",
      "word": "-ulaz"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-ilaz"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Proto-Germanic a-stem adjectives",
    "Proto-Germanic a-stem nouns",
    "Proto-Germanic adjective-forming suffixes",
    "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
    "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
    "Proto-Germanic suffixes",
    "Proto-Germanic terms derived from Proto-Indo-European"
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*-il"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *-il",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *-il"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "-el",
            "3": "-il"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: -el, -il",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: -el, -il"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "enm",
            "2": "-el"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle English: -el",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle English: -el"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "en",
            "2": "-el",
            "3": "-le",
            "id": "diminutive",
            "id2": "diminutive"
          },
          "expansion": "English: -el, -le",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "English: -el, -le"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sco",
            "2": "-el",
            "3": "-il"
          },
          "expansion": "Scots: -el, -il",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Scots: -el, -il"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "-il"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: -il",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: -il"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "de",
            "2": "-el"
          },
          "expansion": "German: -el",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German: -el"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "-ill",
            "3": "-la",
            "g": "m",
            "g2": "f"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: -ill m, -la f",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: -ill m, -la f"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "is",
            "2": "-ill",
            "3": "-la",
            "g": "m",
            "g2": "f"
          },
          "expansion": "Icelandic: -ill m, -la f",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Icelandic: -ill m, -la f"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fo",
            "2": "-il",
            "g": "m"
          },
          "expansion": "Faroese: -il m",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Faroese: -il m"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "-𐌹𐌻𐌰"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: -𐌹𐌻𐌰 (-ila)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "(possibly) Gothic: -𐌹𐌻𐌰 (-ila)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*-el-",
        "4": "*-elo-"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *-elo-",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*-lós"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *-lós",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *-elo-, thematized from Proto-Indo-European *-lós.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-noun",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "a-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilōs",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-il",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilōs",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilą",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilanz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilas",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilis",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilamaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilamiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "*-ilaz",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "gem-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/-ilaz",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "forms nouns of diminutive connotation"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "diminutive",
          "Appendix:Glossary#diminutive"
        ]
      ],
      "senseid": [
        "gem-pro:diminutive"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "-ilǭ"
    },
    {
      "word": "-ulaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "-ulǭ"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-ilaz"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Proto-Germanic a-stem adjectives",
    "Proto-Germanic adjective-forming suffixes",
    "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
    "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
    "Proto-Germanic suffixes"
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*-il"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *-il",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *-il"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "-il",
            "3": "-el"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: -il, -el",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: -il, -el"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "enm",
            "2": "-il",
            "3": "-el"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle English: -il, -el",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle English: -il, -el"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "en",
            "2": "-le",
            "id": "adjectival"
          },
          "expansion": "English: -le",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "English: -le"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sco",
            "2": "-il",
            "3": "-el"
          },
          "expansion": "Scots: -il, -el",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Scots: -il, -el"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ofs",
            "2": "-il"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Frisian: -il",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Frisian: -il"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "stq",
            "2": "-il"
          },
          "expansion": "Saterland Frisian: -il",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Saterland Frisian: -il"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fy",
            "2": "-il"
          },
          "expansion": "West Frisian: -il",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "West Frisian: -il"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "-il"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: -il",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: -il"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "-il",
            "3": "-el"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Low German: -il, -el",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Low German: -il, -el"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nds-de",
            "2": "-il"
          },
          "expansion": "German Low German: -il",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German Low German: -il"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "-il"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: -il",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: -il"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "dum",
            "2": "-il",
            "3": "-el"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Dutch: -il, -el",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Dutch: -il, -el"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nl",
            "2": "-il"
          },
          "expansion": "Dutch: -il",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Dutch: -il"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "-il"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: -il",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: -il"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "-il"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle High German: -il",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle High German: -il"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "de",
            "2": "-el"
          },
          "expansion": "German: -el",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German: -el"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "-ill"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: -ill",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: -ill"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "is",
            "2": "-ill"
          },
          "expansion": "Icelandic: -ill",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Icelandic: -ill"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "-𐌹𐌻𐍃"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: -𐌹𐌻𐍃 (-ils)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: -𐌹𐌻𐍃 (-ils)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 3,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "-ilis"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin -ilis",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Related to the above etymologies. Compare Latin -ilis.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-adj-a",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "a-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilôz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilą",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilanǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilanz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilą",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilas",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-is",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilaizǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilaizōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilaizǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilas",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-is",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilaizǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilammai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilaimaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilaizōi",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilaimaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilammai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilaimaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilanō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilaimiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilaizō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilaimiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilanō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilaimiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilô",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilaniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilōniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilô",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilōnō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilanų",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilanunz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilōnų",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilōnunz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilô",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilōnō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-iliniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilanǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilōniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilōnǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-iliniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilanǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilini",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilammaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilōni",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilōmaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilini",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilammaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilinē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilammiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilōnē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilōmiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilinē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ilammiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "suffix",
        "cat2": "adjective-forming suffixes"
      },
      "expansion": "*-ilaz",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-il"
      },
      "name": "gem-decl-adj-a"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "*-ilaz",
        "10": "*-ilaimiz",
        "11": "*-ilō",
        "12": "*-ilǭ",
        "13": "*-ilaizōz",
        "14": "*-ilaizōi",
        "15": "*-ilaizō",
        "16": "*-ilôz",
        "17": "*-ilōz",
        "18": "*-ilaizǫ̂",
        "19": "*-ilaimaz",
        "2": "*-ilanǭ",
        "20": "*-ilaimiz",
        "21": "*-ilą, -atō",
        "22": "*-ilą, -atō",
        "23": "*-ilas, -is",
        "24": "*-ilammai",
        "25": "*-ilanō",
        "26": "*-ilō",
        "27": "*-ilō",
        "28": "*-ilaizǫ̂",
        "29": "*-ilaimaz",
        "3": "*-ilas, -is",
        "30": "*-ilaimiz",
        "31": "*-ilô",
        "32": "*-ilanų",
        "33": "*-iliniz",
        "34": "*-ilini",
        "35": "*-ilinē",
        "36": "*-ilaniz",
        "37": "*-ilanunz",
        "38": "*-ilanǫ̂",
        "39": "*-ilammaz",
        "4": "*-ilammai",
        "40": "*-ilammiz",
        "41": "*-ilǭ",
        "42": "*-ilōnų",
        "43": "*-ilōniz",
        "44": "*-ilōni",
        "45": "*-ilōnē",
        "46": "*-ilōniz",
        "47": "*-ilōnunz",
        "48": "*-ilōnǫ̂",
        "49": "*-ilōmaz",
        "5": "*-ilanō",
        "50": "*-ilōmiz",
        "51": "*-ilô",
        "52": "*-ilô",
        "53": "*-iliniz",
        "54": "*-ilini",
        "55": "*-ilinē",
        "56": "*-ilōnō",
        "57": "*-ilōnō",
        "58": "*-ilanǫ̂",
        "59": "*-ilammaz",
        "6": "*-ilai",
        "60": "*-ilammiz",
        "7": "*-ilanz",
        "8": "*-ilaizǫ̂",
        "9": "*-ilaimaz",
        "title": "*-ilaz (a-stem)"
      },
      "name": "gem-decl-adj-table2"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/-ilaz",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "forms adjectives from verbs, meaning “-ing” or “tending to …” (alternative form of *-ulaz)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "-ing",
          "-ing#English"
        ],
        [
          "*-ulaz",
          "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/-ulaz"
        ]
      ],
      "senseid": [
        "gem-pro:adjectival"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "-ulaz"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-ilaz"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Germanic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-06-23 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-06-20 using wiktextract (1b9bfc5 and 0136956). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.