"над-" meaning in All languages combined

Prefix [Russian]

Forms: над- [canonical], на́д- [canonical], nad- [romanization], nád- [romanization] IPA: [nəd], [nət], [ˈnad], [ˈnat]
  1. takes verbs, produces verbs: to extend, add Tags: morpheme
  2. takes verbs, produces verbs: to apply an action or measure Tags: morpheme
  3. takes verbs, produces verbs: to apply an action in incomplete manner Tags: morpheme
  4. takes verbs, produces verbs: super- Tags: morpheme
  5. takes nouns, produces nouns and adjectives: over, above Tags: morpheme

Alternative forms

Download JSON data for над- meaning in All languages combined (2.9kB)

{
  "categories": [],
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "над-",
      "tags": [
        "canonical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "на́д-",
      "tags": [
        "canonical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "nad-",
      "tags": [
        "romanization"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "nád-",
      "tags": [
        "romanization"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ru",
        "2": "prefix",
        "cat2": "verbal prefixes",
        "head": "над-",
        "head2": "на́д-"
      },
      "expansion": "над- or на́д- (nad- or nád-)",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Russian",
  "lang_code": "ru",
  "pos": "prefix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "takes verbs, produces verbs: to extend, add"
      ],
      "id": "над--prefix-xyN8Sq.A",
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    },
    {
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "‎над- (nad-) + ‎-зира́ть (-zirátʹ, “to look at”) → ‎надзира́ть (nadzirátʹ, “to oversee”)"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "takes verbs, produces verbs: to apply an action or measure"
      ],
      "id": "над--prefix-Bac7o2XD",
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    },
    {
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "‎над- (nad-) + ‎куси́ть (kusítʹ, “to bite”) → ‎надкуси́ть (nadkusítʹ, “to take a bite, nibble”)"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "takes verbs, produces verbs: to apply an action in incomplete manner"
      ],
      "id": "над--prefix-OlV4y-GO",
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    },
    {
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "‎над- (nad-) + ‎писа́ть (pisátʹ, “to write”) → ‎надписа́ть (nadpisátʹ, “to superscribe, to inscribe”)"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "takes verbs, produces verbs: super-"
      ],
      "id": "над--prefix-4wu9bK5O",
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    },
    {
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "‎над- (nad-) + ‎вода́ (vodá, “water”) + ‎-ный (-nyj, adjective-forming suffix) → ‎надво́дный (nadvódnyj, “above-water”)"
        },
        {
          "text": "‎над- (nad-) + ‎гроб (grob, “grave”) (poetic) + ‎-ие (-ije, noun-forming suffix) → ‎надгро́бие (nadgróbije, “tombstone”, literally “thing over the grave”)"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "takes nouns, produces nouns and adjectives: over, above"
      ],
      "id": "над--prefix-S6GV7NCJ",
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "form": "над-",
      "ipa": "[nəd]"
    },
    {
      "form": "над-",
      "ipa": "[nət]"
    },
    {
      "form": "над-",
      "ipa": "[ˈnad]"
    },
    {
      "form": "над-",
      "ipa": "[ˈnat]"
    }
  ],
  "word": "над-"
}
{
  "categories": [],
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "над-",
      "tags": [
        "canonical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "на́д-",
      "tags": [
        "canonical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "nad-",
      "tags": [
        "romanization"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "nád-",
      "tags": [
        "romanization"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ru",
        "2": "prefix",
        "cat2": "verbal prefixes",
        "head": "над-",
        "head2": "на́д-"
      },
      "expansion": "над- or на́д- (nad- or nád-)",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Russian",
  "lang_code": "ru",
  "pos": "prefix",
  "sounds": [
    {
      "form": "над-",
      "ipa": "[nəd]"
    },
    {
      "form": "над-",
      "ipa": "[nət]"
    },
    {
      "form": "над-",
      "ipa": "[ˈnad]"
    },
    {
      "form": "над-",
      "ipa": "[ˈnat]"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "english": "used before certain consonant clusters",
      "roman": "nado-",
      "word": "надо-"
    }
  ],
  "word": "над-"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable All languages combined dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2021-10-15 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2021-10-01 using wiktextract. The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.