"zwalczyć" meaning in Polish

See zwalczyć in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Verb

Etymology: From z- + walczyć. Etymology templates: {{af|pl|z-|walczyć}} z- + walczyć Head templates: {{pl-verb|a=p|impf=zwalczać}} zwalczyć pf (imperfective zwalczać) Inflection templates: {{pl-conj-ap-yć|zwalcz|pp}}, {{pl-conj-ap|zwalczyć|zwalczę|zwalczy|zwalczą|zwalczy|zwalczy|zwalczy|zwalcz|ap=zwalczywszy|ip=zwalczono|pp=zwalczon|pp2=zwalczeni|vn=zwalczenie}} Forms: zwalczać [imperfective], perfective [table-tags], pl-conj-ap-yć [inflection-template], zwalczyć [infinitive], zwalczę [first-person, future, singular], zwalczymy [first-person, future, plural], zwalczysz [future, second-person, singular], zwalczycie [future, plural, second-person], zwalczy [future, singular, third-person], zwalczą [future, plural, third-person], zwalczy się [future, impersonal], zwalczyłem [first-person, masculine, past, singular], zwalczyłam [feminine, first-person, past, singular], zwalczyliśmy [first-person, past, plural, virile], zwalczyłyśmy [first-person, nonvirile, past, plural], zwalczyłeś [masculine, past, second-person, singular], zwalczyłaś [feminine, past, second-person, singular], zwalczyliście [past, plural, second-person, virile], zwalczyłyście [nonvirile, past, plural, second-person], zwalczył [masculine, past, singular, third-person], zwalczyła [feminine, past, singular, third-person], zwalczyło [neuter, past, singular, third-person], zwalczyli [past, plural, third-person, virile], zwalczyły [nonvirile, past, plural, third-person], zwalczono [impersonal, past], zwalczyłbym [conditional, first-person, masculine, singular], zwalczyłabym [conditional, feminine, first-person, singular], zwalczylibyśmy [conditional, first-person, plural, virile], zwalczyłybyśmy [conditional, first-person, nonvirile, plural], zwalczyłbyś [conditional, masculine, second-person, singular], zwalczyłabyś [conditional, feminine, second-person, singular], zwalczylibyście [conditional, plural, second-person, virile], zwalczyłybyście [conditional, nonvirile, plural, second-person], zwalczyłby [conditional, masculine, singular, third-person], zwalczyłaby [conditional, feminine, singular, third-person], zwalczyłoby [conditional, neuter, singular, third-person], zwalczyliby [conditional, plural, third-person, virile], zwalczyłyby [conditional, nonvirile, plural, third-person], zwalczono by [conditional, impersonal], niech zwalczę [first-person, imperative, singular], zwalczmy [first-person, imperative, plural], zwalcz [imperative, second-person, singular], zwalczcie [imperative, plural, second-person], niech zwalczy [imperative, singular, third-person], niech zwalczą [imperative, plural, third-person], zwalczony [adjectival, masculine, participle, passive, singular], zwalczona [adjectival, feminine, participle, passive, singular], zwalczone [adjectival, neuter, participle, passive, singular], zwalczeni [adjectival, participle, passive, plural, virile], zwalczone [adjectival, nonvirile, participle, passive, plural], zwalczywszy [adverbial, anterior, participle], zwalczenie [noun-from-verb]
  1. (transitive) to fight off, to overcome, to combat Tags: perfective, transitive
    Sense id: zwalczyć-pl-verb-XvTukGWg Categories (other): Polish terms prefixed with z-

Inflected forms

Download JSON data for zwalczyć meaning in Polish (6.5kB)

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "z-",
        "3": "walczyć"
      },
      "expansion": "z- + walczyć",
      "name": "af"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From z- + walczyć.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "zwalczać",
      "tags": [
        "imperfective"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "perfective",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "pl-conj-ap-yć",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczyć",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "infinitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczę",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "future",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczymy",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "future",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczysz",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczycie",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczy",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczą",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczy się",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "impersonal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczyłem",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "masculine",
        "past",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczyłam",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "first-person",
        "past",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczyliśmy",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "past",
        "plural",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczyłyśmy",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "nonvirile",
        "past",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczyłeś",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "past",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczyłaś",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "past",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczyliście",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "past",
        "plural",
        "second-person",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczyłyście",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "nonvirile",
        "past",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczył",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "past",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczyła",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "past",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczyło",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "past",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczyli",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "past",
        "plural",
        "third-person",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczyły",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "nonvirile",
        "past",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczono",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "impersonal",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczyłbym",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "first-person",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczyłabym",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "feminine",
        "first-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczylibyśmy",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "first-person",
        "plural",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczyłybyśmy",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "first-person",
        "nonvirile",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczyłbyś",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "masculine",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczyłabyś",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "feminine",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczylibyście",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "plural",
        "second-person",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczyłybyście",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "nonvirile",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczyłby",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczyłaby",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczyłoby",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczyliby",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "plural",
        "third-person",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczyłyby",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "nonvirile",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczono by",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "impersonal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "niech zwalczę",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "imperative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczmy",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "imperative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalcz",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczcie",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "niech zwalczy",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "niech zwalczą",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczony",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "adjectival",
        "masculine",
        "participle",
        "passive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczona",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "adjectival",
        "feminine",
        "participle",
        "passive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczone",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "adjectival",
        "neuter",
        "participle",
        "passive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczeni",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "adjectival",
        "participle",
        "passive",
        "plural",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczone",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "adjectival",
        "nonvirile",
        "participle",
        "passive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczywszy",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "adverbial",
        "anterior",
        "participle"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczenie",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "noun-from-verb"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "a": "p",
        "impf": "zwalczać"
      },
      "expansion": "zwalczyć pf (imperfective zwalczać)",
      "name": "pl-verb"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "zwalcz",
        "2": "pp"
      },
      "name": "pl-conj-ap-yć"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "zwalczyć",
        "2": "zwalczę",
        "3": "zwalczy",
        "4": "zwalczą",
        "5": "zwalczy",
        "6": "zwalczy",
        "7": "zwalczy",
        "8": "zwalcz",
        "ap": "zwalczywszy",
        "ip": "zwalczono",
        "pp": "zwalczon",
        "pp2": "zwalczeni",
        "vn": "zwalczenie"
      },
      "name": "pl-conj-ap"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Polish",
  "lang_code": "pl",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Polish terms prefixed with z-",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to fight off, to overcome, to combat"
      ],
      "id": "zwalczyć-pl-verb-XvTukGWg",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(transitive) to fight off, to overcome, to combat"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "perfective",
        "transitive"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "zwalczyć"
}
{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "z-",
        "3": "walczyć"
      },
      "expansion": "z- + walczyć",
      "name": "af"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From z- + walczyć.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "zwalczać",
      "tags": [
        "imperfective"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "perfective",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "pl-conj-ap-yć",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczyć",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "infinitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczę",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "future",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczymy",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "future",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczysz",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczycie",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczy",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczą",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczy się",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "impersonal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczyłem",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "masculine",
        "past",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczyłam",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "first-person",
        "past",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczyliśmy",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "past",
        "plural",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczyłyśmy",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "nonvirile",
        "past",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczyłeś",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "past",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczyłaś",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "past",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczyliście",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "past",
        "plural",
        "second-person",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczyłyście",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "nonvirile",
        "past",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczył",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "past",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczyła",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "past",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczyło",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "past",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczyli",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "past",
        "plural",
        "third-person",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczyły",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "nonvirile",
        "past",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczono",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "impersonal",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczyłbym",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "first-person",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczyłabym",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "feminine",
        "first-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczylibyśmy",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "first-person",
        "plural",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczyłybyśmy",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "first-person",
        "nonvirile",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczyłbyś",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "masculine",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczyłabyś",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "feminine",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczylibyście",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "plural",
        "second-person",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczyłybyście",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "nonvirile",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczyłby",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczyłaby",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczyłoby",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczyliby",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "plural",
        "third-person",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczyłyby",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "nonvirile",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczono by",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "impersonal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "niech zwalczę",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "imperative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczmy",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "imperative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalcz",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczcie",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "niech zwalczy",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "niech zwalczą",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczony",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "adjectival",
        "masculine",
        "participle",
        "passive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczona",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "adjectival",
        "feminine",
        "participle",
        "passive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczone",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "adjectival",
        "neuter",
        "participle",
        "passive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczeni",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "adjectival",
        "participle",
        "passive",
        "plural",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczone",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "adjectival",
        "nonvirile",
        "participle",
        "passive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczywszy",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "adverbial",
        "anterior",
        "participle"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zwalczenie",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "noun-from-verb"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "a": "p",
        "impf": "zwalczać"
      },
      "expansion": "zwalczyć pf (imperfective zwalczać)",
      "name": "pl-verb"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "zwalcz",
        "2": "pp"
      },
      "name": "pl-conj-ap-yć"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "zwalczyć",
        "2": "zwalczę",
        "3": "zwalczy",
        "4": "zwalczą",
        "5": "zwalczy",
        "6": "zwalczy",
        "7": "zwalczy",
        "8": "zwalcz",
        "ap": "zwalczywszy",
        "ip": "zwalczono",
        "pp": "zwalczon",
        "pp2": "zwalczeni",
        "vn": "zwalczenie"
      },
      "name": "pl-conj-ap"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Polish",
  "lang_code": "pl",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Polish 2-syllable words",
        "Polish lemmas",
        "Polish perfective verbs",
        "Polish terms prefixed with z-",
        "Polish terms with IPA pronunciation",
        "Polish terms with audio links",
        "Polish transitive verbs",
        "Polish verbs",
        "Rhymes:Polish/alt͡ʂɨt͡ɕ",
        "Rhymes:Polish/alt͡ʂɨt͡ɕ/2 syllables"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to fight off, to overcome, to combat"
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(transitive) to fight off, to overcome, to combat"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "perfective",
        "transitive"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "zwalczyć"
}


This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Polish dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2022-12-05 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2022-12-01 using wiktextract.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.

The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.