"-lect" meaning in English

See -lect in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Suffix

IPA: /lɛkt/
Etymology: From the terminal element of dialect, thus representing the Ancient Greek element -λεκτος (-lektos), ultimately from λέγω (légō, “I say or speak”). Etymology templates: {{root|en|ine-pro|*leǵ-}}, {{der|en|grc|-}} Ancient Greek Head templates: {{head|en|suffix|cat2=|cat3=|head=|id=}} -lect, {{en-suffix}} -lect
  1. (linguistics) (language) variety Tags: morpheme Categories (topical): Linguistics Related terms: dialect, idiolect, lect
    Sense id: en--lect-en-suffix-L8ZkcuhI Categories (other): English entries with incorrect language header Topics: human-sciences, linguistics, sciences

Download JSON data for -lect meaning in English (1.5kB)

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*leǵ-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "grc",
        "3": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From the terminal element of dialect, thus representing the Ancient Greek element -λεκτος (-lektos), ultimately from λέγω (légō, “I say or speak”).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "suffix",
        "cat2": "",
        "cat3": "",
        "head": "",
        "id": ""
      },
      "expansion": "-lect",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "-lect",
      "name": "en-suffix"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Linguistics",
          "orig": "en:Linguistics",
          "parents": [
            "Language",
            "Social sciences",
            "Communication",
            "Sciences",
            "Society",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "(language) variety"
      ],
      "id": "en--lect-en-suffix-L8ZkcuhI",
      "links": [
        [
          "linguistics",
          "linguistics"
        ],
        [
          "language",
          "language"
        ],
        [
          "variety",
          "variety"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(linguistics) (language) variety"
      ],
      "related": [
        {
          "word": "dialect"
        },
        {
          "word": "idiolect"
        },
        {
          "word": "lect"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "human-sciences",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/lɛkt/"
    },
    {
      "homophone": "lect"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-lect"
}
{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*leǵ-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "grc",
        "3": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From the terminal element of dialect, thus representing the Ancient Greek element -λεκτος (-lektos), ultimately from λέγω (légō, “I say or speak”).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "suffix",
        "cat2": "",
        "cat3": "",
        "head": "",
        "id": ""
      },
      "expansion": "-lect",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "-lect",
      "name": "en-suffix"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "dialect"
    },
    {
      "word": "idiolect"
    },
    {
      "word": "lect"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "English 1-syllable words",
        "English entries with incorrect language header",
        "English lemmas",
        "English suffixes",
        "English terms derived from Ancient Greek",
        "English terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
        "English terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *leǵ-",
        "English terms with IPA pronunciation",
        "English terms with homophones",
        "en:Linguistics"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "(language) variety"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "linguistics",
          "linguistics"
        ],
        [
          "language",
          "language"
        ],
        [
          "variety",
          "variety"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(linguistics) (language) variety"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "human-sciences",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/lɛkt/"
    },
    {
      "homophone": "lect"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-lect"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable English dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-06-23 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-06-20 using wiktextract (1b9bfc5 and 0136956). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.