"-an" meaning in Old Norse

See -an in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Suffix

Etymology: Presumably from Proto-Germanic *-ōniz. Etymology templates: {{inh|non|gem-pro|*-ōniz}} Proto-Germanic *-ōniz Head templates: {{head|non|suffix}} -an
  1. (deverbative suffix) Used to derive nouns from class 2 weak verbs. Tags: morpheme
    Sense id: en--an-non-suffix-B1uncm0C Categories (other): Old Norse entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Old Norse entries with incorrect language header: 75 12 13
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 1

Suffix

Etymology: Inherited from Proto-Norse -ᚨᚾᚨ (-ana), from Proto-Germanic *-anē. Etymology templates: {{glossary|Inherited}} Inherited, {{inh|non|gmq-pro|-ᚨᚾᚨ|||g=|g2=|g3=|id=|lit=|nocat=|pos=|sc=|sort=|tr=|ts=}} Proto-Norse -ᚨᚾᚨ (-ana), {{inh+|non|gmq-pro|-ᚨᚾᚨ}} Inherited from Proto-Norse -ᚨᚾᚨ (-ana), {{inh|non|gem-pro|*-anē}} Proto-Germanic *-anē Head templates: {{head|non|suffix}} -an
  1. Forms adverbs with ablative direction. Tags: morpheme
    Sense id: en--an-non-suffix-Tmx4V5ea
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 2

Suffix

Head templates: {{head|non|suffix|cat2=inflectional suffixes}} -an
  1. strong accusative singular ending of adjectives Tags: morpheme
    Sense id: en--an-non-suffix-mZ4Xt~f~
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 3

Download JSON data for -an meaning in Old Norse (2.5kB)

{
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "non",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*-ōniz"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *-ōniz",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Presumably from Proto-Germanic *-ōniz.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "non",
        "2": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "-an",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Norse",
  "lang_code": "non",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "75 12 13",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Old Norse entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "friða (“to pacify”) + -an → friðan (“pacifying”)",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "sanna (“to assert, prove”) + -an → sannan (“assertion, confirmation”)",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "synja (“to deny”) + -an → synjan (“denial”)",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Used to derive nouns from class 2 weak verbs."
      ],
      "id": "en--an-non-suffix-B1uncm0C",
      "qualifier": "deverbative suffix",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(deverbative suffix) Used to derive nouns from class 2 weak verbs."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-an"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "Inherited"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited",
      "name": "glossary"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "non",
        "2": "gmq-pro",
        "3": "-ᚨᚾᚨ",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "g": "",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "id": "",
        "lit": "",
        "nocat": "",
        "pos": "",
        "sc": "",
        "sort": "",
        "tr": "",
        "ts": ""
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Norse -ᚨᚾᚨ (-ana)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "non",
        "2": "gmq-pro",
        "3": "-ᚨᚾᚨ"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited from Proto-Norse -ᚨᚾᚨ (-ana)",
      "name": "inh+"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "non",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*-anē"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *-anē",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Inherited from Proto-Norse -ᚨᚾᚨ (-ana), from Proto-Germanic *-anē.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "non",
        "2": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "-an",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Norse",
  "lang_code": "non",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "Forms adverbs with ablative direction."
      ],
      "id": "en--an-non-suffix-Tmx4V5ea",
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-an"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 3,
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "non",
        "2": "suffix",
        "cat2": "inflectional suffixes"
      },
      "expansion": "-an",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Norse",
  "lang_code": "non",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "strong accusative singular ending of adjectives"
      ],
      "id": "en--an-non-suffix-mZ4Xt~f~",
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-an"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Old Norse entries with incorrect language header",
    "Old Norse inflectional suffixes",
    "Old Norse lemmas",
    "Old Norse suffixes",
    "Old Norse terms derived from Proto-Germanic",
    "Old Norse terms inherited from Proto-Germanic"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "non",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*-ōniz"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *-ōniz",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Presumably from Proto-Germanic *-ōniz.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "non",
        "2": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "-an",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Norse",
  "lang_code": "non",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "friða (“to pacify”) + -an → friðan (“pacifying”)",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "sanna (“to assert, prove”) + -an → sannan (“assertion, confirmation”)",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "synja (“to deny”) + -an → synjan (“denial”)",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Used to derive nouns from class 2 weak verbs."
      ],
      "qualifier": "deverbative suffix",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(deverbative suffix) Used to derive nouns from class 2 weak verbs."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-an"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Old Norse entries with incorrect language header",
    "Old Norse inflectional suffixes",
    "Old Norse lemmas",
    "Old Norse suffixes",
    "Old Norse terms derived from Proto-Germanic",
    "Old Norse terms derived from Proto-Norse",
    "Old Norse terms inherited from Proto-Germanic",
    "Old Norse terms inherited from Proto-Norse"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "Inherited"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited",
      "name": "glossary"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "non",
        "2": "gmq-pro",
        "3": "-ᚨᚾᚨ",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "g": "",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "id": "",
        "lit": "",
        "nocat": "",
        "pos": "",
        "sc": "",
        "sort": "",
        "tr": "",
        "ts": ""
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Norse -ᚨᚾᚨ (-ana)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "non",
        "2": "gmq-pro",
        "3": "-ᚨᚾᚨ"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited from Proto-Norse -ᚨᚾᚨ (-ana)",
      "name": "inh+"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "non",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*-anē"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *-anē",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Inherited from Proto-Norse -ᚨᚾᚨ (-ana), from Proto-Germanic *-anē.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "non",
        "2": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "-an",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Norse",
  "lang_code": "non",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "Forms adverbs with ablative direction."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-an"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Old Norse entries with incorrect language header",
    "Old Norse inflectional suffixes",
    "Old Norse lemmas",
    "Old Norse suffixes"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 3,
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "non",
        "2": "suffix",
        "cat2": "inflectional suffixes"
      },
      "expansion": "-an",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Norse",
  "lang_code": "non",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "strong accusative singular ending of adjectives"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-an"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Old Norse dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-06-04 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-05-02 using wiktextract (e9e0a99 and db5a844). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.