"bran" meaning in Old Irish

See bran in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

IPA: /bran/
Etymology: From Primitive Irish ᚁᚏᚐᚅᚐ (brana), from Proto-Celtic *branos (“raven”), from Proto-Indo-European *werneh₂- (“crow”) (compare Tocharian B wrauña, Lithuanian várna). Etymology templates: {{inh|sga|pgl|ᚁᚏᚐᚅᚐ}} Primitive Irish ᚁᚏᚐᚅᚐ (brana), {{inh|sga|cel-pro|*branos||raven}} Proto-Celtic *branos (“raven”), {{der|sga|ine-pro|*werneh₂-||crow}} Proto-Indo-European *werneh₂- (“crow”), {{cog|txb|wrauña}} Tocharian B wrauña, {{cog|lt|várna}} Lithuanian várna Head templates: {{head|sga|noun|||genitive|brain|or|broin|||||nominative plural|brain|or|broin||{{{pl3}}}|cat2=|g=m|g2=|g3=|head=|sort=}} bran m (genitive brain or broin, nominative plural brain or broin), {{sga-noun|m|brain|brain|gen2=broin|pl2=broin}} bran m (genitive brain or broin, nominative plural brain or broin) Inflection templates: {{sga-decl-o-masc|brain}}, {{sga-decl-noun|acc_du=bran+L|acc_du2=|acc_du3=|acc_pl=branu+H|acc_pl2=|acc_pl3=|acc_sg=bran+N|acc_sg2=|acc_sg3=|class=o-m|dat_du=branaib|dat_du2=|dat_du3=|dat_pl=branaib|dat_pl2=|dat_pl3=|dat_sg=bran+L|dat_sg2=|dat_sg3=|gen_du=bran|gen_du2=|gen_du3=|gen_pl=bran+N|gen_pl2=|gen_pl3=|gen_pl4=|gen_sg=brain+L|gen_sg2=|gen_sg3=|n=|nom_du=bran+L|nom_du2=|nom_du3=|nom_pl=brain+L|nom_pl2=|nom_pl3=|nom_sg=bran|nom_sg2=|nom_sg3=|voc_du=bran+L|voc_du2=|voc_du3=|voc_pl=branu+H|voc_pl2=|voc_pl3=|voc_sg=brain|voc_sg2=|voc_sg3=}}, {{sga-mutation|b|ran}} Forms: brain [genitive], broin [genitive], brain [nominative, plural], broin [nominative, plural], no-table-tags [table-tags], bran [masculine, nominative, singular, stem], bran [dual, masculine, nominative, stem], brain [masculine, nominative, plural, stem], brain [masculine, singular, stem, vocative], bran [dual, masculine, stem, vocative], branu [masculine, plural, stem, vocative], bran [accusative, masculine, singular, stem], bran [accusative, dual, masculine, stem], branu [accusative, masculine, plural, stem], brain [genitive, masculine, singular, stem], bran [dual, genitive, masculine, stem], bran [genitive, masculine, plural, stem], bran [dative, masculine, singular, stem], branaib [dative, dual, masculine, stem], branaib [dative, masculine, plural, stem], no-table-tags [table-tags], bran [mutation, mutation-radical], bran [mutation, mutation-nasal], mbran [mutation]
  1. raven Tags: masculine Categories (lifeform): Corvids Synonyms: fiach, trogan
    Sense id: en-bran-sga-noun-CSzaOQtH Categories (other): Old Irish entries with incorrect language header

Inflected forms

Download JSONL data for bran meaning in Old Irish (5.4kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ga",
            "2": "bran"
          },
          "expansion": "Irish: bran",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Irish: bran"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "pgl",
        "3": "ᚁᚏᚐᚅᚐ"
      },
      "expansion": "Primitive Irish ᚁᚏᚐᚅᚐ (brana)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "cel-pro",
        "3": "*branos",
        "4": "",
        "5": "raven"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Celtic *branos (“raven”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*werneh₂-",
        "4": "",
        "5": "crow"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *werneh₂- (“crow”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "txb",
        "2": "wrauña"
      },
      "expansion": "Tocharian B wrauña",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "lt",
        "2": "várna"
      },
      "expansion": "Lithuanian várna",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Primitive Irish ᚁᚏᚐᚅᚐ (brana), from Proto-Celtic *branos (“raven”), from Proto-Indo-European *werneh₂- (“crow”) (compare Tocharian B wrauña, Lithuanian várna).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "brain",
      "tags": [
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "broin",
      "tags": [
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "brain",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "broin",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-decl-o-masc",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bran",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bran",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "brain",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "brain",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bran",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "branu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bran",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bran",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "branu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "brain",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bran",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bran",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bran",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "branaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "branaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-mutation",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bran",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-radical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bran",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-nasal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "mbran",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "10": "",
        "11": "",
        "12": "",
        "13": "nominative plural",
        "14": "brain",
        "15": "or",
        "16": "broin",
        "17": "",
        "18": "{{{pl3}}}",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "5": "genitive",
        "6": "brain",
        "7": "or",
        "8": "broin",
        "9": "",
        "cat2": "",
        "g": "m",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "bran m (genitive brain or broin, nominative plural brain or broin)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m",
        "2": "brain",
        "3": "brain",
        "gen2": "broin",
        "pl2": "broin"
      },
      "expansion": "bran m (genitive brain or broin, nominative plural brain or broin)",
      "name": "sga-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "brain"
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-o-masc"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "acc_du": "bran+L",
        "acc_du2": "",
        "acc_du3": "",
        "acc_pl": "branu+H",
        "acc_pl2": "",
        "acc_pl3": "",
        "acc_sg": "bran+N",
        "acc_sg2": "",
        "acc_sg3": "",
        "class": "o-m",
        "dat_du": "branaib",
        "dat_du2": "",
        "dat_du3": "",
        "dat_pl": "branaib",
        "dat_pl2": "",
        "dat_pl3": "",
        "dat_sg": "bran+L",
        "dat_sg2": "",
        "dat_sg3": "",
        "gen_du": "bran",
        "gen_du2": "",
        "gen_du3": "",
        "gen_pl": "bran+N",
        "gen_pl2": "",
        "gen_pl3": "",
        "gen_pl4": "",
        "gen_sg": "brain+L",
        "gen_sg2": "",
        "gen_sg3": "",
        "n": "",
        "nom_du": "bran+L",
        "nom_du2": "",
        "nom_du3": "",
        "nom_pl": "brain+L",
        "nom_pl2": "",
        "nom_pl3": "",
        "nom_sg": "bran",
        "nom_sg2": "",
        "nom_sg3": "",
        "voc_du": "bran+L",
        "voc_du2": "",
        "voc_du3": "",
        "voc_pl": "branu+H",
        "voc_pl2": "",
        "voc_pl3": "",
        "voc_sg": "brain",
        "voc_sg2": "",
        "voc_sg3": ""
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-noun"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "b",
        "2": "ran"
      },
      "name": "sga-mutation"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Irish",
  "lang_code": "sga",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Old Irish entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "lifeform",
          "langcode": "sga",
          "name": "Corvids",
          "orig": "sga:Corvids",
          "parents": [
            "Corvoid birds",
            "Perching birds",
            "Birds",
            "Vertebrates",
            "Chordates",
            "Animals",
            "Lifeforms",
            "All topics",
            "Life",
            "Fundamental",
            "Nature"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "raven"
      ],
      "id": "en-bran-sga-noun-CSzaOQtH",
      "links": [
        [
          "raven",
          "raven"
        ]
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "fiach"
        },
        {
          "word": "trogan"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/bran/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "bran"
}
{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ga",
            "2": "bran"
          },
          "expansion": "Irish: bran",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Irish: bran"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "pgl",
        "3": "ᚁᚏᚐᚅᚐ"
      },
      "expansion": "Primitive Irish ᚁᚏᚐᚅᚐ (brana)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "cel-pro",
        "3": "*branos",
        "4": "",
        "5": "raven"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Celtic *branos (“raven”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*werneh₂-",
        "4": "",
        "5": "crow"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *werneh₂- (“crow”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "txb",
        "2": "wrauña"
      },
      "expansion": "Tocharian B wrauña",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "lt",
        "2": "várna"
      },
      "expansion": "Lithuanian várna",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Primitive Irish ᚁᚏᚐᚅᚐ (brana), from Proto-Celtic *branos (“raven”), from Proto-Indo-European *werneh₂- (“crow”) (compare Tocharian B wrauña, Lithuanian várna).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "brain",
      "tags": [
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "broin",
      "tags": [
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "brain",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "broin",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-decl-o-masc",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bran",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bran",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "brain",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "brain",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bran",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "branu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bran",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bran",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "branu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "brain",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bran",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bran",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bran",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "branaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "branaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-mutation",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bran",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-radical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bran",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-nasal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "mbran",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "10": "",
        "11": "",
        "12": "",
        "13": "nominative plural",
        "14": "brain",
        "15": "or",
        "16": "broin",
        "17": "",
        "18": "{{{pl3}}}",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "5": "genitive",
        "6": "brain",
        "7": "or",
        "8": "broin",
        "9": "",
        "cat2": "",
        "g": "m",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "bran m (genitive brain or broin, nominative plural brain or broin)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m",
        "2": "brain",
        "3": "brain",
        "gen2": "broin",
        "pl2": "broin"
      },
      "expansion": "bran m (genitive brain or broin, nominative plural brain or broin)",
      "name": "sga-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "brain"
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-o-masc"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "acc_du": "bran+L",
        "acc_du2": "",
        "acc_du3": "",
        "acc_pl": "branu+H",
        "acc_pl2": "",
        "acc_pl3": "",
        "acc_sg": "bran+N",
        "acc_sg2": "",
        "acc_sg3": "",
        "class": "o-m",
        "dat_du": "branaib",
        "dat_du2": "",
        "dat_du3": "",
        "dat_pl": "branaib",
        "dat_pl2": "",
        "dat_pl3": "",
        "dat_sg": "bran+L",
        "dat_sg2": "",
        "dat_sg3": "",
        "gen_du": "bran",
        "gen_du2": "",
        "gen_du3": "",
        "gen_pl": "bran+N",
        "gen_pl2": "",
        "gen_pl3": "",
        "gen_pl4": "",
        "gen_sg": "brain+L",
        "gen_sg2": "",
        "gen_sg3": "",
        "n": "",
        "nom_du": "bran+L",
        "nom_du2": "",
        "nom_du3": "",
        "nom_pl": "brain+L",
        "nom_pl2": "",
        "nom_pl3": "",
        "nom_sg": "bran",
        "nom_sg2": "",
        "nom_sg3": "",
        "voc_du": "bran+L",
        "voc_du2": "",
        "voc_du3": "",
        "voc_pl": "branu+H",
        "voc_pl2": "",
        "voc_pl3": "",
        "voc_sg": "brain",
        "voc_sg2": "",
        "voc_sg3": ""
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-noun"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "b",
        "2": "ran"
      },
      "name": "sga-mutation"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Irish",
  "lang_code": "sga",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Old Irish entries with incorrect language header",
        "Old Irish lemmas",
        "Old Irish masculine nouns",
        "Old Irish masculine o-stem nouns",
        "Old Irish nouns",
        "Old Irish terms derived from Primitive Irish",
        "Old Irish terms derived from Proto-Celtic",
        "Old Irish terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
        "Old Irish terms inherited from Primitive Irish",
        "Old Irish terms inherited from Proto-Celtic",
        "Old Irish terms with IPA pronunciation",
        "sga:Corvids"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "raven"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "raven",
          "raven"
        ]
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "fiach"
        },
        {
          "word": "trogan"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/bran/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "bran"
}
{
  "called_from": "inflection/2466",
  "msg": "accepted heuristic header: table cell identified as header and given candidate status, AND the cleaned text is in LANGUAGES_WITH_CELLS_AS_HEADERS[Old Irish]; cleaned text: Initial mutations of a following adjective: *ᴴ = triggers aspiration *ᴸ = triggers lenition *ᴺ = triggers nasalization",
  "path": [
    "bran"
  ],
  "section": "Old Irish",
  "subsection": "noun",
  "title": "bran",
  "trace": ""
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Old Irish dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-07-13 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-07-01 using wiktextract (f8674bc and 7cfad79). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.