"sūrijan" meaning in All languages combined

See sūrijan on Wiktionary

Verb [Proto-West Germanic]

Etymology: From *sūr (“sour”) + *-jan. Etymology templates: {{af|gmw-pro|*sūr|*-jan|id2=factitive|t1=sour}} *sūr (“sour”) + *-jan Head templates: {{head|gmw-pro|verb}} *sūrijan Inflection templates: {{gmw-infl-verb-wk1}} Forms: no-table-tags [table-tags], sūrijan [class-1, infinitive, weak], sūrijannjas [class-1, genitive, infinitive, weak], sūrijannjē [class-1, dative, infinitive, weak], sūrijannju [class-1, infinitive, instrumental, weak], sūriju [class-1, first-person, present, singular, weak], sūridā [class-1, first-person, past, singular, weak], sūrisi [class-1, present, second-person, singular, weak], sūridēs [class-1, past, second-person, singular, weak], sūridōs [class-1, past, second-person, singular, weak], sūriþi [class-1, present, singular, third-person, weak], sūridē [class-1, past, singular, third-person, weak], sūridā [class-1, past, singular, third-person, weak], sūrijum [class-1, first-person, plural, present, weak], sūridum [class-1, first-person, past, plural, weak], sūriþ [class-1, plural, present, second-person, weak], sūridud [class-1, past, plural, second-person, weak], sūrijanþ [class-1, plural, present, third-person, weak], sūridun [class-1, past, plural, third-person, weak], sūrijē [class-1, first-person, present, singular, weak], sūridī [class-1, first-person, past, singular, weak], sūrijēs [class-1, present, second-person, singular, weak], sūridī [class-1, past, second-person, singular, weak], sūrijē [class-1, present, singular, third-person, weak], sūridī [class-1, past, singular, third-person, weak], sūrijēm [class-1, first-person, plural, present, weak], sūridīm [class-1, first-person, past, plural, weak], sūrijēþ [class-1, plural, present, second-person, weak], sūridīd [class-1, past, plural, second-person, weak], sūrijēn [class-1, plural, present, third-person, weak], sūridīn [class-1, past, plural, third-person, weak], sūri [class-1, present, singular, weak], sūriþ [class-1, plural, present, weak], sūrijandī [class-1, participle, present, weak], sūrid [class-1, participle, past, weak]
  1. to make sour Tags: reconstruction Related terms: sūrēn

Download JSON data for sūrijan meaning in All languages combined (6.4kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "*sūrian"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: *sūrian",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: *sūrian"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "sǖren"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Low German: sǖren",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Low German: sǖren"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "*sūren"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: *sūren",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: *sūren"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "dum",
            "2": "suren"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Dutch: suren",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*sūrēn"
          },
          "expansion": "*sūrēn",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "merged with the descendant of *sūrēn"
          },
          "expansion": "(merged with the descendant of *sūrēn)",
          "name": "q"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Dutch: suren (merged with the descendant of *sūrēn)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nl",
            "2": "zuren"
          },
          "expansion": "Dutch: zuren",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Dutch: zuren"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "*sūren"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: *sūren",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: *sūren"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "gisūren",
            "der": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "⇒ Old High German: gisūren",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "⇒ Old High German: gisūren"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "siuren"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle High German: siuren",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle High German: siuren"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "de",
            "2": "säuern"
          },
          "expansion": "German: säuern",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German: säuern"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gmw-pro",
        "2": "*sūr",
        "3": "*-jan",
        "id2": "factitive",
        "t1": "sour"
      },
      "expansion": "*sūr (“sour”) + *-jan",
      "name": "af"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From *sūr (“sour”) + *-jan.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gmw-infl-verb-wk1",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrijan",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "infinitive",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrijannjas",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "genitive",
        "infinitive",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrijannjē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "dative",
        "infinitive",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrijannju",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "infinitive",
        "instrumental",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūriju",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "first-person",
        "present",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūridā",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "first-person",
        "past",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrisi",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "present",
        "second-person",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūridēs",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "past",
        "second-person",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūridōs",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "past",
        "second-person",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūriþi",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "present",
        "singular",
        "third-person",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūridē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "past",
        "singular",
        "third-person",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūridā",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "past",
        "singular",
        "third-person",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrijum",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "first-person",
        "plural",
        "present",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūridum",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "first-person",
        "past",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūriþ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "plural",
        "present",
        "second-person",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūridud",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "past",
        "plural",
        "second-person",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrijanþ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "plural",
        "present",
        "third-person",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūridun",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "past",
        "plural",
        "third-person",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrijē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "first-person",
        "present",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūridī",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "first-person",
        "past",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrijēs",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "present",
        "second-person",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūridī",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "past",
        "second-person",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrijē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "present",
        "singular",
        "third-person",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūridī",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "past",
        "singular",
        "third-person",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrijēm",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "first-person",
        "plural",
        "present",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūridīm",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "first-person",
        "past",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrijēþ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "plural",
        "present",
        "second-person",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūridīd",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "past",
        "plural",
        "second-person",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrijēn",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "plural",
        "present",
        "third-person",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūridīn",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "past",
        "plural",
        "third-person",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūri",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "present",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūriþ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "plural",
        "present",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrijandī",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "participle",
        "present",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrid",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "participle",
        "past",
        "weak"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gmw-pro",
        "2": "verb"
      },
      "expansion": "*sūrijan",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "gmw-infl-verb-wk1"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-West Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gmw-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-West Germanic/sūrijan",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-West Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-West Germanic terms suffixed with *-jan (factitive)",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to make sour"
      ],
      "id": "en-sūrijan-gmw-pro-verb-6TUidY1z",
      "links": [
        [
          "sour",
          "sour"
        ]
      ],
      "related": [
        {
          "word": "sūrēn"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "sūrijan"
}
{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "*sūrian"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: *sūrian",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: *sūrian"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "sǖren"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Low German: sǖren",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Low German: sǖren"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "*sūren"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: *sūren",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: *sūren"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "dum",
            "2": "suren"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Dutch: suren",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*sūrēn"
          },
          "expansion": "*sūrēn",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "merged with the descendant of *sūrēn"
          },
          "expansion": "(merged with the descendant of *sūrēn)",
          "name": "q"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Dutch: suren (merged with the descendant of *sūrēn)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nl",
            "2": "zuren"
          },
          "expansion": "Dutch: zuren",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Dutch: zuren"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "*sūren"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: *sūren",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: *sūren"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "gisūren",
            "der": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "⇒ Old High German: gisūren",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "⇒ Old High German: gisūren"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "siuren"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle High German: siuren",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle High German: siuren"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "de",
            "2": "säuern"
          },
          "expansion": "German: säuern",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German: säuern"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gmw-pro",
        "2": "*sūr",
        "3": "*-jan",
        "id2": "factitive",
        "t1": "sour"
      },
      "expansion": "*sūr (“sour”) + *-jan",
      "name": "af"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From *sūr (“sour”) + *-jan.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gmw-infl-verb-wk1",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrijan",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "infinitive",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrijannjas",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "genitive",
        "infinitive",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrijannjē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "dative",
        "infinitive",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrijannju",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "infinitive",
        "instrumental",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūriju",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "first-person",
        "present",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūridā",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "first-person",
        "past",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrisi",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "present",
        "second-person",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūridēs",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "past",
        "second-person",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūridōs",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "past",
        "second-person",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūriþi",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "present",
        "singular",
        "third-person",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūridē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "past",
        "singular",
        "third-person",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūridā",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "past",
        "singular",
        "third-person",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrijum",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "first-person",
        "plural",
        "present",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūridum",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "first-person",
        "past",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūriþ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "plural",
        "present",
        "second-person",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūridud",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "past",
        "plural",
        "second-person",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrijanþ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "plural",
        "present",
        "third-person",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūridun",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "past",
        "plural",
        "third-person",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrijē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "first-person",
        "present",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūridī",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "first-person",
        "past",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrijēs",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "present",
        "second-person",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūridī",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "past",
        "second-person",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrijē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "present",
        "singular",
        "third-person",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūridī",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "past",
        "singular",
        "third-person",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrijēm",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "first-person",
        "plural",
        "present",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūridīm",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "first-person",
        "past",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrijēþ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "plural",
        "present",
        "second-person",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūridīd",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "past",
        "plural",
        "second-person",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrijēn",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "plural",
        "present",
        "third-person",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūridīn",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "past",
        "plural",
        "third-person",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūri",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "present",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūriþ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "plural",
        "present",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrijandī",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "participle",
        "present",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrid",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class-1",
        "participle",
        "past",
        "weak"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gmw-pro",
        "2": "verb"
      },
      "expansion": "*sūrijan",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "gmw-infl-verb-wk1"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-West Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gmw-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-West Germanic/sūrijan",
  "pos": "verb",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "sūrēn"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Proto-West Germanic class 1 weak verbs",
        "Proto-West Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
        "Proto-West Germanic lemmas",
        "Proto-West Germanic terms suffixed with *-jan (factitive)",
        "Proto-West Germanic verbs",
        "gmw-pro:Taste"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to make sour"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "sour",
          "sour"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "sūrijan"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable All languages combined dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-04-13 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-04-01 using wiktextract (ee658f9 and be4df6b). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.