"-나" meaning in Korean

See -나 in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Particle

IPA: [na̠] [SK-Standard, Seoul] Forms: [canonical]
Etymology: From Middle Korean 나〮 (Yale: -ná). See the main entry for more. Etymology templates: {{inh|ko|okm|-}} Middle Korean, {{okm-l|-나〮|-ná}} 나〮 (Yale: -ná) Head templates: {{ko-pos|particle}} 나 • (-na)
  1. Post-vowel allomorphic form of 이나 (-ina). Tags: -na
    Sense id: en--나-ko-particle-DDzCL-9O Categories (other): Korean particles
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 2

Suffix

IPA: [na̠] [SK-Standard, Seoul] Forms: [canonical]
Etymology: First attested in the nineteenth century, as a contraction of 는가 (-neun'ga). Head templates: {{ko-pos|suffix}} 나 • (-na)
  1. An interrogative marker in the familiar speech level; with 요 (-yo), also used in the polite speech level. Tags: -na, morpheme
    Sense id: en--나-ko-suffix-DEluaXSb
  2. Conveys a question addressed to oneself. Tags: -na, morpheme
    Sense id: en--나-ko-suffix-eSztgiSM Categories (other): Korean entries with incorrect language header, Korean entries with language name categories using raw markup, Korean terms with non-redundant non-automated sortkeys, Korean terms with redundant script codes, Korean terms with redundant transliterations Disambiguation of Korean entries with incorrect language header: 14 5 49 12 8 12 Disambiguation of Korean entries with language name categories using raw markup: 13 8 45 12 12 11 Disambiguation of Korean terms with non-redundant non-automated sortkeys: 18 6 40 12 13 12 Disambiguation of Korean terms with redundant script codes: 19 6 36 12 16 11 Disambiguation of Korean terms with redundant transliterations: 15 5 42 12 14 12
  3. (Gyeongsang) In the plain speech level, an interrogative marker denoting polar (yes-or-no) questions. Tags: -na, Gyeongsang, morpheme
    Sense id: en--나-ko-suffix-vRakLtOX Categories (other): Gyeongsang Korean
  4. Used in 나 보다 (-na boda). Tags: -na, morpheme
    Sense id: en--나-ko-suffix-l1i8JbE8 Categories (other): Korean links with manual fragments
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Related terms: (-go) [Gyeongsang], (-ga) [Gyeongsang]
Etymology number: 1

Suffix

IPA: [na̠] [SK-Standard, Seoul] Forms: [canonical]
Etymology: From Middle Korean 나〮 (Yale: -ná). See the main entry for more. Etymology templates: {{inh|ko|okm|-}} Middle Korean, {{okm-l|-나〮|-ná}} 나〮 (Yale: -ná) Head templates: {{ko-pos|suffix}} 나 • (-na)
  1. Post-vowel and post-liquid allomorphic form of 으나 (-euna). Tags: -na, morpheme
    Sense id: en--나-ko-suffix-iBhaTI94
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 3

Download JSON data for -나 meaning in Korean (5.5kB)

{
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_text": "First attested in the nineteenth century, as a contraction of 는가 (-neun'ga).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "나",
      "tags": [
        "canonical"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "나 • (-na)",
      "name": "ko-pos"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Korean",
  "lang_code": "ko",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "related": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0",
      "roman": "-go",
      "tags": [
        "Gyeongsang"
      ],
      "word": "고"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0",
      "roman": "-ga",
      "tags": [
        "Gyeongsang"
      ],
      "word": "가"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "What did you choose to major in?",
          "roman": "Jane-neun jeon'gong-eul mueos-euro jeonghaen-na?",
          "text": "자네는 전공을 무엇으로 정했나?",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "english": "How can I get to Seoul Station?",
          "roman": "Seouryeog-e eotteoke ga-na-yo?",
          "text": "서울역에 어떻게 가나요?",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "An interrogative marker in the familiar speech level; with 요 (-yo), also used in the polite speech level."
      ],
      "id": "en--나-ko-suffix-DEluaXSb",
      "links": [
        [
          "familiar speech level",
          "w:Korean speech levels#Hage-che"
        ],
        [
          "요",
          "-요#Korean"
        ],
        [
          "polite speech level",
          "w:Korean speech levels#Haeyo-che"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "-na",
        "morpheme"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "14 5 49 12 8 12",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Korean entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "13 8 45 12 12 11",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Korean entries with language name categories using raw markup",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with language name categories using raw markup",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "18 6 40 12 13 12",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Korean terms with non-redundant non-automated sortkeys",
          "parents": [
            "Terms with non-redundant non-automated sortkeys",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "19 6 36 12 16 11",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Korean terms with redundant script codes",
          "parents": [
            "Terms with redundant script codes",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "15 5 42 12 14 12",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Korean terms with redundant transliterations",
          "parents": [
            "Terms with redundant transliterations",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "Was I insane? How could I make such a mistake...",
          "roman": "Nae-ga micheon-na, eotteoke ireon silsu-reul...",
          "text": "내가 미쳤나, 어떻게 이런 실수를...",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "english": "I called you to see how you're doing.",
          "roman": "Jal jinae-na sipeoseo jeonhwa-haetji.",
          "text": "잘 지내나 싶어서 전화했지.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Conveys a question addressed to oneself."
      ],
      "id": "en--나-ko-suffix-eSztgiSM",
      "tags": [
        "-na",
        "morpheme"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Gyeongsang Korean",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "Coordinate term: (for wh-questions) 노 (-no)"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "In the plain speech level, an interrogative marker denoting polar (yes-or-no) questions."
      ],
      "id": "en--나-ko-suffix-vRakLtOX",
      "links": [
        [
          "plain speech level",
          "w:Korean speech levels#Haera-che"
        ],
        [
          "polar",
          "polar#English"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(Gyeongsang) In the plain speech level, an interrogative marker denoting polar (yes-or-no) questions."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "-na",
        "Gyeongsang",
        "morpheme"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Korean links with manual fragments",
          "parents": [
            "Links with manual fragments",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Used in 나 보다 (-na boda)."
      ],
      "id": "en--나-ko-suffix-l1i8JbE8",
      "links": [
        [
          "나 보다",
          "보다#나보다"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "-na",
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[na̠]",
      "tags": [
        "SK-Standard",
        "Seoul"
      ]
    },
    {
      "other": "[나]"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-나"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ko",
        "2": "okm",
        "3": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle Korean",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-나〮",
        "2": "-ná"
      },
      "expansion": "나〮 (Yale: -ná)",
      "name": "okm-l"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle Korean 나〮 (Yale: -ná). See the main entry for more.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "나",
      "tags": [
        "canonical"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "particle"
      },
      "expansion": "나 • (-na)",
      "name": "ko-pos"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Korean",
  "lang_code": "ko",
  "pos": "particle",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Korean particles",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Post-vowel allomorphic form of 이나 (-ina)."
      ],
      "id": "en--나-ko-particle-DDzCL-9O",
      "links": [
        [
          "vowel",
          "vowel"
        ],
        [
          "allomorph",
          "allomorph"
        ],
        [
          "이나",
          "-이나#Korean"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "-na"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[na̠]",
      "tags": [
        "SK-Standard",
        "Seoul"
      ]
    },
    {
      "other": "[나]"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-나"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 3,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ko",
        "2": "okm",
        "3": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle Korean",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-나〮",
        "2": "-ná"
      },
      "expansion": "나〮 (Yale: -ná)",
      "name": "okm-l"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle Korean 나〮 (Yale: -ná). See the main entry for more.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "나",
      "tags": [
        "canonical"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "나 • (-na)",
      "name": "ko-pos"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Korean",
  "lang_code": "ko",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "Post-vowel and post-liquid allomorphic form of 으나 (-euna)."
      ],
      "id": "en--나-ko-suffix-iBhaTI94",
      "links": [
        [
          "vowel",
          "vowel"
        ],
        [
          "liquid",
          "liquid"
        ],
        [
          "allomorph",
          "allomorph"
        ],
        [
          "으나",
          "-으나#Korean"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "-na",
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[na̠]",
      "tags": [
        "SK-Standard",
        "Seoul"
      ]
    },
    {
      "other": "[나]"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-나"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Korean entries with incorrect language header",
    "Korean entries with language name categories using raw markup",
    "Korean inflectional suffixes",
    "Korean lemmas",
    "Korean suffixes",
    "Korean terms derived from Middle Korean",
    "Korean terms inherited from Middle Korean",
    "Korean terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Korean terms with non-redundant non-automated sortkeys",
    "Korean terms with redundant script codes",
    "Korean terms with redundant transliterations"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_text": "First attested in the nineteenth century, as a contraction of 는가 (-neun'ga).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "나",
      "tags": [
        "canonical"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "나 • (-na)",
      "name": "ko-pos"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Korean",
  "lang_code": "ko",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "related": [
    {
      "roman": "-go",
      "tags": [
        "Gyeongsang"
      ],
      "word": "고"
    },
    {
      "roman": "-ga",
      "tags": [
        "Gyeongsang"
      ],
      "word": "가"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Korean terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "What did you choose to major in?",
          "roman": "Jane-neun jeon'gong-eul mueos-euro jeonghaen-na?",
          "text": "자네는 전공을 무엇으로 정했나?",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "english": "How can I get to Seoul Station?",
          "roman": "Seouryeog-e eotteoke ga-na-yo?",
          "text": "서울역에 어떻게 가나요?",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "An interrogative marker in the familiar speech level; with 요 (-yo), also used in the polite speech level."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "familiar speech level",
          "w:Korean speech levels#Hage-che"
        ],
        [
          "요",
          "-요#Korean"
        ],
        [
          "polite speech level",
          "w:Korean speech levels#Haeyo-che"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "-na",
        "morpheme"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Korean terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "Was I insane? How could I make such a mistake...",
          "roman": "Nae-ga micheon-na, eotteoke ireon silsu-reul...",
          "text": "내가 미쳤나, 어떻게 이런 실수를...",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "english": "I called you to see how you're doing.",
          "roman": "Jal jinae-na sipeoseo jeonhwa-haetji.",
          "text": "잘 지내나 싶어서 전화했지.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Conveys a question addressed to oneself."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "-na",
        "morpheme"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Gyeongsang Korean"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "Coordinate term: (for wh-questions) 노 (-no)"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "In the plain speech level, an interrogative marker denoting polar (yes-or-no) questions."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "plain speech level",
          "w:Korean speech levels#Haera-che"
        ],
        [
          "polar",
          "polar#English"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(Gyeongsang) In the plain speech level, an interrogative marker denoting polar (yes-or-no) questions."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "-na",
        "Gyeongsang",
        "morpheme"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Korean links with manual fragments"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Used in 나 보다 (-na boda)."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "나 보다",
          "보다#나보다"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "-na",
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[na̠]",
      "tags": [
        "SK-Standard",
        "Seoul"
      ]
    },
    {
      "other": "[나]"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-나"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Korean entries with incorrect language header",
    "Korean entries with language name categories using raw markup",
    "Korean inflectional suffixes",
    "Korean lemmas",
    "Korean particles",
    "Korean suffixes",
    "Korean terms derived from Middle Korean",
    "Korean terms inherited from Middle Korean",
    "Korean terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Korean terms with non-redundant non-automated sortkeys",
    "Korean terms with redundant script codes",
    "Korean terms with redundant transliterations"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ko",
        "2": "okm",
        "3": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle Korean",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-나〮",
        "2": "-ná"
      },
      "expansion": "나〮 (Yale: -ná)",
      "name": "okm-l"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle Korean 나〮 (Yale: -ná). See the main entry for more.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "나",
      "tags": [
        "canonical"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "particle"
      },
      "expansion": "나 • (-na)",
      "name": "ko-pos"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Korean",
  "lang_code": "ko",
  "pos": "particle",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "Post-vowel allomorphic form of 이나 (-ina)."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "vowel",
          "vowel"
        ],
        [
          "allomorph",
          "allomorph"
        ],
        [
          "이나",
          "-이나#Korean"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "-na"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[na̠]",
      "tags": [
        "SK-Standard",
        "Seoul"
      ]
    },
    {
      "other": "[나]"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-나"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Korean entries with incorrect language header",
    "Korean entries with language name categories using raw markup",
    "Korean inflectional suffixes",
    "Korean lemmas",
    "Korean suffixes",
    "Korean terms derived from Middle Korean",
    "Korean terms inherited from Middle Korean",
    "Korean terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Korean terms with non-redundant non-automated sortkeys",
    "Korean terms with redundant script codes",
    "Korean terms with redundant transliterations"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 3,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ko",
        "2": "okm",
        "3": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle Korean",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-나〮",
        "2": "-ná"
      },
      "expansion": "나〮 (Yale: -ná)",
      "name": "okm-l"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle Korean 나〮 (Yale: -ná). See the main entry for more.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "나",
      "tags": [
        "canonical"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "나 • (-na)",
      "name": "ko-pos"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Korean",
  "lang_code": "ko",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "Post-vowel and post-liquid allomorphic form of 으나 (-euna)."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "vowel",
          "vowel"
        ],
        [
          "liquid",
          "liquid"
        ],
        [
          "allomorph",
          "allomorph"
        ],
        [
          "으나",
          "-으나#Korean"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "-na",
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[na̠]",
      "tags": [
        "SK-Standard",
        "Seoul"
      ]
    },
    {
      "other": "[나]"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-나"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Korean dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-06-23 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-06-20 using wiktextract (1b9bfc5 and 0136956). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.