"arán" meaning in Old Irish

See arán in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

IPA: /ˈaraːn/
Etymology: Derived by Eric Hamp from Proto-Celtic *aragnos, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂erh₃-ǵnh₁-os, from *h₂erh₃- (“to plough”) + *ǵenh₁- (“born”), literally “born of the plough”. Etymology templates: {{root|sga|ine-pro|*h₂erh₃-|*ǵenh₁-}}, {{inh|sga|cel-pro|*aragnos}} Proto-Celtic *aragnos, {{der|sga|ine-pro||*h₂erh₃-ǵnh₁-os}} Proto-Indo-European *h₂erh₃-ǵnh₁-os, {{compound|ine-pro|*h₂erh₃-|*ǵenh₁-|lit=born of the plough|nocat=1|t1=to plough|t2=born}} *h₂erh₃- (“to plough”) + *ǵenh₁- (“born”), literally “born of the plough” Head templates: {{head|sga|noun||||{{{2}}}||||||||{{{3}}}||{{{pl2}}}||{{{pl3}}}|cat2=|g=m|g2=|g3=|head=|sort=}} arán m, {{sga-noun|m}} arán m Inflection templates: {{sga-decl-o-masc|aráin}}, {{sga-decl-noun|acc_du=arán+L|acc_du2=|acc_du3=|acc_pl=aránu+H|acc_pl2=|acc_pl3=|acc_sg=arán+N|acc_sg2=|acc_sg3=|class=o-m|dat_du=aránaib|dat_du2=|dat_du3=|dat_pl=aránaib|dat_pl2=|dat_pl3=|dat_sg=arán+L|dat_sg2=|dat_sg3=|gen_du=arán|gen_du2=|gen_du3=|gen_pl=arán+N|gen_pl2=|gen_pl3=|gen_pl4=|gen_sg=aráin+L|gen_sg2=|gen_sg3=|n=|nom_du=arán+L|nom_du2=|nom_du3=|nom_pl=aráin+L|nom_pl2=|nom_pl3=|nom_sg=arán|nom_sg2=|nom_sg3=|voc_du=arán+L|voc_du2=|voc_du3=|voc_pl=aránu+H|voc_pl2=|voc_pl3=|voc_sg=aráin|voc_sg2=|voc_sg3=}}, {{sga-mutation|a|rán}} Forms: no-table-tags [table-tags], arán [masculine, nominative, singular, stem], arán [dual, masculine, nominative, stem], aráin [masculine, nominative, plural, stem], aráin [masculine, singular, stem, vocative], arán [dual, masculine, stem, vocative], aránu [masculine, plural, stem, vocative], arán [accusative, masculine, singular, stem], arán [accusative, dual, masculine, stem], aránu [accusative, masculine, plural, stem], aráin [genitive, masculine, singular, stem], arán [dual, genitive, masculine, stem], arán [genitive, masculine, plural, stem], arán [dative, masculine, singular, stem], aránaib [dative, dual, masculine, stem], aránaib [dative, masculine, plural, stem], no-table-tags [table-tags], arán [mutation, mutation-radical], pronounced with /h/ in h-prothesis environments [mutation, mutation-radical], n-arán [mutation]
  1. (rare) bread Tags: masculine, rare Categories (topical): Breads Synonyms: bairgen
    Sense id: en-arán-sga-noun-mFYEwrYC Disambiguation of Breads: 51 49
  2. loaf of bread Tags: masculine Categories (topical): Breads
    Sense id: en-arán-sga-noun-svYBt2SN Disambiguation of Breads: 51 49 Categories (other): Old Irish entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Old Irish entries with incorrect language header: 10 90

Alternative forms

Download JSONL data for arán meaning in Old Irish (5.9kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "mga",
            "2": "arán"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Irish: arán",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Irish: arán"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ga",
            "2": "arán"
          },
          "expansion": "Irish: arán",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Irish: arán"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gv",
            "2": "arran"
          },
          "expansion": "Manx: arran",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Manx: arran"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gd",
            "2": "aran"
          },
          "expansion": "Scottish Gaelic: aran",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Scottish Gaelic: aran"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₂erh₃-",
        "4": "*ǵenh₁-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "cel-pro",
        "3": "*aragnos"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Celtic *aragnos",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "",
        "4": "*h₂erh₃-ǵnh₁-os"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *h₂erh₃-ǵnh₁-os",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*h₂erh₃-",
        "3": "*ǵenh₁-",
        "lit": "born of the plough",
        "nocat": "1",
        "t1": "to plough",
        "t2": "born"
      },
      "expansion": "*h₂erh₃- (“to plough”) + *ǵenh₁- (“born”), literally “born of the plough”",
      "name": "compound"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Derived by Eric Hamp from Proto-Celtic *aragnos, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂erh₃-ǵnh₁-os, from *h₂erh₃- (“to plough”) + *ǵenh₁- (“born”), literally “born of the plough”.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-decl-o-masc",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "arán",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "arán",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "aráin",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "aráin",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "arán",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "aránu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "arán",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "arán",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "aránu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "aráin",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "arán",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "arán",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "arán",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "aránaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "aránaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-mutation",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "arán",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-radical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "pronounced with /h/ in h-prothesis environments",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-radical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "n-arán",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "10": "",
        "11": "",
        "12": "",
        "13": "",
        "14": "{{{3}}}",
        "15": "",
        "16": "{{{pl2}}}",
        "17": "",
        "18": "{{{pl3}}}",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "6": "{{{2}}}",
        "7": "",
        "8": "",
        "9": "",
        "cat2": "",
        "g": "m",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "arán m",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m"
      },
      "expansion": "arán m",
      "name": "sga-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "aráin"
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-o-masc"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "acc_du": "arán+L",
        "acc_du2": "",
        "acc_du3": "",
        "acc_pl": "aránu+H",
        "acc_pl2": "",
        "acc_pl3": "",
        "acc_sg": "arán+N",
        "acc_sg2": "",
        "acc_sg3": "",
        "class": "o-m",
        "dat_du": "aránaib",
        "dat_du2": "",
        "dat_du3": "",
        "dat_pl": "aránaib",
        "dat_pl2": "",
        "dat_pl3": "",
        "dat_sg": "arán+L",
        "dat_sg2": "",
        "dat_sg3": "",
        "gen_du": "arán",
        "gen_du2": "",
        "gen_du3": "",
        "gen_pl": "arán+N",
        "gen_pl2": "",
        "gen_pl3": "",
        "gen_pl4": "",
        "gen_sg": "aráin+L",
        "gen_sg2": "",
        "gen_sg3": "",
        "n": "",
        "nom_du": "arán+L",
        "nom_du2": "",
        "nom_du3": "",
        "nom_pl": "aráin+L",
        "nom_pl2": "",
        "nom_pl3": "",
        "nom_sg": "arán",
        "nom_sg2": "",
        "nom_sg3": "",
        "voc_du": "arán+L",
        "voc_du2": "",
        "voc_du3": "",
        "voc_pl": "aránu+H",
        "voc_pl2": "",
        "voc_pl3": "",
        "voc_sg": "aráin",
        "voc_sg2": "",
        "voc_sg3": ""
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-noun"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "a",
        "2": "rán"
      },
      "name": "sga-mutation"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Irish",
  "lang_code": "sga",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "51 49",
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "sga",
          "name": "Breads",
          "orig": "sga:Breads",
          "parents": [
            "Foods",
            "Eating",
            "Food and drink",
            "Human behaviour",
            "All topics",
            "Human",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "bread"
      ],
      "id": "en-arán-sga-noun-mFYEwrYC",
      "links": [
        [
          "bread",
          "bread"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(rare) bread"
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "bairgen"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "rare"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "10 90",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Old Irish entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "51 49",
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "sga",
          "name": "Breads",
          "orig": "sga:Breads",
          "parents": [
            "Foods",
            "Eating",
            "Food and drink",
            "Human behaviour",
            "All topics",
            "Human",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "loaf of bread"
      ],
      "id": "en-arán-sga-noun-svYBt2SN",
      "links": [
        [
          "loaf",
          "loaf"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈaraːn/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "arán"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Old Irish entries with incorrect language header",
    "Old Irish lemmas",
    "Old Irish masculine nouns",
    "Old Irish masculine o-stem nouns",
    "Old Irish nouns",
    "Old Irish terms derived from Proto-Celtic",
    "Old Irish terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Old Irish terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *h₂erh₃-",
    "Old Irish terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *ǵenh₁-",
    "Old Irish terms inherited from Proto-Celtic",
    "Old Irish terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "sga:Breads"
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "mga",
            "2": "arán"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Irish: arán",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Irish: arán"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ga",
            "2": "arán"
          },
          "expansion": "Irish: arán",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Irish: arán"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gv",
            "2": "arran"
          },
          "expansion": "Manx: arran",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Manx: arran"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gd",
            "2": "aran"
          },
          "expansion": "Scottish Gaelic: aran",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Scottish Gaelic: aran"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₂erh₃-",
        "4": "*ǵenh₁-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "cel-pro",
        "3": "*aragnos"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Celtic *aragnos",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "",
        "4": "*h₂erh₃-ǵnh₁-os"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *h₂erh₃-ǵnh₁-os",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*h₂erh₃-",
        "3": "*ǵenh₁-",
        "lit": "born of the plough",
        "nocat": "1",
        "t1": "to plough",
        "t2": "born"
      },
      "expansion": "*h₂erh₃- (“to plough”) + *ǵenh₁- (“born”), literally “born of the plough”",
      "name": "compound"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Derived by Eric Hamp from Proto-Celtic *aragnos, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂erh₃-ǵnh₁-os, from *h₂erh₃- (“to plough”) + *ǵenh₁- (“born”), literally “born of the plough”.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-decl-o-masc",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "arán",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "arán",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "aráin",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "aráin",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "arán",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "aránu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "arán",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "arán",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "aránu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "aráin",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "arán",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "arán",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "arán",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "aránaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "aránaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-mutation",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "arán",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-radical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "pronounced with /h/ in h-prothesis environments",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-radical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "n-arán",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "10": "",
        "11": "",
        "12": "",
        "13": "",
        "14": "{{{3}}}",
        "15": "",
        "16": "{{{pl2}}}",
        "17": "",
        "18": "{{{pl3}}}",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "6": "{{{2}}}",
        "7": "",
        "8": "",
        "9": "",
        "cat2": "",
        "g": "m",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "arán m",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m"
      },
      "expansion": "arán m",
      "name": "sga-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "aráin"
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-o-masc"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "acc_du": "arán+L",
        "acc_du2": "",
        "acc_du3": "",
        "acc_pl": "aránu+H",
        "acc_pl2": "",
        "acc_pl3": "",
        "acc_sg": "arán+N",
        "acc_sg2": "",
        "acc_sg3": "",
        "class": "o-m",
        "dat_du": "aránaib",
        "dat_du2": "",
        "dat_du3": "",
        "dat_pl": "aránaib",
        "dat_pl2": "",
        "dat_pl3": "",
        "dat_sg": "arán+L",
        "dat_sg2": "",
        "dat_sg3": "",
        "gen_du": "arán",
        "gen_du2": "",
        "gen_du3": "",
        "gen_pl": "arán+N",
        "gen_pl2": "",
        "gen_pl3": "",
        "gen_pl4": "",
        "gen_sg": "aráin+L",
        "gen_sg2": "",
        "gen_sg3": "",
        "n": "",
        "nom_du": "arán+L",
        "nom_du2": "",
        "nom_du3": "",
        "nom_pl": "aráin+L",
        "nom_pl2": "",
        "nom_pl3": "",
        "nom_sg": "arán",
        "nom_sg2": "",
        "nom_sg3": "",
        "voc_du": "arán+L",
        "voc_du2": "",
        "voc_du3": "",
        "voc_pl": "aránu+H",
        "voc_pl2": "",
        "voc_pl3": "",
        "voc_sg": "aráin",
        "voc_sg2": "",
        "voc_sg3": ""
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-noun"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "a",
        "2": "rán"
      },
      "name": "sga-mutation"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Irish",
  "lang_code": "sga",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Old Irish terms with rare senses"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "bread"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "bread",
          "bread"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(rare) bread"
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "bairgen"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "rare"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "loaf of bread"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "loaf",
          "loaf"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈaraːn/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "arán"
}
{
  "called_from": "inflection/2466",
  "msg": "accepted heuristic header: table cell identified as header and given candidate status, AND the cleaned text is in LANGUAGES_WITH_CELLS_AS_HEADERS[Old Irish]; cleaned text: Initial mutations of a following adjective: *ᴴ = triggers aspiration *ᴸ = triggers lenition *ᴺ = triggers nasalization",
  "path": [
    "arán"
  ],
  "section": "Old Irish",
  "subsection": "noun",
  "title": "arán",
  "trace": ""
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Old Irish dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-07-22 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-07-20 using wiktextract (0af6c06 and 6aeea9b). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.