"nghìn" meaning in Vietnamese

See nghìn in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Numeral

IPA: [ŋin˨˩] [Hà-Nội], [ŋin˦˩] [Huế], [ŋɨn˨˩] (note: Saigon) Audio: LL-Q9199 (vie)-Penn Zero MSSJ-nghìn.wav Forms: 𠦳 [CJK]
Etymology: Attested in Phật thuyết đại báo phụ mẫu ân trọng kinh (佛說大報父母恩重經) as 𪜀彦 (the first element is to be read with lateral *l-) and 彦, phonetic 彥 (MC ngjenH) (modern SV: ngạn). Compare Proto-Hlai *C-ŋin (“thousand”). Sometimes connected to Old Chinese 千 (OC *s.n̥ˤi[ŋ]) (B-S) (SV: thiên), through some variant form. However, the attested lateral presyllable made this connection difficult. Old Mon lṅim (whence Mon လ္ၚီ), although having the lateral presyllable, also can not be readily connected to the Vietnamese word, due to the completely mismatched final nasal. Etymology templates: {{IPAfont|*l-}} *l-, {{ltc-l|彦}} 彦, {{ltc-l|彥}} 彥 (MC ngjenH), {{cog|qfa-lic-pro|*C-ŋin||thousand}} Proto-Hlai *C-ŋin (“thousand”), {{ncog|och|-}} Old Chinese, {{IPAfont|*s.n̥ˤi􂀿ŋ􂁀}} *s.n̥ˤi[ŋ], {{och-l|千|tr=*s.n̥ˤi􂀿ŋ􂁀}} 千 (OC *s.n̥ˤi[ŋ]), {{cog|omx|lṅim}} Old Mon lṅim, {{cog|mnw|လ္ၚီ}} Mon လ္ၚီ Head templates: {{head|vi|numeral|||head=}} nghìn, {{vi-pos|numeral|𠦳}} nghìn (𠦳)
  1. (cardinal number, especially Northern Vietnam, only in compounds) thousand Tags: Northern, Vietnam, cardinal, especially, in-compounds, numeral Categories (topical): Vietnamese cardinal numbers, Thousand Synonyms: ngàn [Central, Southern, Vietnam]
    Sense id: en-nghìn-vi-num-oK86SM-t Categories (other): Northern Vietnamese, Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header

Alternative forms

Download JSONL data for nghìn meaning in Vietnamese (3.5kB)

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "*l-"
      },
      "expansion": "*l-",
      "name": "IPAfont"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "彦"
      },
      "expansion": "彦",
      "name": "ltc-l"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "彥"
      },
      "expansion": "彥 (MC ngjenH)",
      "name": "ltc-l"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "qfa-lic-pro",
        "2": "*C-ŋin",
        "3": "",
        "4": "thousand"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Hlai *C-ŋin (“thousand”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "och",
        "2": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Chinese",
      "name": "ncog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "*s.n̥ˤi􂀿ŋ􂁀"
      },
      "expansion": "*s.n̥ˤi[ŋ]",
      "name": "IPAfont"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "千",
        "tr": "*s.n̥ˤi􂀿ŋ􂁀"
      },
      "expansion": "千 (OC *s.n̥ˤi[ŋ])",
      "name": "och-l"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "omx",
        "2": "lṅim"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Mon lṅim",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mnw",
        "2": "လ္ၚီ"
      },
      "expansion": "Mon လ္ၚီ",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Attested in Phật thuyết đại báo phụ mẫu ân trọng kinh (佛說大報父母恩重經) as 𪜀彦 (the first element is to be read with lateral *l-) and 彦, phonetic 彥 (MC ngjenH) (modern SV: ngạn). Compare Proto-Hlai *C-ŋin (“thousand”).\nSometimes connected to Old Chinese 千 (OC *s.n̥ˤi[ŋ]) (B-S) (SV: thiên), through some variant form. However, the attested lateral presyllable made this connection difficult. Old Mon lṅim (whence Mon လ္ၚီ), although having the lateral presyllable, also can not be readily connected to the Vietnamese word, due to the completely mismatched final nasal.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "𠦳",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "numeral",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "head": ""
      },
      "expansion": "nghìn",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "numeral",
        "2": "𠦳"
      },
      "expansion": "nghìn (𠦳)",
      "name": "vi-pos"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "num",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Northern Vietnamese",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "name": "Vietnamese cardinal numbers",
          "parents": [
            "Cardinal numbers",
            "Numbers",
            "All topics",
            "Terms by semantic function",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "vi",
          "name": "Thousand",
          "orig": "vi:Thousand",
          "parents": [
            "Numbers",
            "All topics",
            "Terms by semantic function",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "Mom gave me 5000 in the morning, and then she gave me another 5000, totaling in 10,000.",
          "text": "Sáng mẹ cho 5 nghìn, chiều mẹ cho 5 nghìn nữa là 10 nghìn.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "thousand"
      ],
      "id": "en-nghìn-vi-num-oK86SM-t",
      "links": [
        [
          "cardinal number",
          "cardinal number"
        ],
        [
          "thousand",
          "thousand"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(cardinal number, especially Northern Vietnam, only in compounds) thousand"
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "tags": [
            "Central",
            "Southern",
            "Vietnam"
          ],
          "word": "ngàn"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Northern",
        "Vietnam",
        "cardinal",
        "especially",
        "in-compounds",
        "numeral"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋin˨˩]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋin˦˩]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋɨn˨˩]",
      "note": "Saigon"
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q9199 (vie)-Penn Zero MSSJ-nghìn.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/8/87/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-ngh%C3%ACn.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-ngh%C3%ACn.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/8/87/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-ngh%C3%ACn.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-ngh%C3%ACn.wav.ogg"
    }
  ],
  "word": "nghìn"
}
{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "*l-"
      },
      "expansion": "*l-",
      "name": "IPAfont"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "彦"
      },
      "expansion": "彦",
      "name": "ltc-l"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "彥"
      },
      "expansion": "彥 (MC ngjenH)",
      "name": "ltc-l"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "qfa-lic-pro",
        "2": "*C-ŋin",
        "3": "",
        "4": "thousand"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Hlai *C-ŋin (“thousand”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "och",
        "2": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Chinese",
      "name": "ncog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "*s.n̥ˤi􂀿ŋ􂁀"
      },
      "expansion": "*s.n̥ˤi[ŋ]",
      "name": "IPAfont"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "千",
        "tr": "*s.n̥ˤi􂀿ŋ􂁀"
      },
      "expansion": "千 (OC *s.n̥ˤi[ŋ])",
      "name": "och-l"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "omx",
        "2": "lṅim"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Mon lṅim",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mnw",
        "2": "လ္ၚီ"
      },
      "expansion": "Mon လ္ၚီ",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Attested in Phật thuyết đại báo phụ mẫu ân trọng kinh (佛說大報父母恩重經) as 𪜀彦 (the first element is to be read with lateral *l-) and 彦, phonetic 彥 (MC ngjenH) (modern SV: ngạn). Compare Proto-Hlai *C-ŋin (“thousand”).\nSometimes connected to Old Chinese 千 (OC *s.n̥ˤi[ŋ]) (B-S) (SV: thiên), through some variant form. However, the attested lateral presyllable made this connection difficult. Old Mon lṅim (whence Mon လ္ၚီ), although having the lateral presyllable, also can not be readily connected to the Vietnamese word, due to the completely mismatched final nasal.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "𠦳",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "numeral",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "head": ""
      },
      "expansion": "nghìn",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "numeral",
        "2": "𠦳"
      },
      "expansion": "nghìn (𠦳)",
      "name": "vi-pos"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "num",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Northern Vietnamese",
        "Vietnamese cardinal numbers",
        "Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header",
        "Vietnamese lemmas",
        "Vietnamese numerals",
        "Vietnamese terms with IPA pronunciation",
        "Vietnamese terms with audio links",
        "Vietnamese terms with usage examples",
        "vi:Thousand"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "Mom gave me 5000 in the morning, and then she gave me another 5000, totaling in 10,000.",
          "text": "Sáng mẹ cho 5 nghìn, chiều mẹ cho 5 nghìn nữa là 10 nghìn.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "thousand"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "cardinal number",
          "cardinal number"
        ],
        [
          "thousand",
          "thousand"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(cardinal number, especially Northern Vietnam, only in compounds) thousand"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Northern",
        "Vietnam",
        "cardinal",
        "especially",
        "in-compounds",
        "numeral"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋin˨˩]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋin˦˩]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ŋɨn˨˩]",
      "note": "Saigon"
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q9199 (vie)-Penn Zero MSSJ-nghìn.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/8/87/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-ngh%C3%ACn.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-ngh%C3%ACn.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/8/87/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-ngh%C3%ACn.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-ngh%C3%ACn.wav.ogg"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "tags": [
        "Central",
        "Southern",
        "Vietnam"
      ],
      "word": "ngàn"
    }
  ],
  "word": "nghìn"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Vietnamese dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-07-22 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-07-20 using wiktextract (0af6c06 and 6aeea9b). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.