"balluz" meaning in All languages combined

See balluz on Wiktionary

Noun [Proto-Germanic]

IPA: /ˈbɑl.luz/
Etymology: From Proto-Indo-European *bʰol-n- (“round thing, bubble”), from *bʰel- (“to blow, inflate, swell”). Cognate with Latin follis (“windbag, balloon”). According to Kroonen, this was originally an n-stem (as preserved in Old High German ballo, German Ballen), and the North Germanic *balluz is an early back-formation from the old accusative plural **balluns. Etymology templates: {{root|gem-pro|ine-pro|*bʰel-|id1=blow}}, {{der|gem-pro|ine-pro||*bʰol-n-|t=round thing, bubble}} Proto-Indo-European *bʰol-n- (“round thing, bubble”), {{m|ine-pro|*bʰel-|id=blow|t=to blow, inflate, swell}} *bʰel- (“to blow, inflate, swell”), {{cog|la|follis|t=windbag, balloon}} Latin follis (“windbag, balloon”), {{cog|goh|ballo}} Old High German ballo, {{cog|de|Ballen}} German Ballen, {{cog|gmq}} North Germanic, {{m|gem-pro||*balluz}} *balluz, {{m|gem-pro||**balluns}} **balluns Inflection templates: {{gem-decl-noun}} Forms: no-table-tags [table-tags], balluz [nominative, singular], balliwiz [nominative, plural], ballu [singular, vocative], balliwiz [plural, vocative], ballų [accusative, singular], ballunz [accusative, plural], ballauz [genitive, singular], balliwǫ̂ [genitive, plural], balliwi [dative, singular], ballumaz [dative, plural], ballū [instrumental, singular], ballumiz [instrumental, plural]
  1. round object, ball Tags: masculine, reconstruction
    Sense id: en-balluz-gem-pro-noun-2kgLaBG7
  2. (anatomy) ball of the hand, foot, etc. Tags: masculine, reconstruction
    Sense id: en-balluz-gem-pro-noun-gzP7ABsW Categories (other): Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header: 23 77 Topics: anatomy, medicine, sciences
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Related terms: ballô, balþaz (english: bold), bellǭ (english: knoll), bullô, bullǭ, bulô (english: bull)

Download JSON data for balluz meaning in All languages combined (11.8kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*ballu"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *ballu",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *ballu"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "*beall"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: *beall\nMiddle English: bal, ball, balle\nEnglish: ball\nScots: baw, ba, baa, ball\nYola: ball, balbeedhel",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: *beall\nMiddle English: bal, ball, balle\nEnglish: ball\nScots: baw, ba, baa, ball\nYola: ball, balbeedhel"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ofs",
            "2": "*bal"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Frisian: *bal",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Frisian: *bal"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "stq",
            "2": "Baal"
          },
          "expansion": "Saterland Frisian: Baal",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Saterland Frisian: Baal"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fy",
            "2": "bal"
          },
          "expansion": "West Frisian: bal",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "West Frisian: bal"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "ball",
            "3": "bal"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: ball, bal",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: ball, bal"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "bal"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Low German: bal",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Low German: bal"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nds-de",
            "2": "Ball"
          },
          "expansion": "German Low German: Ball",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German Low German: Ball"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "pdt",
            "2": "Baul"
          },
          "expansion": "Plautdietsch: Baul",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Plautdietsch: Baul"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "frk",
            "2": "*ball",
            "3": "*bal"
          },
          "expansion": "Frankish: *ball, *bal",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Frankish: *ball, *bal"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "*bal"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: *bal",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: *bal"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "dum",
            "2": "bal"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Dutch: bal\nDutch: bal\nAfrikaans: bal\n→ Caribbean Hindustani: bál\n→ Caribbean Javanese: bal\n→ Indonesian: bal\n→ Papiamentu: bala, balchi\n→ Saramaccan: balí\n→ Sranan Tongo: bal\n→ Sundanese: bal\nLimburgish: bal\nWest Flemish: bol",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Dutch: bal\nDutch: bal\nAfrikaans: bal\n→ Caribbean Hindustani: bál\n→ Caribbean Javanese: bal\n→ Indonesian: bal\n→ Papiamentu: bala, balchi\n→ Saramaccan: balí\n→ Sranan Tongo: bal\n→ Sundanese: bal\nLimburgish: bal\nWest Flemish: bol"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ML.",
            "2": "balla",
            "3": "palla",
            "4": "bala",
            "bor": "1",
            "g3": "f",
            "unc": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→? Medieval Latin: balla, palla, bala f",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→? Medieval Latin: balla, palla, bala f"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "it",
            "2": "palla",
            "unc": "1"
          },
          "expansion": ">? Italian: palla",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": ">? Italian: palla"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "lmo",
            "2": "balla",
            "unc": "1"
          },
          "expansion": ">? Lombard: balla",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": ">? Lombard: balla"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fro",
            "2": "balle"
          },
          "expansion": "Old French: balle",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old French: balle"
    },
    {
      "depth": 5,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "frm",
            "2": "balle"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle French: balle\nFrench: balle\n→ Portuguese: bala\n→ Shona: bala",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle French: balle\nFrench: balle\n→ Portuguese: bala\n→ Shona: bala"
    },
    {
      "depth": 5,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "it",
            "2": "balla",
            "bor": "1",
            "unc": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→? Italian: balla",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→? Italian: balla"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fro",
            "2": "bale"
          },
          "expansion": "Old French: bale",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old French: bale"
    },
    {
      "depth": 5,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "dum",
            "2": "bale",
            "bor": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→ Middle Dutch: bale",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ Middle Dutch: bale"
    },
    {
      "depth": 6,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nl",
            "2": "baal"
          },
          "expansion": "Dutch: baal",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Dutch: baal"
    },
    {
      "depth": 5,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "enm",
            "2": "bale",
            "bor": "1",
            "id": "bale"
          },
          "expansion": "→ Middle English: bale\nEnglish: bale",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ Middle English: bale\nEnglish: bale"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "oc",
            "2": "bala"
          },
          "expansion": "Occitan: bala",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Occitan: bala"
    },
    {
      "depth": 5,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "it",
            "2": "pallone",
            "der": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "⇒ Italian: pallone, balone, ballone\n→ Middle French: ballon (via northern variants)\nFrench: ballon (see there for further descendants)\n→ English: balloon (see there for further descendants)\n→ Hijazi Arabic: بَلّونة (ballōna)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "⇒ Italian: pallone, balone, ballone\n→ Middle French: ballon (via northern variants)\nFrench: ballon (see there for further descendants)\n→ English: balloon (see there for further descendants)\n→ Hijazi Arabic: بَلّونة (ballōna)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "pt",
            "2": "bala"
          },
          "expansion": "Portuguese: bala",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Portuguese: bala"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "scn",
            "2": "baḍḍa"
          },
          "expansion": "Sicilian: baḍḍa",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Sicilian: baḍḍa"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "es",
            "2": "bala"
          },
          "expansion": "Spanish: bala",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Spanish: bala"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "vec",
            "2": "bala"
          },
          "expansion": "Venetian: bala",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Venetian: bala"
    },
    {
      "depth": 5,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "vec",
            "2": "balin",
            "der": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "⇒ Venetian: balin",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "⇒ Venetian: balin"
    },
    {
      "depth": 6,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "cim",
            "2": "baliin",
            "bor": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→ Cimbrian: baliin",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ Cimbrian: baliin"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "bal"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: bal",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: bal"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "bal",
            "3": "ball"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle High German: bal, ball",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle High German: bal, ball"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-cfr",
            "2": "Bal",
            "3": "Ball"
          },
          "expansion": "Central Franconian: Bal, Ball",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Central Franconian: Bal, Ball"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "de",
            "2": "Ball"
          },
          "expansion": "German: Ball",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German: Ball"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "lb",
            "2": "Ball"
          },
          "expansion": "Luxembourgish: Ball",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Luxembourgish: Ball"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "bǫllr"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: bǫllr\nIcelandic: böllur\nFaroese: bøllur (“lump, clump; something rolled up”)\nNorwegian Bokmål: ball\nNorwegian Nynorsk: ball\nOld Swedish: balder, baller\nSwedish: boll\nOld Danish: ball, boll, bold\nDanish: bold; balde, balle (“ball of hand or foot, buttock”)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: bǫllr\nIcelandic: böllur\nFaroese: bøllur (“lump, clump; something rolled up”)\nNorwegian Bokmål: ball\nNorwegian Nynorsk: ball\nOld Swedish: balder, baller\nSwedish: boll\nOld Danish: ball, boll, bold\nDanish: bold; balde, balle (“ball of hand or foot, buttock”)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "urj-fin-pro",
            "bor": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→ Proto-Finnic:",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ Proto-Finnic:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fi",
            "2": "pallo"
          },
          "expansion": "Finnish: pallo",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Finnish: pallo"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "izh",
            "2": "pallo"
          },
          "expansion": "Ingrian: pallo",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Ingrian: pallo"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "smi-pro",
            "2": "*pāllō",
            "bor": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→ Proto-Samic: *pāllō",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {},
          "expansion": "(see there for further descendants)",
          "name": "see desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ Proto-Samic: *pāllō (see there for further descendants)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*bʰel-",
        "id1": "blow"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "",
        "4": "*bʰol-n-",
        "t": "round thing, bubble"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *bʰol-n- (“round thing, bubble”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*bʰel-",
        "id": "blow",
        "t": "to blow, inflate, swell"
      },
      "expansion": "*bʰel- (“to blow, inflate, swell”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "follis",
        "t": "windbag, balloon"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin follis (“windbag, balloon”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "goh",
        "2": "ballo"
      },
      "expansion": "Old High German ballo",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "Ballen"
      },
      "expansion": "German Ballen",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gmq"
      },
      "expansion": "North Germanic",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "",
        "3": "*balluz"
      },
      "expansion": "*balluz",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "",
        "3": "**balluns"
      },
      "expansion": "**balluns",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *bʰol-n- (“round thing, bubble”), from *bʰel- (“to blow, inflate, swell”). Cognate with Latin follis (“windbag, balloon”).\nAccording to Kroonen, this was originally an n-stem (as preserved in Old High German ballo, German Ballen), and the North Germanic *balluz is an early back-formation from the old accusative plural **balluns.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-noun",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "u-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "balluz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "balliwiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ballu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "balliwiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ballų",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ballunz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ballauz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "balliwǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "balliwi",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ballumaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ballū",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ballumiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "gem-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/balluz",
  "pos": "noun",
  "related": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "ballô"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "english": "bold",
      "word": "balþaz"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "english": "knoll",
      "word": "bellǭ"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "bullô"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "bullǭ"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "english": "bull",
      "word": "bulô"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "round object, ball"
      ],
      "id": "en-balluz-gem-pro-noun-2kgLaBG7",
      "links": [
        [
          "ball",
          "ball"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "23 77",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "ball of the hand, foot, etc."
      ],
      "id": "en-balluz-gem-pro-noun-gzP7ABsW",
      "links": [
        [
          "anatomy",
          "anatomy"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(anatomy) ball of the hand, foot, etc."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "reconstruction"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "anatomy",
        "medicine",
        "sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈbɑl.luz/"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "Brill Publishers"
  ],
  "word": "balluz"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
    "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
    "Proto-Germanic masculine nouns",
    "Proto-Germanic nouns",
    "Proto-Germanic terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Proto-Germanic terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *bʰel- (blow)",
    "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Proto-Germanic u-stem nouns"
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*ballu"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *ballu",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *ballu"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "*beall"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: *beall\nMiddle English: bal, ball, balle\nEnglish: ball\nScots: baw, ba, baa, ball\nYola: ball, balbeedhel",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: *beall\nMiddle English: bal, ball, balle\nEnglish: ball\nScots: baw, ba, baa, ball\nYola: ball, balbeedhel"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ofs",
            "2": "*bal"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Frisian: *bal",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Frisian: *bal"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "stq",
            "2": "Baal"
          },
          "expansion": "Saterland Frisian: Baal",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Saterland Frisian: Baal"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fy",
            "2": "bal"
          },
          "expansion": "West Frisian: bal",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "West Frisian: bal"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "ball",
            "3": "bal"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: ball, bal",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: ball, bal"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "bal"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Low German: bal",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Low German: bal"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nds-de",
            "2": "Ball"
          },
          "expansion": "German Low German: Ball",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German Low German: Ball"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "pdt",
            "2": "Baul"
          },
          "expansion": "Plautdietsch: Baul",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Plautdietsch: Baul"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "frk",
            "2": "*ball",
            "3": "*bal"
          },
          "expansion": "Frankish: *ball, *bal",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Frankish: *ball, *bal"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "*bal"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: *bal",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: *bal"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "dum",
            "2": "bal"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Dutch: bal\nDutch: bal\nAfrikaans: bal\n→ Caribbean Hindustani: bál\n→ Caribbean Javanese: bal\n→ Indonesian: bal\n→ Papiamentu: bala, balchi\n→ Saramaccan: balí\n→ Sranan Tongo: bal\n→ Sundanese: bal\nLimburgish: bal\nWest Flemish: bol",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Dutch: bal\nDutch: bal\nAfrikaans: bal\n→ Caribbean Hindustani: bál\n→ Caribbean Javanese: bal\n→ Indonesian: bal\n→ Papiamentu: bala, balchi\n→ Saramaccan: balí\n→ Sranan Tongo: bal\n→ Sundanese: bal\nLimburgish: bal\nWest Flemish: bol"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ML.",
            "2": "balla",
            "3": "palla",
            "4": "bala",
            "bor": "1",
            "g3": "f",
            "unc": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→? Medieval Latin: balla, palla, bala f",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→? Medieval Latin: balla, palla, bala f"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "it",
            "2": "palla",
            "unc": "1"
          },
          "expansion": ">? Italian: palla",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": ">? Italian: palla"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "lmo",
            "2": "balla",
            "unc": "1"
          },
          "expansion": ">? Lombard: balla",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": ">? Lombard: balla"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fro",
            "2": "balle"
          },
          "expansion": "Old French: balle",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old French: balle"
    },
    {
      "depth": 5,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "frm",
            "2": "balle"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle French: balle\nFrench: balle\n→ Portuguese: bala\n→ Shona: bala",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle French: balle\nFrench: balle\n→ Portuguese: bala\n→ Shona: bala"
    },
    {
      "depth": 5,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "it",
            "2": "balla",
            "bor": "1",
            "unc": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→? Italian: balla",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→? Italian: balla"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fro",
            "2": "bale"
          },
          "expansion": "Old French: bale",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old French: bale"
    },
    {
      "depth": 5,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "dum",
            "2": "bale",
            "bor": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→ Middle Dutch: bale",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ Middle Dutch: bale"
    },
    {
      "depth": 6,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nl",
            "2": "baal"
          },
          "expansion": "Dutch: baal",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Dutch: baal"
    },
    {
      "depth": 5,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "enm",
            "2": "bale",
            "bor": "1",
            "id": "bale"
          },
          "expansion": "→ Middle English: bale\nEnglish: bale",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ Middle English: bale\nEnglish: bale"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "oc",
            "2": "bala"
          },
          "expansion": "Occitan: bala",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Occitan: bala"
    },
    {
      "depth": 5,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "it",
            "2": "pallone",
            "der": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "⇒ Italian: pallone, balone, ballone\n→ Middle French: ballon (via northern variants)\nFrench: ballon (see there for further descendants)\n→ English: balloon (see there for further descendants)\n→ Hijazi Arabic: بَلّونة (ballōna)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "⇒ Italian: pallone, balone, ballone\n→ Middle French: ballon (via northern variants)\nFrench: ballon (see there for further descendants)\n→ English: balloon (see there for further descendants)\n→ Hijazi Arabic: بَلّونة (ballōna)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "pt",
            "2": "bala"
          },
          "expansion": "Portuguese: bala",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Portuguese: bala"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "scn",
            "2": "baḍḍa"
          },
          "expansion": "Sicilian: baḍḍa",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Sicilian: baḍḍa"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "es",
            "2": "bala"
          },
          "expansion": "Spanish: bala",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Spanish: bala"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "vec",
            "2": "bala"
          },
          "expansion": "Venetian: bala",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Venetian: bala"
    },
    {
      "depth": 5,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "vec",
            "2": "balin",
            "der": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "⇒ Venetian: balin",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "⇒ Venetian: balin"
    },
    {
      "depth": 6,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "cim",
            "2": "baliin",
            "bor": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→ Cimbrian: baliin",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ Cimbrian: baliin"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "bal"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: bal",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: bal"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "bal",
            "3": "ball"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle High German: bal, ball",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle High German: bal, ball"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-cfr",
            "2": "Bal",
            "3": "Ball"
          },
          "expansion": "Central Franconian: Bal, Ball",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Central Franconian: Bal, Ball"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "de",
            "2": "Ball"
          },
          "expansion": "German: Ball",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German: Ball"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "lb",
            "2": "Ball"
          },
          "expansion": "Luxembourgish: Ball",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Luxembourgish: Ball"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "bǫllr"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: bǫllr\nIcelandic: böllur\nFaroese: bøllur (“lump, clump; something rolled up”)\nNorwegian Bokmål: ball\nNorwegian Nynorsk: ball\nOld Swedish: balder, baller\nSwedish: boll\nOld Danish: ball, boll, bold\nDanish: bold; balde, balle (“ball of hand or foot, buttock”)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: bǫllr\nIcelandic: böllur\nFaroese: bøllur (“lump, clump; something rolled up”)\nNorwegian Bokmål: ball\nNorwegian Nynorsk: ball\nOld Swedish: balder, baller\nSwedish: boll\nOld Danish: ball, boll, bold\nDanish: bold; balde, balle (“ball of hand or foot, buttock”)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "urj-fin-pro",
            "bor": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→ Proto-Finnic:",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ Proto-Finnic:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fi",
            "2": "pallo"
          },
          "expansion": "Finnish: pallo",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Finnish: pallo"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "izh",
            "2": "pallo"
          },
          "expansion": "Ingrian: pallo",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Ingrian: pallo"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "smi-pro",
            "2": "*pāllō",
            "bor": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→ Proto-Samic: *pāllō",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {},
          "expansion": "(see there for further descendants)",
          "name": "see desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ Proto-Samic: *pāllō (see there for further descendants)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*bʰel-",
        "id1": "blow"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "",
        "4": "*bʰol-n-",
        "t": "round thing, bubble"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *bʰol-n- (“round thing, bubble”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*bʰel-",
        "id": "blow",
        "t": "to blow, inflate, swell"
      },
      "expansion": "*bʰel- (“to blow, inflate, swell”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "follis",
        "t": "windbag, balloon"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin follis (“windbag, balloon”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "goh",
        "2": "ballo"
      },
      "expansion": "Old High German ballo",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "Ballen"
      },
      "expansion": "German Ballen",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gmq"
      },
      "expansion": "North Germanic",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "",
        "3": "*balluz"
      },
      "expansion": "*balluz",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "",
        "3": "**balluns"
      },
      "expansion": "**balluns",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *bʰol-n- (“round thing, bubble”), from *bʰel- (“to blow, inflate, swell”). Cognate with Latin follis (“windbag, balloon”).\nAccording to Kroonen, this was originally an n-stem (as preserved in Old High German ballo, German Ballen), and the North Germanic *balluz is an early back-formation from the old accusative plural **balluns.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-noun",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "u-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "balluz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "balliwiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ballu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "balliwiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ballų",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ballunz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ballauz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "balliwǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "balliwi",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ballumaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ballū",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ballumiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "gem-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/balluz",
  "pos": "noun",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "ballô"
    },
    {
      "english": "bold",
      "word": "balþaz"
    },
    {
      "english": "knoll",
      "word": "bellǭ"
    },
    {
      "word": "bullô"
    },
    {
      "word": "bullǭ"
    },
    {
      "english": "bull",
      "word": "bulô"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "round object, ball"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "ball",
          "ball"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "gem-pro:Anatomy"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "ball of the hand, foot, etc."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "anatomy",
          "anatomy"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(anatomy) ball of the hand, foot, etc."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "reconstruction"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "anatomy",
        "medicine",
        "sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈbɑl.luz/"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "Brill Publishers"
  ],
  "word": "balluz"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable All languages combined dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-05-20 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-05-02 using wiktextract (1d5a7d1 and 304864d). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.