"forestry" meaning in English

See forestry in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

IPA: /ˈfɒɹ.ɪst.ɹi/, /ˈfɑɹ.ɪst.ɹi/ [New-York-City] Audio: LL-Q1860 (eng)-Vininn126-forestry.wav [US] Forms: forestries [plural]
enPR: fŏrʹ-ĭst-rē Rhymes: -ɒɹɪstɹi Etymology: From Middle English *forestrie, *forsterie (suggested by Middle English forster, forester (“forester”)), from Old French foresterie, from forest. Etymology templates: {{inh|en|enm|*forestrie}} Middle English *forestrie, {{m+|enm|forster}} Middle English forster, {{der|en|fro|foresterie}} Old French foresterie Head templates: {{en-noun|~}} forestry (countable and uncountable, plural forestries)
  1. (uncountable) The science of planting and growing trees in forests. Tags: uncountable Translations (science of planting and growing trees): лесовъдство (lesovǎdstvo) [neuter] (Bulgarian), 林業 (Chinese Mandarin), 林业 (línyè) (Chinese Mandarin), lesnictví [neuter] (Czech), bosbouwkunde [masculine] (Dutch), metsätiede (Finnish), sylviculture [feminine] (French), Forstwirtschaft [feminine] (German), erdészet (Hungarian), foraoiseolaíocht (Irish), foraoiseacht [feminine] (Irish), cranneolaíocht [feminine] (Irish), 林業 (ringyō) (alt: りんぎょう) (Japanese), ормончулук (ormonculuk) (Kyrgyz), токойчулук (tokoyculuk) (Kyrgyz), leśnictwo [neuter] (Polish), silvicultura [feminine] (Portuguese), лесни́чество (lesníčestvo) [neuter] (Russian), лесово́дство (lesovódstvo) [neuter] (Russian), лесове́дение (lesovédenije) [neuter] (Russian), coilltearachd [feminine] (Scottish Gaelic), gozdarstvo [neuter] (Slovene), silvicultura [feminine] (Spanish), skogsvetenskap [Sweden, common-gender] (Swedish), forstvetenskap [Finland, common-gender] (Swedish), palagubatan (Tagalog), ormancılık (Turkish), лісівни́цтво (lisivnýctvo) [neuter] (Ukrainian), лісозна́вство (lisoznávstvo) [neuter] (Ukrainian), lâm nghiệp (Vietnamese)
    Sense id: en-forestry-en-noun-iUYNz49z Disambiguation of 'science of planting and growing trees': 52 37 1 5 4 1
  2. (uncountable) The art and practice of planting and growing trees in forests. Tags: uncountable Translations (art and practice of planting and growing trees): bosbedryf (Afrikaans), залесяване (zalesjavane) [neuter] (Bulgarian), bosbouw [masculine] (Dutch), bosbedrijf [neuter] (Dutch), metsänhoito (Finnish), Forstwirtschaft [feminine] (German), erdészet (Hungarian), foraoiseacht [feminine] (Irish), foraoiseolaíocht [feminine] (Irish), cranneolaíocht [feminine] (Irish), silvicultura [feminine] (Portuguese), coilltearachd [feminine] (Scottish Gaelic), silvicultura [feminine] (Spanish), skogsbruk [neuter] (Swedish), palagubatan (Tagalog), ormancılık (Turkish), лісівни́цтво (lisivnýctvo) [neuter] (Ukrainian), lâm nghiệp (Vietnamese)
    Sense id: en-forestry-en-noun-b4tj5bcl Disambiguation of 'art and practice of planting and growing trees': 22 47 26 3 3 0
  3. (uncountable) The art and practice of cultivating, exploiting and renewing forests for commercial purposes. Tags: uncountable Translations (art of cultivating, exploiting and renewing forests for commercial purposes): commerciële bosbouw [masculine] (Dutch), metsätalous (Finnish), Forstwirtschaft [feminine] (German), erdészet (Hungarian), foraoiseacht [feminine] (Irish), foraoiseolaíocht [feminine] (Irish), cranneolaíocht [feminine] (Irish), engenharia florestal [feminine] (Portuguese), coilltearachd [feminine] (Scottish Gaelic), ingeniería forestal [feminine] (Spanish), skogsbruk [neuter] (Swedish), ormancılık (Turkish), лісівни́цтво (lisivnýctvo) [neuter] (Ukrainian), lâm nghiệp (Vietnamese)
    Sense id: en-forestry-en-noun-Vat3lo0a Disambiguation of 'art of cultivating, exploiting and renewing forests for commercial purposes': 4 8 61 12 14 1
  4. (uncountable) Commercial tree farming. Tags: uncountable Translations (tree farming): лесовъдство (lesovǎdstvo) [neuter] (Bulgarian), bomenteelt [masculine] (Dutch), puunviljely (Finnish), metsätaloustiede (Finnish), foraoiseacht [feminine] (Irish), foraoiseolaíocht [feminine] (Irish), cranneolaíocht [feminine] (Irish), silvicultura [feminine] (Portuguese), coilltearachd [feminine] (Scottish Gaelic), skogsbruk [neuter] (Swedish), ormancılık (Turkish), лісівни́цтво (lisivnýctvo) [neuter] (Ukrainian)
    Sense id: en-forestry-en-noun-yu3acXPX Disambiguation of 'tree farming': 4 4 3 73 15 2
  5. (countable) A tree farm. Tags: countable Categories (topical): Forestry
    Sense id: en-forestry-en-noun-L0T2reN7 Disambiguation of Forestry: 6 5 16 19 50 4 Categories (other): English entries with incorrect language header, English entries with language name categories using raw markup, English entries with topic categories using raw markup Disambiguation of English entries with incorrect language header: 1 3 20 5 69 2 Disambiguation of English entries with language name categories using raw markup: 2 4 20 7 64 2 Disambiguation of English entries with topic categories using raw markup: 2 5 22 9 59 3
  6. (countable) A forest-covered area. Tags: countable
    Sense id: en-forestry-en-noun-l81xjLT0
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms: silviculture, sylviculture Derived forms: agroforestry, mycoforestry, forestry machine

Inflected forms

Download JSON data for forestry meaning in English (15.9kB)

{
  "derived": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "agroforestry"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "mycoforestry"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "forestry machine"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "*forestrie"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English *forestrie",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "forster"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English forster",
      "name": "m+"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "fro",
        "3": "foresterie"
      },
      "expansion": "Old French foresterie",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle English *forestrie, *forsterie (suggested by Middle English forster, forester (“forester”)), from Old French foresterie, from forest.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "forestries",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "~"
      },
      "expansion": "forestry (countable and uncountable, plural forestries)",
      "name": "en-noun"
    }
  ],
  "hyphenation": [
    "for‧est‧ry"
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "glosses": [
        "The science of planting and growing trees in forests."
      ],
      "id": "en-forestry-en-noun-iUYNz49z",
      "links": [
        [
          "trees",
          "trees"
        ],
        [
          "forests",
          "forests"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(uncountable) The science of planting and growing trees in forests."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "uncountable"
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "52 37 1 5 4 1",
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "lesovǎdstvo",
          "sense": "science of planting and growing trees",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "лесовъдство"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "52 37 1 5 4 1",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "sense": "science of planting and growing trees",
          "word": "林業"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "52 37 1 5 4 1",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "roman": "línyè",
          "sense": "science of planting and growing trees",
          "word": "林业"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "52 37 1 5 4 1",
          "code": "cs",
          "lang": "Czech",
          "sense": "science of planting and growing trees",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "lesnictví"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "52 37 1 5 4 1",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "science of planting and growing trees",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "bosbouwkunde"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "52 37 1 5 4 1",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "science of planting and growing trees",
          "word": "metsätiede"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "52 37 1 5 4 1",
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "science of planting and growing trees",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "sylviculture"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "52 37 1 5 4 1",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "science of planting and growing trees",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "Forstwirtschaft"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "52 37 1 5 4 1",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "science of planting and growing trees",
          "word": "erdészet"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "52 37 1 5 4 1",
          "code": "ga",
          "lang": "Irish",
          "sense": "science of planting and growing trees",
          "word": "foraoiseolaíocht"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "52 37 1 5 4 1",
          "code": "ga",
          "lang": "Irish",
          "sense": "science of planting and growing trees",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "foraoiseacht"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "52 37 1 5 4 1",
          "code": "ga",
          "lang": "Irish",
          "sense": "science of planting and growing trees",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "cranneolaíocht"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "52 37 1 5 4 1",
          "alt": "りんぎょう",
          "code": "ja",
          "lang": "Japanese",
          "roman": "ringyō",
          "sense": "science of planting and growing trees",
          "word": "林業"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "52 37 1 5 4 1",
          "code": "ky",
          "lang": "Kyrgyz",
          "roman": "ormonculuk",
          "sense": "science of planting and growing trees",
          "word": "ормончулук"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "52 37 1 5 4 1",
          "code": "ky",
          "lang": "Kyrgyz",
          "roman": "tokoyculuk",
          "sense": "science of planting and growing trees",
          "word": "токойчулук"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "52 37 1 5 4 1",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "science of planting and growing trees",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "leśnictwo"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "52 37 1 5 4 1",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "science of planting and growing trees",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "silvicultura"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "52 37 1 5 4 1",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "lesníčestvo",
          "sense": "science of planting and growing trees",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "лесни́чество"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "52 37 1 5 4 1",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "lesovódstvo",
          "sense": "science of planting and growing trees",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "лесово́дство"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "52 37 1 5 4 1",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "lesovédenije",
          "sense": "science of planting and growing trees",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "лесове́дение"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "52 37 1 5 4 1",
          "code": "gd",
          "lang": "Scottish Gaelic",
          "sense": "science of planting and growing trees",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "coilltearachd"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "52 37 1 5 4 1",
          "code": "sl",
          "lang": "Slovene",
          "sense": "science of planting and growing trees",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "gozdarstvo"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "52 37 1 5 4 1",
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Spanish",
          "sense": "science of planting and growing trees",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "silvicultura"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "52 37 1 5 4 1",
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "science of planting and growing trees",
          "tags": [
            "Sweden",
            "common-gender"
          ],
          "word": "skogsvetenskap"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "52 37 1 5 4 1",
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "science of planting and growing trees",
          "tags": [
            "Finland",
            "common-gender"
          ],
          "word": "forstvetenskap"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "52 37 1 5 4 1",
          "code": "tl",
          "lang": "Tagalog",
          "sense": "science of planting and growing trees",
          "word": "palagubatan"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "52 37 1 5 4 1",
          "code": "tr",
          "lang": "Turkish",
          "sense": "science of planting and growing trees",
          "word": "ormancılık"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "52 37 1 5 4 1",
          "code": "uk",
          "lang": "Ukrainian",
          "roman": "lisivnýctvo",
          "sense": "science of planting and growing trees",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "лісівни́цтво"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "52 37 1 5 4 1",
          "code": "uk",
          "lang": "Ukrainian",
          "roman": "lisoznávstvo",
          "sense": "science of planting and growing trees",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "лісозна́вство"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "52 37 1 5 4 1",
          "code": "vi",
          "lang": "Vietnamese",
          "sense": "science of planting and growing trees",
          "word": "lâm nghiệp"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "glosses": [
        "The art and practice of planting and growing trees in forests."
      ],
      "id": "en-forestry-en-noun-b4tj5bcl",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(uncountable) The art and practice of planting and growing trees in forests."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "uncountable"
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "22 47 26 3 3 0",
          "code": "af",
          "lang": "Afrikaans",
          "sense": "art and practice of planting and growing trees",
          "word": "bosbedryf"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "22 47 26 3 3 0",
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "zalesjavane",
          "sense": "art and practice of planting and growing trees",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "залесяване"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "22 47 26 3 3 0",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "art and practice of planting and growing trees",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "bosbouw"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "22 47 26 3 3 0",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "art and practice of planting and growing trees",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "bosbedrijf"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "22 47 26 3 3 0",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "art and practice of planting and growing trees",
          "word": "metsänhoito"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "22 47 26 3 3 0",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "art and practice of planting and growing trees",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "Forstwirtschaft"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "22 47 26 3 3 0",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "art and practice of planting and growing trees",
          "word": "erdészet"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "22 47 26 3 3 0",
          "code": "ga",
          "lang": "Irish",
          "sense": "art and practice of planting and growing trees",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "foraoiseacht"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "22 47 26 3 3 0",
          "code": "ga",
          "lang": "Irish",
          "sense": "art and practice of planting and growing trees",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "foraoiseolaíocht"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "22 47 26 3 3 0",
          "code": "ga",
          "lang": "Irish",
          "sense": "art and practice of planting and growing trees",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "cranneolaíocht"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "22 47 26 3 3 0",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "art and practice of planting and growing trees",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "silvicultura"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "22 47 26 3 3 0",
          "code": "gd",
          "lang": "Scottish Gaelic",
          "sense": "art and practice of planting and growing trees",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "coilltearachd"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "22 47 26 3 3 0",
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Spanish",
          "sense": "art and practice of planting and growing trees",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "silvicultura"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "22 47 26 3 3 0",
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "art and practice of planting and growing trees",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "skogsbruk"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "22 47 26 3 3 0",
          "code": "tl",
          "lang": "Tagalog",
          "sense": "art and practice of planting and growing trees",
          "word": "palagubatan"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "22 47 26 3 3 0",
          "code": "tr",
          "lang": "Turkish",
          "sense": "art and practice of planting and growing trees",
          "word": "ormancılık"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "22 47 26 3 3 0",
          "code": "uk",
          "lang": "Ukrainian",
          "roman": "lisivnýctvo",
          "sense": "art and practice of planting and growing trees",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "лісівни́цтво"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "22 47 26 3 3 0",
          "code": "vi",
          "lang": "Vietnamese",
          "sense": "art and practice of planting and growing trees",
          "word": "lâm nghiệp"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "glosses": [
        "The art and practice of cultivating, exploiting and renewing forests for commercial purposes."
      ],
      "id": "en-forestry-en-noun-Vat3lo0a",
      "links": [
        [
          "cultivating",
          "cultivating"
        ],
        [
          "exploiting",
          "exploiting"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(uncountable) The art and practice of cultivating, exploiting and renewing forests for commercial purposes."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "uncountable"
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "4 8 61 12 14 1",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "art of cultivating, exploiting and renewing forests for commercial purposes",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "commerciële bosbouw"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 8 61 12 14 1",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "art of cultivating, exploiting and renewing forests for commercial purposes",
          "word": "metsätalous"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 8 61 12 14 1",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "art of cultivating, exploiting and renewing forests for commercial purposes",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "Forstwirtschaft"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 8 61 12 14 1",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "art of cultivating, exploiting and renewing forests for commercial purposes",
          "word": "erdészet"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 8 61 12 14 1",
          "code": "ga",
          "lang": "Irish",
          "sense": "art of cultivating, exploiting and renewing forests for commercial purposes",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "foraoiseacht"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 8 61 12 14 1",
          "code": "ga",
          "lang": "Irish",
          "sense": "art of cultivating, exploiting and renewing forests for commercial purposes",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "foraoiseolaíocht"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 8 61 12 14 1",
          "code": "ga",
          "lang": "Irish",
          "sense": "art of cultivating, exploiting and renewing forests for commercial purposes",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "cranneolaíocht"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 8 61 12 14 1",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "art of cultivating, exploiting and renewing forests for commercial purposes",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "engenharia florestal"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 8 61 12 14 1",
          "code": "gd",
          "lang": "Scottish Gaelic",
          "sense": "art of cultivating, exploiting and renewing forests for commercial purposes",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "coilltearachd"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 8 61 12 14 1",
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Spanish",
          "sense": "art of cultivating, exploiting and renewing forests for commercial purposes",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "ingeniería forestal"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 8 61 12 14 1",
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "art of cultivating, exploiting and renewing forests for commercial purposes",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "skogsbruk"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 8 61 12 14 1",
          "code": "tr",
          "lang": "Turkish",
          "sense": "art of cultivating, exploiting and renewing forests for commercial purposes",
          "word": "ormancılık"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 8 61 12 14 1",
          "code": "uk",
          "lang": "Ukrainian",
          "roman": "lisivnýctvo",
          "sense": "art of cultivating, exploiting and renewing forests for commercial purposes",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "лісівни́цтво"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 8 61 12 14 1",
          "code": "vi",
          "lang": "Vietnamese",
          "sense": "art of cultivating, exploiting and renewing forests for commercial purposes",
          "word": "lâm nghiệp"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "glosses": [
        "Commercial tree farming."
      ],
      "id": "en-forestry-en-noun-yu3acXPX",
      "links": [
        [
          "tree",
          "tree"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(uncountable) Commercial tree farming."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "uncountable"
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "4 4 3 73 15 2",
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "lesovǎdstvo",
          "sense": "tree farming",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "лесовъдство"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 4 3 73 15 2",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "tree farming",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "bomenteelt"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 4 3 73 15 2",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "tree farming",
          "word": "puunviljely"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 4 3 73 15 2",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "tree farming",
          "word": "metsätaloustiede"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 4 3 73 15 2",
          "code": "ga",
          "lang": "Irish",
          "sense": "tree farming",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "foraoiseacht"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 4 3 73 15 2",
          "code": "ga",
          "lang": "Irish",
          "sense": "tree farming",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "foraoiseolaíocht"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 4 3 73 15 2",
          "code": "ga",
          "lang": "Irish",
          "sense": "tree farming",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "cranneolaíocht"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 4 3 73 15 2",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "tree farming",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "silvicultura"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 4 3 73 15 2",
          "code": "gd",
          "lang": "Scottish Gaelic",
          "sense": "tree farming",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "coilltearachd"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 4 3 73 15 2",
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "tree farming",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "skogsbruk"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 4 3 73 15 2",
          "code": "tr",
          "lang": "Turkish",
          "sense": "tree farming",
          "word": "ormancılık"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 4 3 73 15 2",
          "code": "uk",
          "lang": "Ukrainian",
          "roman": "lisivnýctvo",
          "sense": "tree farming",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "лісівни́цтво"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "1 3 20 5 69 2",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "2 4 20 7 64 2",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English entries with language name categories using raw markup",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with language name categories using raw markup",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "2 5 22 9 59 3",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English entries with topic categories using raw markup",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with topic categories using raw markup",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "6 5 16 19 50 4",
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Forestry",
          "orig": "en:Forestry",
          "parents": [
            "Applied sciences",
            "Sciences",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "A tree farm."
      ],
      "id": "en-forestry-en-noun-L0T2reN7",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(countable) A tree farm."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "countable"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "glosses": [
        "A forest-covered area."
      ],
      "id": "en-forestry-en-noun-l81xjLT0",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(countable) A forest-covered area."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "countable"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈfɒɹ.ɪst.ɹi/"
    },
    {
      "other": "/ˈfɔɹ.ɪst.ɹi/",
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ]
    },
    {
      "other": "/ˈfɒɹ.ɪst.ɹi/",
      "tags": [
        "UK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈfɑɹ.ɪst.ɹi/",
      "tags": [
        "New-York-City"
      ]
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-ɒɹɪstɹi"
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q1860 (eng)-Vininn126-forestry.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/6/67/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vininn126-forestry.wav/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vininn126-forestry.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/6/67/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vininn126-forestry.wav/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vininn126-forestry.wav.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (US)"
    },
    {
      "enpr": "fŏrʹ-ĭst-rē"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "silviculture"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "sylviculture"
    }
  ],
  "word": "forestry"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "English 3-syllable words",
    "English countable nouns",
    "English entries with incorrect language header",
    "English entries with language name categories using raw markup",
    "English entries with topic categories using raw markup",
    "English lemmas",
    "English nouns",
    "English terms derived from Middle English",
    "English terms derived from Old French",
    "English terms inherited from Middle English",
    "English terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "English terms with audio links",
    "English uncountable nouns",
    "Requests for review of French translations",
    "Rhymes:English/ɒɹɪstɹi",
    "en:Forestry"
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "agroforestry"
    },
    {
      "word": "mycoforestry"
    },
    {
      "word": "forestry machine"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "*forestrie"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English *forestrie",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "forster"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English forster",
      "name": "m+"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "fro",
        "3": "foresterie"
      },
      "expansion": "Old French foresterie",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle English *forestrie, *forsterie (suggested by Middle English forster, forester (“forester”)), from Old French foresterie, from forest.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "forestries",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "~"
      },
      "expansion": "forestry (countable and uncountable, plural forestries)",
      "name": "en-noun"
    }
  ],
  "hyphenation": [
    "for‧est‧ry"
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "English uncountable nouns"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "The science of planting and growing trees in forests."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "trees",
          "trees"
        ],
        [
          "forests",
          "forests"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(uncountable) The science of planting and growing trees in forests."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "uncountable"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English uncountable nouns"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "The art and practice of planting and growing trees in forests."
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(uncountable) The art and practice of planting and growing trees in forests."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "uncountable"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English uncountable nouns"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "The art and practice of cultivating, exploiting and renewing forests for commercial purposes."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "cultivating",
          "cultivating"
        ],
        [
          "exploiting",
          "exploiting"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(uncountable) The art and practice of cultivating, exploiting and renewing forests for commercial purposes."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "uncountable"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English uncountable nouns"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Commercial tree farming."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "tree",
          "tree"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(uncountable) Commercial tree farming."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "uncountable"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English countable nouns"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "A tree farm."
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(countable) A tree farm."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "countable"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English countable nouns"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "A forest-covered area."
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(countable) A forest-covered area."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "countable"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈfɒɹ.ɪst.ɹi/"
    },
    {
      "other": "/ˈfɔɹ.ɪst.ɹi/",
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ]
    },
    {
      "other": "/ˈfɒɹ.ɪst.ɹi/",
      "tags": [
        "UK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈfɑɹ.ɪst.ɹi/",
      "tags": [
        "New-York-City"
      ]
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-ɒɹɪstɹi"
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q1860 (eng)-Vininn126-forestry.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/6/67/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vininn126-forestry.wav/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vininn126-forestry.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/6/67/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vininn126-forestry.wav/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vininn126-forestry.wav.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (US)"
    },
    {
      "enpr": "fŏrʹ-ĭst-rē"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "silviculture"
    },
    {
      "word": "sylviculture"
    }
  ],
  "translations": [
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "lesovǎdstvo",
      "sense": "science of planting and growing trees",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "лесовъдство"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "sense": "science of planting and growing trees",
      "word": "林業"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "roman": "línyè",
      "sense": "science of planting and growing trees",
      "word": "林业"
    },
    {
      "code": "cs",
      "lang": "Czech",
      "sense": "science of planting and growing trees",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "lesnictví"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "science of planting and growing trees",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "bosbouwkunde"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "science of planting and growing trees",
      "word": "metsätiede"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "science of planting and growing trees",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "sylviculture"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "science of planting and growing trees",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "Forstwirtschaft"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "science of planting and growing trees",
      "word": "erdészet"
    },
    {
      "code": "ga",
      "lang": "Irish",
      "sense": "science of planting and growing trees",
      "word": "foraoiseolaíocht"
    },
    {
      "code": "ga",
      "lang": "Irish",
      "sense": "science of planting and growing trees",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "foraoiseacht"
    },
    {
      "code": "ga",
      "lang": "Irish",
      "sense": "science of planting and growing trees",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "cranneolaíocht"
    },
    {
      "alt": "りんぎょう",
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "ringyō",
      "sense": "science of planting and growing trees",
      "word": "林業"
    },
    {
      "code": "ky",
      "lang": "Kyrgyz",
      "roman": "ormonculuk",
      "sense": "science of planting and growing trees",
      "word": "ормончулук"
    },
    {
      "code": "ky",
      "lang": "Kyrgyz",
      "roman": "tokoyculuk",
      "sense": "science of planting and growing trees",
      "word": "токойчулук"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "science of planting and growing trees",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "leśnictwo"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "science of planting and growing trees",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "silvicultura"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "lesníčestvo",
      "sense": "science of planting and growing trees",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "лесни́чество"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "lesovódstvo",
      "sense": "science of planting and growing trees",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "лесово́дство"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "lesovédenije",
      "sense": "science of planting and growing trees",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "лесове́дение"
    },
    {
      "code": "gd",
      "lang": "Scottish Gaelic",
      "sense": "science of planting and growing trees",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "coilltearachd"
    },
    {
      "code": "sl",
      "lang": "Slovene",
      "sense": "science of planting and growing trees",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "gozdarstvo"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "science of planting and growing trees",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "silvicultura"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "science of planting and growing trees",
      "tags": [
        "Sweden",
        "common-gender"
      ],
      "word": "skogsvetenskap"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "science of planting and growing trees",
      "tags": [
        "Finland",
        "common-gender"
      ],
      "word": "forstvetenskap"
    },
    {
      "code": "tl",
      "lang": "Tagalog",
      "sense": "science of planting and growing trees",
      "word": "palagubatan"
    },
    {
      "code": "tr",
      "lang": "Turkish",
      "sense": "science of planting and growing trees",
      "word": "ormancılık"
    },
    {
      "code": "uk",
      "lang": "Ukrainian",
      "roman": "lisivnýctvo",
      "sense": "science of planting and growing trees",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "лісівни́цтво"
    },
    {
      "code": "uk",
      "lang": "Ukrainian",
      "roman": "lisoznávstvo",
      "sense": "science of planting and growing trees",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "лісозна́вство"
    },
    {
      "code": "vi",
      "lang": "Vietnamese",
      "sense": "science of planting and growing trees",
      "word": "lâm nghiệp"
    },
    {
      "code": "af",
      "lang": "Afrikaans",
      "sense": "art and practice of planting and growing trees",
      "word": "bosbedryf"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "zalesjavane",
      "sense": "art and practice of planting and growing trees",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "залесяване"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "art and practice of planting and growing trees",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "bosbouw"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "art and practice of planting and growing trees",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "bosbedrijf"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "art and practice of planting and growing trees",
      "word": "metsänhoito"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "art and practice of planting and growing trees",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "Forstwirtschaft"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "art and practice of planting and growing trees",
      "word": "erdészet"
    },
    {
      "code": "ga",
      "lang": "Irish",
      "sense": "art and practice of planting and growing trees",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "foraoiseacht"
    },
    {
      "code": "ga",
      "lang": "Irish",
      "sense": "art and practice of planting and growing trees",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "foraoiseolaíocht"
    },
    {
      "code": "ga",
      "lang": "Irish",
      "sense": "art and practice of planting and growing trees",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "cranneolaíocht"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "art and practice of planting and growing trees",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "silvicultura"
    },
    {
      "code": "gd",
      "lang": "Scottish Gaelic",
      "sense": "art and practice of planting and growing trees",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "coilltearachd"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "art and practice of planting and growing trees",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "silvicultura"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "art and practice of planting and growing trees",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "skogsbruk"
    },
    {
      "code": "tl",
      "lang": "Tagalog",
      "sense": "art and practice of planting and growing trees",
      "word": "palagubatan"
    },
    {
      "code": "tr",
      "lang": "Turkish",
      "sense": "art and practice of planting and growing trees",
      "word": "ormancılık"
    },
    {
      "code": "uk",
      "lang": "Ukrainian",
      "roman": "lisivnýctvo",
      "sense": "art and practice of planting and growing trees",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "лісівни́цтво"
    },
    {
      "code": "vi",
      "lang": "Vietnamese",
      "sense": "art and practice of planting and growing trees",
      "word": "lâm nghiệp"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "art of cultivating, exploiting and renewing forests for commercial purposes",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "commerciële bosbouw"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "art of cultivating, exploiting and renewing forests for commercial purposes",
      "word": "metsätalous"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "art of cultivating, exploiting and renewing forests for commercial purposes",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "Forstwirtschaft"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "art of cultivating, exploiting and renewing forests for commercial purposes",
      "word": "erdészet"
    },
    {
      "code": "ga",
      "lang": "Irish",
      "sense": "art of cultivating, exploiting and renewing forests for commercial purposes",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "foraoiseacht"
    },
    {
      "code": "ga",
      "lang": "Irish",
      "sense": "art of cultivating, exploiting and renewing forests for commercial purposes",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "foraoiseolaíocht"
    },
    {
      "code": "ga",
      "lang": "Irish",
      "sense": "art of cultivating, exploiting and renewing forests for commercial purposes",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "cranneolaíocht"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "art of cultivating, exploiting and renewing forests for commercial purposes",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "engenharia florestal"
    },
    {
      "code": "gd",
      "lang": "Scottish Gaelic",
      "sense": "art of cultivating, exploiting and renewing forests for commercial purposes",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "coilltearachd"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "art of cultivating, exploiting and renewing forests for commercial purposes",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "ingeniería forestal"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "art of cultivating, exploiting and renewing forests for commercial purposes",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "skogsbruk"
    },
    {
      "code": "tr",
      "lang": "Turkish",
      "sense": "art of cultivating, exploiting and renewing forests for commercial purposes",
      "word": "ormancılık"
    },
    {
      "code": "uk",
      "lang": "Ukrainian",
      "roman": "lisivnýctvo",
      "sense": "art of cultivating, exploiting and renewing forests for commercial purposes",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "лісівни́цтво"
    },
    {
      "code": "vi",
      "lang": "Vietnamese",
      "sense": "art of cultivating, exploiting and renewing forests for commercial purposes",
      "word": "lâm nghiệp"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "lesovǎdstvo",
      "sense": "tree farming",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "лесовъдство"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "tree farming",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "bomenteelt"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "tree farming",
      "word": "puunviljely"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "tree farming",
      "word": "metsätaloustiede"
    },
    {
      "code": "ga",
      "lang": "Irish",
      "sense": "tree farming",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "foraoiseacht"
    },
    {
      "code": "ga",
      "lang": "Irish",
      "sense": "tree farming",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "foraoiseolaíocht"
    },
    {
      "code": "ga",
      "lang": "Irish",
      "sense": "tree farming",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "cranneolaíocht"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "tree farming",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "silvicultura"
    },
    {
      "code": "gd",
      "lang": "Scottish Gaelic",
      "sense": "tree farming",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "coilltearachd"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "tree farming",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "skogsbruk"
    },
    {
      "code": "tr",
      "lang": "Turkish",
      "sense": "tree farming",
      "word": "ormancılık"
    },
    {
      "code": "uk",
      "lang": "Ukrainian",
      "roman": "lisivnýctvo",
      "sense": "tree farming",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "лісівни́цтво"
    }
  ],
  "word": "forestry"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable English dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-05-27 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-05-02 using wiktextract (bb24e0f and c7ea76d). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.