"sūrēn" meaning in All languages combined

See sūrēn on Wiktionary

Verb [Proto-West Germanic]

Etymology: From *sūr (“sour”) + *-ēn. Etymology templates: {{suffix|gmw-pro|*sūr|*-ēn|t1=sour}} *sūr (“sour”) + *-ēn Head templates: {{head|gmw-pro|verb}} *sūrēn Inflection templates: {{gmw-infl-verb-wk3}} Forms: weak [table-tags], sūrēn [infinitive], sūrēnijas [genitive, infinitive], sūrēnijē [dative, infinitive], sūrēniju [infinitive, instrumental], sūrē [first-person, present, singular], sūr?dā [first-person, past, singular], sūrēs [present, second-person, singular], sūr?dēs [past, second-person, singular], sūrēþ [present, singular, third-person], sūr?dē [past, singular, third-person], sūr?dā [past, singular, third-person], sūrēm [first-person, plural, present], sūr?dum [first-person, past, plural], sūrēþ [plural, present, second-person], sūr?dud [past, plural, second-person], sūrēnþ [plural, present, third-person], sūr?dun [past, plural, third-person], sūr?dī [first-person, past, singular], sūr?dī [past, second-person, singular], sūrē [present, singular, third-person], sūr?dī [past, singular, third-person], sūr?dīm [first-person, past, plural], sūr?dīd [past, plural, second-person], sūrēn [plural, present, third-person], sūr?dīn [past, plural, third-person], sūrē [present, singular], sūrēþ [plural, present], sūrēndī [participle, present], sūr?d [participle, past]
  1. to be sour Tags: reconstruction
    Sense id: en-sūrēn-gmw-pro-verb-ydeWJs4I Categories (other): Proto-West Germanic entries with incorrect language header, Proto-West Germanic terms suffixed with *-ēn Disambiguation of Proto-West Germanic entries with incorrect language header: 50 50 Disambiguation of Proto-West Germanic terms suffixed with *-ēn: 50 50
  2. to become sour Tags: reconstruction
    Sense id: en-sūrēn-gmw-pro-verb-vay7C1xi Categories (other): Proto-West Germanic entries with incorrect language header, Proto-West Germanic terms suffixed with *-ēn Disambiguation of Proto-West Germanic entries with incorrect language header: 50 50 Disambiguation of Proto-West Germanic terms suffixed with *-ēn: 50 50
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Related terms: sūrijan

Download JSON data for sūrēn meaning in All languages combined (6.2kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "sūrian"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: sūrian",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: sūrian"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "enm",
            "2": "souren"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle English: souren",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle English: souren"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "en",
            "2": "sour"
          },
          "expansion": "English: sour",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "English: sour"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ofs",
            "2": "*sūria"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Frisian: *sūria",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Frisian: *sūria"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fy",
            "2": "sûrje"
          },
          "expansion": "West Frisian: sûrje",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "West Frisian: sûrje"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "*sūron"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: *sūron",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: *sūron"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "*sūren"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Low German: *sūren",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Low German: *sūren"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "försūren",
            "der": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "⇒ Middle Low German: försūren",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "⇒ Middle Low German: försūren"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "*sūron"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: *sūron",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: *sūron"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "dum",
            "2": "suren"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Dutch: suren",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Dutch: suren"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nl",
            "2": "zuren"
          },
          "expansion": "Dutch: zuren",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Dutch: zuren"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "sūrēn"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: sūrēn",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: sūrēn"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "sūren"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle High German: sūren",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle High German: sūren"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gmw-pro",
        "2": "*sūr",
        "3": "*-ēn",
        "t1": "sour"
      },
      "expansion": "*sūr (“sour”) + *-ēn",
      "name": "suffix"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From *sūr (“sour”) + *-ēn.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "weak",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gmw-infl-verb-wk3",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrēn",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "infinitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrēnijas",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "infinitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrēnijē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "infinitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrēniju",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "infinitive",
        "instrumental"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "present",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūr?dā",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "past",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrēs",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "present",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūr?dēs",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "past",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrēþ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "present",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūr?dē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "past",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūr?dā",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "past",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrēm",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "plural",
        "present"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūr?dum",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "past",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrēþ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "present",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūr?dud",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "past",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrēnþ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "present",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūr?dun",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "past",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūr?dī",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "past",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūr?dī",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "past",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "present",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūr?dī",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "past",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūr?dīm",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "past",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūr?dīd",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "past",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrēn",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "present",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūr?dīn",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "past",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "present",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrēþ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "present"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrēndī",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "present"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūr?d",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "past"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gmw-pro",
        "2": "verb"
      },
      "expansion": "*sūrēn",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "gmw-infl-verb-wk3"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-West Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gmw-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-West Germanic/sūrēn",
  "pos": "verb",
  "related": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "sūrijan"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "50 50",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-West Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "50 50",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-West Germanic terms suffixed with *-ēn",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to be sour"
      ],
      "id": "en-sūrēn-gmw-pro-verb-ydeWJs4I",
      "links": [
        [
          "sour",
          "sour"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "50 50",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-West Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "50 50",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-West Germanic terms suffixed with *-ēn",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to become sour"
      ],
      "id": "en-sūrēn-gmw-pro-verb-vay7C1xi",
      "links": [
        [
          "sour",
          "sour"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "sūrēn"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Proto-West Germanic class 3 weak verbs",
    "Proto-West Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
    "Proto-West Germanic lemmas",
    "Proto-West Germanic terms suffixed with *-ēn",
    "Proto-West Germanic verbs"
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "sūrian"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: sūrian",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: sūrian"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "enm",
            "2": "souren"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle English: souren",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle English: souren"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "en",
            "2": "sour"
          },
          "expansion": "English: sour",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "English: sour"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ofs",
            "2": "*sūria"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Frisian: *sūria",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Frisian: *sūria"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fy",
            "2": "sûrje"
          },
          "expansion": "West Frisian: sûrje",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "West Frisian: sûrje"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "*sūron"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: *sūron",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: *sūron"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "*sūren"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Low German: *sūren",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Low German: *sūren"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "försūren",
            "der": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "⇒ Middle Low German: försūren",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "⇒ Middle Low German: försūren"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "*sūron"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: *sūron",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: *sūron"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "dum",
            "2": "suren"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Dutch: suren",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Dutch: suren"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nl",
            "2": "zuren"
          },
          "expansion": "Dutch: zuren",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Dutch: zuren"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "sūrēn"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: sūrēn",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: sūrēn"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "sūren"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle High German: sūren",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle High German: sūren"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gmw-pro",
        "2": "*sūr",
        "3": "*-ēn",
        "t1": "sour"
      },
      "expansion": "*sūr (“sour”) + *-ēn",
      "name": "suffix"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From *sūr (“sour”) + *-ēn.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "weak",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gmw-infl-verb-wk3",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrēn",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "infinitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrēnijas",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "infinitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrēnijē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "infinitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrēniju",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "infinitive",
        "instrumental"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "present",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūr?dā",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "past",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrēs",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "present",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūr?dēs",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "past",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrēþ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "present",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūr?dē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "past",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūr?dā",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "past",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrēm",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "plural",
        "present"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūr?dum",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "past",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrēþ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "present",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūr?dud",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "past",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrēnþ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "present",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūr?dun",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "past",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūr?dī",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "past",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūr?dī",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "past",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "present",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūr?dī",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "past",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūr?dīm",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "past",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūr?dīd",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "past",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrēn",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "present",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūr?dīn",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "past",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "present",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrēþ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "present"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrēndī",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "present"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūr?d",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "past"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gmw-pro",
        "2": "verb"
      },
      "expansion": "*sūrēn",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "gmw-infl-verb-wk3"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-West Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gmw-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-West Germanic/sūrēn",
  "pos": "verb",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "sūrijan"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "gmw-pro:Taste"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to be sour"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "sour",
          "sour"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "to become sour"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "sour",
          "sour"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "sūrēn"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable All languages combined dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-04-13 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-04-01 using wiktextract (ee658f9 and be4df6b). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.