"-ing" meaning in Old Norse

See -ing in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Suffix

Etymology: From Proto-Germanic *-ingō, *-ungō. Etymology templates: {{inh|non|gem-pro|*-ingō}} Proto-Germanic *-ingō Head templates: {{head|non|suffix}} -ing Inflection templates: {{non-decl-f-o|-ing|dsv=-ingu|notes=Note the dative -u that is a staple of the declension of these words}}, {{non-decl-blank-full|apd=-ingarnar|api=-ingar|asd=-ingina|asi=-ing|dpd=-ingunum|dpi=-ingum|dsd=-ingunni|dsi=-ingu|g=feminine|gpd=-inganna|gpi=-inga|gsd=-ingarinnar|gsi=-ingar|notes=Note the dative -u that is a staple of the declension of these words|npd=-ingarnar|npi=-ingar|nsd=-ingin|nsi=-ing|stem=strong ō-stem|title=-ing}}, {{non-decl-cell|-ing|nsi}}, {{non-decl-cell|-ingin|nsd}}, {{non-decl-cell|-ingar|npi}}, {{non-decl-cell|-ingarnar|npd}}, {{non-decl-cell|-ing|asi}}, {{non-decl-cell|-ingina|asd}}, {{non-decl-cell|-ingar|api}}, {{non-decl-cell|-ingarnar|apd}}, {{non-decl-cell|-ingu|dsi}}, {{non-decl-cell|-ingunni|dsd}}, {{non-decl-cell|-ingum|dpi}}, {{non-decl-cell|-ingunum|dpd}}, {{non-decl-cell|-ingar|gsi}}, {{non-decl-cell|-ingarinnar|gsd}}, {{non-decl-cell|-inga|gpi}}, {{non-decl-cell|-inganna|gpd}} Forms: strong [table-tags], -ing [indefinite, nominative, singular], -ingin [definite, nominative, singular], -ingar [indefinite, nominative, plural], -ingarnar [definite, nominative, plural], -ing [accusative, indefinite, singular], -ingina [accusative, definite, singular], -ingar [accusative, indefinite, plural], -ingarnar [accusative, definite, plural], -ingu [dative, indefinite, singular], -ingunni [dative, definite, singular], -ingum [dative, indefinite, plural], -ingunum [dative, definite, plural], -ingar [genitive, indefinite, singular], -ingarinnar [definite, genitive, singular], -inga [genitive, indefinite, plural], -inganna [definite, genitive, plural]
  1. Forms gerund nouns from verbs Tags: feminine, morpheme Synonyms: -ung Related terms: -an [feminine], -ingi [masculine], -ingr [masculine]
    Sense id: en--ing-non-suffix-L5DP85IX Categories (other): Old Norse entries with incorrect language header

Inflected forms

Download JSON data for -ing meaning in Old Norse (5.2kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "is",
            "2": "-ing",
            "3": "-ung"
          },
          "expansion": "Icelandic: -ing, -ung",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Icelandic: -ing, -ung"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fo",
            "2": "-ing"
          },
          "expansion": "Faroese: -ing",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Faroese: -ing"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nn",
            "2": "-ing"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian Nynorsk: -ing",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian Nynorsk: -ing"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nb",
            "2": "-ing"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian Bokmål: -ing",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian Bokmål: -ing"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-osw",
            "2": "-ing",
            "3": "-ung"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Swedish: -ing, -ung",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Swedish: -ing, -ung"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sv",
            "2": "-ing",
            "3": "-ung"
          },
          "expansion": "Swedish: -ing, -ung",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Swedish: -ing, -ung (fossilized)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "da",
            "2": "-ing"
          },
          "expansion": "Danish: -ing",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Danish: -ing"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "non",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*-ingō"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *-ingō",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Germanic *-ingō, *-ungō.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "strong",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "non-decl-f-o",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ō-stem",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ing",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "indefinite",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ingin",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ingar",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "indefinite",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ingarnar",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ing",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "indefinite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ingina",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "definite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ingar",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "indefinite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ingarnar",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "definite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ingu",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "indefinite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ingunni",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "definite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ingum",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "indefinite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ingunum",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "definite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ingar",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "indefinite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ingarinnar",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-inga",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "indefinite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-inganna",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "non",
        "2": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "-ing",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ing",
        "dsv": "-ingu",
        "notes": "Note the dative -u that is a staple of the declension of these words"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-f-o"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "apd": "-ingarnar",
        "api": "-ingar",
        "asd": "-ingina",
        "asi": "-ing",
        "dpd": "-ingunum",
        "dpi": "-ingum",
        "dsd": "-ingunni",
        "dsi": "-ingu",
        "g": "feminine",
        "gpd": "-inganna",
        "gpi": "-inga",
        "gsd": "-ingarinnar",
        "gsi": "-ingar",
        "notes": "Note the dative -u that is a staple of the declension of these words",
        "npd": "-ingarnar",
        "npi": "-ingar",
        "nsd": "-ingin",
        "nsi": "-ing",
        "stem": "strong ō-stem",
        "title": "-ing"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-blank-full"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ing",
        "2": "nsi"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ingin",
        "2": "nsd"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ingar",
        "2": "npi"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ingarnar",
        "2": "npd"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ing",
        "2": "asi"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ingina",
        "2": "asd"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ingar",
        "2": "api"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ingarnar",
        "2": "apd"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ingu",
        "2": "dsi"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ingunni",
        "2": "dsd"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ingum",
        "2": "dpi"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ingunum",
        "2": "dpd"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ingar",
        "2": "gsi"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ingarinnar",
        "2": "gsd"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-inga",
        "2": "gpi"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-inganna",
        "2": "gpd"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Norse",
  "lang_code": "non",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Old Norse entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Forms gerund nouns from verbs"
      ],
      "id": "en--ing-non-suffix-L5DP85IX",
      "related": [
        {
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "-an"
        },
        {
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "-ingi"
        },
        {
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "-ingr"
        }
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "-ung"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-ing"
}
{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "is",
            "2": "-ing",
            "3": "-ung"
          },
          "expansion": "Icelandic: -ing, -ung",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Icelandic: -ing, -ung"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fo",
            "2": "-ing"
          },
          "expansion": "Faroese: -ing",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Faroese: -ing"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nn",
            "2": "-ing"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian Nynorsk: -ing",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian Nynorsk: -ing"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nb",
            "2": "-ing"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian Bokmål: -ing",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian Bokmål: -ing"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-osw",
            "2": "-ing",
            "3": "-ung"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Swedish: -ing, -ung",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Swedish: -ing, -ung"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sv",
            "2": "-ing",
            "3": "-ung"
          },
          "expansion": "Swedish: -ing, -ung",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Swedish: -ing, -ung (fossilized)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "da",
            "2": "-ing"
          },
          "expansion": "Danish: -ing",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Danish: -ing"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "non",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*-ingō"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *-ingō",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Germanic *-ingō, *-ungō.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "strong",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "non-decl-f-o",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ō-stem",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ing",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "indefinite",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ingin",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ingar",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "indefinite",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ingarnar",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ing",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "indefinite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ingina",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "definite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ingar",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "indefinite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ingarnar",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "definite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ingu",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "indefinite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ingunni",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "definite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ingum",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "indefinite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ingunum",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "definite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ingar",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "indefinite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ingarinnar",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-inga",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "indefinite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-inganna",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "non",
        "2": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "-ing",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ing",
        "dsv": "-ingu",
        "notes": "Note the dative -u that is a staple of the declension of these words"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-f-o"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "apd": "-ingarnar",
        "api": "-ingar",
        "asd": "-ingina",
        "asi": "-ing",
        "dpd": "-ingunum",
        "dpi": "-ingum",
        "dsd": "-ingunni",
        "dsi": "-ingu",
        "g": "feminine",
        "gpd": "-inganna",
        "gpi": "-inga",
        "gsd": "-ingarinnar",
        "gsi": "-ingar",
        "notes": "Note the dative -u that is a staple of the declension of these words",
        "npd": "-ingarnar",
        "npi": "-ingar",
        "nsd": "-ingin",
        "nsi": "-ing",
        "stem": "strong ō-stem",
        "title": "-ing"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-blank-full"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ing",
        "2": "nsi"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ingin",
        "2": "nsd"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ingar",
        "2": "npi"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ingarnar",
        "2": "npd"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ing",
        "2": "asi"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ingina",
        "2": "asd"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ingar",
        "2": "api"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ingarnar",
        "2": "apd"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ingu",
        "2": "dsi"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ingunni",
        "2": "dsd"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ingum",
        "2": "dpi"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ingunum",
        "2": "dpd"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ingar",
        "2": "gsi"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ingarinnar",
        "2": "gsd"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-inga",
        "2": "gpi"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-inganna",
        "2": "gpd"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Norse",
  "lang_code": "non",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "related": [
    {
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "-an"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "-ingi"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "-ingr"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Old Norse entries with incorrect language header",
        "Old Norse lemmas",
        "Old Norse suffixes",
        "Old Norse terms derived from Proto-Germanic",
        "Old Norse terms inherited from Proto-Germanic",
        "Old Norse ō-stem nouns"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Forms gerund nouns from verbs"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "-ung"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-ing"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Old Norse dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-06-04 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-05-02 using wiktextract (e9e0a99 and db5a844). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.