"dovere" meaning in All languages combined

Noun [Italian]

Forms: doveri [plural] IPA: /doˈve.re/ Audio: LL-Q652 (ita)-Happypheasant-dovere.wav Rhymes: -ere
  1. duty Tags: masculine

Verb [Italian]

Forms: dovére [canonical], dèvo [first-person, present, singular], dèbbo [first-person, present, singular], dovéi [first-person, historic, past, singular], dovètti [first-person, historic, past, singular], dovùto [participle, past], dovrò [first-person, future, singular], avere [auxiliary], essere [as an auxiliary, auxiliary, with main verbs taking essere] IPA: /doˈve.re/ Audio: LL-Q652 (ita)-Happypheasant-dovere.wav Rhymes: -ere
  1. to owe Tags: no-second-person-singular-imperative, transitive
  2. to have to do something (must) Tags: auxiliary, no-second-person-singular-imperative

Inflected forms

Download JSON data for dovere meaning in All languages combined (4.2kB)

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "it",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "dēbēre"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin dēbēre",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "dēbeō",
        "3": "",
        "4": "I owe"
      },
      "expansion": "dēbeō (“I owe”)",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Latin dēbēre, present active infinitive of dēbeō (“I owe”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "dovére",
      "tags": [
        "canonical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "dèvo",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "present",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "dèbbo",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "present",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "dovéi",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "historic",
        "past",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "dovètti",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "historic",
        "past",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "dovùto",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "dovrò",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "future",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "avere",
      "tags": [
        "auxiliary"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "essere",
      "tags": [
        "as an auxiliary",
        "auxiliary",
        "with main verbs taking essere"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "a:e[as an auxiliary, with main verbs taking essere]/dèvo:dèbbo.fut:dovrò.imp:-"
      },
      "expansion": "dovére (first-person singular present dèvo or dèbbo, first-person singular past historic dovéi or dovètti, past participle dovùto, first-person singular future dovrò, no second-person singular imperative, auxiliary avere or (as an auxiliary, with main verbs taking essere) essere)",
      "name": "it-verb"
    }
  ],
  "inflection": [
    {
      "1": "dov",
      "2": "avere or essere\n",
      "cond1p": "dovremmo",
      "cond1s": "dovrei",
      "cond2p": "dovreste",
      "cond2s": "dovresti",
      "cond3p": "dovrebbero",
      "cond3s": "dovrebbe",
      "fut1p": "dovremo",
      "fut1s": "dovrò",
      "fut2p": "dovrete",
      "fut2s": "dovrai",
      "fut3p": "dovranno",
      "fut3s": "dovrà",
      "imp1p": "-",
      "imp2p": "-",
      "imp2s": "-",
      "imp2s2": "-",
      "imp3p": "-",
      "imp3s": "-",
      "prem1s2": "dovetti",
      "pres1p": "dobbiamo",
      "pres1s": "devo",
      "pres1s2": "debbo",
      "pres2s": "devi",
      "pres2s2": "dei",
      "pres3p": "devono",
      "pres3p2": "debbono",
      "pres3s": "deve",
      "presp": "-",
      "sub123s": "deva",
      "sub123s2": "debba",
      "sub1p": "dobbiamo",
      "sub2p": "dobbiate",
      "sub3p": "devano",
      "sub3p2": "debbano",
      "template_name": "it-conj-ere"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Italian",
  "lang_code": "it",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "glosses": [
        "to owe"
      ],
      "id": "dovere-verb-PjW-u7hu",
      "tags": [
        "no-second-person-singular-imperative",
        "transitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "glosses": [
        "to have to do something (must)"
      ],
      "id": "dovere-verb-FMt3vicJ",
      "tags": [
        "auxiliary",
        "no-second-person-singular-imperative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/doˈve.re/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-ere"
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q652 (ita)-Happypheasant-dovere.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/6/6e/LL-Q652_%28ita%29-Happypheasant-dovere.wav/LL-Q652_%28ita%29-Happypheasant-dovere.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/6/6e/LL-Q652_%28ita%29-Happypheasant-dovere.wav/LL-Q652_%28ita%29-Happypheasant-dovere.wav.ogg",
      "text": "Audio"
    }
  ],
  "word": "dovere"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "it",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "dēbēre"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin dēbēre",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "dēbeō",
        "3": "",
        "4": "I owe"
      },
      "expansion": "dēbeō (“I owe”)",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Latin dēbēre, present active infinitive of dēbeō (“I owe”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "doveri",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m"
      },
      "expansion": "dovere m (plural doveri)",
      "name": "it-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Italian",
  "lang_code": "it",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "duty"
      ],
      "id": "dovere-noun",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/doˈve.re/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-ere"
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q652 (ita)-Happypheasant-dovere.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/6/6e/LL-Q652_%28ita%29-Happypheasant-dovere.wav/LL-Q652_%28ita%29-Happypheasant-dovere.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/6/6e/LL-Q652_%28ita%29-Happypheasant-dovere.wav/LL-Q652_%28ita%29-Happypheasant-dovere.wav.ogg",
      "text": "Audio"
    }
  ],
  "word": "dovere"
}
{
  "categories": [
    {
      "kind": "other",
      "name": "Italian verbs taking avere as auxiliary",
      "parents": [],
      "source": "w"
    },
    {
      "kind": "other",
      "name": "Italian verbs taking essere as auxiliary",
      "parents": [],
      "source": "w"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "it",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "dēbēre"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin dēbēre",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "dēbeō",
        "3": "",
        "4": "I owe"
      },
      "expansion": "dēbeō (“I owe”)",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Latin dēbēre, present active infinitive of dēbeō (“I owe”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "dovére",
      "tags": [
        "canonical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "dèvo",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "present",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "dèbbo",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "present",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "dovéi",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "historic",
        "past",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "dovètti",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "historic",
        "past",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "dovùto",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "dovrò",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "future",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "avere",
      "tags": [
        "auxiliary"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "essere",
      "tags": [
        "as an auxiliary",
        "auxiliary",
        "with main verbs taking essere"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "a:e[as an auxiliary, with main verbs taking essere]/dèvo:dèbbo.fut:dovrò.imp:-"
      },
      "expansion": "dovére (first-person singular present dèvo or dèbbo, first-person singular past historic dovéi or dovètti, past participle dovùto, first-person singular future dovrò, no second-person singular imperative, auxiliary avere or (as an auxiliary, with main verbs taking essere) essere)",
      "name": "it-verb"
    }
  ],
  "inflection": [
    {
      "1": "dov",
      "2": "avere or essere\n",
      "cond1p": "dovremmo",
      "cond1s": "dovrei",
      "cond2p": "dovreste",
      "cond2s": "dovresti",
      "cond3p": "dovrebbero",
      "cond3s": "dovrebbe",
      "fut1p": "dovremo",
      "fut1s": "dovrò",
      "fut2p": "dovrete",
      "fut2s": "dovrai",
      "fut3p": "dovranno",
      "fut3s": "dovrà",
      "imp1p": "-",
      "imp2p": "-",
      "imp2s": "-",
      "imp2s2": "-",
      "imp3p": "-",
      "imp3s": "-",
      "prem1s2": "dovetti",
      "pres1p": "dobbiamo",
      "pres1s": "devo",
      "pres1s2": "debbo",
      "pres2s": "devi",
      "pres2s2": "dei",
      "pres3p": "devono",
      "pres3p2": "debbono",
      "pres3s": "deve",
      "presp": "-",
      "sub123s": "deva",
      "sub123s2": "debba",
      "sub1p": "dobbiamo",
      "sub2p": "dobbiate",
      "sub3p": "devano",
      "sub3p2": "debbano",
      "template_name": "it-conj-ere"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Italian",
  "lang_code": "it",
  "pos": "verb",
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/doˈve.re/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-ere"
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q652 (ita)-Happypheasant-dovere.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/6/6e/LL-Q652_%28ita%29-Happypheasant-dovere.wav/LL-Q652_%28ita%29-Happypheasant-dovere.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/6/6e/LL-Q652_%28ita%29-Happypheasant-dovere.wav/LL-Q652_%28ita%29-Happypheasant-dovere.wav.ogg",
      "text": "Audio"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "alt": "apocopic",
      "word": "dover"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "archaic"
      ],
      "word": "devere"
    }
  ],
  "word": "dovere"
}

{
  "categories": [
    {
      "kind": "other",
      "name": "Italian verbs taking avere as auxiliary",
      "parents": [],
      "source": "w"
    },
    {
      "kind": "other",
      "name": "Italian verbs taking essere as auxiliary",
      "parents": [],
      "source": "w"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "it",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "dēbēre"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin dēbēre",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "dēbeō",
        "3": "",
        "4": "I owe"
      },
      "expansion": "dēbeō (“I owe”)",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Latin dēbēre, present active infinitive of dēbeō (“I owe”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "doveri",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m"
      },
      "expansion": "dovere m (plural doveri)",
      "name": "it-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Italian",
  "lang_code": "it",
  "pos": "noun",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "debito"
    },
    {
      "word": "debitore"
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/doˈve.re/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-ere"
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q652 (ita)-Happypheasant-dovere.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/6/6e/LL-Q652_%28ita%29-Happypheasant-dovere.wav/LL-Q652_%28ita%29-Happypheasant-dovere.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/6/6e/LL-Q652_%28ita%29-Happypheasant-dovere.wav/LL-Q652_%28ita%29-Happypheasant-dovere.wav.ogg",
      "text": "Audio"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "alt": "apocopic",
      "word": "dover"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "archaic"
      ],
      "word": "devere"
    }
  ],
  "word": "dovere"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable All languages combined dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2021-10-15 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2021-10-01 using wiktextract. The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.