"nhau" meaning in Vietnamese

See nhau in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Adverb

IPA: [ɲaw˧˧] [Hà-Nội], [ɲaw˧˧] [Huế], [ɲa(ː)w˧˧] [Hồ-Chí-Minh-City] Forms: [CJK], [CJK], 𠑬 [CJK], 𬼀 [CJK]
Etymology: From Middle Vietnamese nhau, dau (“each other”). Compare also North Central Vietnamese rau. Possibly arose from etymology 2 and replaced chắc as the reciprocal marker in the non-North Central dialects. Etymology templates: {{inh|vi|mkh-mvi|nhau}} Middle Vietnamese nhau Head templates: {{head|vi|adverb|||head=|tr=饒, 僥, 𠑬, 𬼀}} nhau • (饒, 僥, 𠑬, 𬼀), {{vi-adv|饒, 僥, 𠑬, 𬼀}} nhau • (饒, 僥, 𠑬, 𬼀)
  1. each other, mutually, reciprocally, one another Synonyms: chắc
    Sense id: en-nhau-vi-adv-wOQHBt2b Categories (other): Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header, Vietnamese nouns without classifiers Disambiguation of Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header: 61 0 39 Disambiguation of Vietnamese nouns without classifiers: 52 5 43
  2. together
    Sense id: en-nhau-vi-adv-DCRzTXv1
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 1

Noun

IPA: [ɲaw˧˧] [Hà-Nội], [ɲaw˧˧] [Huế], [ɲa(ː)w˧˧] [Hồ-Chí-Minh-City] Forms: 𦣗 [CJK], [CJK], [CJK]
Etymology: From Proto-Vietic *ʄaw (“placenta”). Etymology templates: {{inh|vi|mkh-vie-pro|*ʄaw||placenta}} Proto-Vietic *ʄaw (“placenta”) Head templates: {{head|vi|noun|||head=|tr=𦣗, 膮, 澆}} nhau • (𦣗, 膮, 澆), {{vi-noun|𦣗, 膮, 澆}} nhau • (𦣗, 膮, 澆)
  1. placenta, afterbirth Synonyms: rau Related terms: chôn nhau cắt rốn, nhau thai
    Sense id: en-nhau-vi-noun-fHsnY~9Q Categories (other): Vietnamese nouns without classifiers Disambiguation of Vietnamese nouns without classifiers: 52 5 43
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 2

Download JSON data for nhau meaning in Vietnamese (3.1kB)

{
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "mkh-mvi",
        "3": "nhau"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle Vietnamese nhau",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle Vietnamese nhau, dau (“each other”). Compare also North Central Vietnamese rau.\nPossibly arose from etymology 2 and replaced chắc as the reciprocal marker in the non-North Central dialects.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "饒",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "僥",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "𠑬",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "𬼀",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "adverb",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "head": "",
        "tr": "饒, 僥, 𠑬, 𬼀"
      },
      "expansion": "nhau • (饒, 僥, 𠑬, 𬼀)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "饒, 僥, 𠑬, 𬼀"
      },
      "expansion": "nhau • (饒, 僥, 𠑬, 𬼀)",
      "name": "vi-adv"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "adv",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "61 0 39",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "52 5 43",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Vietnamese nouns without classifiers",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "to love each other",
          "text": "yêu nhau",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "english": "with each other; together",
          "text": "cùng nhau",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "each other, mutually, reciprocally, one another"
      ],
      "id": "en-nhau-vi-adv-wOQHBt2b",
      "links": [
        [
          "each other",
          "each other"
        ],
        [
          "mutually",
          "mutually"
        ],
        [
          "reciprocally",
          "reciprocally"
        ],
        [
          "one another",
          "one another"
        ]
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "chắc"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "together"
      ],
      "id": "en-nhau-vi-adv-DCRzTXv1",
      "links": [
        [
          "together",
          "together"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ɲaw˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ɲaw˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ɲa(ː)w˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "nhau"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "mkh-vie-pro",
        "3": "*ʄaw",
        "4": "",
        "5": "placenta"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Vietic *ʄaw (“placenta”)",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Vietic *ʄaw (“placenta”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "𦣗",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "膮",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "澆",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "head": "",
        "tr": "𦣗, 膮, 澆"
      },
      "expansion": "nhau • (𦣗, 膮, 澆)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "𦣗, 膮, 澆"
      },
      "expansion": "nhau • (𦣗, 膮, 澆)",
      "name": "vi-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "52 5 43",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Vietnamese nouns without classifiers",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "placenta, afterbirth"
      ],
      "id": "en-nhau-vi-noun-fHsnY~9Q",
      "links": [
        [
          "placenta",
          "placenta"
        ],
        [
          "afterbirth",
          "afterbirth"
        ]
      ],
      "related": [
        {
          "word": "chôn nhau cắt rốn"
        },
        {
          "word": "nhau thai"
        }
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "rau"
        }
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ɲaw˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ɲaw˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ɲa(ː)w˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "nhau"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Vietnamese adverbs",
    "Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header",
    "Vietnamese lemmas",
    "Vietnamese nouns",
    "Vietnamese nouns without classifiers",
    "Vietnamese terms derived from Middle Vietnamese",
    "Vietnamese terms derived from Proto-Vietic",
    "Vietnamese terms inherited from Middle Vietnamese",
    "Vietnamese terms inherited from Proto-Vietic",
    "Vietnamese terms with IPA pronunciation"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "mkh-mvi",
        "3": "nhau"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle Vietnamese nhau",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle Vietnamese nhau, dau (“each other”). Compare also North Central Vietnamese rau.\nPossibly arose from etymology 2 and replaced chắc as the reciprocal marker in the non-North Central dialects.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "饒",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "僥",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "𠑬",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "𬼀",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "adverb",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "head": "",
        "tr": "饒, 僥, 𠑬, 𬼀"
      },
      "expansion": "nhau • (饒, 僥, 𠑬, 𬼀)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "饒, 僥, 𠑬, 𬼀"
      },
      "expansion": "nhau • (饒, 僥, 𠑬, 𬼀)",
      "name": "vi-adv"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "adv",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Vietnamese terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "to love each other",
          "text": "yêu nhau",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "english": "with each other; together",
          "text": "cùng nhau",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "each other, mutually, reciprocally, one another"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "each other",
          "each other"
        ],
        [
          "mutually",
          "mutually"
        ],
        [
          "reciprocally",
          "reciprocally"
        ],
        [
          "one another",
          "one another"
        ]
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "chắc"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "together"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "together",
          "together"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ɲaw˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ɲaw˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ɲa(ː)w˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "nhau"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header",
    "Vietnamese lemmas",
    "Vietnamese nouns",
    "Vietnamese nouns without classifiers",
    "Vietnamese terms derived from Proto-Vietic",
    "Vietnamese terms inherited from Proto-Vietic",
    "Vietnamese terms with IPA pronunciation"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "mkh-vie-pro",
        "3": "*ʄaw",
        "4": "",
        "5": "placenta"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Vietic *ʄaw (“placenta”)",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Vietic *ʄaw (“placenta”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "𦣗",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "膮",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "澆",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "head": "",
        "tr": "𦣗, 膮, 澆"
      },
      "expansion": "nhau • (𦣗, 膮, 澆)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "𦣗, 膮, 澆"
      },
      "expansion": "nhau • (𦣗, 膮, 澆)",
      "name": "vi-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "noun",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "chôn nhau cắt rốn"
    },
    {
      "word": "nhau thai"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "placenta, afterbirth"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "placenta",
          "placenta"
        ],
        [
          "afterbirth",
          "afterbirth"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ɲaw˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ɲaw˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ɲa(ː)w˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "rau"
    }
  ],
  "word": "nhau"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Vietnamese dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-05-27 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-05-02 using wiktextract (bb24e0f and c7ea76d). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.