"escarae" meaning in Old Irish

See escarae in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

Etymology: From ess- (“non-”) + carae (“friend”), literally "non-friend". Etymology templates: {{root|sga|ine-pro|*keh₂-}}, {{af|sga|ess-|carae|t1=non-|t2=friend}} ess- (“non-”) + carae (“friend”) Head templates: {{head|sga|noun||||{{{2}}}||||||||{{{3}}}||{{{pl2}}}||{{{pl3}}}|cat2=|g=m|g2=|g3=|head=|sort=}} escarae m, {{sga-noun|m}} escarae m Inflection templates: {{sga-decl-nt-mf|escarat|escarait|escairt|g=m}}, {{sga-decl-noun|acc_du=escarait+L|acc_pl=escairtea|acc_sg=escarait+N|class=nt-m|dat_du=escairtib|dat_pl=escairtib|dat_sg=escarait+L|gen_du=escarat+L|gen_pl=escarat+N|gen_sg=escarat|gen_sg2=|gen_sg3=|n=|nom_du=escarait+L|nom_pl=escarait|nom_sg=escarae|voc_du=escarait+L|voc_pl=escairtea|voc_sg=escarae}}, {{sga-mutation|e|scarae}} Forms: no-table-tags [table-tags], escarae [nominative, singular], escarait [dual, nominative], escarait [nominative, plural], escarae [singular, vocative], escarait [dual, vocative], escairtea [plural, vocative], escarait [accusative, singular], escarait [accusative, dual], escairtea [accusative, plural], escarat [genitive, singular], escarat [dual, genitive], escarat [genitive, plural], escarait [dative, singular], escairtib [dative, dual], escairtib [dative, plural], no-table-tags [table-tags], escarae [mutation, mutation-radical], pronounced with /h/ in h-prothesis environments [mutation, mutation-radical], n-escarae [mutation]
  1. enemy Tags: masculine Synonyms: námae
    Sense id: en-escarae-sga-noun-ZhDMVSRp Categories (other): Old Irish entries with incorrect language header, Old Irish terms prefixed with ess-

Download JSONL data for escarae meaning in Old Irish (4.4kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "mga",
            "2": "escara"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Irish: escara",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Irish: escara"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ga",
            "2": "eascara"
          },
          "expansion": "Irish: eascara",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Irish: eascara"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gd",
            "2": "eascaraid"
          },
          "expansion": "Scottish Gaelic: eascaraid",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Scottish Gaelic: eascaraid"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*keh₂-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "ess-",
        "3": "carae",
        "t1": "non-",
        "t2": "friend"
      },
      "expansion": "ess- (“non-”) + carae (“friend”)",
      "name": "af"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From ess- (“non-”) + carae (“friend”), literally \"non-friend\".",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-decl-nt-mf",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "nt-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Masculine nt-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "escarae",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "escarait",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "escarait",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "escarae",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "escarait",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "escairtea",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "escarait",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "escarait",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "escairtea",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "escarat",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "escarat",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "escarat",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "escarait",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "escairtib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "escairtib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-mutation",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "escarae",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-radical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "pronounced with /h/ in h-prothesis environments",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-radical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "n-escarae",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "10": "",
        "11": "",
        "12": "",
        "13": "",
        "14": "{{{3}}}",
        "15": "",
        "16": "{{{pl2}}}",
        "17": "",
        "18": "{{{pl3}}}",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "6": "{{{2}}}",
        "7": "",
        "8": "",
        "9": "",
        "cat2": "",
        "g": "m",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "escarae m",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m"
      },
      "expansion": "escarae m",
      "name": "sga-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "escarat",
        "2": "escarait",
        "3": "escairt",
        "g": "m"
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-nt-mf"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "acc_du": "escarait+L",
        "acc_pl": "escairtea",
        "acc_sg": "escarait+N",
        "class": "nt-m",
        "dat_du": "escairtib",
        "dat_pl": "escairtib",
        "dat_sg": "escarait+L",
        "gen_du": "escarat+L",
        "gen_pl": "escarat+N",
        "gen_sg": "escarat",
        "gen_sg2": "",
        "gen_sg3": "",
        "n": "",
        "nom_du": "escarait+L",
        "nom_pl": "escarait",
        "nom_sg": "escarae",
        "voc_du": "escarait+L",
        "voc_pl": "escairtea",
        "voc_sg": "escarae"
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-noun"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "e",
        "2": "scarae"
      },
      "name": "sga-mutation"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Irish",
  "lang_code": "sga",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Old Irish entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Old Irish terms prefixed with ess-",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "i.e. gentleness to everyone, both friend and foe",
          "text": ".i. cense fri cách, eter carit et escarit",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "enemy"
      ],
      "id": "en-escarae-sga-noun-ZhDMVSRp",
      "links": [
        [
          "enemy",
          "enemy"
        ]
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "námae"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "escarae"
}
{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "mga",
            "2": "escara"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Irish: escara",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Irish: escara"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ga",
            "2": "eascara"
          },
          "expansion": "Irish: eascara",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Irish: eascara"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gd",
            "2": "eascaraid"
          },
          "expansion": "Scottish Gaelic: eascaraid",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Scottish Gaelic: eascaraid"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*keh₂-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "ess-",
        "3": "carae",
        "t1": "non-",
        "t2": "friend"
      },
      "expansion": "ess- (“non-”) + carae (“friend”)",
      "name": "af"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From ess- (“non-”) + carae (“friend”), literally \"non-friend\".",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-decl-nt-mf",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "nt-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Masculine nt-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "escarae",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "escarait",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "escarait",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "escarae",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "escarait",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "escairtea",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "escarait",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "escarait",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "escairtea",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "escarat",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "escarat",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "escarat",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "escarait",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "escairtib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "escairtib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-mutation",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "escarae",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-radical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "pronounced with /h/ in h-prothesis environments",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-radical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "n-escarae",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "10": "",
        "11": "",
        "12": "",
        "13": "",
        "14": "{{{3}}}",
        "15": "",
        "16": "{{{pl2}}}",
        "17": "",
        "18": "{{{pl3}}}",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "6": "{{{2}}}",
        "7": "",
        "8": "",
        "9": "",
        "cat2": "",
        "g": "m",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "escarae m",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m"
      },
      "expansion": "escarae m",
      "name": "sga-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "escarat",
        "2": "escarait",
        "3": "escairt",
        "g": "m"
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-nt-mf"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "acc_du": "escarait+L",
        "acc_pl": "escairtea",
        "acc_sg": "escarait+N",
        "class": "nt-m",
        "dat_du": "escairtib",
        "dat_pl": "escairtib",
        "dat_sg": "escarait+L",
        "gen_du": "escarat+L",
        "gen_pl": "escarat+N",
        "gen_sg": "escarat",
        "gen_sg2": "",
        "gen_sg3": "",
        "n": "",
        "nom_du": "escarait+L",
        "nom_pl": "escarait",
        "nom_sg": "escarae",
        "voc_du": "escarait+L",
        "voc_pl": "escairtea",
        "voc_sg": "escarae"
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-noun"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "e",
        "2": "scarae"
      },
      "name": "sga-mutation"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Irish",
  "lang_code": "sga",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Old Irish entries with incorrect language header",
        "Old Irish lemmas",
        "Old Irish masculine nouns",
        "Old Irish masculine or feminine nt-stem nouns",
        "Old Irish nouns",
        "Old Irish terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
        "Old Irish terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *keh₂-",
        "Old Irish terms prefixed with ess-",
        "Old Irish terms with quotations"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "i.e. gentleness to everyone, both friend and foe",
          "text": ".i. cense fri cách, eter carit et escarit",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "enemy"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "enemy",
          "enemy"
        ]
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "námae"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "escarae"
}
{
  "called_from": "inflection/2466",
  "msg": "accepted heuristic header: table cell identified as header and given candidate status, AND the cleaned text is in LANGUAGES_WITH_CELLS_AS_HEADERS[Old Irish]; cleaned text: Initial mutations of a following adjective: *ᴴ = triggers aspiration *ᴸ = triggers lenition *ᴺ = triggers nasalization",
  "path": [
    "escarae"
  ],
  "section": "Old Irish",
  "subsection": "noun",
  "title": "escarae",
  "trace": ""
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Old Irish dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-07-13 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-07-01 using wiktextract (f8674bc and 7cfad79). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.